Anukulchandra Chakravarty

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Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra
Anukul as a boy.jpg
Thakur Anukulchandra
Anukulchandra Chakravarty

(1888-09-14)14 September 1888
Himaitpur village (present-day Pabna district, Bangladesh)
Died26 January 1969(1969-01-26) (aged 80)
Spouse1) Sree Sree Boro Ma (Sorashibala Devi)
ChildrenAmarendranath Chakravarty(son), Bibekranjan Chakravarty (son), Sadhana Devi (daughter), Santwana Devi (daughter),, Anuka Devi (daughter)
Founder ofSatsang
Religious career
GuruManomohini Devi

Anukulchandra Chakravarty (14 September 1888 – 27 January 1969) popularly known as Sree Sree Thakur, was the founder of Satsang, in Deoghar [1][2][3]

He was a homeopathic practitioner by profession.[4] Anukulchandra registered the Bengali branch of Satsang in Himaitpur.[5]

On 2 September 1946 before the Partition of India, Anukulchandra moved to Deoghar in India from his birthplace Himaitpur, Pabna.[4][6] This is where Satsang currently has its main center. Anukulchandra died on 27 January 1969.[6]

Early life[edit]

Manomohini Devi (1870-1938), mother, guru of Anukulchandra and first President of Satsang.

Anukulchandra was born on September 14, 1888 in Himaitpur village in the Pabna district of Bangladesh. His father was Sivachandra Chakravarty and his mother was Manomohini Devi. He started his formal education at Himaitpur village elementary school in 1893. In 1898, he was admitted to Pabna Institute and studied there up to the eighth grade.[7] He attended Raipur High School at Amirabad for a short period and then in Naihati High School in the 24 Parganas of West Bengal until 1905. He did not graduate, having given away his matriculation exam registration fees to a classmate who he found crying as he was not able to afford the registration fees.[8][9] Later, he was admitted to the Calcutta National Medical College, having tested-out of the school's high school diploma requirement.[10][11]

In high school, he wrote several short plays, the first in 1905. He also wrote songs and poems which were later published in a book, Debjani-O-Anyanya.[12][13][14] In 1910, Anukulchandra wrote some guiding instructions for one of his friend Atulchandra Bhattachariya, that was later published in 1918 as booklet called Satyanusaran (The Pursuit of Truth).[15]

In 1906, his parents arranged for him to marry Sorashibala, aged 11, daughter of Ramgopal Bhattacharya[16]. He later also married Sarbomangala Devi who is popularly known as Choto Ma.[17]

Homeopathy practice[edit]

After finishing medical school, Anukulchandra started practicing homeopathy in Himaitpur in 1912. He reportedly paid for his patients' medicine and provided financial help. Anukulchandra did not have a fixed rate for seeing patients and he accepted fruits and vegetables as payment for his services.[18]


Sri Sri Thakur under the babla tree in Pabna

As the number of people who started to follow him increased rapidly, an organization came into being. He did not formally establish or lay the foundation of Satsang ceremoniously. Satsang evolved normally, naturally, spontaneously. The philanthropic activities of Satsang multiplied and spread far within a few years. Thakur Anukulchandra’s interest in science seeped into those with a scientific bent of mind and pat came Vishya Bigyan Kendra (World Science Centre) where with a few simple apparatus began researches in various fields. Then came up Satsang Chemical Works where manufacturing of medicines based on Sree Sree Thakur’s formulae began. Then Satsang Press, Satsang Publishing House, and other establishments found the light of the day as the necessity arose. The construction work for these establishments and other rooms for the purpose of habitation were carried out by the ashramites themselves including the women, starting from digging soil to making bricks and doing masonry. [6][19] And it was the women who ran the works of Satsang Press. Satsang is currently headquartered in Deoghar, India. [20]

Activities in the satsang ashram[edit]

After the ashram was rebuilt in Deoghar, numerous institutes were started. Tapovan school was started with a particular focus on building character, self-dependence in addition to regular studies. Satsang ananda bazar, which was initially established by Manmohini Devi, was also resumed, to feed visitors, refugees were fed free of cost. Till date, this institution exists and feeds thousands of people twice a day free of cost. Deoghar being a rain-starved region faces acute scarcity of water in summer. To alleviate these problems, Satsang Water Works department was started which supplies fresh water drawn from the river Dwarka to the ashram. A number of deep wells and water harvesting techniques are used to meet the water requirements of the ashram as well as town-dwellers. [6] [21]

Interaction with leaders and eminent personalities[edit]

Chittaranjan Das, one of the eminent leaders in India’s struggle for independence was a disciple of Anukulchandra. He visited the ashram with his family on a number of occasions. He also had invited Mahatma Gandhi to visit the ashram. On visiting the ashram, Mahatma Gandhi was in particular impressed by Anukulchandra’s devotion for his mother and also by the magnificent personality of Manmohini Devi.

Netaji Subhashchandra Bose, another eminent leader in Indian independence movement, also visited the ashram in Pabna, Bangladesh on couple of occasions. His parents were followers of Anukulchandra. He commented on the uniqueness of the ashram in that unlike a “sanyasi” who renounced all wordly ties, the ashram was a pioneer in establishing a place where people could live the life of a “sanyasi” along with their families. [22]

Death and legacy[edit]

After his death on 27 January 1969, his oldest son Amarendranath Chakravarty (21 November 1911 – 6 August 1995), known as Sree Sree Borda, led the activities of Satsang [23] Today the activities are headed by Ashok Chakravarty, grandson of Anukulchandra and son of Amarendranath Chakravarty.

Philosophy and teachings[edit]

Anukulchandra wrote "The degeneration of humanity began at that moment when the unseen God was made infinite and, ignoring the seers, the worship of their sayings began. Oh mankind! If you desire to invoke your good, forget sectarian conflict. Be regardful to all the past prophets. Be attached to your living master or God and take only those who love Him as your own. Because all the past prophets are consummated in the divine man of the present."[24] Anukulchandra did not accept anyone as his disciple if he or she wanted to change his or her faith. According to Ramesh Nagaraj Rao, Anukulchandra advocated that people of all faiths could come together and strengthen communal harmony.[25] Ray Hauserman, one of his American devotees, wrote a book Commitment to a Christian Renewal: Conversations with an Indian Sage which describes Anukulchandra's convergence philosophy in the West.[26][27]


Except a few short plays, poems, and songs published as Debojani O Ananya,[12] the only book written by Anukulchandra is Satyanusaran. His dictations in the form of rhymes has been compiled into multiple volumes of books by Satsang Publishing House, which was established by Anukulchandra. Many of his conversations and found new episodes within of which lectures have been recorded by appointed followers and have also been published. He wrote numerous pamphlets in Bengali to promote his organization.

Views on Religion[edit]

According to Sree Sree Thakur, all the past prophets are consummated in the divine man of the present. He said the so-called religions are just views, and each individual may have an independent view of their own. There is absolutely no opposition among the views, rather the same way feeling of the One in many forms. [28] [29]


He promoted several controversial ideas such as polygamy[30][31], Eugenics[32] and unscientific world views[33][34]. He suggested his female devotees that women should never complain to their abusive husbands[35] in any condition and should accept that her ultimate goal is to submit herself to Husbands will.[30]

Satsang Centers and Vihars[edit]

Satsang Centres (places where devotees assemble regularly) are present in multiple places around the world (US, Canada, UK, Australia, Singapore, UAE, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India).[36] Satsang Vihars are present in many states of India Gujarat, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra to name a few).[37]

Commemorative postage stamp by Indian Government[edit]

Indian stamp released on Anukulchandra's Birth Centenary

On 2 September 1987 (100th anniversary) of Sree Sree Thakur, Government of India has released a postage stamp on Him.[38][39][40]


  1. ^ "Deoghar Tourism".
  2. ^ "Baba Baidyanath Temple".
  3. ^ "Politicians turn devotees at Satsang Vihar event". Times of India. 15 February 2014.
  4. ^ a b Biswas, Rebati Mohon. Sree Thakur Anukulchandra. Satsang Press.
  5. ^ "Man Making Mission". Satsang America.
  6. ^ a b c d Brace, Kerry; Ganguly, Arun. Benign Lord (Third ed.). Satsang Publishing House.
  7. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 57.
  8. ^ Brace 2012, p. 29.
  9. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 48.
  10. ^ Brace 1977, p. 13.
  11. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 71.
  12. ^ a b Anukulchandra 2012.
  13. ^ Maiti 2013, p. 25.
  14. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 80.
  15. ^ "Satyanusaran".
  16. ^ Bhora, Paresh Chandra. Chhotoder Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra. Tapoban prakashan.
  17. ^ "Commissioner Of Income-Tax vs Sarbamangala Devi". Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  18. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 81.
  19. ^ Hauserman, Ray (2011). Ocean in a Teacup (3rd ed.). Satsang, Virginia Beach, USA.
  20. ^ "Satsang Deoghar". Satsang.
  21. ^ Biswas, Rebati Mohon (July 1958). "At Deoghar". Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra. Satsang Press. pp. 113–117.
  22. ^ Pal, Ajitesh (2018-03-22). "নেতাজি সুভাষচন্দ্র ও ঠাকুর অনুকূলচন্দ্রের সম্পর্ক, প্রায় অনালোচিত এক অধ্যায়" (in Bengali). Kolkata.
  23. ^ "Indian postage stamp on Sree Sree Borda".
  24. ^ Satyanusaran
  25. ^ Convergence, not conversion
  26. ^ Hauserman, Ray (1989). Commitment to a Christian Renewal: Conversations with an Indian Sage.
  27. ^ The Latest
  28. ^ One God
  29. ^ Satyanusaran1
  30. ^ a b "Narir-Niti, or virtue of women". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  31. ^ "Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  32. ^ Administrator. "Marriage". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  33. ^ Alochana Prasange Vol.21.
  34. ^ "অনুকূল ঠাকুর উবাচ- এক হিন্দু শরিয়তবাদির উপাখ্যান". মুক্তমনা বাংলা ব্লগ (in Bengali). Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  35. ^ Chakravarty, Anukulchandra. Narir Niti, or virtue of woman. Bengal: Satsang. p. 144.
  36. ^ "Activities Worldwide". Satsang.
  37. ^ "Locator". Satsang.
  38. ^ "Literature". Satsang.
  39. ^ "Indian postage stamp on Sree Sree Thakur".
  40. ^ "Indian postage stamps".


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External links[edit]