This article is an autobiography or has been extensively edited by the subject or by someone connected to the subject. (September 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Young on 18 July 2006
|Member of the Board of the|
Office for Students
2 January 2018 – 9 January 2018
Toby Daniel Moorsom Young|
17 October 1963
Caroline Bondy (m. 2001)
Brasenose College, Oxford|
Trinity College, Cambridge
Young is the author of How to Lose Friends and Alienate People, an account of his "stint" in New York as a contributing editor at Vanity Fair magazine, and a columnist at The Spectator. He served as a judge in seasons five and six of the television show Top Chef and co-founded the West London Free School. In early January 2018, he was announced as a non-executive director on the board of the Office for Students. A controversial appointment, he resigned over a week later after misogynistic and homophobic Twitter comments were uncovered.
Born in Buckinghamshire, Young was brought up in Highgate, North London, and in South Devon. His mother Sasha Moorsom was a BBC Radio producer, artist and writer, and his father was Michael Young (later Baron Young of Dartington), a Labour life peer and pioneering sociologist who coined the word "meritocracy". Although entitled to use the style The Hon. Toby Young, he does not.
Young was educated at Creighton School (now Fortismere School), Muswell Hill and King Edward VI Community College, Totnes. He left school at 16 with one Grade C GCE O-Level in English Literature and worked under a Government Youth Training Scheme. He then retook his O-Levels and went to the Sixth Form of William Ellis School, Highgate, leaving with two Bs and a C at A-Level. Despite thus failing to achieve the College's BBB offer, he was given a place at Brasenose College, Oxford. Young claims he was sent an acceptance letter by mistake, as well as a letter of rejection from the admissions tutor Harry Judge: in an article he wrote for The Spectator, he stated that his father phoned Judge to clarify the situation – Judge was in a meeting with the PPE tutors at the time, and after some discussion, they decided to offer Young a place. He had been given a conditional offer of three Bs plus an O-level pass in a foreign language under a scheme to give access to comprehensive pupils.
He was awarded a First in Philosophy, Politics and Economics and then worked for The Times for a six-month period as a news trainee until he was fired. The reason he was sacked, according to Young in The Sound of No Hands Clapping (2006), was for hacking the computer system and circulating senior executives' salaries to others around the building, and impersonating the editor Charles Wilson. This was followed by a two-year period at Trinity College, Cambridge where he carried out research for a doctorate that he did not complete.
Journalism, writing and stage performer
In 1991, Young co-founded and co-edited the Modern Review with Julie Burchill and her then husband Cosmo Landesman. Its motto was "Low culture for highbrows". "The whole enterprise was driven by one fairly simple idea," Young told John Harris writing for The Observer in 2005. "And that was that critics had a responsibility to take the best popular culture as seriously as the best high culture".
Four years later the magazine was close to financial collapse and Young closed it down, angering his principal financial backer Peter York, as well as Burchill and staff writer Charlotte Raven. Burchill had tried to replace Young as editor with Raven. "Ultimately the reason we fell out is because our relationship began as a kind of mentor-apprentice, and that was a kind of relationship which Julie was comfortable with. It was only when I succeeded in getting out from under her shadow that our relationship deteriorated", Young said in 2005.
Young moved to New York City shortly afterwards to work for Vanity Fair accepting an invitation from its editor, Graydon Carter. In the time he wrote for the magazine he contributed 3,000 words, but was paid $85,000. After being sacked by Vanity Fair in 1998, he stayed in New York for two more years, working as a columnist for the New York Press, before returning to the UK in 2000. A memoir of these years, How to Lose Friends and Alienate People, was published in 2001.
Following Jack Davenport, Young performed in the West End one-man stage adaptation of How to Lose Friends and Alienate People in 2004 in which, according to The Guardian's Lyn Gardner, he managed to "make a spectacle of himself". In 2005, he co-wrote (with fellow Spectator journalist Lloyd Evans) a sex farce about the David Blunkett/Kimberley Quinn intrigue and the "Sextator" affairs of Boris Johnson and Rod Liddle called Who's the Daddy? It was named as the Best New Comedy at the 2006 Theatregoers' Choice Awards.
From 2002 to 2007, Young wrote a restaurant column for the Evening Standard and later a restaurant column for The Independent on Sunday. In addition to serving as a judge on Top Chef, Young has competed in the Channel 4 TV series Come Dine with Me, appeared as one of the panel of food critics in the 2008 BBC Two series Eating with the Enemy and served as a judge on Hell's Kitchen.
He is an associate editor of The Spectator, where he writes a weekly column, the editor of Spectator Life and a regular contributor to the Daily Mail and The Daily Telegraph. His Telegraph blog was long-listed for the 2012 George Orwell Prize for blogging. He was a political columnist for The Sun on Sunday for its first 11 months. At the time of the paper's launch in late February 2012, in a Twitter exchange with comedy writer Graham Linehan, he was asked about working for Rupert Murdoch and the events before Milly Dowler's murder became known: "That murdered girl thing? Check the Guardian story. Turned out to be balls. Get off your high horse". The story itself was not in error, but the paper did falsely claim the News of the World's journalist Glenn Mulcaire had deleted her voicemail.
During the 2015 Labour leadership election, he encouraged readers of the politically conservative Daily Telegraph to join the Labour party and support Jeremy Corbyn, who Young thought was the weakest candidate.
In addition to the book How to Lose Friends and Alienate People, Young is the author of The Sound of No Hands Clapping (2006), How to Set Up a Free School (2011) and What Every Parent Needs to Know: How to Help Your Child Get the Most Out of Primary School (2014), which he co-wrote with Miranda Thomas.
Film and television producer
British producer Stephen Woolley and his wife Elizabeth Karlsen produced the film adaptation How to Lose Friends & Alienate People (2008) in conjunction with FilmFour. Young, who co-produced the film, was played by Simon Pegg. It was released in Britain on 3 October 2008 and reached the number one spot at the box office in its opening week. The film received mostly negative reviews and was a commercial failure, losing over £8 million.
Young co-produced and co-wrote When Boris Met Dave (2009), a drama-documentary for Channel 4 about the relationship between Eton and Oxford University contemporaries Mayor Boris Johnson and Conservative Party Leader PM David Cameron. It was first broadcast on More4 on 7 October 2009 and later shown on Channel 4.
Roles in education
Young was a proposer and co-founder of the West London Free School, the first free school to sign a funding agreement with the Education Secretary, and is now a trustee of the charitable trust that manages the school. He stood down as CEO of the school in May 2016 after admitting that he didn't realise how difficult it was going to be to run. The national press coverage of the school having four headteachers in the space of six years was linked to the higher profile for the school engendered by its links to Young.
The trust opened a primary school in Hammersmith in 2013, a second primary in Earls Court in 2014 and a third primary in Kensington in 2016. Young is a follower of the American educationalist E.D. Hirsch and an advocate of a traditional, knowledge-based approach to education.
In 2012 Young wrote an article in The Spectator criticising the emphasis on "inclusion" in state schools, saying that the word "inclusive" was "one of those ghastly, politically correct words that have survived the demise of New Labour. Schools have got to be 'inclusive' these days. That means wheelchair ramps, the complete works of Alice Walker in the school library...". Some saw this as an attack on including disabled children in mainstream education, as well as racism. He denied these charges, saying he was only referring to the alleged "dumbing down" of education.
Office for Students
Young was announced as one of the non-executive members of the board for the new Office for Students in January 2018, a body which is intended to ensure institutions in higher education are accountable. Michael Barber would be chair of the Board. It emerged soon afterwards that misleading claims had been made by the Department for Education about Young's posts at the University of Cambridge and Harvard. Although they were teaching roles, he was not appointed to any academic post.
Because of this, senior Labour figures such as Dawn Butler and Angela Rayner criticised Young's appointment; however, he maintained he had support from senior Conservatives such as Boris Johnson (brother of Jo Johnson, the universities minister who had appointed Young) and Michael Gove. Theresa May also defended the appointment on the BBC's Andrew Marr Show, but said she was previously unaware of the comments he had made on Twitter and "he would no longer be in public office" if he continued his previous use of language. On 8 January, universities minister Jo Johnson said in the House of Commons in answer to a question over the appointment: "We want to encourage Mr Young to develop the best sides of his personality". He resigned from the position the next day, writing in The Spectator that his appointment had "become a distraction" counteracting the "vital work" of the OfS. Shortly afterwards, Young resigned as a Fulbright Commissionner.
An inquiry was launched shortly after Young's resignation by Peter Riddell, the Commissioner for Public Appointments. Riddell said the OfS panel report to ministers about Young "made no mention of Mr Young’s history of controversial comments and use of social media". The disquiet which followed "makes a strong case for more extensive due diligence inquiries". Young later denied that he is a misogynist or a homophobe.
In 2015, Young wrote an article for the Australian magazine Quadrant entitled "The fall of meritocracy". In it he advocated what he termed "progressive eugenics". Young proposed that when the technology for genetically engineered intelligence is practical it should be allowable for a decision to be made by poor parents with low IQs over which embryos should be allowed to develop using intelligence as a marker. "It could help to address the problem of flat-lining inter-generational social mobility", he wrote.
In January 2018, Private Eye and the London Student revealed that Young attended the London Conference on Intelligence at University College London (UCL) in 2017, which was described by the media and a number of politicians as a "secret eugenics conference". The conference was convened by Honorary UCL professor James Thompson, and included speakers such as Richard Lynn.
Responding to these revelations, Young wrote in The Spectator that he attended the conference as a journalist to report about it (which he later did) and that he "only [attended] for a few hours on a Saturday" in preparation for the "super-respectable" International Society for Intelligence Research conference in Montreal in July 2017 at which he gave a speech, which was later published. He also says that his resignation from the OfS and his presence at the conferences were unconnected.
UCL launched an investigation into the London Conference on Intelligence, of which it had previously been unaware, for potentially breaking its room booking policy, after Young's presence at one of them had been revealed. UCL has suspended any "further conferences of this nature".
Twitter and Wikipedia
Young has come under criticism for comments he made on Twitter, most of which were deleted upon his appointment to the Board of the Office for Students. Young claimed to have posted more than 56,000 tweets, of which 8,439 remain.
These included what a London Evening Standard editorial called "an obsession with commenting on the anatomy of women in the public eye". He referred on Twitter to the cleavage of unnamed female MPs sitting behind Ed Miliband in the Commons in 2011 and 2012. When later challenged by Stella Creasy on Newsnight he said of the second such incident: "It wasn’t my proudest moment". Other remarks included homophobic slurs, including a claim that George Clooney is "as queer as a coot".
One tweet by Young was in response to a BBC Comic Relief appeal in 2009 for starving Kenyan children. During the broadcast, a Twitter user commented that she had "gone through about 5 boxes of kleenex" whilst watching. Toby Young replied: "Me too, I havn't [sic] wanked so much in ages". He has expressed remorse for his "politically incorrect" tweets.
Young has admitted using illegal drugs – specifically taking cocaine at the Groucho Club in central London, and also supplying drugs to others. He was subsequently expelled from membership of the Club in late 2001 for writing about the cocaine use of his friends whom he had supplied with the drug during a photo shoot for Vanity Fair. Such exposés are against Club rules; the incident occurred in 1997.
- "Double whammy for future of higher education as Jo Johnson leaves role as universities minister".
- Wyllie, Alice (3 October 2008). "The master of foot-in-mouth syndrome – Toby Young interview". The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "I'm a target because I'm a Tory – Young". BBC News. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- "In defence of Toby Young, by Toby Young". Coffee House. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
- Hazell, Will (23 March 2018). "Toby Young resigns from New Schools Network". TES. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "What's Cooking with Season 5 of Top Chef?" TV Guide. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "What I Got Right and What I Got Wrong About Free Schools", Speech to the Marketing Society, 26 November 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Adams, Richard (1 January 2018). "Toby Young to help lead government's new universities regulator". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
- Kentish, Ben (7 January 2018). "Theresa May refuses to sack Toby Young over misogynistic and homophobic tweets". The Independent. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- Rawlinson, Kevin; Phipps, Claire (9 January 2018). "Toby Young resigns from the Office for Students after backlash". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- "Sasha Moorsom: 1931–1993", The Guardian, 1993. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- Michael Young "Down with meritocracy", The Guardian, 29 June 2001. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- Mosley, Charles (ed.) (1999). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th edn. Burke's Peerage Ltd. p. 3093 (YOUNG OF DARTINGTON, LP). ISBN 2-940085-02-1.
- "The office clown – By Toby Young". theguardian.com. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Young, Toby (11 September 2008). "Status Anxiety". The Spectator. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Mikhailova, Anna (7 April 2013). "Fame and Fortune: How not to alienate the taxman". The Sunday Times. p. 8. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "Oxford admissions rouse passion as two tribes war over 'unfairness'". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Barber, Lynn (2006-09-02). "Toby Young has (despite his best efforts) made a success of himself, says Lynn Barber". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
- Young, Toby (2008) . The Sound of No Hands Clapping. London: Little, Brown/Hachette Digital. p. 26. ISBN 9780748109852.
- Barber, Lynn (3 September 2006). "Forever Young". The Observer. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Wilby, Peter (5 April 2011). "Can Toby Young's free school succeed?". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- Harris, John (29 May 2005). "'I supplied talent and drugs'". The Observer. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Young, Toby; Morris, Sophie (9 October 2005). "My Mentor: Toby Young on Julie Burchill". The Independent. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Young, Toby (2008) . How To Lose Friends & Alienate People. London: Little, Brown/Hachette Digital. p. 111. ISBN 9780748109845.
- Anthony, Andrew (11 November 2001). "How to screw up. Big time". The Observer. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Gardner, Lyn (30 October 2004). "How to Lose Friends and Alienate People (review)". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Sarah Lyall "A very British 'documentary farce'", International Herald Tribune, 25 August 2005, reprinting a New York Times article. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
- "Toby Young". BBC News. 8 September 2006. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- "Archive of Toby Young's Restaurant Reviews", Evening Standard.
- "Telegraph Blogs: Toby Young", The Orwell Prize.
- Montgomerie, Tim (27 January 2013). "What do Rupert Murdoch and David Cameron have in common? They both love new Sun columnist Louise Mensch". Conservative Home. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Sabbagh, Dan (25 February 2012). "Sun on Sunday rises under Rupert Murdoch's watchful eye". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Roberts, Genevieve (26 February 2012). "Twitter row erupts over Toby Young". The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- "Why Tories should join Labour and back Jeremy Corbyn". Telegraph.co.uk.
- "Simon Pegg is Toby Young in How to Lose Friends adaptation", Empire, 14 August 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
- "UK Box Office: 3–5 October 2008", BFI. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Ricky Gervais's clout at the UK box office is no lie", The Guardian, 6 October 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "How to Lose Friends & Alienate People". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-01-14.
- How to Lose Friends & Alienate People at Box Office Mojo
- "Last Night's TV", The Times, 8 October 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- "Toby Young's battle to set up a new school", BBC2, 8 December 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2010.
- Harrison, Angela (2 March 2011). "Free Schools: Toby Young's is first to get go ahead". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "Toby Young admits there was more to running a school than he realised", Independent, 6 May 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Ex-grammar school principal becomes latest head of West London Free School", TES, 28 December 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Prisoners of The Blob: Why most education experts are wrong about nearly everything", Civitas, April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- Young, Toby (30 June 2012). "I am living proof that 'two-tier' exams work". The Spectator. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- Rawlinson, Kevin; Luxmoore, Sara (2 January 2018). "Doubts cast on DfE claims of Toby Young's qualifications for watchdog post". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- "Toby Young is named director of government-backed free schools charity", "Times Educational Supplement", 29 October 2016 Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- "University job backlash because I'm a Tory – Toby Young". BBC News. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Rawlinson, Kevin (5 January 2018). "Ditch Toby Young from watchdog board, top Labour figures tell May". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Merrick, Rob (9 January 2018). "Toby Young steps down from universities regulator after becoming 'distraction'". The Independent. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- "Toby Young resigns from university regulator". BBC News. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- "Resignation from the Commission | US-UK Fulbright Commission". Fulbright Commission. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Adams, Richard (11 January 2018). "'Serious failing': inquiry to scrutinise Toby Young's OfS appointment". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Peyser, Robin de (9 January 2018). "Toby Young tweets: the comments that led to his resignation". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Young, Toby (7 September 2015). "The Fall of the Meritocracy". Quadrant. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Toby Young breeds contempt". Private Eye (1461). Pressdram Ltd. January 2018. p. 11.
- Van Der Merwe, Ben (10 January 2018). "Exposed: London's eugenics conference and its neo-Nazi links – London Student". London Student. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- Baynes, Chris (11 January 2018). "University College London launches 'eugenics' probe after controversial secret conference on campus". The Independent. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- Rawlinson, Kevin; Adams, Richard (11 January 2018). "UCL to investigate eugenics conference secretly held on campus". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "2017: July 14-16 in Montreal". International Society for Intelligence Research. 28 June 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- Young, Toby (11 January 2018). "Once more unto the breach". The Spectator. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Kevin Rawlinson, Richard Adams (11 January 2018). "UCL to investigate eugenics conference secretly held on campus". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- Bothwell, Ellie (11 January 2018). . Retrieved 12 January 2018. . Times Higher Education
- "UCL statement on the London Conference on Intelligence". University College London. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
- Cowburn, Ashley (3 January 2018). "Toby Young deletes thousands of tweets amid row over his universities regulator appointment". The Independent. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- "Evening Standard comment: There's method behind Trump's Twitter war". London Evening Standard. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Kentish, Ben (3 January 2018). "Labour demands Theresa May reverse Toby Young appointment due to his 'misogyny and homophobia'". The Independent. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Belam, Martin (3 January 2018). "Toby Young quotes on breasts, eugenics and working-class people". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- "Government's new university watchdog appointee called lesbians 'hard-core dykes'". PinkNews. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Grove, Jack (9 January 2018). "Toby Young quits Office for Students board after MPs' debate". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- "Toby Young regrets 'politically incorrect' comments". BBC News. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- Booth, Robert (5 January 2018). "Why 'impulsive, vain' Toby Young wants us to take him seriously". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- "Toby Young Has Edited His Own Wikipedia Page More Than 200 Times in the Last Six Years". Political Scrapbook. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- Young, Toby (8 May 2011). "Toby Young: British women are the best". The Sunday Telegraph. London. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- Young, Toby (1 April 2017). "An away day with foul-mouthed football fans is very heaven for my sons". The Spectator.
- Milner, Catherine; Hastings, Chris (4 November 2001). "White powder scare at the Groucho". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Young, Toby (18 November 2001). "I've been kicked out of the club". The Observer. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toby Young.|
- Official website
- Toby Young on IMDb
- Burke's Peerage & Baronetage
- Toby Young's educational philosophy (TES webcast)
- Young, Toby (23 August 2009). "Why I will set up a new school to give my children the best chance in life". The Observer. Archived from the original on 4 August 2013.
- Articles in The Spectator.