Transport in the Republic of Macedonia
The following is a summary of the transport system of the Republic of Macedonia.
total: 925 km (575 mi) (699 km (437 miles) of open track and 225 km (140 mi) of station/industrial track)
standard gauge: 925 km (575 mi) 1.435-m gauge (312 km electrified, all 25kV 50 Hz)
note: a new 56 km (35 mi) extension of the Kumanovo-Beljakovci line to the Bulgarian border is under construction.
Restructuring of national railway MZ into infrastructure and operating companies completed in July 2007.
9,573 km (5,948 mi) total (2002)
228 km of motorways (2008)
The main network consists of 7 corridors, a good length of which already have motorways.
The first motorway in the country was the Kumanovo-Petrovec section of the A-1, opened for traffic in 1979
In 2008 the country had 228 kilometers (142 mi) of motorways, with additional 21 kilometers (13 mi) under construction and the beginning of works on 28 kilometers (17 mi) (the Demir Kapija - Smokvica section of A-1) being postponed for 2009.
In 2008 the government also carried out an ambitious public tender for giving concessions for 550 kilometers (340 mi) of motorways. The outcome will be known in 2009.
Lights must be on all the time, seatbelts are mandatory for passengers in the front and drivers are forbidden to speak on a mobile phone while driving.
The general speed limits are:
- in inhabited areas 60 km/h (37 mph)
- outside of inhabited areas 80 km/h (50 mph)
- on expressways 110 km/h (68 mph)
- on motorways 130 km/h (81 mph)
None. Lake transport (tourist and recreational boats) only, on the Greek and Albanian borders.
Ports and harbours
Macedonia has no sea access. There are marinas for mostly recreational traffic on Lake Ohrid and other natural and artificial lakes.
17 (2002 est.)
Airports - with paved runways
8,000 to 9,999 ft: 2
under 3,000 ft: 8 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways
3,000 to 4,999 ft: 3
under 3,000 ft: 3 (2000 est.)
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