Type O Negative
|Type O Negative|
Type O Negative performing at Columbiahalle (Berlin, Germany, June 15, 2007)
|Also known as||Repulsion (1989-1991)|
|Origin||Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.|
|Past members||Sal Abruscato
Type O Negative was an American gothic/doom metal band formed in Brooklyn, New York City in 1989, by Peter Steele (bass, vocals), Kenny Hickey (guitar, vocals), Josh Silver (keyboards), and Sal Abruscato (drums), who was later replaced by Johnny Kelly. Their lyrical emphasis on themes of romance, depression, and death resulted in the nickname "The Drab Four" (in homage to The Beatles' "Fab Four" moniker). The band went Platinum with 1993's Bloody Kisses, and Gold with 1996's October Rust, and gained a fanbase through seven studio albums, two best-of compilations, and concert DVDs.
On April 14, 2010, lead vocalist, bassist, and principal songwriter Peter Steele died, reportedly from heart failure brought on by an aortic aneurysm. Members Kenny Hickey and Johnny Kelly stated in a November 2010 interview with French music magazine Rock Hard that the band would not continue.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Origins (1980s–1991)
- 1.2 Slow Deep and Hard and The Origin of the Feces (1991–1992)
- 1.3 Bloody Kisses and October Rust (1993–1998)
- 1.4 World Coming Down and The Least Worst of Type O Negative (1999–2001)
- 1.5 Life Is Killing Me and Dead Again (2002–2009)
- 1.6 Peter Steele's death and the end of Type O Negative (2010)
- 2 Influences
- 3 Soundtracks and covers
- 4 Personnel
- 5 Discography
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Former Carnivore frontman Steele, along with childhood friends Sal Abruscato (later replaced by Johnny Kelly), Josh Silver and Kenny Hickey, formed Type O Negative and signed to Roadrunner Records. Shortly after signing in 1991 the band released their debut, Slow, Deep and Hard.
Slow Deep and Hard and The Origin of the Feces (1991–1992)
Type O Negative's first album Slow Deep and Hard incorporated dragging dirge riffs, maniacal punk-metal outbursts, and droning industrial and gothic atmospheres. The songs were long, multi-part theatrical epics, with lyrical topics ranging from heartbreak to getting revenge on a cheating lover, and even contemplating suicide.
They began creating a new album that was supposed to be live. The subsequent 1992 album was entitled The Origin of the Feces and a warning label was put on the album cover: "Not Live At Brighton Beach".
Bloody Kisses and October Rust (1993–1998)
Type O Negative's third album, Bloody Kisses, was released in 1993 to critical and listener acclaim, and eventually became the first record for Roadrunner to reach certified Platinum status in the US.
Bloody Kisses mostly addressed loneliness and heartbreak, with songs like "Too Late: Frozen", "Blood & Fire", and "Can't Lose You". The organ-driven "Set Me on Fire" is vintage sixties garage rock, while "Summer Breeze" covered the 1972 Seals and Crofts hit. "Christian Woman" and "Black No. 1 (Little Miss Scare-All)" became the most popular tracks, after having been edited down to radio-friendly lengths (the album versions were 8½ and 11 minutes long respectively). In order to promote the album, Type O Negative embarked on a two-year world tour. During this time, the band was featured on MTV, VH1, and in Rolling Stone. In the midst of this media blitz, drummer Sal Abruscato quit the band to join another Brooklyn quartet, Life of Agony. Johnny Kelly, the band's drum technician, was therefore hired as a full-fledged member. Bloody Kisses was re-released a year after the original release in a limited-edition Digipak form, including eight of the musical tracks from the original (omitting the "filler" tracks) and the previously unreleased "Suspended in Dusk".
Type O's October Rust picked up where Bloody Kisses left off, this album continued to explore themes of sex and sensuality, explored in a humorous sense on the single "My Girlfriend's Girlfriend" and then taken much darker with "Love You To Death". This record also saw a cover of Neil Young's "Cinnamon Girl" as well as the fan favorite, semi-serene "Green Man". While not quite as successful as Bloody Kisses, the album was certified Gold in the US, and was the first Type O Negative album to enter the top half of the Billboard Top 200, debuting at No. 42.
World Coming Down and The Least Worst of Type O Negative (1999–2001)
With the completion of another successful world tour, writing for a fourth album began. In the period immediately following the release of October Rust, resulted in 1999's World Coming Down (working titles included Prophets of Doom and Aggroculture).World Coming Down debuted at No. 39 on the Billboard Top 200 charts. World Coming Down featured a much darker, bleak tone than its predecessors, having been written after a series of deaths in frontman Peter Steele's family.
A best of album followed in 2000, entitled The Least Worst of Type O Negative. Although most songs appear on previous albums, many are unreleased remixes or B-sides of previously released singles. Along with these songs are some unreleased numbers from the World Coming Down sessions, the band's cover of "Black Sabbath" by Black Sabbath (Peter Steele's version with different lyrics, written from the perspective of Satan), and a cleaner version of "Hey Pete" (originally released on the mock live album The Origin of the Feces).
Life Is Killing Me and Dead Again (2002–2009)
Type O Negative's sixth studio album, Life Is Killing Me (originally called The Dream Is Dead after the closing song), was released in 2003. For this album, the band picked up the pace of their sound from the dirgeful slowness of World Coming Down. Songs such as "Todd's Ship Gods (Above All Things)", "(We Were) Electrocute", and "I Don't Wanna Be Me" convey the band's classic elements of melody, though the song lengths were much shorter on this outing, the longest being the 7 and a half-minute "How Could She?", a list of female character names from television shows. The album includes a humorous cover of the song "Angry Inch" from the musical Hedwig and the Angry Inch, detailing a sex change operation gone terribly wrong.
Type O then left Roadrunner for SPV Records and released Dead Again. Dead Again debuted at No. 27 in the United States; the band's highest chart debut to date. They also continued to tour through October of that year, including a performance at the Rock am Ring festival in Nürburgring, Germany.
Peter Steele's death and the end of Type O Negative (2010)
|“||It is with great sadness that we inform you that Type O Negative front man, bassist, and our band mate, Peter Steele passed away last night of what appears to be heart failure. Ironically Peter had been enjoying a long period of sobriety and improved health and was imminently due to begin writing and recording new music for our follow up to "Dead Again" released in 2007.
The official cause of death has yet to be determined pending autopsy results. The funeral services will be private and memorial services will be announced at a future date. We’d like to share our thoughts and those of Peter's family below. We are truly saddened to lose our friend and appreciate the tremendous outpouring today from around the world.
In a November 2010 interview with Rock Hard magazine, Johnny Kelly and Kenny Hickey confirmed that following Steele's death, Type O Negative had definitely split-up.
Roadrunner Records released a box set of all the band's albums (with the exception of Dead Again) for Back to Black Friday 2011, a spinoff of Record Store Day, on November 25, 2011. Each vinyl cover has no text and The Origin of the Feces uses its original cover art. The box set also contains various bumper stickers related to the band.
Steele cited Black Sabbath, The Beatles, and The Doors as main influences on Type O Negative. Other influences are psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd, hard rock and metal bands like Deep Purple, Led Zeppelin, Judas Priest and AC/DC, as well Hardcore groups like Agnostic Front and goth rock/post punk bands such as Bauhaus, Joy Division, Cocteau Twins and Dead Can Dance.
Soundtracks and covers
Type O Negative's songs have appeared in numerous motion pictures, including "Blood and Fire (Out of the Ashes Remix)" on the 1995 Mortal Kombat movie soundtrack (also on the bonus CD of Life is Killing Me), "Love You to Death" in Bride of Chucky, "(We Were) Electrocute" in Freddy vs. Jason, and "Summer Breeze" in I Know What You Did Last Summer. As a result of Howard Stern being a self-professed fan, Private Parts: The Album contains "Pictures of Matchstick Men" with the band playing music and Ozzy Osbourne on vocals. "Haunted" also appears on The Blair Witch Project "soundtrack CD" (the album's concept was to contain songs from "a tape that was found in the woods with the students' gear"). In 1998, Arrow Videos made their own version of the 1922 classic horror film Nosferatu, by simply overdubbing the silent film with a soundtrack consisting entirely of Type O Negative tracks, taken from the first four albums. This version is now on DVD from DigiView Entertainment, a company that makes budget-priced DVDs. It also has an introduction by actor David Carradine.
In other media, the computer game Descent 2 features a shortened, instrumental version of the track "Haunted". Additionally, Descent 2: The Vertigo Series contains a full-length version of the instrumental; the compilation Duke Nukem: Music to Score By features "Cinnamon Girl (Extended Depression Mix)"; "Love You to Death" in the computer game Blood; "Out of the Fire" from the Life is Killing Me bonus CD was a theme created for WWE Superstar Kane, but was never used. Recently, the opening two seconds of "I Don't Wanna Be Me" were used as a frequent sample in Grand Theft Auto IV, on the Liberty Rock Radio Station. Most recently, the 2012 video game The Darkness II features Type O Negative's "Black No. 1" in its multiplayer lobby, played at random amongst other songs.
Type O Negative performed and recorded numerous covers. The Doors' "Light My Fire" has been covered live numerous times, mostly during the 90s. Steele has described the song as "probably the greatest song ever written" before apologizing for having "destroyed it". Seals and Crofts' "Summer Breeze" appears on Bloody Kisses, and Neil Young's "Cinnamon Girl" appears on October Rust. The tongue-in-cheek "Angry Inch" (from Hedwig and the Angry Inch) appears on Life is Killing Me. World Coming Down includes a Beatles medley consisting of "Day Tripper", "If I Needed Someone", and "I Want You (She's So Heavy)". Other covers include a rendition of Black Sabbath's "Paranoid" and "N.I.B."; Status Quo's "Pictures of Matchstick Men" with Ozzy Osbourne, two versions of "Black Sabbath" (one with the original lyrics and one rewritten by Peter Steele to be from Satan's perspective), Jimi Hendrix's "Hey Joe" (rewritten as "Hey Pete"); The Beatles' "Back in the U.S.S.R.", Deep Purple's "Highway Star" and Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Bad Moon Rising". A medley of Santana's "Evil Ways", "Oye Como Va", and "Black Magic Woman" are also available on the CD accompanying the DVD Symphony for the Devil. The 2007 tour song set started with a cover of "Magical Mystery Tour" from The Beatles.
"In the Flesh", originally written by Pink Floyd from their album "The Wall", is another song that Type O Negative covered, as they used it as the opening song for their 1999 World Tour. Their version can be seen on the live DVD, "Symphony for the Devil". Also on the same DVD, in "Too Late: Frozen", the intro began with Jethro Tull's "Aqualung".
- Peter Steele – lead vocals, bass, additional keyboards and guitar (1989–2010; his death)
- Kenny Hickey – guitar, backing vocals, additional co-lead vocals (1989–2010)
- Josh Silver – keyboards, piano, effects, synthesizer, programming, backing vocals (1989–2010)
- Sal Abruscato – drums, percussions, backing vocals (1989-1994)
- Johnny Kelly – drums, percussions, backing vocals (1994–2010)
For a complete discography, see Type O Negative discography.
- Slow, Deep and Hard (1991)
- The Origin of the Feces (1992)
- Bloody Kisses (1993)
- October Rust (1996)
- World Coming Down (1999)
- Life Is Killing Me (2003)
- Dead Again (2007)
- Huey, Steve. "Type O Negative – Music Biography". Allrovi. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Pratt, Greg (April 15, 2010). "Type O Negative's Peter Steele Dies at 48". Exclaim!. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Peter Steele, of Heavy Metal Band Type O Negative, Dies at 48". The New York Times. April 20, 2010. p. B10. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Jenkins, Mark (October 22, 1999). "TYPE O NEGATIVE 'World Coming Down'". The Washington Post.
...the Brooklyn goth-metal band shows some unexpected warmth...
- Martin, Dan (March 16, 2007). "Type O Negative: Dead Again". NME. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
Brooklyn's Type O Negative, or 'The Drab Four' as they're probably known to their friends...
- King, Jackie Lee (April 9, 2007). "Type O Negative at Metro Chicago". unratedmagazine.com. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
...while referring to themselves as the Drab Four (in homage to Beatles.)
- Kaufman, Gil. "Peter Steele, Type O Negative Singer, Dead At 48: Singer reportedly died of heart failure, according to manager.". mtv.com. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
Type O released seven studio albums, with their most recent being 2007's Dead Again.
- "Peter Steele, of Heavy Metal Band Type O Negative, Dies at 48". The New York Times. April 19, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- TYPE O NEGATIVE Keyboardist Confirms PETER STEELE's Death – Apr. 15, 2010 at blabbermouth.net
- Raymond, Laurent (January 2011). "Type O Negative/Seventh Void: The Show must go on". Rock Hard. 106: 40. (Interview with Kenny Hickey, Johnny Kelly and Matt Brown, November 27, 2010)
- Stingley, Mick (April 15, 2010). "Type O Negative Frontman Peter Steele Dies". billboard.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
Born in 1962, Steele played in a number of hardcore bands around his native Brooklyn before starting Carnivore,...
- Stingley, Mick (April 15, 2010). "Type O Negative Frontman Peter Steele Dies". billboard.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
Their first release, 'Slow, Deep And Hard' (1991, RoadRunner) was notable for both its long dirges and thrash breaks, and dark, humorous lyrics.
- "Yahoo Music - Exclusive New Music and Music Videos". Music.yahoo.com. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
- "Type O Negative - The Origin of the Feces (Not Live at Brighton Beach) - Reviews - Encyclopaedia Metallum". The Metal Archives. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
- Kreps, Daniel (April 15, 2010). "Type O Negative Singer Peter Steele Dead at 48". rollingstone.com. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
Type O Negative became one of the most unlikely bands to break into the mainstream in the 1990s with their third album Bloody Kisses, which became the first album released by Roadrunner Records to go platinum.
- "Type O Negative flows into central Iowa - Iowa State Daily: Home". Iowa State Daily. 1997-02-04. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
- Matt, Metal (September 22, 2015). "Remembering World Coming Down: The Fall of Type O Negative".
- "Type O Negative - World Coming Down (album review 3) - Sputnikmusic".
- Manny-O-War (September 30, 2015). "Retrospective: Type O Negative – "World Coming Down"".
- "# TYPE O NEGATIVE # Interview with... Peter [wywiad] #".
- Wiederhorn, Jon (April 15, 2010). "Peter Steele Of Type O Negative: A Remembrance, Frontman's dark image belied his friendly, humorous personality.". mtv.com. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
In 2003, Type O Negative released what turned out to be their penultimate album, Life Is Killing Me.
- "Type O Negative Billboard Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "Marek Lieberberg Presents: Rock-am-Ring 2008!". Rock-am-ring.com. December 23, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
- "Peter Steele, 48, Singer and Bassist". The New York Times. April 20, 2010. p. B10.
Peter Steele, the singer, bassist and chief songwriter for the heavy metal band Type O Negative, died on Wednesday. He was 48. His death was announced on the band's Web site (typeonegative.net). The announcement said that the cause had not yet been officially determined but appeared to be heart failure
- "Type O Negative' Official Computer Email Page". Typeonegative.net. April 15, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- "Official Record Store Day Website". recordstoreday.com. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- "Interview with The Vampire: Peter Steele of Type O Negative". theroc.org. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "Type O Negative – Light My Fire". YouTube. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
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