Trabzonspor is a professional Turkish football club located in the city of Trabzon, Turkey. Formed in 1967 through a merger of several local clubs, Trabzonspor have won six Süper Lig championship titles. The Club won their first Championship title in 1975 which is also the Club's inaugural year in the Süper Lig. Trabzonspor won the championship title again during their second year in the league in 1976, finished runners-up in 1977 and won 3 Championship titles in a row during the following years 1978, 1979, 1980. The club colours are claret and blue, and they play their home matches at Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium. The club has donned maroon and blue kits since the merger, and have played at their present ground since 1967.
Domestically, Trabzonspor is known as one of the top Turkish teams based on the number of cups won. They have won the Süper Lig (top-flight) six times, and were the first non Istanbul-based club to win the league. They have also won the Federation Cup (Turkish Cup) eight times. From 1976 to 1984, Trabzonspor have won a total of 30 trophies: Süper Lig (6), Federation (Turkish) Cup (8), Süper Kupa (Super Cup) (8), the Başbakanlık Kupası (Chancellor Cup) (5), Red Group Championship Second Division (İkinci Lig Kırmızı Grup Şampiyonası) (1) and Cyprus Peace Cup (Kıbrıs Barış Kupası) (1).
Between those years, the club tries to change the culture in itself. They were always finishing the league between 3rd and 7th place. 1992–93 season’s first 10 week was their worst season opening, they were down by 10 points from the leader. However, Ünal Karaman, one of the best players in Trabzonspor history, gained by the club. He was later captain of the Turkey. There was also Tolunay Kafkas. The club won 2 Turkish Cups (1992, 1995), won a Presidential Cup (1995), and won 2 Chancellor Cups (1985, 1994). In 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons, they finished the league in the second place.
The most important issue in the establishment of Trabzonspor was the colors of the club. Although a number of elaborate theories have been put forward as to why claret and blue was adopted, it transpires the club chose the colors in simple tribute to the famous and historic English club Aston Villa F.C. and also to the claret and blue of an Irish club Drogheda United F.C. Trabzonspor short name is "TS" and in its emblem those characters are written. There is written 1967 where those two characters intersects. There is also a ball over those letters in order to show all sport activities and also a yellow star in order to show 6 championships. The emblem was registered to club at 2003, May 16.
In 2008, Trabzonspor bought Trabzon Karadenizspor (now 1461 Trabzon) to act as a feeder club, having first option on players, as well as being able to loan out youngsters to gain first-team experience.
The club also agreed to an affiliation deal with Dutch club MVV the same year, allowing them first option on their players. The first step in the affiliation deal came when Trabzonspor transferred Christian Brüls and Faty Papy and loaned them back to MVV.