Technical death metal

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Technical death metal (also referred as progressive death metal,[1] or tech-death) is a musical subgenre of death metal that began and developed in the early- to mid-1990s, with particular focus on challenging, demanding instrumental skill and complex songwriting.

History[edit]

Technical experimentation in death metal began in the late 1980s and early 1990s by bands such as Death, Atrocity, Atheist, and Cynic.[3]

Some of the distinct features of this genre include dynamic song structures, complex and atypical rhythmic structures, abundant use of diminished chords and arpeggios, frequent employment of odd time chord progressions, and constant use of string skipping on the guitars. Bass lines are usually complex and the drums are extremely fast-paced with abundant use of blast-beats and other extreme drumming techniques.

One of the key works that cemented the subgenre was Atheist's debut album Piece of Time, released in 1989, which took death metal into a more intricate level while incorporating influences ranging from jazz fusion to progressive metal. In 1991, New York's grindcore-influenced Suffocation released their debut album Effigy of the Forgotten, which focused on pairing speed and brutality with a "sophisticated" sense of songwriting. Atheist's second album Unquestionable Presence, Pestilence's third album Testimony of the Ancients, and Death's fourth album Human were all released that very same year, defining the path for death metal's newly found intricateness and having proved to be especially influential on later 1990s and 2000s technical death metal bands.[3]

List of bands[edit]

The band Necrophagist performing in Germany in 2010
Band Country Formed Notes
Allegaeon U.S. 2008 [4]
Anata Sweden 1993 [5]
Archspire Canada 2009
Arsis U.S. 2000 [3][6]
Atheist U.S. 1984 [3]
Atrocity Germany 1985 [7]
Augury Canada 2001 [8]
Becoming the Archetype U.S. 1999 [9]
Beneath the Massacre Canada 2004 [10][11]
Between the Buried and Me U.S. 2000 [12]
Beyond Creation Canada 2005 [13]
Brain Drill U.S. 2005 [8][14][15][16]
Burning the Masses U.S. 2005 [17]
Cattle Decapitation U.S. 1996 [18]
Cephalic Carnage U.S. 1992 [19]
Coprofago Chile 1993 [20]
Cryptopsy Canada 1992 [3][21][22][23]
Cynic U.S. 1987 [3]
Death U.S. 1983 [3][24]
Decapitated Poland 1996 [25]
Decrepit Birth U.S. 2001 [26]
Deeds of Flesh U.S. 1993 ,[27][28]
Demilich Finland 1990 [29]
Despised Icon Canada 2002 [30]
Dying Fetus U.S. 1991 [31]
Extol Norway 1994 [32]
The Faceless U.S. 2004 [33]
Fleshgod Apocalypse Italy 2007
Fractal Universe France 2014 [34]
Gojira France 1996 [35]
Gorguts Canada 1989 [3][36]
In Battle Sweden 1996 [37]
Inner Grotesque Germany 1993
Into the Moat U.S. 2001 [38]
Irreversible Mechanism Belarus 2012 [39]
Malignancy United States 1992 ,[40][41]
Man Must Die United Kingdom 2002 [42]
Necrophagist Germany 1992 [3][43]
Neuraxis Canada 1994 [3][44]
Nile U.S. 1993 [45]
Nocturnus U.S. 1987 [46]
Obscura Germany 2002 [8]
Odious Mortem U.S. 1998 [47]
Oppressor USA 1991
Opeth Sweden 1989
Origin U.S. 1997 [48]
Pestilence Netherlands 1986 [49]
Psycroptic Australia 1999 [50][51][52]
Punish Switzerland 1996 [53]
The Red Chord U.S. 1999 [54]
Revocation U.S. 2006 [55]
Revulsed Australia 2010 [56]
Rings of Saturn U.S. 2009 [57]
Sceptic Poland 1994 [58]
Spawn of Possession Sweden 1997 [59]
Structural Israel 2015 [60]
Suffocation U.S. 1989 [61]
Trigger the Bloodshed United Kingdom 2006 [62]
Ulcerate New Zealand 2000 [63]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Simms, Kelley. "Obscura Interview". About.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2012-06-20. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ "100 Greatest Technical Death Metal Bands And Technical Thrash Metal Bands". 2015-05-08. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Freeman, Phil. "The Man-Machine Will Rock You: The Existential Paradox of Technical Death Metal". The High Hat. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  4. ^ "Allegaeon - Metal Storm". www.metalstorm.net. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  5. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Conductor's Departure review". About.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
  6. ^ Harris, Chris. "Arsis May Cancel Tour after Trailer Wreck". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  7. ^ "Atrocity". laut.de. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Marsicano, Don. "Augury – 'Fragmentary Evidence'". About.com. Retrieved 2009-11-22.
  9. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Becoming The Archetype - I Am Review". About.com. Archived from the original (Web) on November 18, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: Satyricon, Trivium, Heaven Shall Burn, Brutal Truth & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  11. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Beneath the Massacre". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  12. ^ Donnelly, Dave. "The Parallax II: Future Sequence - Between the Buried and Me". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
  13. ^ "Beyond Creation". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  14. ^ Harris, Chris & Widerhorn, Jon. "Brain Drill Raise The Death-Metal Bar; Plus Iron Maiden, Walls of Jericho & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  15. ^ Bowar, Chad. "February 2008 Best Heavy Metal CDs". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  16. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Apocalyptic Feasting review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  17. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Mind Control - Burning the Masses". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
  18. ^ "Review: Cattle Decapitation - The Anthropocene Extinction | Sputnikmusic". www.sputnikmusic.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  19. ^ Adrien Begrand. "Cephalic Carnage Xenosapien". PopMatters. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
  20. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Coprofago". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-01-22.
  21. ^ Harris, Chris. "Cryptopsy Drummer Dismisses Sell-Out Claims; Plus Sepultura & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  22. ^ Robinson, Iann. "Metal File: Hard & Heavy News On Judas Priest, Vader, Fireball Ministry, Children of Bodom, Cryptopsy & More". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  23. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "36 Crazyfists Pounding Away on Next Album; Plus Anthrax, Ipsissimus & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  24. ^ Pratt, Greg. Symbolic review. Revolver. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  25. ^ "Decapitated". NME. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2009-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  26. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Polarity - Decrepit Birth". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
  27. ^ https://www.metal-archives.com/bands/Deeds_of_Flesh/829
  28. ^ http://deedsoffleshmetal.com/
  29. ^ "Blastbeats" - McGorrigan, Uppercut. "Demilich". Encyclopaedia Metallum. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
  30. ^ "Despised Icon review". AllMusic.
  31. ^ "Dying Fetus Descend into Depravity Review – Review of Descend into Depravity by Dying Fetus". Heavymetal.about.com. 2010-06-14. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2011-10-10. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  32. ^ Born, R. "Extol". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  33. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Meshuggah Tour Dates". About.com. Archived from the original on 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2009-09-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  34. ^ [1]
  35. ^ Lissa Brennan, With French death-metal pioneers Gojira, the lyrics matter as much as the blastbeats, pittsburghcitypaper.ws, October 15, 2009
  36. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Top 5 Most Underrated Death Metal Albums from Charles Elliott of Abysmal Dawn". About.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2009-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  37. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Kingdom of Fear review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-11-22.
  38. ^ Falzon, Denise. "The Campaign review". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2009-05-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  39. ^ "Irreversible Mechanism - Into the void". https://www.metal-archives.com. Retrieved 2019-08-22. External link in |website= (help)
  40. ^ https://www.metal-archives.com/bands/Malignancy/403. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. ^ https://www.spirit-of-metal.com/en/band/Malignancy
  42. ^ Ogle, Ryan. "No Tolerance for Imperfection (Relapse)". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
  43. ^ York, William. "Epitaph review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  44. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Thin Line Between review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2009-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  45. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: In This Moment, Behemoth, Nile & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  46. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Nocturnus". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2009-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  47. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Cryptic Implosion review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-03-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  48. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Antithesis review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  49. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Resurrection Macabre review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  50. ^ Unknown. "PSYCROPTIC: Orangevale Footage Available – Apr. 12, 2009". Blabbermouth.net. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  51. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Psycroptic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  52. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Ob(servant) review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  53. ^ Vanessa. "UNTER DEM RADAR: PUNISH (TECHNICAL DEATH METAL)". Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  54. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Fed Through the Teeth Machine – The Red Chord". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
  55. ^ Hartmann, Graham 'Gruhamed'. "No. 45: Revocation, 'Dismantle the Dictator' – Top 21st Century Metal Songs". Loudwire. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
  56. ^ F, Daniel (November 2015). "Revulsed – Infernal Atrocity". Whiskey Soda (in German). Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  57. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Rings of Saturn biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-11-22.
  58. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Sceptic biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  59. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Incurso - Spawn of Possession". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
  60. ^ "Metal Archives - Structural". Metal Archives. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  61. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. Effigy of the Forgotten. AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  62. ^ Dan Marsicano, "(...) technical death metal ala Suffocation and Nile", Trigger The Bloodshed – 'The Great Depression' at About.com
  63. ^ "Ulcerate: Vermis Album Review - Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 18 January 2018.