Tiny Rascal Gang

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Tiny Rascal Gang
Founded 1980s
Founding location Long Beach, California, and Santa Ana, California, United States
Years active 1980s-present
Territory California, other US states,[1] Canada,[2] and Australia.
Ethnicity Predominantly Cambodian[3]
Membership (est.) 10,000[4]
Criminal activities Extortion, racketeering, drug trafficking, arson, assault, murder, robbery, theft, fraud, and illegal gambling,
Allies Ghost Shadows, Wah Ching
Rivals Asian Boyz,[4] Crips, Bloods,[5] Menace of Destruction,[6] Sureños[7][8]

The Tiny Raskal Gang (or alternatively spelled as TRG or Raskals for short) is a predominantly Cambodian-American street gang and organized crime group based in California. Initially founded to combat existing gang activity in the area, TRG emerged from the several local gangs that were formed throughout the early 1980s later becoming the foundation of the larger gang. TRG is considered to be the largest ethnically focused Asian-American criminal organization in the United States.[citation needed] Members are typically of Cambodian descent, while little is known about their membership, minority gang members are African-American and other Southeast Asian descendants.[9]

History[edit]

In 1975, after the fall of Phnom Penh and the regimé, the United States started receiving its first Cambodian refugees, most of whom were concentrated in California, Massachusetts, and New York and in Canada, Toronto and Montreal. As with many refugee groups, lack of knowledge concerning the culture of the host nation and limited command of the English language ultimately created a barrier that isolated the newly arrived Cambodians. These groups initially were not so accepted by the established street gangs and were often viewed as community outcasts by the general population.[citation needed]

In the mid-1980s, a fight occurred between a Latino and a Cambodian in Long Beach, an event which led to the formation of the Tiny Raskals.[10] As a means of protection, other young Cambodians began forming several street gangs which later laid the foundation of TRG. While conforming to the American culture, members of these gangs began to adopt grey as their representative color, by which they were identified. Gang signs, graffiti, fashion, and gang customs were established and developed throughout the 1980s and 90s. Members of TRG began committing several crimes which primarily included extortion, murder, kidnapping, robbery, burglary, home invasion, drug and weapons trafficking.[11] Some of the Tiny Rascal gang members were originally members of the Asian Boyz, a rival gang, and transferred gangs due to friction between other fellow Tiny Rascal members.[9]

Throughout the early 90s, The Tiny Raskals had a violent rivalry with the Long Beach based East Side Longos MUIE who were predominantly Hispanic.[2]

A more recent rivalry which has been relevant over the past decade is the clashes between Insane Boyz and Raskals in Seattle.[12][13][14]

Membership[edit]

Initially a predominantly Cambodian street gang, they eventually began to recruit members of other ethnic groups and racial identities.[2] There are about 10,000 members nationwide.[4] In the 1990s, females were allowed to represent the gang and an all-female branch was formed as "LRG (Lady Rascal Gang)".[citation needed] This set was later disbanded.

As with many other gangs, potential members must first be initiated in a 'jump in' where they would have to fight other members of the gang or endure a beating for a specific amount of time.[11] Newer recruits are allegedly required to commit a notable crime as a means to earn respect, whether it be murder, home invasion, drive-by shootings on rival gangs or enemies, or robbery. Respect and credibility within the gang revolved around the amount of crimes individuals would commit either on behalf of or in favor of the gang. Their gang colors are grey and black.

Activities[edit]

The Tiny Raskals are involved in a wide range of criminal activities which include extortion, robbery, home invasion, burglary, auto theft, gang protection, and murder, which are some of the more publicized criminal activities. While young members of the gang are mostly involved in street crimes, some members have progressed to serious organized criminal activities of a larger scale. The older sets maintain a working relationship with similar sets of a fellow Southeast Asian gang called Asian Boyz. They have formed alliances with Chinese Triad organizations such as the New York City-based Ghost Shadows. They are part of the On Leong Tong.[2]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, several Raskals violently retaliated to the ongoing harassment of Eastside Longos within California, especially Long Beach and Seattle. This sparked a deadly war of which resulted in over a hundred casualties suffered among both gangs.

In August 1995, five TRG members aging between 16 to 23 invaded the house of a family in San Bernardino and shot five of them to death in a robbery. The victims were ages 10 to 44. The five perpetrators were sentenced to life imprisonment.[15]

The gang also has a presence among the Cambodian-American community in Lowell, Massachusetts. According to police there, several hundred TRG members lived in the Lowell area in 2008, and the gang was connected to a dozen homicides and 20 assaults in Lowell within the years of 1998 and 2008.[16]

Media depiction[edit]

Two documentaries, Raskal Love and Cambodian Son have been about Tiny Raskal members. Gangland has also dedicated an episode to Tiny Rascal Gang sets in Fresno.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 National Gang Threat Assessment – Emerging Trends". 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Police Magazine". Policemag.com. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  3. ^ "Asian Gang Shootings On Upswing In City, Police Say One Youth, Thai Ho, 17, Got Caught In The Middle. The Shooter Thought He Was A Rival, Police Said. - Philly.com". articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  4. ^ a b c "Gangland California's Killing Fields Part 1-3". Gangland. Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Prosecutors say man involved in South Seattle gang war shootings, KIRO-TV, April 7, 2014.
  6. ^ Not on our turf California gangs create havoc here, "Milwaukee Journal Sentinel", July 28, 1994.
  7. ^ Hay, Jeremy (May 22, 2005). "A HARDER EDGE TO GANG VIOLENCE" (PDF). Press Democrat. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ Moxley, R. Scott. We Don't Care Gang Killer Begs Judges To Care About His Trial Complaint, OC Weekly, July 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Gangland Californias Killing Fields Part 2-3". Gangland. Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ Moore, Derek J. Ruthless Asian gangs blaze trail of violence, Press Democrat, March 15, 2008.
  11. ^ a b "Organized Crime in California : 2010 Annual Report to Legislature" (PDF). Cag.ca.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  12. ^ Spangenthal-Lee, Jonah The Gang Round-Up Round-Up, SPD Plotter, August 17, 2012.
  13. ^ Pulkkinen, Levi Target in two gang shootings now accused in third, SeattlePI, November 19, 2012.
  14. ^ Kiro 7 Prosecutors say man involved in South Seattle gang war shootings, Kiro 7, August 7, 2014.
  15. ^ Gang member pleads guilty, Los Angeles Times
  16. ^ Hanna, Maddie. 10 arrested during series of Lowell gang raids, Boston.com, July 20, 2008.

External links[edit]