South Brooklyn is a historic term for a section of the former City of Brooklyn – now the New York City borough of Brooklyn – encompassing what are now the Boerum Hill, Carroll Gardens, Cobble Hill, Gowanus, Park Slope, Sunset Park and Red Hook neighborhoods. It was named for its location along the waterfront that was the southern border of the original Village of Brooklyn, and has remained widely used as a colloquialism despite it no longer being the southern most point of the borough. It should not be confused with the geographic southern region of the modern borough of Brooklyn, which includes the neighborhoods of Gravesend, Seagate, Coney Island, Brighton Beach, Manhattan Beach, Sheepshead Bay, Gerritsen Beach, Marine Park, Mill Basin, and Bergen Beach.
"South or Southern Brooklyn" is also in use in the modern borough of Brooklyn, but without total consistency as to what it refers to. It has been used about neighborhoods as various and physically separated as Mill Basin, Bensonhurst, Carroll Gardens, Gowanus, Red Hook, Smith Street, Sunset Park, Windsor Terrace, as well as Bay Ridge, Dyker Heights, and Park Slope.[a]
The New York City Subway's IND Culver Line (F and G trains) serves the area at the Carroll Street and Smith–Ninth Streets stations. The line was originally named the "South Brooklyn Line" on some official subway maps. However, this obsolete name for the Culver Line may have referred to the South Brooklyn Railway, the original right of way of the BMT Culver Line; this right-of-way originally ran between Sunset Park, in the southern part of the former city of Brooklyn, and Coney Island, the southernmost area in the modern borough of Brooklyn.
- The actual geographical classification of these neighborhoods is as follows:
- Southeast Brooklyn: Bergen Beach, Marine Park, Mill Basin
- Southern Brooklyn: Brighton Beach, Coney Island, Gerritsen Beach, Gravesend, Manhattan Beach, Sea Gate, Sheepshead Bay
- Southwest Brooklyn: Bensonhurst, Bay Ridge, Dyker Heights
- Western Brooklyn (historical "South Brooklyn"): Carroll Gardens, Gowanus, Red Hook, Smith Street, Sunset Park, Windsor Terrace, Park Slope
- "Carroll Gardens" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2, p.1213
- Williams, Keith (2017-10-05). "The Meaning of 'South Brooklyn'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
- "Cobble Hill Historic District Designation Report" New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (December 30, 1969)
- "Carroll Gardens" in Jackson, Kenneth T.; Manbeck, John B., eds. (2004), The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn (2nd ed.), New Haven, Connecticut: Citizens for NYC and Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-10310-7, p.55
- March 27th, bushwick daily-; 2012 (2012-03-27). "Brooklyn History: The South Brooklyn Waterfront". brooklynbased.com. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
- Williams, Keith (2014-07-24). "Brooklyn's Evolution From Small Town to Big City to Borough". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
- "New-York Historical Society". www.nyhistory.org. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
- Goldensohn, Rosa. "Police Identify Man Sought for Raping his Girlfriend in South Brooklyn" Archived 2015-02-05 at the Wayback Machine DNAinfo (August 25, 2014)
- "Dining Briefs: South Brooklyn Pizza and Artisanal" The New York Times (June i8, 2008)
- Blau, Eleanor. "Neighborhood Report: South Brooklyn;The Mr. Fix-It of the Pipe Organ The New York Times (December 24, 1995)
- Venugopal, Nikhita. "Red Hook Transfer School's Cheerleading Team Is Only for the 'Tough'" Archived 2015-02-05 at the Wayback Machine DNAinfo (January 27, 2014)
- "Smith Street - Shops, Restaurants, Bars Singles, Couples and Family Living" South Brooklyn Local Development Corporation website
- South Brooklyn Marine Terminal website
- Albrecht, Leslie. "South Brooklyn Rezoning Will Save P.S. 154 Science Lab, Principal Says" Archived 2015-01-19 at the Wayback Machine DNAinfo (November 11, 2014)
- Wisloski, Jess. "Power Outage Affecting 7,500 in South Brooklyn is Over, Con Ed Says" Archived 2015-02-05 at the Wayback Machine DNAinfo (February 15, 2014)
- "Maps & Geography" (PDF). Welcome to NYC.gov. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains in New Subway" (PDF). New York Times. September 10, 1932. p. 1.
- BMT Culver Line on nycsubway.org
- "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
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