Transport in the Republic of Macedonia
The following is a summary of the transport system of the Republic of Macedonia.
total: 925 km (575 mi) (699 km (437 miles) of open track and 225 km (140 mi) of station/industrial track)
standard gauge: 925 km (575 mi) 1.435-m gauge (312 km electrified, all 25kV 50 Hz)
note: a new 56 km (35 mi) extension of the Kumanovo-Beljakovci line to the Bulgarian border is under construction.
Restructuring of national railway MZ into infrastructure and operating companies completed in July 2007.
9,573 km (5,948 mi) total (2002)
228 km of motorways (2008)
The main network consists of 7 corridors, a good length of which already have motorways.
The first motorway in the country was the Kumanovo-Petrovec section of the A-1, opened for traffic in 1979 as part of the Brotherhood and Unity Highway which linked Central Europe to Athens.
In 2008 the country had 228 kilometers (142 mi) of motorways, with additional 21 kilometers (13 mi) under construction and the beginning of works on 28 kilometers (17 mi) (the Demir Kapija - Smokvica section of A-1) being postponed for 2009.
In 2008 the government also carried out an ambitious public tender for giving concessions for 550 kilometers (340 mi) of motorways. The outcome will be known in 2009.
Lights must be on all the time, seatbelts are mandatory for passengers in the front and drivers are forbidden to speak on a mobile phone while driving.
The general speed limits are:
- in inhabited areas 60 km/h (37 mph)
- outside of inhabited areas 80 km/h (50 mph)
- on expressways 110 km/h (68 mph)
- on motorways 130 km/h (81 mph)
None. Lake transport (tourist and recreational boats) only, on the Greek and Albanian borders.
Ports and harbours
Macedonia has no sea access. There are marinas for mostly recreational traffic on Ohrid Lake and other natural and artificial lakes.
Air transport in Macedonia begin after the end of the First World War, when airmail traffic route was created between Novi Sad–Belgrade–Niš–Skoplje. Later, the Yugoslav flag carrier Aeroput inaugurated in 1930 a regular scheduled flight between Belgrade and Thessaloniki with a stop in Skopje airfield. Later, in 1933, Aeroput extended the route to Athens, while in 1935 Skopje was linked to Niš, Bitola, and Podujevo in 1936.
After the end of Second World War, passenger and cargo air transport reestablished, Aeroput was rebranded as JAT Yugoslav Airlines, and routes linking Belgrade, through Skopje, to Athens and Istanbul, using a Douglas DC-3, were inaugurated. During SFRY period JAT linked Skopje with Belgrade and other domestic destinations, but through Belgrade passengers from Skopje were able to catch connecting flights to all five continents. In the 1980s the Skopje airport was majorly expanded, and by late 1980s and early 1990s several companies with hub in Skopje were created, such as Palair, Avioimpex, Air Vardar, and others we created. After independence of Macedonia, most became flag-carriers of the newly-independent country.
Beside Skopje, in Macedonia, during second half of the 20th century, Ohrid airport was also developed, starting with the opening of regular scheduled flights between Belgrade–Skopje–Ohrid during the 1960s. Until 1990 charted flights were also inaugurated linking Ohrid with international destinations.
17 (2002 est.)
Airports - with paved runways
8,000 to 9,999 ft: 2
under 3,000 ft: 8 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways
3,000 to 4,999 ft: 3
under 3,000 ft: 3 (2000 est.)
- Objava na Mreza. Macedonian Railways
- "World Bank funds MZ split". Railway Gazette International. April 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27.
- "Intelligence". Railway Gazette International. July 2007. Archived from the original on 2012-04-14.
- Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport. "History: International Belgrade Airport (1927)". Archived from the original on 5 October 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
- Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput at europeanairlines.no
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