The Wish List (political organization)

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The Wish List is a political action committee devoted to electing pro-abortion rights, or what they describe as "pro-choice," Republican women to the House of Representatives and Senate. The Wish List was founded in 1992.[1] The acronym "WISH" stands for Women In the Senate and House. The Wish List recruits candidates to run for federal office and state legislative offices.[2]

History[edit]

The Wish List was established in 1992 following an organizing effort in December, 1991, led by Lynn Shapiro who became the Executive Director.[3] Glenda Greenwald, who was president of the PAC, was among the women activists predicting that 1992 would be the Year of the Woman, and she argued that the GOP was not sufficiently funding women candidates.[4] The primary purpose was to specifically fund women Republican candidates.[5] Inspired by EMILY's List, a PAC supporting pro-abortion rights Democratic women, Wish claimed 1,600 members after its founding in 1992.[6] In 1994, Victoria Toensing, also a founder of the Wish List, claimed the group had grown to 2,000 members and stated that the PAC would only fund pro-abortion rights Republican women, and would not support anti-abortion Republican women.[7]

The PAC was present at the 1992 Republican National Convention, together with Republicans for Choice and the National Republican Coalition for Choice, and was addressed by then-Representative Olympia Snowe of Maine.[8] In the 1994 election cycle, The Wish List endorsed Kay Bailey Hutchison and Olympia Snowe for the Senate, and Susan Collins in her unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign in Maine.[9][3] Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison also served as an honorary board member of the organization.[10] The PAC was present at the 1996 Convention, again with Republicans for Choice, and a survey of Republican delegates at the 1996 Convention found that legal abortion was supported by 24% of the delegates.[11] In 2006, the Wish List supported three Republican women for US Senate, Jeanine Pirro in New York, Olympia Snowe in Maine, and Cynthia Thielen in Hawaii.[12] Although originally supporting exclusively women Republican candidates, the PAC supported Rudy Giuliani's presidential campaign in 2008.[13]

The Wish List offers support for candidates by bundling contributions from their members.[2] They have hosted events in DC, being featured on C-SPAN, to promote their candidates.[14] The organization encourages members to donate to two of the eligible candidates during an election cycle. The organization claims to raise over $1 million per year from their supporters.[15] The PAC was among the largest in the US between 1995 and 1996, raising more than $1million for its endorsed candidates.[16] In 2004, the Wish List supported 11 Republican candidates for federal office.[17] However, by 2010, the PAC reported giving only $1,579 to federal candidates, and has reported no contributions to federal candidates since 2012.[18]

Views and Relationships[edit]

This committee is the Republican equivalent to EMILY's List, whose goal is to elect pro-abortion rights Democratic women. Susan B. Anthony List is the anti-abortion counterpart to this organization, whose goal is to assist anti-abortion, or what they describe as "pro-life," women candidates.[1] Research published by Political Research Quarterly found that contributors to EMILY's List typically espoused politically liberal and feminist views while contributors to the Wish List tended to express a libertarian rationale for supporting pro-abortion rights and women's rights movements.[15] The same study also explored political ideology among contributors of the Wish List and found that more than half self-identified as moderate, approximately a third as "somewhat conservative," and 1% as "very conservative."[15]

The Wish List maintained strong alliances with other moderate Republican groups, such as the Republican Majority for Choice, It's My Party Too, and Republicans For Choice. In 2010, the Wish List had officially joined with the Republican Majority for Choice.[19] In 2018, the Republican Majority for Choice ceased to be an active PAC.[20] The Wish List continues to be an active PAC.[21]

Members[22][edit]

Senate[edit]

House[edit]

Governors[edit]

Other statewide offices[edit]

  • Arizona Corporation Commissioner Kristin Mayes (No longer in office)
  • Kansas Insurance Commissioner Sandy Praeger (No longer Insurance Commissioner; now a Democrat)
  • North Carolina Labor Commissioner Cherie Killian Berry
  • Arizona Secretary of State Michele Reagan (No longer Secretary of State)
  • Illinois State Comptroller Judy Baar Topinka (died in office)
  • Massachusetts Lieutenant Governor Kerry Healey (No longer Lt. Governor)
  • Delaware State Treasurer Janet Rzewnicki (No longer in office)
  • Massachusetts Acting Governor Jane Swift (No longer in office)

State Senate[edit]

Carolyn Allen, Arizona Barbara Allen, Kansas (No longer a Senator) Pat Vance, Pennsylvania
Toni Hellon, Arizona (No longer listed) Jean Kurtis Schodorf, Kansas (No longer a Senator; now a Democrat) Mary Jo White, Pennsylvania
Nancy Spence, Colorado Vicki Schmidt, Kansas (No Longer a Senator, elected to be insurance commissioner) June Gibbs, Rhode Island
Cathy Cook, Connecticut (No longer listed) Diane Allen, New Jersey Diane Snelling, Vermont
Judith Freedman, Connecticut Martha Bark, New Jersey (No longer a Senator) Wendy Wilton, Vermont (No longer listed)
Liane Sorenson, Delaware Sue Wilson Beffort, New Mexico Cheryl Pflug, Washington
Pamela Althoff, Illinois Patricia McGee, New York (No longer a Senator)
Christine Radogno, Illinois Jane Earll, Pennsylvania

State House[edit]

Gabrielle LeDoux, Alaska (No longer listed) Nancy Detert, Florida (No longer listed) Julie Brown, New Hampshire
Michele Reagan, Arizona Barbara Marumoto, Hawaii Patricia Dunlap, New Hampshire (No longer listed)
Lynn Daucher, California (No longer a Representative) Cynthia Thielen, Hawaii Stephanie Eaton, New Hampshire
Shirley Horton, California Jana Kemp, Idaho (No longer listed) Sheila Francoeur, New Hampshire
Penny Bacchiochi, Connecticut Suzie Bassi, Illinois Elizabeth Hager, New Hampshire
Toni Boucher, Connecticut Elizabeth Coulson, Illinois Sandra Balomenos Keans, New Hampshire (No longer listed)
Ruth Fahrbach, Connecticut Carolyn Krause, Illinois Charlotte Vandervalk, New Jersey
Livvy Floren, Connecticut Patricia Reid Lindner, Illinois (No longer a Representative) Nancy Calhoun, New York
Lile Gibbons, Connecticut Rosemary Mulligan, Illinois Donna Ferrara, New York (No longer listed)
Sonya Googins, Connecticut Sandra Pihos, Illinois Teresa Sayward, New York
DebraLee Hovey, Connecticut Vaneta Becker, Indiana (No longer listed) Dierdre Scozzafava, New York
Themis Klarides, Connecticut Phyllis Pond, Indiana Vicki Berger, Oregon
Claudia Powers, Connecticut Libby Swanson Jacobs, Iowa (No longer listed) Sue Cornell, Pennsylvania (No longer listed)
Pamela Ziegler Sawyer, Connecticut Susan Williams Gifford, Massachusetts Carole Rubley, Pennsylvania (No longer a Representative)
Lenny Winkler, Connecticut Shirley Gomes, Massachusetts (No longer a Representative) Carol Mumford, Rhode Island
Donna Stone, Delaware Karyn Polito, Massachusetts Jodi Cutler, South Dakota
Nancy Wagner, Delaware Susan Pope, Massachusetts Joyce Errecart, Vermont
Donna Clark, Florida (No longer listed) Mary Rogeness, Massachusetts
Faye Culp, Florida Kathlyn Fares, Missouri

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Schreiber, Ronnee (2008). Righting Feminism: Conservative Women and American Politics. Oxford University Press, Inc. pp. 23.
  2. ^ a b Rozell, Mark J. (2000). "Helping Women Run and Win: Feminist Groups, Candidate Recruitment and Training". Women & Politics. 21 (3): 101–116. doi:10.1300/J014v21n03_05.
  3. ^ a b "Women's 1994 Political Campaigns | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  4. ^ "Political Campaign Financing | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  5. ^ Crespin, Michael H.; Deitz, Janna L. (2010). "If You Can't Join 'Em, Beat 'Em: The Gender Gap in Individual Donations to Congressional Candidates". Political Research Quarterly. 63 (3): 581–593. doi:10.1177/1065912909333131. ISSN 1065-9129. JSTOR 25747960.
  6. ^ Gertzog, Irwin; Mandel, Ruth (Fall 1992). ""Year of the Woman": A Note of Caution" (PDF). CAW News and Notes. 8: 4 – via Rutgers.Edu.
  7. ^ "Women Candidates | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  8. ^ Freeman, Jo (1993). "Feminism vs. Family Values: Women at the 1992 Democratic and Republican Conventions". PS: Political Science and Politics. 26 (1): 21–28. doi:10.2307/419498. ISSN 1049-0965. JSTOR 419498.
  9. ^ "Women Candidates | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  10. ^ "Hutchison switches to calling herself 'pro-life' but doesn't elaborate". Dallas News. 2012-09-02. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  11. ^ freeman, jo (1997). "cover story: Change and Continuity for Women at the Republican and Democratic Conventions". Off Our Backs. 27 (1): 14–23. ISSN 0030-0071. JSTOR 20835712.
  12. ^ "Wish List Contributions to Federal Candidates, 2006 cycle | OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  13. ^ "Wish List Contributions to Federal Candidates, 2008 cycle | OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  14. ^ "Republican Women Congressional Candidates | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  15. ^ a b c Crespin, Michael H.; Deitz, Janna L. (2010). "If You Can't Join 'Em, Beat 'Em: The Gender Gap in Individual Donations to Congressional Candidates". Political Research Quarterly. 63 (3): 581–593. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.518.967. doi:10.1177/1065912909333131. JSTOR 25747960.
  16. ^ Day, Christine L.; Hadley, Charles D. (2001). "Feminist Diversity: The Policy Preferences of Women's PAC Contributors". Political Research Quarterly. 54 (3): 673–686. doi:10.2307/449276. ISSN 1065-9129. JSTOR 449276.
  17. ^ "Spending on Pro-Choice Vote Surges". Women's eNews. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  18. ^ "Wish List Contributions to Federal Candidates, 2006 cycle | OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  19. ^ "Republican Majority for Choice | WISH LIST". Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  20. ^ Bevan, Susan; Cullman, Susan (2018-06-24). "Opinion | Why We Are Leaving the G.O.P." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  21. ^ "America's WISH | The Wish List". Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  22. ^ "Republican Women Congressional Candidates | C-SPAN.org". www.c-span.org. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  23. ^ "Rep. Kay Granger and Challenger Chris Putnam Square Off at Republican Women's Forum". The Texan. 2020-02-04. Retrieved 2020-02-06.

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