1864 National Union National Convention

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1864 National Union National Convention
1864 Presidential Election
Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg President Andrew Johnson.jpg
Nominees
Lincoln and Johnson
Convention
Date(s) National Union
June 7-June 8, 1864
City Baltimore, Maryland
Venue Front Street Theatre
Candidates
Presidential nominee Abraham Lincoln of
Illinois
Vice Presidential nominee Andrew Johnson of
Tennessee
1860  ·  1868

The 1864 National Union National Convention was the United States presidential nominating conventions of the National Union Party, which was a name temporarily adopted by the main faction of the Republican Party in a coalition with some War Democrats that year.

Background[edit]

The party name was created in May 1864, during the American Civil War, ahead of the 1864 presidential election, in which President Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, was running for reelection.

The Radical Republicans, a hard-line faction within Lincoln's own party, held the belief that Lincoln was incompetent and therefore could not be re-elected and had already formed a party called the Radical Democracy Party,[1] for which a few hundred delegates had convened in Cleveland, Ohio on May 31, 1864. They eventually nominated John C. Frémont, who had been the Republicans' first presidential nominee during the 1856 election.

Republicans loyal to Lincoln created a new name for their party in convention at Baltimore, Maryland during the first week in June 1864, in order to accommodate the War Democrats who supported the war and wished to separate themselves from the Copperheads. The convention dropped then-Vice President Hannibal Hamlin, a Radical Republican from the ticket, and chose War Democrat Andrew Johnson as Lincoln's running mate. The National Unionists hoped that the new party and the Lincoln-Johnson ticket would stress the national character of the war.

The party platform[edit]

...called for pursuit of the war until the Confederacy surrendered unconditionally; a constitutional amendment for the abolition of slavery; aid to disabled Union veterans; continued European neutrality; enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine; encouragement of immigration; and construction of a transcontinental railroad. It also praised the use of black troops and Lincoln's management of the war.[2]

Lincoln and Johnson campaign poster

Presidential vote[edit]

Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st 1st Revised
Abraham Lincoln 494 516
Ulysses S. Grant 22 0
Not Voting 3 3

The Vice presidential vote[edit]

Andrew Johnson, the former Senator from and current Military Governor of Tennessee, was named as Lincoln's running-mate. Others who were considered for the position, at one point or another, were former Senator Daniel Dickinson, Major General Benjamin Butler, Major General William Rosecrans, Joseph Holt, and former Treasury Secretary and Senator John Dix.

Vice Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st 1st Revised
Andrew Johnson 200 492
Hannibal Hamlin 150 9
Daniel S. Dickinson 108 17
Benjamin Butler 28 0
Lovell Rousseau 21 0
Schuyler Colfax 6 0
Ambrose Burnside 2 0
Joseph Holt 2 0
Preston King 1 0
David Tod 1 1

Lincoln's acceptence[edit]

In keeping with the tradition of the time, Lincoln did not attend the convention. On hearing the news of his re-nomination, he wrote on June 9, 1864:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HarpWeek: Explore History - 1864: Lincoln v. McCVlellan". Retrieved 2010-05-31. 
  2. ^ "HarpWeek | Elections | 1864 Overview". Elections.harpweek.com. Retrieved 2013-10-12.