Timeline of Antwerp

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Antwerp, Belgium.

Prior to 13th century[edit]

  • from abt. 150 – abt. 250-270: Gallo-roman settlement in het centre of Antwerpen (at "Willem Ogierplaats").[1][2][3]
  • abt 700: Oldest mention of the name Andoverpis in a written source : the Vita Eligii dated early 8th century (abt. 700).[4]
  • 739: death of bishop Willibrordus, later Sint-Willibrordus[5]
  • 978: Treaty of Margut-sur-Chiers, between France and German empire, the river Scheldt is recognised as the border between Neustrië and Lotharingie[6]
  • 980 - the German Emperor Otto II awarded Antwerp a margraviate, and build a fortification on the wharf (de burg) with a ditch the "burchtgracht"
  • 1100 The Roya is a small natural river that runs outside the "Burchtgracht"
  • 1104 The fortification of the "Burcht" is reinforced by Emperor Hendrik IV. The wall's height in increased from 5 metres (16 ft) to 12 metres (39 ft) its thickness from 1.35 metres (4.4 ft) to 2 metres (6.6 ft)
  • 1109: Antwerp starts making city canals the "ruienstelsel" From the Koolvliet in the north via, Holenrui, Minderbroedersrui to Suikerrui and Botervliet in the south

13th–15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

City of Antwerp, 1572
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17th–18th centuries[edit]

Carnival on Ice at the Kipdorppoort Moats, c. 1620

19th century[edit]

Fish market, c. 1833

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

Other cities in Belgium


  1. ^ Stadsarcheologie, Tony Oost 1976-1982, site 'Stadsparking'
  2. ^ Oost, Tony: De bewoning te Antwerpen tijdens de Gallo-Romeinse periode. In: Warmenbol-feit-1987
  3. ^ Oost, T.: De opgravingen "Stadsparking" te Antwerpen: een voorlopig verslag (dec. 1974-maart 1976). In: "Antwerpen", 22 (1976), 2: 68-76. www zie: Archeoweb Antwerpen [1]
  4. ^ Verhulst-1978
  5. ^ warmenbol-feit-1987, p.174
  6. ^ [prims-asia31, p.55 [2]
  7. ^ Antwerp city website, museum Vleeshuis
  8. ^ Arjan Van Dixhoorn; Susie Speakman Sutch, eds. (2008). The Reach of the Republic of Letters: Literary and Learned Societies in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Brill. ISBN 90-04-16955-5. 
  9. ^ Robert Proctor (1898). "Books Printed From Types: Belgium: Anvers". Index to the Early Printed Books in the British Museum. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner and Company – via HathiTrust. 
  10. ^ Patrick Robertson (2011). Robertson's Book of Firsts. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-738-5. 
  11. ^ Antwerp city website , Museum Vleeshuis
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Antwerp", Belgium and Holland (6th ed.), Leipsic: Karl Baedeker, 1881 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Antwerp", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  14. ^ Frans Olthoff (1891). De boekdrukkers, boekverkoopers en uitgevers in Antwerpen (in Dutch). Antwerpen: Ruef. 
  15. ^ Stephen Rose (2005). "Places and Institutions". In Tim Carter; John Butt. Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Music. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-79273-8. 
  16. ^ Grapheus, Cornelius. "Spectaculorum in susceptione Philippi Hispan. Princ. a. 1549 Antverpia aeditorum mirificus apparatus". Europeana. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  17. ^ Theodore Low De Vinne (1888), Christopher Plantin, and the Plantin-Moretus Museum at Antwerp, New York: Printed for the Grolier Club 
  18. ^ Martha Pollak (2010). "Paradigmatic Citadels: Antwerp/Turin". Cities at War in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-11344-1. 
  19. ^ Bochius, Johannes, 1555-1609. "Historica narratio profectionis et inavgvrationis serenissimorvm Belgii principvm Alberti et Isabellae, Avstriae archidvcvm". Europeana. Retrieved 2013-01-08.  . Margit Thøfner (1999). "Marrying the City, Mothering the Country: Gender and Visual Conventions in Johannes Bochius's Account of the Joyous Entry of the Archduke Albert and the Infanta Isabella into Antwerp". Oxford Art Journal. 22. 
  20. ^ "Entry of Ferdinand, Infante of Spain, into Antwerp. (Antwerp: 15th May, 1635)". Treasures in Full: Renaissance Festival Books. British Library. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  21. ^ Hans Vlieghe (1976). "The Decorations for Archduke Leopold William's State Entry into Antwerp". Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes. 
  22. ^ "The Great Horticultural Show at Antwerp". Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener. London. April 8, 1875. 
  23. ^ The Bibliographer, London, April 1883 
  24. ^ Annales de la Société de médecine d'Anvers (in French). 1863. 
  25. ^ Promenade au jardin zoologique d'Anvers (in French). 1861. 
  26. ^ The Art Journal, London, May 1, 1852 
  27. ^ Edouard Seve (July 1897). "L'Enseignement technique et commercial en Belgique". Journal of the Society of Arts (in French). London. Institut Supérieur de Commerce d'Anvers 
  28. ^ Catalogue du Musée d'antiquités d'Anvers (in French) (3rd ed.), 1885 
  29. ^ George Grove (1900), "Benoit", Dictionary of music and musicians, London: Macmillan 
  30. ^ Memoires de la societe de geographie d'Anvers (in French), 1, Anvers, 1879 
  31. ^ Inge Bertels (2007). "Expressing Local Specificity: The Flemish Renaissance Revival in Belgium and the AntwerpCity Architect Pieter Jan Auguste Dens". Architectural History. 50. 
  32. ^ G. Thomann (1886), Some thoughts on the International Temperance meeting, held at Antwerp in September, 1885, New York 
  33. ^ a b c "Belgium". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1. 
  34. ^ John Warrack; Ewan West (1996). "Antwerp". Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280028-2. 
  35. ^ Bulletin officiel du VIme Congrès international de la paix tenu à Anvers (Belgique) du 29 août au 1r septembre 1894, 1895 
  36. ^ "State archives in Antwerp". State Archives in Belgium. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  37. ^ "Historiek" (in Dutch). Artesis Hogeschool Antwerpen - Koninklijk Conservatorium. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  38. ^ Ian V. Hogg (1998). "Antwerp". Historical Dictionary of World War I. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-3372-2. 
  39. ^ Chris Cook; John Stevenson (2003). "First World War: Chronology". Longman Handbook of Twentieth Century Europe. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-89224-3. 
  40. ^ M. S. Vassiliou (2009). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Petroleum Industry. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6288-3. 
  41. ^ "Entreprises Jacques Delens". La recherche aux Archives de l'État: Producteurs (in French). State Archives in Belgium. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  42. ^ "History". Zeno X Gallery. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  43. ^ Karel Vroom (1991). "Antwerp: A Modern City with a Significant Historic Heritage". GeoJournal. 24. doi:10.1007/bf00189028. 
  44. ^ Filip Boudrez (2002), From backup to archived website: preserving the legacy websites of the city of Antwerp – via Expertisecentrum David 
  45. ^ "Belgian mayors". City Mayors.com. London: City Mayors Foundation. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  46. ^ "Geschiedenis stadsarchief" (in Dutch). FelixArchief. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  47. ^ "History". Antwerp World Diamond Centre. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 

This article incorporates information from the Dutch Wikipedia and the French Wikipedia.


Published in the 18th-19th century
Published in the 20th century

External links[edit]