The First Wives Club

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The First Wives Club
Thefirstwivesclub.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byHugh Wilson
Screenplay byRobert Harling
Based onThe First Wives Club
by Olivia Goldsmith
Produced byScott Rudin
Starring
CinematographyDonald Thorin
Edited byJohn Bloom
Music byMarc Shaiman
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • September 20, 1996 (1996-09-20) (United States)
Running time
103 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$26 million[1]
Box office$181 million[1]

The First Wives Club is a 1996 American comedy film directed by Hugh Wilson, based on the 1992 novel of the same name by Olivia Goldsmith. The film stars Diane Keaton, Bette Midler and Goldie Hawn as three divorcées who seek retribution on their ex-husbands for having left them for younger women. The supporting cast comprises Stockard Channing as Cynthia, Dan Hedaya, Stephen Collins and Victor Garberas the three leads' ex-husbands, and Sarah Jessica Parker, Marcia Gay Harden, and Elizabeth Berkley as their respective lovers. Supporting roles are played by Maggie Smith, Bronson Pinchot, Rob Reiner, Eileen Heckart, and Philip Bosco; cameo appearances include Gloria Steinem, Ed Koch, Kathie Lee Gifford, and Ivana Trump.

The film became a surprise box-office success following its North American release, eventually grossing $181,490,000 worldwide, mostly from its domestic run, despite receiving mixed reviews.[1] It developed a cult following particularly among middle-aged women,[2] and the actresses' highest-grossing project of the decade helped revitalize their careers in film and television. Composer Marc Shaiman was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Music Score,[3] while Hawn was awarded a Blockbuster Entertainment Award and both Midler and Parker received Satellite Award nominations for their portrayals.[3]

Plot[edit]

In 1969, four friends, Annie, Brenda, Elise, and Cynthia, graduate from Middlebury College. During a celebratory champagne toast, Cynthia has them promise always to be there for each other and takes a group photo.

In the present, the four women have lost touch. Cynthia learns through the tabloids that her ex-husband has remarried a much younger, more attractive woman. She sends notes to Annie, Brenda, and Elise and then commits suicide. Devastated by Cynthia's death, the three friends reunite at her funeral and learn of each other's marital troubles at lunch afterward. Annie is separated from her advertising executive husband, Aaron, and is in therapy for self-esteem issues. Elise is an alcoholic Oscar-winning actress in the process of divorcing her film producer husband, Bill, and relies on plastic surgery to keep hold of her fading career. Brenda is struggling financially after divorcing her husband, Morty, who runs a successful chain of electronics stores.

After the funeral, Aaron stuns Annie by asking her for a divorce so he can be with her therapist. Elise meets with a film director who tells her he envisions her playing the mother of the main character in his upcoming film. While shopping, Brenda runs into Morty and his beautiful, much younger girlfriend, Shelly, who insults Brenda's weight.

The women come together again once they receive the notes Cynthia mailed before her death, in which she describes her loneliness for their friendship. They form the First Wives Club to obtain restitution from their husbands.

Brenda and Annie learn from Brenda's Mafia-connected uncle that Morty's first electronics store sold stolen goods and that his books are fraudulent. Annie's daughter, who obtains a job at her father's advertising agency to spy on her father for Annie, reveals that Aaron's partners want to sell their share of the agency. Annie works up a scheme with Elise whereby Elise liquidates all of Bill's valuable assets acquired during their marriage and sells them for one dollar to Annie, who then auctions them off and uses the proceeds to buy out Aaron's partners. Unable to find any blackmail information on Bill, Elise gets into a vicious fight with Brenda and Annie while drinking. Annie contemplates leaving the Club, but Brenda and Elise convince her to stay, with Elise promising to sober up.

Elise meets with Bill's young, attractive girlfriend, Phoebe, who is slated to play the main character in the film for which Elise is up for the part of the mother. She discovers that Phoebe is a minor and threatens to Bill that she will go public if he does not help her, Brenda, and Annie fund a non-profit organization dedicated to helping abused women. Brenda similarly threatens to expose Morty's tax evasion and Annie prevents Aaron from walking away from the advertising agency by bringing in a multi-million dollar account of her own. Bill, Aaron, and Morty all agree to the women's demands.

Annie, Brenda and Elise use their husbands' money to establish the Cynthia Swann Griffin Crisis Center for Women. At the grand opening celebration, Brenda and Morty seem headed for reconciliation, with Morty frustrated by Shelly's neediness; she later flirts with Bill. Elise is starring in a successful Broadway play and dating one of her fellow actors and a confident Annie rejects Aaron's request to come back to her. The women close up the center and dance down the street singing "You Don't Own Me".

Cast[edit]

  • Diane Keaton as Annie MacDuggan-Paradis, the vehicle for the film's sporadic voice-over and its central character; an anxious and slightly neurotic housewife, saddled with self-esteem problems, attempting to save her marriage with estranged husband Aaron – much to her daughter's dismay. After Aaron has sex with her and then leaves her for her therapist, she decides to band together with Brenda and Elise to form the First Wives Club. Annie learns that Aaron is having problems with his advertising firm partners through the help of her daughter, and buys them out at the end of the film; making her the majority owner of Aaron's firm.
  • Bette Midler as Brenda Morelli-Cushman, a wise-cracking Sicilian-Jewish single mother who helped set her husband Morty on his feet financially, before he left her for his younger employee Shelly, cheating her out of an equitable settlement. She later blackmails Morty to get ownership of his business. However, when she realizes Morty is contrite about his sins, Brenda accepts attempts at reconciliation of their relationship.
    • Michele Brilliant as young Brenda Morelli
  • Goldie Hawn as Elise Eliot-Atchison, a former one-time Oscar-winning actress, now an alcoholic and heavy smoker relegated to B movies due to her "unprofitable" age. Her husband, Bill, who left her for another woman, is suing for alimony and insisting that all of their joint assets be sold and the profits divided between them. She liquidates their assets by selling them to Annie for a very low amount, and Annie auctions them so she can buy out her husband's partners. Elise also blackmails Bill about dating a minor.
  • Maggie Smith as Gunilla Garson Goldberg, a wealthy New York City socialite who helps the First Wives Club with their schemes because she was once a first wife, as well as a "second, third and fourth wife", according to Annie. She fools the social climbing Shelly into thinking Duarto Felice is a reputable decorator.
  • Sarah Jessica Parker as Shelly Stewart, Morty's dim-witted but manipulative fiancée. It's indicated throughout the film that Shelly believes a position in high society can be obtained through money and the protagonists exploit her social-climbing attitude for their revenge. This is Parker's second film with Midler as her co-star, the first being the 1993 Disney film Hocus Pocus.
  • Dan Hedaya as Morton "Morty" Cushman, Brenda's ex-husband, an electronics tycoon, who takes advantage of his former wife's having signed an out-of-court settlement – just to finance his girlfriend Shelly's extravagant taste. He's later blackmailed into giving Brenda a substantial amount of his money when she and her Uncle Carmine obtain proof of Morty's criminal activity. This later causes him to apologize to Brenda when he realizes Shelly only loved him because of his money, leading to his and Brenda's reconciliation.
  • Stephen Collins as Aaron Paradis, Annie's conflicted husband and CEO of an advertising agency, who leaves his wife for their therapist, Leslie Rosen. Eventually he is left alone as Leslie runs off and Annie does not want him back.
  • Marcia Gay Harden as Dr. Leslie Rosen, Aaron's short-time affair, who is the therapist for both Annie and Aaron. Leslie has been "helping" Annie with her self-esteem problems.
  • Victor Garber as Bill Atchison, a successful film producer, who rose to fame through Elise's connections and eventually left her in favor of a young starlet.
  • Elizabeth Berkley as Phoebe LaVelle, an up-and-coming actress, living with Bill. She presumably tells him that she is 21, but Elise investigates and reveals to Bill that she is 16 years old and a high school dropout.
  • Eileen Heckart as Catherine MacDuggan, Annie's 'controlling' mother. By the end of the film, she tells Annie that she is proud of her and that she doesn't need anyone to make her happy.
  • Bronson Pinchot as Duarto Feliz, Brenda's boss and (according to Annie) "one of the ten worst interior decorators in New York." He uses his role as decorator to help the First Wives Club sneak into Morty and Shelly's apartment.
  • Stockard Channing as Cynthia Swann-Griffin, a college friend of the three main protagonists, who dies by suicide after her husband, Gil, leaves her and marries his young mistress three days after their divorce is finalized.
    • Juliehera Destefano as Young Cynthia
  • Jennifer Dundas as Christine "Chris" Paradis, Annie's lesbian and feminist daughter, who resents her father for what he is putting her mother through. She gets a job working at her father's advertising firm to spy on him for Annie. This is the second film in which Dundas plays Keaton's daughter, having previously done so in Mrs. Soffel.
  • Ari Greenberg as Jason Cushman, Brenda's son, who is caught in an emotional battle between his parents.
  • Philip Bosco as Uncle Carmine Morelli, Brenda's paternal uncle and part of her family's Sicilian Mafia connections. He is the one who informs Brenda that Morty had his stores stocked with stolen electronics, which the Mafia had done to help Morty and Brenda financially during the shaky early years of their marriage.
  • Timothy Olyphant as Brett Artounian, a film director who is interested in casting Elise as the main character's aging mother in his new film.
  • Aida Linares as Teresa, Cynthia's loyal maid.
  • Ivana Trump as herself (special guest appearance).
  • Kathie Lee Gifford as herself (special guest appearance).
  • Ed Koch and Gloria Steinem as party guests (special guest appearances).
  • James Naughton as Gil Griffin, Cynthia's ex-husband (special guest appearance).
  • Heather Locklear as Gil's new wife (special guest appearance).
  • Edward Hibbert as Maurice, a barman serving Elise as she drowns her sorrows
  • J. K. Simmons as Federal Marshal
  • Rob Reiner as Dr. Morris Packman, who warns Elise against overdoing it on plastic surgery.
  • Gregg Edelman as Mark Loest
  • Lea DeLaria as Elise's fan
  • Debra Monk as jilted lover
  • Kate Burton as woman in bed
  • Walter Bobbie as man in bed

Development[edit]

Writing[edit]

The film project originally belonged to Sherry Lansing, who bought the unpublished manuscript of the novel in 1991, after many publishers had rejected it, and handed it over to producer Scott Rudin when she became CEO of Paramount Pictures in 1992.[4] "It was one of the single best ideas for a movie I've ever heard," she said in a 1996 interview with The New York Times. "The situation of a woman getting left for a younger version of herself was far too common. But we didn't want a movie about women as victims. We wanted a movie about empowerment."[4] Rudin consulted Robert Harling to write the screenplay, whose script was reworked by Paul Rudnick when Harling left to direct 1996's The Evening Star, the sequel to the 1983 drama Terms of Endearment. Rudnick, however, felt the final script was "incomprehensible":[5] "To figure out the structure of that movie would require an undiscovered Rosetta Stone," he told The New York Times.[6]

Casting[edit]

Diane Keaton was the first actress reported to have landed one of the starring roles, having previously worked with Rudin on the film Mrs. Soffel (only to later work with him again in Marvin's Room), followed by Bette Midler who had originally auditioned for the "more glamorous role" of Elise.[7] Although Rudin originally intended to cast Jessica Lange in the latter role, the team decided to rewrite the character of the book in favour of a "glitzier" version which eventually went to eleventh-hour addition Goldie Hawn.[3] Actor Mandy Patinkin dropped out shortly before shooting started and was replaced by Stephen Collins when he decided to leave the project in favour of his musical ambitions,[8] while Dan Hedaya won the role of Morty over Héctor Elizondo.[9] Elizabeth Berkley only took her part to "work with the best actresses around,"[10] and Timothy Olyphant, who had impressed with local stage work, made his screen debut as director Brett Artounian in the film.[9]

Cameos of note include Ivana Trump (who famously stated in the film, "Don't get mad, get everything."), Gloria Steinem, and Kathie Lee Gifford as themselves, as well as author Olivia Goldsmith, director Hugh Wilson as a commercial director, and Heather Locklear as the younger lover of James Naughton's character Gil.[11] Additionally, Jon Stewart was hired to play the lover of Goldie Hawn's character Elise; however, he never actually made it to the film. "I played her boyfriend and apparently they felt that that was not inherently part of the storyline and so she broke up with me before the movie started," he joked on Larry King Live in 2006.[12]

Production[edit]

Principal photography took place over three months at the Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens, New York City, between December 4, 1995,[13] and March 19, 1996. Among the 60 sites showcased on screen are Christie's auction house, the Bowery Bar, a suite at The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, Café des Artistes, the King Cole Bar at the St. Regis Hotel, Frank E. Campbell's funeral home, and Barneys.[14] Other familiar sites include the Chrysler Building, the NoHo neighborhood, both 5th and 7th Avenues, Riverside Drive, and Central Park.[15]

Production designer Peter Larkin took much inspiration from Hollywood's romantic comedies of the 1930s, incorporating a post-Great Depression view on style and luxury, widely popularized through these films. "Those sets looked better than real New York penthouses and nightclubs ever could," he said upon creation. "In this film I wanted settings that had that kind of striking nature."[15]

Wilson has stated the making of the film was a difficult experience for him.[16]

Reception[edit]

The First Wives Club received mixed reviews from film critics. The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported that based on 74 reviews, 50% of critics gave the film a positive rating, with an average score of 5.6/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "The First Wives Club is headlined by a trio of comedic dynamos, but the script lets them down with tepid plotting and a fatal lack of satirical bite."[17] On Metacritic, which uses a normalized rating system, the film holds a 58/100 rating, indicating "mixed or average reviews" based on 21 critics.[18]

Edward Guthmann of the San Francisco Chronicle called the film a "terrific comedy" and "a glamorous revenge romp, a 9 to 5 mixed with Auntie Mame", giving "each star the opportunity to do her best work in a long, long time." He added that "what's surprising isn't that each of them is so delightfully good but that they work together so well."[19] In his review for Variety, Leonard Klady found that director "Hugh Wilson wisely gets out of the way of his performers, providing a simple glossy look enhanced by cameraman Donald Thorin, designer Peter Larkin and the costumes of Theoni V. Aldredge". He noted that "with its combination of comic zingers and star turns, [the] pic shapes up as one of the more commercial fall [1996] entries", that "at its core, is a celebration of its star trio as consummate performers. In that respect, First Wives Club is a highly enjoyable movie romp."[20]

Janet Maslin from The New York Times remarked that the film "freely overhauls the amusing beach book by Olivia Goldsmith, eliminating the sex, adding more slapstick and tailoring the leading roles to suit three divas in starring roles." While she felt that "Bette Midler, Diane Keaton and Goldie Hawn make a spirited, surprisingly harmonious trio," reeling off "one-liners with accomplished flair, even when the film turns silly and begins to, pardon the expression, sag", she found that the film fared "better with sight gags and quick retorts than with plot development".[21] Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times gave The First Wives Club two out of four stars. He declared the film "heavy on incident but light on plot", filled with "heartfelt talks with slapstick and sitcom situations."[22] Owen Gleiberman, writer for Entertainment Weekly, wrote that "paced like a Chris Farley movie and photographed like a denture-cream commercial, The First Wives Club is the sort of overbright plastic-package comedy that tends to live or die by its jokes, its farcical audacity – anything but its 'conviction'." He gave the film a C+ rating.[23]

Box office[edit]

The film's Total Lifetime Grosses for the Worldwide box office are $181.5 million. At the Domestic North American box office, the film has a Total Lifetime Gross of $105.5 million. The film has a Foreign Total Lifetime Gross of $76 million.[24]

At the Domestic North American box office, the film reached the Rank of Number 1, making $18.9 million in its opening weekend over September 20–22, 1996, and the film remained at the Number 1 position for three consecutive weeks.[25]

In the Yearly Chart for Domestic North American Box Office 1996, The First Wives Club is ranked at Number 11, and in the Yearly PG Rated 1996 Chart, the film is ranked at Number 1. On the Worldwide Yearly Chart 1996, the film is ranked at Number 11.[24]

Further developments[edit]

Sequel[edit]

For years there have been rumors of a sequel to the film.[26] Although columnists Stacy Jenel Smith and Marilyn Beck reported in a 2002 article that producer Scott Rudin would refuse to work on a sequel, the actresses have made various statements to the contrary. In a Chicago Sun-Times interview in 2003, Keaton expressed her readiness to appear in a second film.[27] A year later, writer Paul Rudnick reportedly started writing a draft,[26] entitled Avon Ladies of the Amazon,[28] and in 2005, Midler confirmed to USA Today that there was indeed a manuscript but that "the strike kept it from happening."[29] However, as Hawn declared in a 2006 interview with the New York Daily News, Paramount Pictures declined the trio's services due to their demand for an increase in fees: "I got a call from the head of the studio, who said, 'Let's try to make it work. But I think we should all do it for the same amount of money.' Now, if there were three men that came back to do a sequel, they would have paid them three times their salary at least." On February 25, 2011, Goldie Hawn posted a picture on Twitter of the three at a lunch confirming that they had all signed on for a sequel, and the next day re-tweeted a message from Bravo TV confirming this again.[30] In 2016, Hawn confirmed that Netflix was working on a sequel, though she also admitted that "the script isn't working."[31]

On stage[edit]

A musical stage version of the film opened at The Old Globe Theatre in San Diego, California on July 17, 2009, in previews, through August 23, 2009,[32] prior to a projected Broadway engagement. The book was by Rupert Holmes, with a score by the "one-time only reunited" Holland–Dozier–Holland songwriting team from 1960s Motown soul music fame. Francesca Zambello directed the San Diego production.[33][34] The creators and Zambello were engaged for the project in 2006.[35] An industry reading of the musical was held in February 2009, with principals Ana Gasteyer, Carolee Carmello and Adriane Lenox.[36]

The principal cast in the San Diego production originally included Karen Ziemba as Annie, Adriane Lenox as Elise, Barbara Walsh as Brenda, John Dossett as Aaron, Kevyn Morrow as Bill, Brad Oscar as Morty, Sara Chase as Trophy Wife, and Sam Harris as Duane. Lisa Stevens choreographed, with scenic design by Peter J. Davison and costumes by Paul Tazewell.[37] On June 16, 2009, Lenox dropped out of the production due to health concerns and was replaced by Sheryl Lee Ralph.[38][39] The production's tryout received mixed to negative reviews,[40] but the production sold approximately 29,000 tickets in its five-week run.[citation needed] The ticket demand was so strong early on that the show's run was extended an extra week prior to its opening night.

Producers announced November 11, 2009, that Francesca Zambello withdrew as director, and they would secure a new director prior to any Broadway run.

The originating producers, Jonas Neilson and Paul Lambert, teamed with Elizabeth Williams and John Frost, and have since brought on Simon Phillips to direct.[41][42]

A newly adapted version of First Wives Club: The Musical began previews at Chicago's Oriental Theatre on February 17, 2015, with the opening on March 11 and running through March 29. The production aimed for Broadway in the 2015-2016 season.[43] The new production is directed by Simon Phillips, choreographed by David W. Connolly, Kenny Seymour as musical director, and has a new book written by Linda Bloodworth-Thomason.[44] The newly adapted version features new songs by the composers Holland-Dozier-Holland, the trio who wrote many Motown hits during the 1960s.[44] The show also contains a few of their classic hits, such as "Reach Out...I'll Be There," "Stop! In the Name of Love" and "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)."[45][46] Faith Prince, Christine Sherrill, and Carmen Cusack lead the cast as Brenda, Elise, and Annie respectively.[47] Complete casting was announced in January 2015.[46][48]

TV series[edit]

TV Land announced in March 2016, that it had ordered a pilot for a television adaptation of the film, to be written by Rebecca Addelman and executive produced by Jenny Bicks and Karen Rosenfelt. However, the network failed to pick up the pilot.[49] The project went to the Paramount Network for redevelopment in early 2017.[50] In October 2017, Tracy Oliver was tapped to write the series.[51]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Award Category Subject Result
Academy Awards Best Original Musical or Comedy Score Marc Shaiman Nominated
National Board of Review Awards Best Acting by an Ensemble Bette Midler, Goldie Hawn, Diane Keaton, Maggie Smith, Dan Hedaya, Sarah Jessica Parker, Stockard Channing, Victor Garber, Stephen Collins, Elizabeth Berkley, Marcia Gay Harden, Bronson Pinchot, Jennifer Dundas, Eileen Heckart, Philip Bosco, Rob Reiner, James Naughton, Ari Greenberg, Aida Linares Won
Satellite Awards Best Actress − Musical or Comedy Bette Midler Nominated
Best Supporting Actress − Musical or Comedy Sarah Jessica Parker Nominated
Wins
Nominations
  • Artios Awards: Best Casting for Feature Film, Comedy (Ilene Starger)

American Film Institute recognition:

Soundtracks[edit]

The official soundtrack titled Music From The Motion Picture The First Wives Club...And Then Some was released on September 17, 1996, shortly before the film's premiere. It peaked at number 90 on the Billboard 200 chart.[53]

  1. "Wives and Lovers" by Dionne Warwick − 2:55
  2. "A Beautiful Morning" by The Rascals − 2:33
  3. "Over and Over" by Puff Johnson − 4:43
  4. "Piece of My Heart" by Diana King − 3:41
  5. "Game of Love" by Brownstone − 4:45
  6. "Love Is On the Way" by Billy Porter − 4:22
  7. "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves" by Eurythmics and Aretha Franklin − 5:53
  8. "Think" by Aretha Franklin − 2:17
  9. "Heartbreak Road" by Dionne Farris − 3:51
  10. "I Will Survive" by Chantay Savage − 6:13
  11. "Moving on Up" by M People − 3:56
  12. "I'm Still Standing" by Martha Wash − 4:02
  13. "You Don't Own Me" by Bette Midler, Goldie Hawn and Diane Keaton − 2:31

The film's original score, composed by Marc Shaiman, was also released on November 26, 1996.

  1. "Cynthia" − 2:14
  2. "Annie" − 0:46
  3. "Elise" − 0:47
  4. "Brenda" − 0:45
  5. "Bad News" − 0:51
  6. "Wham, Bam, Divorce Me Ma'am" − 1:23
  7. "Letter to Three Wives" − 1:56
  8. "The First Wives Club" − 1:48
  9. "Gathering Information" − 1:55
  10. "Setting Up Shop" − 1:11
  11. "Tea Time with Gunilla" − 2:53
  12. "Duarto Makes His Entrance" − 0:41
  13. "The Big Break In" − 5:17
  14. "Phone Tag" − 0:59
  15. "The Auction" − 1:58
  16. "Operation Hell Hath No Fury" − 4:45
  17. "The Unveiling" − 0:56

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The First Wives Club (1996) – Financial Information". The Numbers. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  2. ^ Gleick, Elizabeth (October 7, 1996). "Hell Hath No Fury". Time.
  3. ^ a b c "Awards for The First Wives Club (1996)". IMDb. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Weinraub, Bernard (September 24, 1996). "Appeal of a Woman's Revenge". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 5, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  5. ^ ZA@PLAY - FILM: Men behaving coyly 19/02/98 Archived February 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Bruni, Frank (September 11, 1997). "At Home With: Paul Rudnick; You Want Gay Role Models? How About A Joke First". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 10, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  7. ^ McLeod, Pauline. "Bette: My First For Revenge; Bette Midler Knows Exactly How To Get Even With A Cheating Man . . But Tells Pauline Mcleod Why She'll Never Join The First Wives Club". Sunday Mirror. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  8. ^ Michael, Dennis (December 2, 1995). "The Hollywood Minute". CNN. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
  9. ^ a b Archerd, Army (November 5, 1995). "Only dirt in Carradine autobio is on him". Variety. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
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  11. ^ "The First Wives Club". IMDb. September 20, 1996. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  12. ^ "Oscars Host Stewart Axed From First Wives Club". March 1, 2006. Archived from the original on May 28, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
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  14. ^ Gerston, Jill (March 24, 1996). "Film;A Sisterhood On Camera and Off". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Die Produktion in Wort und Bild" [The Production: In Word and Image] (in German). Paramount. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
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  18. ^ "The First Wives Club". Metacritic. Archived from the original on July 21, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
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  20. ^ lady, Leonard (September 15, 1996). "The First Wives Club". Variety. Archived from the original on July 2, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  21. ^ Maslin, Janet (September 20, 1996). "The First Wives Club". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  22. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 20, 1996). "The First Wives Club". Chicago Sun-Times. RogertEbert.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  23. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 27, 1996). "The First Wives Club (1996)". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  24. ^ a b "The First Wives Club (1996) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  25. ^ Brennan, Judy (September 30, 1996). "'First Wives' Are Really Enjoying the Last Laugh". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  26. ^ a b "First Wives Club To Reform". Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved November 28, 2007.
  27. ^ "Findarticles.com".[dead link]
  28. ^ "THE KEATON CHRONICLES : WITH SUCCESS OF 'FIRST WIVES,' SATISFACTION OF 'MARVIN'S ROOM' AND PARENTHOOD, ACTRESS IS HITTING HER 50S GROUND RUNNING. - Free Online Library". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  29. ^ "USATODAY.com". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 28, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
  30. ^ Goldie Hawn Is Tired Of Hollywood's Sexism - Starpulse Entertainment News Blog Archived January 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ Nepales, Ruben V. (August 28, 2016). "Goldie Hawn explains why she stopped making films for 14 years". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  32. ^ Jones, Kenneth. Musical First Wives Club Will Now Convene July 17 Toward July 31 Opening. Playbill.com, June 1, 2009
  33. ^ Hebert, James. "Globe to be first to stage musical First Wives Club" Archived May 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, The San Diego Union-Tribune, September 5, 2008
  34. ^ Jones, Kenneth."First Wives Club Musical Will Premiere in San Diego in 2009; Zambello Directs" Archived September 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, September 5, 2008
  35. ^ Simonson, Robert."Rupert Holmes to Pen Book for First Wives Club Musical", playbill.com, May 26, 2006
  36. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Lenox, Carmello, Gasteyer, Oscar, Dossett, Harris and More Sing First Wives Club in NYC" Archived January 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, January 27, 2009
  37. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Ziemba, Lenox and Walsh to Star in Old Globe's First Wives Club". Playbill.com, May 15, 2009
  38. ^ "Tell Us, Miss Jones: Sheryl Lee Ralph Will Be Part of First Wives Club" Archived June 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, June 16, 2009
  39. ^ Jones, Kenneth. First Wives Club – The Musical Convenes July 17 at Old Globe playbill.com, July 17, 2009
  40. ^ Critics have issues with 'First Wives'. Variety, August 3, 2009
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