Tatarophobia

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Tatarophobia (Russian: Татарофобия) refers to the fear, hatred towards, demonization of, or prejudice against people generally referred to as Tatars, including but not limited to Volga, Siberian, and Crimean Tatars, although negative attitudes against the latter are by far the most severe, largely in part due to the long history of Soviet media only depicting them in a negative way as and promoting negative stereotypes to help politically justify their deportation and marginalization.

Against Volga Tatars[edit]

Historically the Volga Tatars have been lauded as a "model minority" in Russia and the Soviet Union and treated much better than the Crimean Tatars. Nevertheless, prejudices against Volga Tatars exists and there have been some attempts to de-Tatarize Tatarstan by Russian nationalists.[1][2] After Elmira Abdrazakova was crowned Miss Russia in 2013, she was bombarded with racial slurs.[3]

Against Crimean Tatars[edit]

Soviet era[edit]

After the deportation of the Crimean Tatars in May 1944, he government strongly promoted existing negative stereotypes of Crimean Tatars and built up upon them; declaring them to be "traitors", "bourgeoisie", "counter-revolutionary", and falsely implied that they were "Mongols" with no historical connection to the Crimean peninsula. Political agitation by party members encouraged other citizens at deportation destinations to abuse them and conferences in Crimea dedicated to promoting and sharing anti-Crimean-Tatar sentiments was held. Traces of Crimean Tatar presence in the peninsula were wiped off the peninsula after the deportation in 1944, with thousands of villages previously bearing Tatar names being given new Russian names, officially de-tatarizing the peninsula. The deported Crimean Tatars who worked in Central Asia lived under the "special settler" regime, which deprived them of many civil rights that other Soviet citizens enjoyed and confined them within a small perimeter.[4] Historians have noted similarities between the conditions suffered by so-called "special settlers" and victims of apartheid as well as Palestinians in occupied territories.[5]

In modern times[edit]

While still very prevalent in modern society, Tatarophobia generates more controversy and pushback in modern times than it did in the past. While no longer officially a state-mandated institution, it remains pervasive throughout government and society; a notable example being when Russian consul Vladimir Andreev demanded that none of the invited Russian citizens attend the debut of Haytarma, a film about Crimean Tatar twice Hero of the Soviet Union Amet-khan Sultan, because it did not depict the Crimean Tatar population in a sufficiently negative light. Andreev admitted that he did not actually see the movie when he told people not to attend, but said that he felt it would be historically inaccurate because it was directed by a Crimean Tatar.[6][7]

Confusion about different Tatar peoples has been taken advantage of by propaganda, which will celebrate the relative equality experienced by Volga Tatar in order to lead uneducated recipients of propaganda to confuse them with Crimean Tatars and be led to believe that interethnic relations are overwhelmingly positive. It is not unusual for Volga Tatars to be praised and lauded as brotherly peoples by the same institutions that simultaneously engage in Tatarophobia against Crimean Tatars, and it is not unusual for the relative lack of hostility towards Volga Tatars to be pointed out as an excuse to avoid correcting xenophobia towards Crimean Tatars. Despite the Crimean Tatar language being very distant from the Kazan Tatar language, the Soviet Union long opposed the request by the Crimean Tatar civil rights movement for their autonomy to be restored in Crimea, and offered to create an autonomous region in Tatarstan for them instead - insulting much of the Crimean Tatar leadership.[8][9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Хăлим, Айтhар (1997). Ubitʹ imperii︠u︡!: Kiparis domoĭ vernulsi︠a︡, ili, "Khoti︠a︡t li russkie voĭny" (in Russian). Kazan: Izd-vo "Kalkan". p. 319.
  2. ^ USAK Yearbook of International Politics and Law 2010, Vol. 3. USAK Books. p. 373. ISBN 9786054030262.
  3. ^ Kurmasheva, Alsu (5 May 2013). "Ethnic Tatar Miss Russia Winner Targeted By Ethnic Slurs On Internet". rferl.org.
  4. ^ Williams, Brian Glyn (2015). The Crimean Tatars: From Soviet Genocide to Putin's Conquest. Oxford University Press. pp. 105–114. ISBN 9780190494704.
  5. ^ Pohl, Jonathan Otto (2015). "The Deportation of the Crimean Tatars in the Context of Settler Colonialism". International Crimes and History (16).
  6. ^ Uehling, Greta (2015). "Genocide's Aftermath: Neostalinism in Contemporary Crimea". Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal. 9.
  7. ^ Izmirli, Idil (16 June 2013). "Russian consul general to Crimea resigns following offensive comments" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly: 2.
  8. ^ Черных, Александр (2017). Татары Перми: история и культура (in Russian). Litres. p. 65. ISBN 9785040071074.
  9. ^ Eminov, Ruslan (27 January 2016). "НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕ КРЫМСКИХ ТАТАР (Попытка краткого анализа участника движения)". litsovet.ru.
  10. ^ Williams, Brian Glyn (2001). The Crimean Tatars: The Diaspora Experience and the Forging of a Nation. BRILL. p. 92. ISBN 9789004121225.

Bibliography[edit]