Transport in the Republic of Macedonia

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The following is a summary of the transport system of the Republic of Macedonia.


Main article: Makedonski Železnici

total: 925 km (575 mi) (699 km (437 miles) of open track and 225 km (140 mi) of station/industrial track)[1]
standard gauge: 925 km (575 mi) 1.435-m gauge (312 km electrified, all 25kV 50 Hz)
note: a new 56 km (35 mi) extension of the Kumanovo-Beljakovci line to the Bulgarian border is under construction.[2]

Restructuring of national railway MZ into infrastructure and operating companies completed in July 2007.[3]

Railway links with adjacent countries[edit]



A-1 near Stobi
A-3 entering Skopje
A-4 near border crossing in Kafasan
A-5 near Resen

9,573 km (5,948 mi) total (2002)
228 km of motorways (2008)


The main network consists of 7 corridors, a good length of which already have motorways.

Tabanovce - Kumanovo - Miladinovci - Petrovec - Veles - Gradsko - Negotino - Demir Kapija - Gevgelija

Kumanovo - Kriva Palanka - Deve Bair

Petrovec - (through inner)Skopje - Stenkovec - Blace

Miladinovci - Skopje - Tetovo - Gostivar - Kičevo - Struga - Kafasan

Ohrid - Resen - Bitola - Prilep - Veles - Štip - Kočani - Delčevo
(M-5K1 Bitola-Međitlija)

Štip - Radoviš - Strumica - Novo Selo

Debar - Kičevo - Makedonski Brod - Prilep - Kavadarci - Negotino - Radoviš

The first motorway in the country was the Kumanovo-Petrovec section of the A-1, opened for traffic in 1979

In 2008 the country had 228 kilometers (142 mi) of motorways, with additional 21 kilometers (13 mi) under construction and the beginning of works on 28 kilometers (17 mi) (the Demir Kapija - Smokvica section of A-1) being postponed for 2009.

In 2008 the government also carried out an ambitious public tender for giving concessions for 550 kilometers (340 mi) of motorways. The outcome will be known in 2009.


The E-road network in Macedonia consists of:

Road rules[edit]

Highway P504, descending from the Galičica Mts to Lake Ohrid

The traffic signs adhere to the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals.

Lights must be on all the time, seatbelts are mandatory for passengers in the front and drivers are forbidden to speak on a mobile phone while driving.

The general speed limits are:

  • in inhabited areas 60 km/h (37 mph)
  • outside of inhabited areas 80 km/h (50 mph)
  • on expressways 110 km/h (68 mph)
  • on motorways 130 km/h (81 mph)


None. Lake transport (tourist and recreational boats) only, on the Greek and Albanian borders.


Oil 120 km (75 mi) (2004)
Gas 268 km (167 mi) (2004)

Ports and harbours[edit]

Macedonia has no sea access. There are marinas for mostly recreational traffic on Lake Ohrid and other natural and artificial lakes.


17 (2002 est.)

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

total: 11
8,000 to 9,999 ft: 2
under 3,000 ft: 8 (2000 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

total: 6
3,000 to 4,999 ft: 3
under 3,000 ft: 3 (2000 est.)

See also[edit]