Page extended-protected

Jaggi Vasudev

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sadhguru)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jaggi Vasudev
Sadhguru - February 2019 - 2 (cropped).jpg
Born (1957-09-03) 3 September 1957 (age 62)
NationalityIndian
OrganizationIsha Foundation
Notable work
  • Inner Engineering
  • Dhyanalinga
  • Rally for Rivers
  • Linga Bhairavi
  • Adiyogi: The Source of Yoga
  • Mystic's Musings
  • Kaveri Calling
Spouse(s)
Vijaya Kumari (Vijji) (m. 1984)
[1]
Children1
HonorsPadma Vibhushan
Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar
Websiteisha.sadhguru.org

Jaggi Vasudev[2] (born 3 September 1957), generally referred to as Sadhguru,[2][a] is an Indian yogi[6] and author.[7][8]

In 1992, Vasudev established Isha Foundation, which has been involved in various activities in the field of spirituality, education, and environment. The organisation has been subject to mixed reception.

In 2017, he was awarded Padma Vibhushana by the Government of India for his services in the field of social services.

Biography

Early life and education

Born in Mysore, Karnataka, India, in a Telugu speaking family,[9] Jaggi Vasudev was the youngest of four children – two boys and two girls. His mother was a housewife and his father an ophthalmologist with Indian Railways.[10] Due to the nature of his father's job, the family moved frequently.[11]:39

After his schooling at Demonstration School, Mysore and Mahajana Pre-University College, he graduated from the University of Mysore with a bachelor's degree in English in 1973.[12] Vasudev refused to pursue a post-graduate course, despite parental insistence and instead took to business.[13]

Spirituality

At the age of 25, on 23 September 1982, Vasudev rode up to the Chamundi Hill and sat on a rock, where he had a 'spiritual experience'.[13] Six weeks afterwards, he left his business to his friend and travelled extensively in an effort to gain insight into his mystical experience.[13] After about a year of meditation and travel, he decided to teach yoga to share his inner experience.[13]

In 1983, he conducted his first yoga class with seven participants in Mysore. Over time, he began conducting yoga classes across Karnataka and Hyderabad traveling on his motorcycle, subsisting on the produce of his poultry farm rental and donating the collections received from yoga class participants to a local charity on the last day of the class.[13]

Family

Jaggi Vasudev at Davos, Switzerland in 2007

Jaggi Vasudev was married to Vijayakumari (also called Vijji). This was Vijayakumari's second marriage. Prior to marrying Vasudev she worked in a bank. The couple had a daughter called Radhe. Vijaya Kumari died in 1997. At that time her father alleged that Vasudev had murdered her; Vasudev termed the incident as 'Mahasamadhi' and claimed she had told him about it nine months before her death.[14][15] The police investigation gave him a clean chit.[14]

Vasudev's daughter Radhe Jaggi is a trained bharatanatyam dancer.[16] She married Chennai-based classical vocalist Sandeep Narayan in 2014 at Vasudev's Coimbatore ashram in a ceremony attended by many Indian celebrities.[17]

Books and public engagement

Jaggi Vasudev is the author of several books. His Inner Engineering: A Yogi's Guide to Joy[18] appeared in The New York Times Best Seller list in the "Health",[19] "Religion, Spirituality and Faith",[20] and "Advice, How-To & Miscellaneous" categories.[21] Vasudev is also the author of Mystic's Musings[22] and Death: An Inside Story.[23][24]

Vasudev is a frequent public speaker who has been invited to address many prestigious forums and conferences across the globe, such as the United Nation's Millennium World Peace Summit, the House of Lords, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the International Institute for Management Development.[25] He has also spoken at the annual World Economic Forum in 2007[26], 2017 and 2020.[27][28]

Honours

Pranab Mukherjee presenting the Padma Vibhushan to Vasudev at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on April 13, 2017

Vasudev received the Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award from the Government of India in 2017 in recognition of his contribution to the field of spirituality.[29][30] He stood 92nd in The Indian Express' list of 100 most powerful Indians, in 2012 and stood 40th in India Today’s list of 50 most powerful Indians, in 2019.[31][32]

Isha Foundation

Located on the foothills of the Velliangiri Mountains, forty kilometres from the city of Coimbatore in the state of Tamil Nadu, South India,[33] Isha Foundation was established as a non-profit organisation by Jaggi Vasudev in 1992.[7] Its social initiatives have been awarded with the Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar.[34]

Yoga

Yoga programmes

Jaggi Vasudev conducting the Inner Engineering Program at the Bombay Stock Exchange

After the establishment of the ashram, Vasudev began conducting yoga programmes on the premises of the newly established Isha Yoga Center in 1994, including a course for the Indian Hockey team in 1996.[35][36] In 1997, he began conducting classes in the United States[37][38] and from 1998 onwards, for life-term prisoners in Tamil Nadu prisons.[39] [40]

The flagship program is titled 'Inner Engineering', which introduces people to simple Yoga practices and the Shambhavi Mahamudra[41]; corporate leadership forms a core audience of these programs.[42] It views depression as the result of a false widespread belief about an ability to change the world according to one's desires, and offers to teach the technology of mental well-being, to help one acclimatize with unavoidable work rigors.[43] Vasudev has frequently cited a study by the University of California which supposedly found mahamudra to lead to highly elevated levels (221%) of neuronal regeneration in the brain; it has since been noted that the study appeared in a fringe journal published by a discredited alternative medicine advocate and his allies, and that it merely reports lower levels of subjective stress from a medium-sized uncontrolled group practicing yoga daily for six weeks.[44][45]

The Dhyanalinga

The Dhyanalinga (composed of the terms dhyāna and linga) is a consecrated sculptural stone structure standing 4.3 metres (13 feet 9 inches) tall.[46] Its creation and consecration, according to Vasudev, was his life's mission entrusted to him by his guru, Palani Swami.[13] In 1998, the structure of the Dhyanalinga was ordered and arrived at the ashram, where the Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple was being built to hold it.[47] After three years of work, the temple was completed on 23 June 1999[48] and opened to the public on 23 November.[49] As a meditative space the Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple is not dedicated to any particular faith or belief system[50] and is open to all visitors irrespective of their religion or nationality.[51] A stone pillar named the Sarva Dharma stambha, located at the temple's front entrance, has religious symbols of several religions carved on to it to denote universal brotherhood.[52][53]

Adiyogi Shiva statue

Designed by Vasudev, the foundation built a 112-feet-tall and 500 tonnes (490 long tons; 550 short tons) Shiva statue for inspiring and promoting yoga. It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi[54] and has been since recognized as the "Largest Bust Sculpture" by Guinness World Records.[55] It is a part of the Incredible India campaign.[56]

The Tamil Nadu government has since claimed the entire construction as illegal, for which no approval was granted;[57] Comptroller and Auditor General's report further states the construction to have flagrantly violated the rules of biodiversity zones.[58][59][60]

Other consecrations

Vasudev regularly conducts gatherings (mahasathsangs) in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.[61] He also takes spiritual aspirants on annual pilgrimages (yatras) to Mount Kailash and the Himalayas.[62][63]

Every year at the Isha Yoga Center, Vasudev celebrates an all-night Mahashivarathri, the annual Hindu festival in honour of Shiva. It is estimated that these celebrations were attended by as many as 800,000 people in 2013.[64][65][66] He has also established a Linga Bhairavi temple in Coimbatore where women conduct the rituals.[67]

Isha Vidhya

Isha Vidhya, an education initiative, aims to raise the level of education and literacy in rural India by providing quality English-language-based, computer-aided education. There are seven Isha Vidhya Schools in operation which educate around 3,000 students.[68] The foundation also runs an Action for Rural Rejuvenation program, in over 4200 villages, targeting socioeeconomic welfare of underprivileged populace .

Environmental initiatives

It has consultative status with the UN Economic and Social Council[69], and is an accredited observer of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification.[70] Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, praised the efforts by foundation for carrying forward Swachh Bharat Mission in Tamil Nadu.[71]

Project GreenHands

Saplings being readied for transportation at a PGH nursery.

Project GreenHands (PGH) was established in 2004 as an environmental organization. Its activity is largely focused on Tamil Nadu. The organization received the Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar, the Government of India's environmental award in 2010.[72] The organisation's activities include agroforestry, plant nurseries in schools,[73] and tree-planting in urban centers such as Tiruchirappalli[74] and Tiruppur.[75]

Rally for Rivers

The Rally for Rivers campaign, which ran from September to October 2017,[76] intended to rejuvenate India's depleting rivers by growing large forests along their banks. Promoted by Vasudev all over the country, the campaign received support from a broad range of celebrities and the urban populace.[77] MOUs were signed with state governments.

However, the campaign has been widely criticized by environmentalists for lacking in scientific basis and shifting the spotlight away from real concerns.[78] Acclaimed water conservationist Rajendra Singh alleges that the campaign is motivated by the goal of money and fame.[79]

Cauvery Calling

The Cauvery Calling project aims to support farmers in planting an estimated 2.4 billion trees through agroforestry, thereby covering one third of Cauvery basin with trees, as a means of conserving it. The project has received acclaim from politicians and members of the movie industry.

However, environmentalists and public intellectuals allege that the program presents a simplistic view of river conservation, sidesteps social issues, and has the potential to harm tributaries and wildlife habitats.[80][81][82] A Public Interest litigation has also been filed in the Karnataka High Court questioning the legality of the fundraising practices for the initiative, and the usage of government owned land for a private purpose without supporting study.[83][84][85][86] In January 2020, the High Court ruled that the Foundation needed to disclose details of its fundraising practices relating to the initiative.[87]

Politics, religion and pseudoscience

Critics note that Vasudev shares the sociopolitical ideology of Bharatiya Janata Party and Hindutva.[44][88][89][90][91] He plays a vital role in Indian right-wing politics, using his suave and seemingly apolitical guru persona to spread an exclusionary brand of non-secular ethno-nationalism to an urban audience.[88]

He advocates a total ban on cow slaughter and deems the Muslim Rule in India as centuries of "oppressive occupation", which were far worse than the British Raj.[44] Vasudev has also spoken in favour of the 2019 Balakot airstrike, introduction of a comprehensive GST and Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 whilst deeming the Thoothukudi protests as lynching of corporate industries.[44][92][93][94] In an interview before Times Now, Vasudev had blamed the left liberal sections of the society for facilitating militancy in Kashmir and lamented about how Kanhaiya Kumar and Umar Khalid (of JNU sedition row fame) were hogging the public limelight instead of being behind the bars.[95][88] His understanding of realpolitik and history, as displayed in delivering these stances, has been widely criticized.[88][93][44]

Vasudev has also been noted as a longstanding purveyor of pseudo-scientific information across a spectrum of topics, aligning to a politico-religious model.[96][97][44]

In 2015, he propagated long-debunked superstitions in his blog, about food turning poisonous and human health being adversely affected during lunar eclipse; the post has been since been broadcast across multiple mainstream media, for years; over a public discourse, he used a rudraksha garland as an 'energy' measuring device to prove his claim.[44][98][99] AltNews has documented Vasudev to have perpetuated numerous myths around clinical depression; he had also protested against a potential prohibition on the use of mercury for Indian traditional medicines, despite its extreme toxicity which can lead to death.[100][101] His views on the Higgs boson and alleged benefits for the Vibhuti have been refuted by the rationalists and have been labelled as anti-scientific.[102][103] In a talk delivered at IIT Madras, he propounded debunked theories about water memory.[104]

Shashi Tharoor has noted about how the ideology of Hindutva has encouraged gurus to blend religion and pseudo-spirituality into a lucrative business to promote irrationality.[105] Another piece over Scroll.in, on similar veins, documented Vasudev's casting of religious politics into a meta-scientific narrative and popularization of a Hindutva-centered revisionist history featuring atavistic remembrances of a golden Hindu past; among others it consisted fundamental mis-interpretation of Darwin's work followed by appropriating it as something that has been long discovered in India, advocating for Hindu rituals after death since it spared a slow death (as allegedly justifiable from the continued growth of nail and hairs) and claiming of Hindu Tantric 'scientists' being capable of resurrecting the dead by citing the anecdote.[44] Babu Gogineni deemed of him as a spiritualist conman, who built a huge business empire by resorting to a mixture of pseudo-science with science, rather than old age magic tricks which were increasingly getting debunked.[106]

Notes

  1. ^ "Sadhguru", alternatively spelled "sadguru",[3] means "real or true guru".[4] The term has also been translated as "senior sadhu; eminent preceptor."[5]

References

  1. ^ "Family Matters - Sadhguru Speaks About His Family". Isha Foundation. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b Waghorne 2013, p. 297; Foreword by Pat MacEnulty in Simone & Sadhguru 2008, p. 10
  3. ^ Sanghvi, Rajesh D (2018), Going Beyond My Guru's for Human Welfare, Notion Press, p. 30, ISBN 978-1-64429-901-2
  4. ^ Cornille, Catherine (1992), The Guru in Indian Catholicism: Ambiguity of Opportunity of Inculturation?, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, p. 103, ISBN 978-0-8028-0566-9
  5. ^ Shantipriyadas, S. (1998). Pramukh Swami Maharaj (2nd ed.). Amdavad: Swaminarayan Aksharpith. p. 307. ISBN 81-7526-000-9.
  6. ^ IANS (9 October 2016). "Don't vote as part of a tribe, Jaggi Vasudev tells Americans". Business Standard India. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "The most powerful Indians in 2009: 80–84". Indian Express. 9 March 2009. Archived from the original on 28 January 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  8. ^ Rao, Mallika (4 April 2018). "Why I Hate Gurus". New York (magazine). Vox Media. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  9. ^ "isha foundation - Sadhguru: My mother tongue is Telugu".
  10. ^ Sadhguru (2016). Inner Engineering A Yogi's guide to joy. New York: Spiegel & Grau. pp. 14–21. ISBN 9780812997804.
  11. ^ Subramaniam, Arundhathi (2010). Jaggi Vasudev More Than A Life. Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-670-08512-5. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  12. ^ "'I have not read the Vedas or the Upanishads. I confess I haven't read the Gita'". Indian Express. 10 March 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Simone, Cheryl (2008). Midnights with the Mystic. Hampton Roads Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-57174-561-3.
  14. ^ a b यादव, ज्योति. "दुनिया के हर विषय पर फाइनल बात बोलने के लिए कितनी पढ़ाई की आवश्यकता है?". The Print.
  15. ^ "Congress IT cell chief rakes up old murder charge against Sadhguru; Isha Foundation dismisses it as 'baseless charge'". The Week. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  16. ^ Naidu, Jaywant (26 November 2017). "When beauty comes to life". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  17. ^ Sangeetha, P (24 October 2014). "Sadhguru's daughter gets married in Kovai". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Don't vote as part of a tribe, Jaggi Vasudev tells Americans". Business Standard. IANS. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Health". The New York Times.
  20. ^ "Religion, Spirituality and Faith". The New York Times.
  21. ^ "New York Times Bestsellers - Advice, How-To & Miscellaneous: New this week INNER ENGINEERING". New York Times. 9 October 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Tantra between the covers". The Hindu. 15 July 2005. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Spiritual leader Sadhgurus new book to demystify death". https://www.outlookindia.com/. Retrieved 13 March 2020. External link in |website= (help)
  24. ^ "Maha Shivratri 2020: VP Venkaiah Naidu joins Sadhguru in celebrations at Isha Foundation". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  25. ^ Hudson & Hudson 2017, p. 2
  26. ^ Chandrasekhar, Anand. "Indian gurus and their Swiss watches: a history". SWI swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  27. ^ "Sadhguru to Deliver Keynote, Conduct Meditation Session at Davos Summit". News18. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  28. ^ "Golf with the Guru". The Hindu. 15 March 2009. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  29. ^ "Jaggi Vasudev, Mariyappan among Padma award winners". The Hindu. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  30. ^ "Padma Vibhushan award for Sharad Pawar and Jaggi Vasudev". Deccan Chronicle. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  31. ^ "The most powerful Indians in 2012: No. 91-100 - Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  32. ^ S, MG Arun Shwweta Punj Suhani Singh Kaushik Deka Prachi Bhuchar Chinki Sinha Anshuman Tiwari; July 26, eep Unnithan Amarnath K. Menon Anilesh S. Mahajan Uday Mahurkar; August 5, 2019 ISSUE DATE:; July 26, 2019UPDATED:; Ist, 2019 15:35. "Top 50 power people | The High & Mighty Part-4". India Today. Retrieved 13 March 2020.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  33. ^ Berghella 2018, p. 69
  34. ^ "Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar for Isha Outreach". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  35. ^ "Morale-Booster says Bhaskaran". Indian Express. 26 November 1996.
  36. ^ "Refreshed Team Begins Final Preparation". The Hindu. 2 December 1996.
  37. ^ Hamburg, Jay (15 October 1997). "Yoga guru touts peace, not religion" (PDF). The Tennessean. pp. 1B–2B.
  38. ^ "It doesn't take a guru to know which way the stress flows". Dayton Daily News. 17 March 1998.
  39. ^ "Yoga Brings 'Freedom' to Prisoners". The Hindu. 16 February 1998.
  40. ^ Mark Singleton; Ellen Goldberg (6 November 2013). Gurus of Modern Yoga. Oxford University Press. pp. 283–295. ISBN 978-0-19-993871-1.
  41. ^ "In pursuit of peace of mind". Daily News and Analysis. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  42. ^ "The route to 'dharmacracy'". Business Today. 27 November 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  43. ^ Kapur, Jyotsna (2013). "For Some Dreams a Lifetime is Not Enough: The Rasa Aesthetic and the Everyday in Neoliberalism". The Politics of Time and Youth in Brand India: Bargaining with Capital. Anthem Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-85728-109-8. JSTOR j.ctt1gxpc43.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h Shahane, Girish (20 June 2019). "Opinion: The disturbing irrationalism of Jaggi Vasudev". Scroll.in. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  45. ^ Peterson, Christine Tara; Bauer, Sarah M.; Chopra, Deepak; Mills, Paul J.; Maturi, Raj K. (22 September 2017). "Effects of Shambhavi Mahamudra Kriya , a Multicomponent Breath-Based Yogic Practice ( Pranayama ), on Perceived Stress and General Well-Being". Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine. 22 (4): 788–797. doi:10.1177/2156587217730934. ISSN 2156-5872. PMC 5871312. PMID 29228793.
  46. ^ Berghella 2018, p. 74
  47. ^ Berghella 2018, p. 70
  48. ^ "Dhyanalingam installed". Indian Express. 26 July 1999.
  49. ^ "A multi religious temple". The Hindu. 19 November 1999.
  50. ^ Rangaswamy, Sudhakshina (25 July 2003). "Transformation of the inner Self". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  51. ^ Berghella 2018, p. 72
  52. ^ Ganapathy, T.K. (28 September 2001). "Haven for the spiritually inclined". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  53. ^ "Haven for the Spiritually Inclined - The Hindu - 28 September, 2001 - Isha Foundation". beta.ishafoundation.org. Isha Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  54. ^ "PM Narendra Modi unveils first 112-foot tall Shiva statue in Coimbatore". The Financial Express. 24 February 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  55. ^ "Largest bust (sculpture)". Guinness World Records.
  56. ^ Team, DNA Web (24 February 2017). "Maha Shivratri 2017: PM Modi unveils 112-foot Shiva statue in Coimbatore". DNA India. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  57. ^ "Isha's Shiva statue has no approval, buildings illegal: TN government takes a stand". The News Minute. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  58. ^ "CAG pulls up Tamil Nadu forest department over unapproved construction by Isha Foundation in protected zone". Firstpost. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  59. ^ Kumar, B. Aravind (12 July 2018). "Isha Foundation flouted norms: CAG". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  60. ^ "But Why Is the Cauvery Calling?". The Wire. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  61. ^ "Isha's Green Salem goes on stream". The Hindu. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  62. ^ "Isha shows the way". Indian Express. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  63. ^ "Mansarovar is beyond words". Daily News and Analysis. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  64. ^ Zakaria, Namrata (June 2013). "The Lure of Isha" (PDF). Harpers Bazaar. pp. 106–108. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  65. ^ Zakaria, Namrata (14 March 2013). "Fashion label to 'yogi': Donna Karan on an Indian holiday". The Indian Express. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  66. ^ Vyas, Sheetal (1 April 2013). "Holy Days". Outlook. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  67. ^ "Ma Linga Bhairavi temple in Coimbatore allows only women to perform pooja even during menstruation". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  68. ^ "LIC gives grant to Isha". The Hindu. 7 April 2010. Archived from the original on 10 April 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  69. ^ (PDF) https://esango.un.org/paperless/reports/E2010INF4.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  70. ^ "Isha Foundation | Knowledge Hub". knowledge.unccd.int. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  71. ^ India, Press Trust of (15 September 2018). "PM praises Sadhguru for carrying forward Swachh Bharat in TN". Business Standard India. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  72. ^ Award for Project Green Hands Archived 2011-05-21 at the Wayback Machine, The Hindu, 8 June 2010, retrieved on 8 June 2010
  73. ^ "Isha's Green School Movement kicks-off in Kanchi dist". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  74. ^ Reporter, Staff (4 October 2010). "Green Tiruchi Movement seeks to rectify ailing environment". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  75. ^ "Stalin inaugurates Green Tirupur Movement". The Hindu. 25 August 2009. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  76. ^ Thirumurthy, Priyanka (6 September 2017). "'Why tree planting is not the answer': Experts question Jaggi's 'shallow' Rally for Rivers". The News Minute. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  77. ^ "Rally for Rivers: Isha Foundation's campaign has good intentions but minimal scientific backing". Firstpost. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  78. ^ Sources criticizing the program:-
  79. ^ Staff, Scroll. "Jaggi Vasudev's rivers campaign meant for fame, power, money, says India's 'Waterman' Rajendra Singh". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  80. ^ "Cauvery Calling: NGOs urge Leonardo DiCaprio to withdraw support". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 25 September 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  81. ^ "Civil Society Groups Ask Leonardo DiCaprio to Revoke Support for 'Cauvery Calling'". The Wire. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  82. ^ "N Ram questions Jaggi Vasudev's Cauvery Calling, asks why it shifts goal posts". The News Minute. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  83. ^ Plumber, Mustafa (18 September 2019). "Karnataka High Court Issues Notice On PIL Challenging Fund Collection For 'Cauvery Calling' Project". www.livelaw.in. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  84. ^ "PIL filed against Cauvery Calling campaign". Deccan Chronicle. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  85. ^ "PIL to cap cash collection for 'Cauvery Calling' project". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  86. ^ "HC notice to State on plea to examine Isha Foundation's 'Cauvery Calling' project". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 18 September 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  87. ^ "Disclose details of money collected under 'Cauvery Calling': HC to Isha Foundation". The New Indian Express. 8 January 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  88. ^ a b c d "Why Hindutva Nationalists Need a Sadhguru". The Wire. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  89. ^ Poruthiyil, Prabhir Vishnu (3 August 2019). "Big Business and Fascism: A Dangerous Collusion". Journal of Business Ethics. doi:10.1007/s10551-019-04259-9. ISSN 1573-0697.
  90. ^ Gopalakrishnan, Shankar (2006). "Defining, Constructing and Policing a 'New India': Relationship between Neoliberalism and Hindutva". Economic and Political Weekly. 41 (26): 2803–2813. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4418408.
  91. ^ Waghmore, Qudsiya Contractor & Suryakant. "How Jaggi Vasudev has helped strengthen fears about Muslims". Scroll.in. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  92. ^ "Jaggi Vasudev's CAA Video: 22 Minutes of Half-Truths & Gaslighting". The Quint. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  93. ^ a b "An (Un)Enlightened Sadhguru in King Modi's Court". The Wire. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  94. ^ Staff, Scroll. "Watch: Jaggi Vasudev wants students to read CAA before protesting, but hasn't read it himself". Scroll.in. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  95. ^ Basu, Joyeeta (5 March 2019). "Fuelling peace with hatred". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  96. ^ "Jaggi Vasudeva doesn't understand science". Nirmukta.
  97. ^ "Should Sadhguru be Hosted by India's Top Colleges?". The Quint. 17 September 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  98. ^ Mukunth, Vasudevan (8 August 2017). "This Is No Way to Remember P.M. Bhargava and Yash Pal". The Wire. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  99. ^ Sutar, Prayas (3 February 2018). "How to spread lunar eclipse superstition using science, Sadhguru explains". Newslaundry. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  100. ^ Shaikh, Dr Sumaiya (26 February 2018). "Scientific research ascertains mercury toxicity but Sadhguru continues to endorse it for Indian traditional medicines". Alt News. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  101. ^ Shaikh, Dr Sumaiya (19 August 2018). "Depression: The myths & falseness of Sadhguru's quotes". Alt News. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  102. ^ "Vibhuti & Rudraksha Mahatmayam: A Wellness Guide from Times of India!". Nirmukta. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  103. ^ Sharma, Sanjukta (18 August 2018). "'It's a battle for the survival of scientific research'". Live Mint. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  104. ^ "Science, Spirituality, and the Psychobabble of Sadhguru". Arré. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  105. ^ Tharoor, Shashi. "Science is not your enemy". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  106. ^ "India's own Carl Sagan: Meet Babu Gogineni, the science populariser from Hyderabad". thenewsminute.com. Retrieved 2 January 2020.

Bibliography

External links