Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Thakur Anukulchandra)
Jump to: navigation, search
Anukulchandra Chakravarty
শ্রীশ্রীঠাকুর অনুকূলচন্দ্র
Anukul as a boy.jpg
Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra
Born Anukulchandra Chakravarty
(1888-09-11)11 September 1888
Himaitpur village (present-day Pabna district, Bangladesh)
Died 27 January 1969(1969-01-27) (aged 80)
Deoghar town, Deoghar district, Jharkhand state, India
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) Sree Sree Boro Ma
(Sorashibala Devi)
Children Amarendranath Chakravarty(son), Bibekranjan Chakravarty (son), Sadhana Devi (daughter), Santwana Devi (daughter), Prachetaranjan Chakravarty (son), Anuka Devi (daughter)
Founder of Satsang
Guru Manomohini Devi (his mother)

Anukulchandra Chakravarty (Bengali: শ্রীশ্রীঠাকুর অনুকূলচন্দ্র; 14 September 1888 – 27 January 1969) popularly known as Sree Sree Thakur, Bengali: শ্রীশ্রীঠাকুর) was an Indian satguru, mystic, physician, philanthropist and founder of Satsang.[1][2][3] His followers consider him the latest incarnation of God as Lord Rama, Lord Krishna, Lord Buddha, Lord Jesus, Prophet Mohammad, Sri Chaitanya, Sri Ramakrishna.[4][5][6]

A physician by profession, he promoted a scientific outlook towards social reformation.[7] Anukulchandra's social movement, called Satsang, was originally registered in Himaitpur, Pabna, as a philanthropic organization for improving human capacity, which followers called a "man making mission".[8] Later Satsang was registered as a society under Indian Societies Registration Act 1860, having its registered office at 57 Jatindra Mohan Avenue, Kolkata-57 and the main institution at Satsang Nagar, Deoghar, in the state of Jharkhand, India.

On 2 September 1946 before the Partition of India, Anukulchandra moved to Deoghar in India from his birthplace Himaitpur, Pabna.[7][9] This is where Satsang currently has its main center. Anukulchandra died on 27 January 1969.[9] Satsang is managed now by Ashok Chakravarty (popularly called Sree Sree Dada[9]), the grandson of Anukulchandra.

Biography[edit]

Birth and childhood[edit]

Manomohini Devi (1870-1938), mother, guru of Anukulchandra and first President of Satsang.

Anukulchandra was born on September 14, 1888 (Bhadra 30th, 1295 of Bengali Calendar) in Himaitpur village in the Pabna district of Bangladesh. His father was Sivachandra Chakravarty (Shandilya gotra Kanyakubja Brahmin) and his mother was Manomohini Devi.[10] Biographers point out that Manomohini had strong spiritual thirst from the early childhood and had received the 'holy name' in her dream and later she had her formal initiation to 'holy name' from Radha Soami movement's guru Hazur Rai Saligram Bahadur.[11][12]

According to followers, one day a wandering monk came to the homestead of his parents. The monk requested for a meal. After having the meal served by Manomohini Devi, the monk told Manomohini that the only male child of the family would die and a person would be born who would be a Lord to many. Soon after, Loha, the only brother of Manomohini died.[13][14][15][16][17]

Anukulchandra was born in the 12th month of his mother's pregnancy.[17][16][18][19] Allegedly, at birth he was smiling and looking around brightly at the world.[20] Biographies of Anukulchandra also point out other unusual features and stories of birth such as having no hair on the head and extremely bright light in the home when Anukulchandra was born, which made villagers, fishermen come rushing from the Padma river thinking mistakenly that there was a fire.[21][22][14][23][24]

According to many biographies, Anukulchandra's conduct and behavior was a little unusual and mysterious in nature from early childhood.[16] [25] Anukulchandra's extreme devotion to his mother was noted as one unusual characteristics. One math exam day, being late to prepare to go to school, Anukulchandra's mother angrily told him that he would not be able to answer a single math question. At exam, he did not write a single answer thinking, that would prove his mother wrong.[26][27] Another unusual characteristics was noted as his prophesies. When asked by his mother to come along to go to see a newborn of their neighbor, four year old Anukulchandra told his mother that no need to go as newborn would die within eighteen days. The newborn allegedly died on eighteenth day.[28][29][30][31]

Since childhood, Anukulchandra was believed to be able to sense the pain of others. One tropical stormy day from school, eight year old Anukulchandra started running, out of classroom through the bamboo groves while heavy hail was hitting him, protecting his head by text books, finally spotted a very old man in feeble voice crying for help- 'Allah, save me...'. He rescued the old man. Anukulchandra was chastised by mother Manomohini, since he came home in bad weather fully drenched and text books were damaged.[32][33][34]

Biographies point out stories of Anukulchandra's fundamental thking ability as he was learning as a child. Anukulchandra was reportedly beaten heavily by his elementary school teacher Satya Moitra when he answered that one plus one only makes two ones but not two. Addition supposes that two things are identical which is non-existent.[35][36]

Spiritual ecstasy from childhood was thought by the family and neighbor to be epileptic seizures. Having engrossed in meditating the 'holy name' given by his mother, Anukulchandra used to lose his outward consciousness on regular basis from the early childhood.[30][37]

Education[edit]

Anukulchandra started his formal education at Himaitpur village elementary school in 1893. In 1898, he was admitted to Pabna Institute and studied there up to the eighth grade.[16] He attended Raipur High School at Amirabad for a short period and then in Naihati High School in the 24 Parganas of West Bengal until 1905. He did not however graduate from high school. Biographies mention an incident where Anukulchandra gave away his matriculation exam registration fees to a classmate, who he found crying as he was not able to afford the registration fees.[38][39]

Later Anukulchandra was admitted to the National Medical School of Bow Bazar in Calcutta. Anukulchandra tested-out of the school's high school diploma requirement.[40][41]

In high school, Anukulchandra wrote several short plays, the first in 1905. He also wrote songs and poems which were later published in a book, Debjani-O-Anyanya.[42][43][44] In 1910, Anukulchandra wrote some guiding instructions for one of his friend Atulchandra Bhattachariya, that was later published in 1918 as booklet called Satyanusaran (The Pursuit of Truth).[45]

Marriage[edit]

At the age of 18 in the year 1906 (Bengali year 1313 on 28th day of Shrabana), Anukulchandra's parents arranged for him to marry Sorashibala, aged 11, daughter of Ramgopal Bhattacharya of Dhopadaha village, residing in Pabna town.[46] Anukulchandra credited much of his success in life to his wife, mentioning that if he had been born as a woman, it would have been as his wife.[47]

Medical practice[edit]

After finishing medical school, Anukulchandra started practicing medicine in Himaitpur in 1912. He practiced as a physician for only 3 years. His reputation as a physician spread in the neighboring towns and villages due to reports of a miraculous curing ability.[48][49] Anukulchandra reportedly paid for his patients' medicine and provided financial help. Anukulchandra did not have a fixed rate for seeing patients and he accepted fruits and vegetables as payment for his services.[50]

Kirtan and trance[edit]

At the height of his success as a physician, Anukulchandra formed kirtan group which attracted whole host of people from all strata of the society. There are reports that claim that many of the outcast in the society like drug addicts, convicted killers, etc. came to his kirtan group and transformed into a normal human being.[51] Anukulchandra's fame slowly turned from being just a 'wonderful physician'[52] to a friend, a guide and a shelter. Anukulchandra at this time had started having formal devotee by the process of 'Initiation' (Bengali: দীক্ষা) in the 'Holy Name' that he had received from his own mother in the childhood. Ananta Maharaj, Kishori Mohan Das and Satishchadra Goswami were his first three initiated devotees.[53]

In the years between 1914 and 1919, Anukulchandra, while performing kirtan went into trance. It is said that during these episodes of trance, utterances would come out of his mouth. The people around him started recording those messages and 71 days of such messages was later published as a book called 'Holy Book' (Bangla পুন্যপুথি).[51] The messages of these episodes has claims of his Providence.[53] During this period of trance Anukulchandra's fame as a divine personality spread all over Bengal. People from all over India started coming to see a glimpse of Anukulchandra. Many of them were repeat visitors and eventually moved to Himaitpur to stay with Anukulchandra.

As the followers grew and started living around him, in the year 1915, Anukulchandra's mother gave a name to the movement as 'Satsang'.[54]

Man Making Mission[edit]

At the end of 1919, at the height of his fame with kirtan and trance one evening Anukulchandra disappointed a mammoth crowd by not doing kirtan.[55] Anukulchandra started his new mission called 'labor of love'. With thousands of devotees living around him, Anukulchandra started his 'man making mission' with three guiding principles of 'Jajan', 'Jaajan' and 'Ishtavrity'.[54]

Philanthropic Activities at Satsang[edit]

Satsang soup kitchen (called 'Anandabazar') at Satsang Nagar, Deoghar where millions are served each year.

Anukulchandra set up Tapovan Vidyalaya and a number of Arts and Science colleges to provide education to the community.[56] He setup the research laboratory called Viswa Vigyan Kendra. To promote fine arts Anukulchandra started the Satsang Kala Kendra. Gradually findings and learning were recorded in various books.[57]

Moving to Deoghar[edit]

On 2 September 1946, Anukulchandra, at the age of 58, went to Deoghar with few of his devotees and family members owing to poor health. Soon after he went to Deoghar, India gained independence from the British Empire, but was also partitioned. The Himaitpur Satsang became part of what is now Bangladesh. He rebuilt the institution at Deoghar, Jharkhand.[9][58]

Death and legacy[edit]

After his death on 27 January 1969, his oldest son Amarendranath Chakravarty (21 November 1911 – 6 August 1995), known as Sree Sree Borda (Bengali: শ্রীশ্রীবড়দা), led the activities of Satsang as the Acharya (one who demonstrates the way through his practices). He was a key figure in the maintenance of Satsang movement after Sree Sree Thakur's demise in 1969. He was credited with the rapid expansion of Satsang followers and as well building of numerous Satsang centres in different parts of India.[59]

Today the activities are headed by Asoke Chakravarty, grandson of Anukulchandra and son of Amarendranath Chakravarty.

Philosophy and Teachings[edit]

  • Dharma – "By Dharma everyone can live and grow; The sect is not the same as Dharma though." (translated from Anushruti)
  • Dharma - "To know Dharma is to know the root cause of anything, and to know that is wisdom". (Satyanusaran)
  • He has presented the way of life from scientific aspects without denying the wisdom of the prophets of the past.
  • He believed that man is the only wealth, not money.[7]
  • Jajan – to elevate oneself by following a living ideal.[58]
  • Jaajan – to exalt others through active service.[58]
  • Ishtavrity – a daily love offering.[58]
  • Swastayani - five basic principles to achieve healthy, happy and long life.[9]
  • Sadachar - to accept and embrace everything existential.[9]
  • Convergence, not conversion
    • In the foreword of the book Satyanusaran Anukulchandra writes "The degeneration of humanity began at that moment when the unseen God was made infinite and, ignoring the seers, the worship of their sayings began. Oh mankind! If you desire to invoke your good, forget sectarian conflict. Be regardful to all the past prophets. Be attached to your living master or God and take only those who love Him as your own. Because all the past prophets are consummated in the divine man of the present."[60] Anukulchandra did not accept anyone as his disciple if he or she wanted to change his or her faith. According to Ramesh Nagaraj Rao, Anukulchandra advocated that people of all faith could come together and strengthen communal harmony.[61] Ray Hauserman, one of his American devotees, wrote a book Commitment to a Christian Renewal: Conversations with an Indian Sage which describes Anukulchandra's convergence philosophy in the West.[62][63]

Literature[edit]

Except a few short plays, poems, and songs published as Debojani O Ananya,[42] the only book directly written by Anukulchandra is Satyanusaran.[60] His dictations in the form of rhymes has been compiled into multiple volumes of books by Satsang Publishing House, which was established by Anukulchandra. Many of his conversations and lectures have been recorded by appointed followers and have also been published.

Books[edit]

Books in Bengali (Original Work)

  1. Satyanusaran (Pursuit of Truth)
  2. Swasthya O Sadachar Sutra (Health & Hygiene)
  3. Yati Abhidharma (Upholding principles to be followed by a Saint)
  4. Debi-Sukta (On Women)
  5. Tapa-Bidhayana 2 Vol. (Rules of Spiritual Practices)
  6. Bidhi-Binyas (Application of Rules)
  7. Sad-Bidhayana (Rules of Embodiment of Truth)
  8. Nistha-Bidhayana (Rules of Adherence)
  9. Adarsha-Binayaka (Rules of Ideal)
  10. Bidhan-Binayaka (Existential Laws)
  11. Samaj-Sandipana (Guidance for society)
  12. Bikriti-Binayana (Adjustment of Adulteration)
  13. Bigyan-Bibhuti (Scientific Knowledge)
  14. Dhriti-Bidhayana 2 Volumes (Maintenance of Knowledge)
  15. Achar-Charjya 2 Volumes (Rules of Conduct)
  16. Alochana-Prasange 22 Volumes (Discussions)
  17. Nana-Prasange 4 volmes. (Conversation on various Subjects)
  18. Katha-Prasange 3 Volumes (Discourses)
  19. Islam-Prasange (About Islam)
  20. Punya-Punthi (Holy Book)
  21. Anushruti 7 volmes (Rhymes and poetry)
  22. Chalar-Saathi (Companion of Life)
  23. Pather-Kari (Gems for Life)
  24. Nareer-Neeti (Women's Code)
  25. Seva-Bidhayana (Rules for Service)
  26. Neeti-Bidhayana (Moral Principles)
  27. Kriti-Bidhayana (Rules for Success)
  28. Shiksha-Bidhayana (Educational Principle)
  29. Darshan-Bidhayana (Philosophical Principle)
  30. Nareer Pathe (Women's Guidance)
  31. Shaswati (Eternal Truths)
  32. Sambitee (Perfect Knowledge)
  33. Taanr-Chithi (Letter written by Anukulchandra)
  34. Amiya-Lipi (Solution of daily life problems)
  35. Ashish-Banee 2 Volumes (Blessings)
  36. Preeti-Binayak 2 Volumes (About Love)
  37. Jaji-Sukta (Principles of Jaajan)
  38. Charyya-Sukta (Habit)
  39. Bibaha-Bidhayana (Marriage)
  40. Sangya-Samiksha (Definition)
  41. Bibidha-Sukta (Rules)
  42. Arya-Pratimokshya (Aryan Culture)
  43. Deeprakshi (Conversations)
  44. Jeevan Dipti 3 Volumes (Enlightenment of Life)
  45. Arya-Kristi (Aryan Culture)
  46. Amiya Bani (Valuable Principles)

Books in English (Original Work)

  1. The Message 9 Volumes
  2. Magnadicta
  3. Lord’s Prayer
  4. Discourses

Notable people influenced by Anukulchandra[edit]

Chittaranjan Das[7][64] Krishna Prasanna Bhattacharya (assistant to Nobel Laureate Prof C.V.Raman),[58] and Barin Ghosh have been initiated as disciples of Anukulchandra. Subhas Chandra Bose was also strongly influenced by Anukulchandra's philosophy.[65]

Satsang Centers and Bihars[edit]

Satsang Centres (places where devotees assemble regularly) are present in multiple places around the world (US, Canada, UK, Australia, Singapore, UAE, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India).[66] Satsang Bihars are present in many states of India (Gujarat, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra to name a few).[67]

Commemorative Postage Stamp by Indian Government[edit]

Indian stamp released on Anukulchandra's Birth Centenary

On 2 September 1987 (100th anniversary) of Sree Sree Thakur, Government of India has released a postage stamp on Him.[57][68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Deoghar Tourism". 
  2. ^ "Baba Baidyanath Temple". 
  3. ^ "Politicians turn devotees at Satsang Vihar event". Times of India. 15 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bahai Studies" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Biswas 1992, p. 50.
  6. ^ "I am because you are". 
  7. ^ a b c d Biswas, Rebati Mohon. Sree Thakur Anukulchandra. Satsang Press. 
  8. ^ "Man Making Mission". Satsang America. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Brace, Kerry; Ganguly, Arun. Benign Lord (Third ed.). Satsang Publishing House. 
  10. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 12, 16.
  11. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 30.
  12. ^ Brace 2012, p. 50.
  13. ^ Vora 2004, p. 4.
  14. ^ a b Srinath 1990, p. 14.
  15. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 15.
  16. ^ a b c d Dattaroy 2012, p. 57.
  17. ^ a b Maiti 2013, p. 7.
  18. ^ Srinath 1990, p. 15.
  19. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 16.
  20. ^ Brace 1977, p. 4.
  21. ^ Maiti 2013, p. 3.
  22. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 58.
  23. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 18.
  24. ^ Nahar 1989, p. 9.
  25. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 15-21.
  26. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 33.
  27. ^ Maiti 2013, p. 15.
  28. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 63.
  29. ^ Maiti 2013, p. 9.
  30. ^ a b Joarder 2001, p. 20.
  31. ^ Chatterji 1979, p. 23.
  32. ^ Joarder 2001, p. 36.
  33. ^ Chatterji 1979, p. 25.
  34. ^ Srinath 1990, p. 48.
  35. ^ Hauserman 1962, p. 12.
  36. ^ Srinath 1990, p. 32.
  37. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 44.
  38. ^ Brace 2012, p. 29.
  39. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 48.
  40. ^ Brace 1977, p. 13.
  41. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 71.
  42. ^ a b Anukulchandra 2012.
  43. ^ Maiti 2013, p. 25.
  44. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 80.
  45. ^ "Satyanusaran". 
  46. ^ Dattaroy 2012, p. 70.
  47. ^ Sarkar 2010, p. 158.
  48. ^ Brace 2012, p. 35.
  49. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 76.
  50. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 81.
  51. ^ a b Hauserman 2011, p. 98.
  52. ^ Brace 2012, p. 33.
  53. ^ a b Dattaroy 2012, p. 205.
  54. ^ a b Hauserman 2011, p. 108.
  55. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 100.
  56. ^ Brace 2012, p. 54.
  57. ^ a b "Literature". Satsang. 
  58. ^ a b c d e Hauserman, Ray (2011). Ocean in a Teacup (3rd ed.). Satsang, Virginia Beach, USA. 
  59. ^ Hauserman 2011, p. 277, 278.
  60. ^ a b Satyanusaran 
  61. ^ Convergence, not conversion 
  62. ^ Hauserman, Ray (1989). Commitment to a Christian Renewal: Conversations with an Indian Sage. 
  63. ^ The Latest 
  64. ^ Maiti 2013, p. 71.
  65. ^ "Subhas Chandra Bose: Strategic Thoughts and practices". [dead link]
  66. ^ "Activities Worldwide". Satsang. 
  67. ^ "Locator". Satsang. 
  68. ^ "Indian postage stamp on Sree Sree Thakur". 

Sources[edit]

  • Anukulchandra, Thakur. Satyanusaran. 
  • Lal, Radha Krishna (2004). The Social Philosophy of Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra (First ed.). Deoghar: Deojyoti Pulication. OCLC 181424382. 
  • Brace, Kerry (1977). The Living Ideal (First ed.). Connecticut: Jeffrey C. Renert. 
  • Hauserman, Ray (2011). Ocean in a Teacup (3rd ed.). Virginia Beach: Satsang. 
  • Hauserman, Ray (2008). Being and Becoming: A story of Devotion (First ed.). Satsang, Virginia Beach, USA. 
  • Joarder, Satishchandra (2001). Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra. Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Chakraborty, Manilal (2014). Thakur Anukulchandra: A brief on a marvellous personality (1st ed.). Kolkata: Tapoban Prakashan. 
  • Chakraborty, Manilal (2010). Smritir Mala (Fourth ed.). Kolkata: Tapoban Prakashan. 
  • Hauserman, Ray (1987). Answer to the Quest. Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. 
  • Chatterji, Krishnalal (2010). The Guiding Light: A Treatise on Thakur Sree Sree Anukul Chandra. Kolkata: Indian Progressive Pub. Co. 
  • Dattaroy, Brajogopal (2012). Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra (Eighth ed.). Kolkata: Tapoban Prakashan. 
  • Bhora, Paresh (2004). Mahajeeban (Fourth ed.). Kolkata: Tapoban Prakashan. 
  • Srinath (1990). Jeman Tanke Dekhi. Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Sarkar, Rabindra Nath (2010). The revelation after the latest revealed (First ed.). Kolkata: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar. OCLC 775646694. 
  • Narayan, Hari Ballabh. Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra centenary volume. OCLC 20130549. 
  • Chakravarty, Anindyadyuti (2014). Shata Barsher Punya-Punthi (First ed.). Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Ganguli, Arun; Brace, Kerry (2012). Benign Lord (Third ed.). Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Biswas, Rebati (1992). Jeebanjyoti (First ed.). Deoghar: Alpha Publishing House. 
  • Biswas, Rebati (1992). Americar Pathe (First ed.). Deoghar: Alpha Publishing House. 
  • Maiti, Amulya Charan (2013). Amritopurush Purushottam Sree Sree Thakur (Second ed.). Kolkata: Tapoban Publications. 
  • Nahar, Sujata (1989). Mirra The Occultist (First ed.). Paris: Institut De Recherches Evolutives. ISBN 2-902776-21-7. 
  • Islam, Kazi Nurul (2011). Historical Overview of Religious Pluralism in Bengal. Eight. Dhaka: Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. p. 28. 
  • Das, Prafulla Kumar (1977). An Integral Philosophy of Life (PDF) (First ed.). Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Sarkar, Rabindra Nath (1987). The Latest Revelation in the East (First ed.). Kolkata: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar. 
  • Dutt, K.C. (1999). Who's who of Indian Writers (End-Century ed.). New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 253. ISBN 8126008733. 
  • Sarkar, Kartik Chandra (2010). Jayatu Janani Mey (First ed.). Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Chakravarty, Anukulchandra (2012). Debjani-O-Anyanya (First ed.). Deoghar: Satsang Publishing House. 
  • Rao, Ramesh (2007). "Convergence, not conversion". Web: ReligionAndSpirituality.com. 
  • Pandey, Rajesh (2015). "Jharkhand governor inaugurates Deoghar function". Web: Times of India. 
  • Hauserman, Ray (1989). Commitment to a Christian Renewal: Conversations With an Indian Sage (First ed.). Ligate Pub. ISBN 0924136006. 
  • Initiative, United Religious (2015). "The Latest". 
  • Biswas, Rebati (1982). The New Light from the East (Second ed.). Deoghar: Alpha Publishing House. 
  • Biswas, Rebati (1981). The Guide (First ed.). Deoghar: Alpha Publishing House. 
  • Mohanty, Jatindra Nath (2015). "I Am Because You Are". Web: speakingtree.in.