Turnham Green

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Turnham Green
Turnham Green Church 3.jpg
Christ Church, Turnham Green
Turnham Green is located in Greater London
Turnham Green
Turnham Green
Turnham Green shown within Greater London
Population 11,448 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid reference TQ212786
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W4
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°29′30″N 0°15′59″W / 51.4918°N 0.266512°W / 51.4918; -0.266512Coordinates: 51°29′30″N 0°15′59″W / 51.4918°N 0.266512°W / 51.4918; -0.266512

Turnham Green is a public park situated on Chiswick High Road, Chiswick, London. It is divided by a small road. Christ Church, a neo-Gothic building designed by George Gilbert Scott and built in 1843,[2] stands on the eastern half of the green. A war memorial stands on the eastern corner. On the south side is the old Chiswick Town Hall.

The green is the site of local community events, including a travelling funfair, church events and charity table-top sales.

The nearest London Underground station is Chiswick Park on the District line. Confusingly, the eponymous Turnham Green tube station is actually situated on Chiswick Common, some 1 km (0.6 mi) to the east. Turnham Green was the terminus of London Buses route 27 (running from Chalk Farm), but in 2012 the route was extended to Chiswick Business Park; and also the terminus of route 440 (running from Stonebridge Park), but in 2010 the route was extended to Power Road.

History[edit]

Turnham Green was a village on the main road between London and the west. It was recorded as 'Turneham' in 1235 and 'Turnhamgrene' in 1369.[3]

On 13 November 1642, the Battle of Turnham Green was fought nearby during the First English Civil War resulting in the Parliamentarians blocking the King's advance on London.[4]

In 1680 the homicidal Philip Herbert, 7th Earl of Pembroke murdered a watchman, William Smeeth, after a drunken evening in the local tavern.[5] A similar but far less serious episode in the tavern, the Old Packhorse Inn, in 1795 saw the young Daniel O'Connell arrested for drunken and riotous behaviour.[6]

War memorial[edit]

At the eastern end of Turnham Green stands Chiswick war memorial. It is in the form of a stone obelisk at the top of a flight of five steps, encircled by a metal fence and a yew hedge. It was unveiled on 13 November 1921 by the 9th Duke of Devonshire and Arthur Winnington-Ingram, the Bishop of London. It is made of Cornish granite. It was designed by a local architect, Edward Willis. It was given Grade II listed status in 2015.[7]

In culture[edit]

Highwayman[edit]

The 18th century highwayman broadside ballad "Alan Tyne of Harrow" includes the couplet:[8]

"One night by Turnham Green I robbed a revenue collector,
and what I took from him I gave to a widow to protect her".[8]

The novel A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens mentions "that magnificent potentate, the Lord Mayor of London, [who] was made to stand and deliver on Turnham Green, by one highwayman, who despoiled the illustrious creature in sight of all his retinue."[9]

Other mentions[edit]

The song "Suite In C" on the eponymous album McDonald and Giles, which alludes to places in London, includes the line "The sun shone 'til Turnham Green".[10]

The song "Junkie Doll" by Mark Knopfler includes the line "Turnham green, Turnham green, You took me high as I've ever been"[11]

Residents[edit]

Portrait of the Italian poet Ugo Foscolo by François-Xavier-Pascal Fabre, 1813. Foscolo died in exile at Turnham Green.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hounslow Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Robbins, Michael (2003). Middlesex. Phillimore. p. 234. ISBN 978-1-86077-269-6. 
  3. ^ Clegg, Gillian: "The Chiswick Book", Historical Publications Ltd, 2004, ISBN 0-948667-96-6.
  4. ^ Robinson , Wayne. "The Battle of Turnham Green, November 13, 1642"/ 29 april 2010. — official site of The Pike and Musket Society
  5. ^ David L. Smith, 'The infamous seventh earl of Pembroke, 1653–1683' (a sub-section of 'Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician') in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (OUP, 2004)
  6. ^ Geoghegan, Patrick M. (2008). King Dan Daniel O'Connell 1775-1829: The Rise of King Dan. Gill Books. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-0-7171-5156-1. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Chiswick War Memorial (1424996)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "(Alan) Tyne of Harrow / Valentine O'Hara". Mainly Norfolk: English Folk and Other Good Music. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  9. ^ Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities Book I, ch. I.
  10. ^ "McDonald and Giles - Suite in C Lyrics". SongLyrics. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  11. ^ Mark Knopfler – Junkie Doll, retrieved 2018-06-19 
  12. ^ The American quarterly register, American Education Society, 1841, p200, accessed April 2009
  13. ^ Michael Kustow (17 October 2013). Peter Brook: A Biography. A&C Black. pp. 5–7. ISBN 978-1-4088-5228-6. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  14. ^ Moffat, Wendy (2011). E. M. Forster: A New Life. Bloomsbury. 
  15. ^ "E.M. Forster 9 Arlington Park Mansions, Sutton Lane, Chiswick, London". Notable Abodes. 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  16. ^ Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review Volume 97, Part 2. 1827. pp. 566–569. Retrieved 21 May 2013.