University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
|North Carolina University
|Motto||Lux libertas (Latin)|
Motto in English
|Light and liberty|
|Established||December 11, 1789|
|Endowment||$2.890 billion (2016)|
|3,696 (Fall 2013)|
|8,287 (Fall 2013)|
|Students||29,084 (Fall 2015)|
|Undergraduates||18,415 (Fall 2015)|
|Postgraduates||10,669 (Fall 2015)|
|Location||Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.|
729 acres (3.0 km2)
|Colors||Carolina Blue & white
|Athletics||NCAA Division I FBS – ACC|
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, also known as UNC, or simply Carolina, is a public research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. It is one of the 17 campuses of the University of North Carolina system. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which also allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States.
The first public institution of higher education in North Carolina, the school opened its doors to students on February 12, 1795. The university offers degrees in over 70 courses of study through fourteen colleges and the College of Arts and Sciences. All undergraduates receive a liberal arts education and have the option to pursue a major within the professional schools of the university or within the College of Arts and Sciences from the time they obtain junior status. Under the leadership of President Kemp Plummer Battle, in 1877 North Carolina became coeducational and began the process of desegregation in 1951 when African-American graduate students were admitted under Chancellor Robert Burton House. In 1952, North Carolina opened its own hospital, UNC Health Care, for research and treatment, and has since specialized in cancer care. The school's students, alumni, and sports teams are known as "Tar Heels".
The campus covers 729 acres (3 km2) of Chapel Hill's downtown area, encompassing the Morehead Planetarium and the many stores and shops located on Franklin Street. Students can participate in over 550 officially recognized student organizations. The student-run newspaper The Daily Tar Heel has won national awards for collegiate media, while the student radio station WXYC provided the world's first internet radio broadcast. North Carolina is one of the charter members of the Atlantic Coast Conference, which was founded on June 14, 1953. Competing athletically as the Tar Heels, North Carolina has achieved great success in sports, most notably in men's basketball, women's soccer, and women's field hockey.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Athletics
- 5 Student life
- 6 Alumni
- 7 Criticism
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly on December 11, 1789, the university's cornerstone was laid on October 12, 1793, near the ruins of a chapel, chosen because of its central location within the state. The first public university chartered under the US Constitution, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is one of three universities that claims to be the oldest public university in the United States and the only such institution to confer degrees in the eighteenth century.
During the Civil War, North Carolina Governor David Lowry Swain persuaded Confederate President Jefferson Davis to exempt some students from the draft, so the university was one of the few in the Confederacy that managed to stay open. However, Chapel Hill suffered the loss of more of its population during the war than any village in the South, and when student numbers did not recover, the university was forced to close during Reconstruction from December 1, 1870 until September 6, 1875.
Despite initial skepticism from university President Frank Porter Graham, on March 27, 1931, legislation was passed to group the University of North Carolina with the State College of Agriculture and Engineering and Woman's College of the University of North Carolina to form the Consolidated University of North Carolina. In 1963, the consolidated university was made fully coeducational, although most women still attended Woman's College for their first two years, transferring to Chapel Hill as juniors, since freshmen were required to live on campus and there was only one women's dorm. As a result, Woman's College was renamed the "University of North Carolina at Greensboro", and the University of North Carolina became the "University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill." In 1955, UNC Chapel Hill officially desegregated its undergraduate divisions.
During World War II, UNC Chapel Hill was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission.
During the 1960s, the campus was the location of significant political protest. Prior to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, protests about local racial segregation which began quietly in Franklin Street restaurants led to mass demonstrations and disturbance. The climate of civil unrest prompted the 1963 Speaker Ban Law prohibiting speeches by communists on state campuses in North Carolina. The law was immediately criticized by university Chancellor William Brantley Aycock and university President William Friday, but was not reviewed by the North Carolina General Assembly until 1965. Small amendments to allow "infrequent" visits failed to placate the student body, especially when the university's board of trustees overruled new Chancellor Paul Frederick Sharp's decision to allow speaking invitations to Marxist speaker Herbert Aptheker and civil liberties activist Frank Wilkinson; however, the two speakers came to Chapel Hill anyway. Wilkinson spoke off campus, while more than 1,500 students viewed Aptheker's speech across a low campus wall at the edge of campus, christened "Dan Moore's Wall" by The Daily Tar Heel for Governor Dan K. Moore. A group of UNC Chapel Hill students, led by Student Body President Paul Dickson, filed a lawsuit in U.S. federal court, and on February 20, 1968, the Speaker Ban Law was struck down. In 1969, campus food workers of Lenoir Hall went on strike protesting perceived racial injustices that impacted their employment, garnering the support of student groups and members of the University and Chapel Hill community.
From the late 1990s and onward, UNC Chapel Hill expanded rapidly with a 15% increase in total student population to more than 28,000 by 2007. This was accompanied by the construction of new facilities, funded in part by the "Carolina First" fundraising campaign and an endowment that increased fourfold to more than $2 billion in just ten years. Professor Oliver Smithies was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2007 for his work in genetics. Additionally, Aziz Sancar was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2015 for his work in understanding the molecular repair mechanisms of DNA.
Notable leaders of the university include the 26th Governor of North Carolina, David Lowry Swain (president 1835–1868); and Edwin Anderson Alderman (1896–1900), who was also president of Tulane University and the University of Virginia. The current chancellor is Carol Folt, the first woman to hold the post.
UNC Chapel Hill's 729-acre (3.0 km2) campus is dominated by two central quads: Polk Place and McCorkle Place. Polk Place is named after North Carolina native and university alumnus President James K. Polk, and McCorkle Place is named in honor of Samuel Eusebius McCorkle, the original author of the bill requesting the university's charter. Adjacent to Polk Place is a sunken brick courtyard known as the Pit where students will gather, often engaging in lively debate with speakers such as the Pit Preacher. The Morehead–Patterson Bell Tower, located in the heart of campus, tolls the quarter-hour. In 1999, UNC Chapel Hill was one of sixteen recipients of the American Society of Landscape Architects Medallion Awards and was identified as one of 50 college or university "works of art" by T.A. Gaines in his book The Campus as a Work of Art.
The university's campus is informally divided into three regions, usually referred to as "north campus," "middle campus," and "south campus." North campus includes the two quads along with the Pit, Frank Porter Graham Student Union, and the Davis, House, and Wilson libraries. Almost all classrooms are located in north campus along with several undergraduate residence halls. Middle campus includes Fetzer Field and Woollen Gymnasium along with the Student Recreation Center, Kenan Memorial Stadium, Irwin Belk outdoor track, Eddie Smith Field House, Boshamer Stadium, Carmichael Auditorium, the Sonja Haynes Stone Center for Black Culture and History, School of Government, School of Law, George Watts Hill Alumni Center, Ram's Head complex (with a dining hall, parking garage, grocery store, and gymnasium), and various residence halls. South campus includes the Dean Smith Center for men's basketball, Koury Natatorium, School of Medicine, UNC Hospitals, Kenan–Flagler Business School, and the newest student residence halls.
A new satellite campus, Carolina North, to be built on the site of Horace Williams Airport was approved in 2007. This is planned to be primarily a research park with expanded science facilities, but will also add classrooms and residence halls to cope with future increases in student population.
The principles of sustainability have been integrated throughout much of UNC Chapel Hill. In the area of green building, the university requires that all new projects meet the requirements for LEED Silver certification and is in the process of building the first building in North Carolina to receive LEED Platinum status. UNC Chapel Hill's award-winning co-generation facility produces one-fourth of the electricity and all of the steam used on campus. In 2006, the university and the Town of Chapel Hill jointly agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 60% by 2050, becoming the first town-gown partnership in the country to do so. Through these efforts, the university achieved a "A−" grade on the Sustainable Endowment Institute's College Sustainability Report Card 2010. Only 14 out of 300 universities received a higher score than this.
Old Well and McCorkle Place
The most enduring symbol of the university is the Old Well, a small neoclassical rotunda based on the Temple of Love in the Gardens of Versailles, in the same location as the original well that provided water for the school. The well stands at the south end of McCorkle Place, the northern quad, between two of the campus's oldest buildings, Old East, and Old West. Also located in McCorkle Place is the Davie Poplar tree under which the university's founder, William Richardson Davie, supposedly selected the location for the university. The legend of the Davie Poplar says that if the tree falls, so will UNC Chapel Hill. Because of the tree's questionable health from damage caused by severe weather such as Hurricane Fran in 1996, the university has planted two genetic clones nearby called Davie Poplar Jr. and Davie Poplar III. The second clone, Davie Poplar III, was planted in conjunction with the university's bicentennial celebration in 1993 by President Bill Clinton.
Another university landmark is the Confederate monument, known to students as Silent Sam, erected to commemorate UNC Chapel Hill students who died fighting for the Confederacy. The statue has at times been dogged by controversy, some critics claiming that the monument invokes memories of racism and slavery, while others counter that "Silent Sam" is simply historical and a part of the rich heritage of the South. The statue depicts a soldier armed with a rifle, but lacking a cartridge box. Thus, Silent Sam does not carry any ammunition and is a "benign" soldier. The statue was erected in 1913 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy to honor the school's Confederate heroes. The student members of the university's Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies are not allowed to walk on the grass of McCorkle Place out of respect for the unknown resting place of Joseph Caldwell, the university's first president.
The Morehead–Patterson bell tower was commissioned by John Motley Morehead III, the benefactor of the Morehead Scholarship. The hedge and surrounding landscape was designed by William C. Coker, botany professor and creator of the campus arboretum. Traditionally, seniors have the opportunity to climb the tower a few days prior to May commencement.
The historic Playmakers Theatre is located on Cameron Avenue between McCorkle Place and Polk Place. It was designed by Alexander Jackson Davis, the same architect who renovated the northern façade of Old East in 1844. The east-facing building was completed in 1851 and initially served as a library and as a ballroom. It was originally named Smith Hall after North Carolina Governor General Benjamin Smith, who was a special aide to George Washington during the American Revolutionary War and was an early benefactor to the university. When the library moved to Hill Hall in 1907, the School of Law occupied Smith Hall until 1923. In 1925, the structure was renovated and used as a stage by the university theater group, the Carolina Playmakers. It has remained a theater to the present day. Louis Round Wilson wrote in 1957 that Playmakers Theatre is the "architectural gem of the campus." Playmakers Theatre was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973. Today, the building is a venue for student drama productions, concerts, and events sponsored by academic departments. In 2006, the university began a renovation of Playmakers Theatre, which has included an exterior paint job and interior remodeling. The renovation is expected to be complete by the end of 2010.
UNC Chapel Hill offers 71 bachelor's, 107 master's and 74 doctoral degree programs. The university enrolls more than 28,000 students from all 100 North Carolina counties, the other 49 states, and 47 other countries. It is the second largest university in North Carolina. State law requires that the percentage of students from North Carolina in each freshman class meet or exceed 82%. The student body consists of 17,981 undergraduate students and 10,935 graduate and professional students (as of Fall 2009). Minorities comprise 30.8% of UNC Chapel Hill's undergraduate population and applications from international students have more than doubled in the last five years (from 702 in 2004 to 1,629 in 2009). Eighty-nine percent of enrolling first year students in 2009 reported a GPA of 4.0 or higher on a weighted 4.0 scale. UNC Chapel Hill students are strong competitors for national and international scholarships. In 2009, two UNC Chapel Hill seniors won Rhodes Scholarships. The most popular majors at UNC Chapel Hill are Biology, Business Administration, Psychology, Media and Journalism, and Political Science. UNC Chapel Hill also offers 300 study abroad programs in 70 countries.
At the undergraduate level, all students must fulfill a number of general education requirements as part of the Making Connections curriculum, which was introduced in 2006. English, social science, history, foreign language, mathematics, and natural science courses are required of all students, ensuring that they receive a broad liberal arts education. The university also offers a wide range of first year seminars for incoming freshmen. After their second year, students move on to the College of Arts and Sciences, or choose an undergraduate professional school program within the schools of medicine, nursing, business, education, pharmacy, information and library science, public health, or media and journalism. Undergraduates are held to an eight-semester limit of study.
UNC Chapel Hill's admissions process is "most selective" according to U.S. News & World Report. State law requires that the percentage of in-state students per freshman class be at least 82%, making out-of-state admissions particularly selective. For freshmen entering Fall 2016, 9,386 were accepted out of 35,875 applicants, a 26% acceptance rate, and 4,228 enrolled. Women constituted 60% of the incoming class; men 40%.
Among freshman students who enrolled in fall 2016, SAT scores for the middle 50% ranged from 600-700 for critical reading, 610-720 for math, and 580-690 for writing. ACT composite scores for the middle 50% ranged from 28–33. In terms of class rank, 78% of enrolled freshmen were in the top 10% of their high school classes.
Department of Public Policy
The UNC Chapel Hill Department of Public Policy, established in 2001, is a public policy program offering specializations in areas such as global health policy, education policy, tax policy, and social justice.
Established in 1979, the Curriculum in Public Policy Analysis was one of the first undergraduate degree programs in public policy, and a charter member of the national Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management. It was augmented in 1991 by an interdisciplinary PhD Curriculum in Public Policy Analysis. In 1995 the two curricula were combined and began recruiting their own core faculty. In 2001 the combined curriculum became the present Department of Public Policy.
The university has a longstanding Honor Code known as the "Instrument of Student Judicial Governance," supplemented by an entirely student-run Honor System to resolve issues with students accused of academic and conduct offenses against the university community. The Honor System is divided into three branches: the Student Attorney General Staff, the Honor Court, and the Honor System Outreach. The Student Attorney General is appointed by the Student Body President to investigate all reports of Honor Code violations and determine whether or not to bring charges against the student as detailed in the "Instrument." The Attorney General is supported by a select staff of around 40 students. The Honor Court is led by the Chair, who is appointed by the Student Body President, and supported by Vice Chairs who adjudicate all students' hearings. The Honor Court as a whole is made up of some 80 selected students. The Honor System Outreach is a branch of the System solely devoted to promoting honor and integrity in the university community. UNC Chapel Hill is the only public university, with the exception of the military academies, that has a completely student-run system from the beginning to the end of the process.
UNC Chapel Hill's library system includes a number of individual libraries housed throughout the campus and holds more than 7.0 million volumes in total. UNC Chapel Hill's North Carolina Collection (NCC) is the largest and most comprehensive collection of holdings about any single state nationwide. The unparalleled assemblage of literary, visual, and artifactual materials documents four centuries of North Carolina history and culture. The North Carolina Collection is housed in Wilson Library, named after Louis Round Wilson, along with the Southern Historical Collection, the Rare Books Collection, and the Southern Folklife Collection. The university is home to ibiblio, one of the world's largest collections of freely available information including software, music, literature, art, history, science, politics, and cultural studies.
The Davis Library, situated near the Pit, is the main library and the largest academic facility and state-owned building in North Carolina. It was named after North Carolina philanthropist Walter Royal Davis and opened on February 6, 1984. The first book checked out of Davis Library was George Orwell's 1984. The R.B. House Undergraduate Library is located between the Pit area and Wilson Library. It is named after Robert B. House, the Chancellor of UNC Chapel Hill from 1945 to 1957, and it opened in 1968. In 2001, the R.B. House Undergraduate Library underwent a $9.9 million renovation that modernized the furnishings, equipment, and infrastructure of the building. Prior to the construction of Davis, Wilson Library was the university's main library, but now Wilson hosts special events and houses special collections, rare books, and temporary exhibits.
The library oversees "Documenting the American South," a free public access website of "digitized primary materials that offer Southern perspectives on American history and culture." The project began in 1996. In 2009 the library launched the North Carolina Digital Heritage Center, a statewide digital library, in partnership with other organizations.
Rankings and reputation
|U.S. News & World Report||30|
|U.S. News & World Report||27|
The university was named a Public Ivy by Richard Moll in his 1985 book The Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, and in later guides by Howard and Matthew Greene. Many of UNC Chapel Hill's professional schools have achieved high rankings in publications such as Forbes magazine, as well as annual U.S. News & World Report surveys. In 2016, U.S. News & World Report ranked UNC Chapel Hill business school's MBA program as the 16th best in the nation. In the 2015 edition, U.S. News & World Report ranked the UNC Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health as the top public school of public health in the United States, and tied for second best school of public health in the U.S. (behind Johns Hopkins and tied with Harvard). The UNC Chapel Hill Eshelman School of Pharmacy was ranked first among pharmacy schools in the United States in 2016 by U.S. News & World Report. In 2005, Business Week ranked UNC Chapel Hill business school's Executive MBA program as the 5th best in the United States. Other highly ranked schools include journalism and mass communication, law, library and information science, medicine, dentistry, and city and regional planning. Nationally, UNC Chapel Hill is in the top ten public universities for research. Internationally, the 2016 QS World University Rankings ranked North Carolina 78th in the world (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings).
UNC Chapel Hill's undergraduate program is ranked 30th in the United States by U.S. News & World Report and is consistently ranked among the nation's top five public universities, just behind UC Berkeley, University of Virginia, UCLA, and the University of Michigan. Kiplinger's Personal Finance in 2015 ranked UNC Chapel Hill as the number one "best value" public college in the country. The university also topped The Princeton Review's list of the Best Value Colleges in 2014. Similarly, the university is first among public universities and ninth overall in "Great Schools, Great Prices", on the basis of academic quality, net cost of attendance and average student debt. Along with one of the nation's most acclaimed undergraduate honors programs in a public institution, UNC Chapel Hill also has the highest percentage of undergraduates studying abroad for any public institution.
The University is also a large recipient of National Institute of Health grants and funds. For fiscal year 2014, the university received $247,555,416 in NIH funds for research. This amount makes Chapel Hill the 7th overall recipient to research funds in the nation by the NIH.
For decades UNC Chapel Hill has offered an undergraduate merit scholarship known as the Morehead-Cain Scholarship. Recipients receive tuition, room and board, books, and funds for summer study for four years. Since the inception of the Morehead scholarship program, 29 alumni of the program have been named Rhodes Scholars. North Carolina also boasts the Robertson Scholars Program, a scholarship granting recipients the opportunity to attend both UNC Chapel Hill and neighboring Duke University. Additionally, the university provides merit-based scholarships and scholarships based on a combination of merit and financial need, including the Carolina, Colonel Robinson, Johnston and Pogue Scholars programs.
In 2003, Chancellor James Moeser announced the Carolina Covenant, which provides a debt free education to low-income students who are academically qualified to attend the university. The program was the second in the nation (following Princeton) and the first of its kind at a public university. About 80 other universities have since followed suit.
North Carolina is tied for the largest number of Rhodes Scholars among public universities (47 since 1902) with the University of Virginia. Additionally, many students have won Truman, Goldwater, Mitchell, Churchill, Fulbright, Marshall, Udall, and Mellon scholarships.
From 1993 to 2011 UNC Chapel Hill offered independent study courses within the Department of African and Afro-American Studies that consistently awarded high grades regardless of the quality of the work submitted. The final research papers generally received only a cursory review by an administrator without faculty oversight. During the 18-year period the courses saw 3,100 enrollees, of which slightly fewer than half were athletes. A report released in October 2014 by former federal prosecutor Kenneth L. Wainstein showed that a number of faculty and administrators, including some members of the athletic support department and the director of the Parr Center for Ethics, had varying levels of knowledge about the nature of the courses. Members of the athletic support staff raised concerns with the College of Arts and Sciences on multiple occasions, but they were repeatedly rebuffed by an Associate Dean, who claimed that professors are free to run their classes as they see fit; nine employees were eventually terminated or placed under disciplinary review for their role in the classes. In June 2015, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools' Commission on Colleges put UNC Chapel Hill on one year of probation.
North Carolina's athletic teams are known as the Tar Heels. They compete as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I level (Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) sub-level for football), primarily competing in the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) for all sports since the 1953–54 season. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, fencing, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, swimming & diving, tennis, track & field and Wrestling; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, fencing, field hockey, golf, gymnastics, lacrosse, rowing, soccer, softball, swimming and diving, tennis, track & field and volleyball.
The NCAA refers to UNC Chapel Hill as the "University of North Carolina" for athletics. As of Fall 2011, the university had won 40 NCAA team championships in six different sports, eighth all-time. These include twenty one NCAA championships in women's soccer, six in women's field hockey, four in men's lacrosse, six in men's basketball, one in women's basketball, and two in men's soccer. The Men's basketball team won its 6th NCAA basketball championship in 2017, the third for Coach Roy Williams since he took the job as head coach. Other recent successes include the 2011 College Cup in men's soccer, and four consecutive College World Series appearances by the baseball team from 2006 to 2009. In 1994, the university's athletic programs won the Sears Directors Cup "all-sports national championship" awarded for cumulative performance in NCAA competition. Consensus collegiate national athletes of the year from North Carolina include Rachel Dawson in field hockey; Phil Ford, Tyler Hansbrough, Antawn Jamison, Vince Carter, James Worthy and Michael Jordan in men's basketball; and Mia Hamm (twice), Shannon Higgins, Kristine Lilly, and Tisha Venturini in women's soccer.
Mascot and nickname
The university's teams are nicknamed the "Tar Heels," in reference to the state's eighteenth century prominence as a tar and pitch producer. The nickname's cultural relevance, however, has a complex history that includes anecdotal tales from both the American Civil War and the American Revolution. The mascot is a live Dorset ram named Rameses, a tradition that dates back to 1924, when the team manager brought a ram to the annual game against Virginia Military Institute, inspired by the play of former football player Jack "The Battering Ram" Merrit. The kicker rubbed his head for good luck before a game-winning field goal, and the ram stayed. There is also an anthropomorphic ram mascot who appears at games. The modern Rameses is depicted in a sailor's hat, a reference to a United States Navy flight training program that was attached to the university during World War II.
The Carolina Way
Dean Smith was widely known for his idea of "The Carolina Way", in which he challenged his players to, "Play hard, play smart, play together."  "The Carolina Way" was an idea of excellence in the classroom, as well as on the court. In Coach Smith's book, The Carolina Way, former player Scott Williams said, regarding Dean Smith, "Winning was very important at Carolina, and there was much pressure to win, but Coach cared more about our getting a sound education and turning into good citizens than he did about winning."
The October 22, 2014 release of the Wainstein Report alleging institutionalized academic fraud that involved over 3,100 students and student athletes, over an 18-year period from 1993 to 2011 that began during the final years of the Dean Smith era, marred "The Carolina Way" image. The report alleged that at least 54 players during the Dean Smith era were enrolled in what came to be known as "paper classes."  In response to the allegations of the Wainstein report, the NCAA launched their own investigation and on June 5, 2015 accused the institution of five major violations (including lack of institutional control). Sports Illustrated has since gone on to say, "The Carolina Way" is no longer shorthand for all that is admirable and salutary in college sports." 
The South's Oldest Rivalry between North Carolina and its first opponent, the University of Virginia, was prominent throughout the first third of the twentieth century. The 119th meeting in football between two of the top public universities in the east occurred in October 2014.
One of the fiercest rivalries is with Durham's Duke University. Located only eight miles from each other, the schools regularly compete in both athletics and academics. The Carolina-Duke rivalry is most intense, however, in basketball. With a combined eleven national championships in men's basketball, both teams have been frequent contenders for the national championship for the past thirty years. The rivalry has been the focus of several books, including Will Blythe's To Hate Like This Is to Be Happy Forever and was the focus of the HBO documentary Battle for Tobacco Road: Duke vs Carolina. Duke was Carolina's biggest rival from the 1930's until the early 1960's, when Duke's declining athletic program shifted Carolina's rival focus to North Carolina State.
Carolina holds an in-state rivalry with fellow Tobacco Road school, North Carolina State University. Attention shifted back to Duke following a decline in NC State's basketball program since the mid-1970's (and the resurgence of Duke's basketball program), but the rivalry is sometimes still considered the most bitter in the state. Combined, the two schools hold seven NCAA Championships and 27 ACC Championships in basketball. Students from each school often exchange pranks before basketball and football games.
While students previously held "Beat Duke" parades on Franklin Street before sporting events, today students and sports fans have been known to spill out of bars and dormitories upon the victory of one of Carolina's sports teams. In most cases, a Franklin Street "bonfire" celebration is due to a victory by the men's basketball team, although other Franklin Street celebrations have stemmed from wins by the women's basketball team and women's soccer team. The first known student celebration on Franklin Street came after the 1957 men's basketball team capped their perfect season with a National Championship victory over the Kansas Jayhawks. From then on, students have flooded the street after important victories. After a Final Four victory in 1981 and the men's basketball team won the 1982 NCAA Championship, Franklin Street was painted blue by the fans who had rushed the street. This event has led local vendors to stop selling Carolina blue paint as the Tar Heels near the national championship.
Since the beginning of intercollegiate athletics at UNC Chapel Hill in the late nineteenth century, the school's colors have been Carolina blue and white. The colors were chosen years before by the Dialectic (blue) and Philanthropic (white) Societies, the oldest student organization at the university. The school had required participation in one of the clubs, and traditionally the "Di"s were from the western part of North Carolina while the "Phi"s were from the eastern part of the state.
Society members would wear a blue or white ribbon at university functions, and blue or white ribbons were attached to their diplomas at graduation. On public occasions, both groups were equally represented, and eventually both colors were used by processional leaders to signify the unity of both groups as part of the university. When football became a popular collegiate sport in the 1880s, the Carolina football team adopted the light blue and white of the Di-Phi Societies as the school colors.
Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement, convocation, and athletic games are the university fight songs "I'm a Tar Heel Born" and "Here Comes Carolina". The fight songs are often played by the bell tower near the center of campus, as well as after major victories. "I'm a Tar Heel Born" originated in the late 1920s as a tag to the school's alma mater, "Hark The Sound". "Hark the Sound" was usually played at the end of games, but as of late it has been played at the beginning of games as well.
Organizations and activities
Most student organizations at UNC Chapel Hill are officially recognized and provided with assistance by the Carolina Union, an administrative unit of the university. Funding is derived from the student government student activity fee, which is allocated at the discretion of the student congress.
The largest student fundraiser, the UNC Chapel Hill Dance Marathon, involves thousands of students, faculty, and community members in raising funds for the North Carolina Children's Hospital. The organization conducts fundraising and volunteer activities throughout the year and, as of 2008, had donated $1.4 million since its inception in 1999.
The university is also noted for its Campus Y, the social justice hub on campus that houses many service and internationally focused organizations. The Campus Y was founded in 1859, and is noted as a "leader in on-campus discussion and dialogue and off-campus service and activism". The Campus Y was at the center of many progressive movements within the university, including the racial integration of the student body, the effort to improve wages and working conditions for University employees,and the establishment of the Sonja Haynes Stones Center for Black Culture and History. The Y is a collection of many UNC Chapel Hill specific and outside organizations, such as Carolina Kickoff, STAND, Nourish International, Carolina Microfinance Initiative, Homeless Outreach & Poverty Eradication (HOPE), and Project Literacy.
The student-run newspaper The Daily Tar Heel is ranked highly by The Princeton Review, and received the 2004–5 National Pacemaker Award from the Associated Collegiate Press. Founded in 1977, WXYC 89.3 FM is UNC Chapel Hill's student radio station that broadcasts 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Programming is left up to student DJs. WXYC typically plays little heard music from a wide range of genres and eras. On November 7, 1994, WXYC became the first radio station in the world to broadcast its signal over the internet. A student-run television station, STV, airs on the campus cable and throughout the Chapel Hill Time Warner Cable system. Founded in 1948 as successor to the Carolina Magazine, the Carolina Quarterly, edited by graduate students, has published the works of numerous authors, including Wendell Berry, Raymond Carver, Don DeLillo, Annie Dillard, Joyce Carol Oates, and John Edgar Wideman. Works appearing in the Quarterly have been anthologized in Best American Short Stories and New Stories from the South and have won the Pushcart and O. Henry Prizes.
The Clef Hangers (also known as the Clefs) are the university's oldest a cappella group, founded by Barry Saunders in 1977. The group has since won several Contemporary A Cappella Recording Awards (CARAs), including Best Soloist in the song Easy, featured on the 2003 album Breeze. They have won two more CARAs for Best Male Collegiate Songs for My Love on Time Out (2008), and for Ain't Nothing Wrong on Twist (2009). Members have included Brendan James, who graduated in 2002, and Anoop Desai, who graduated in 2008. Since the spring of 2002, the Clef Hangers have sung each year at Commencement. They hold fall and spring concerts, sometimes featuring special guests.
The Residence Hall Association, the school's third-largest student-run organization, is dedicated to enhancing the experience of students living in residence halls. This includes putting on social, educational, and philanthropic programs for residents; recognizing outstanding residents and members; and helping residents develop into successful leaders. The organization is run by 8 student executive officers; 16 student governors that represent each residence hall community; and numerous community government members. RHA is the campus organization of NACURH, the largest student organization in the world. In 2010 the organization won the national RHA Building Block Award, which is awarded to the school with the most improved RHA organization.
The athletic teams at the university are supported by the Marching Tar Heels, the university's marching band. The entire 275-member volunteer band is present at every home football game, and smaller pep bands play at all home basketball games. Each member of the band is also required to play in at least one of five pep bands that play at athletic events of the 26 other sports.
UNC Chapel Hill has a regional theater company in residence, the Playmakers Repertory Company, and hosts regular dance, drama, and music performances on campus. The school has an outdoor stone amphitheatre known as Forest Theatre used for weddings and drama productions. Forest Theatre is dedicated to Professor Frederick Koch, the founder of the Carolina Playmakers and the father American folk drama.
Many fraternities and sororities on campus belong to the National Panhellenic Conference (NPC), Interfraternity Council (IFC), Greek Alliance Council, and National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC). As of spring 2010, eighteen percent of undergraduates were Greek (1146 men and 1693 women out of 17,160 total). The total number of community service hours completed for the 2010 spring semester by fraternities and sororities was 51,819 hours (average of 31 hours/person). UNC Chapel Hill also offers professional and service fraternities that do not have houses but are still recognized by the school. Some of the campus honor societies include: the Order of the Golden Fleece, the Order of the Grail-Valkyries, the Order of the Old Well, the Order of the Bell Tower, and the Frank Porter Graham Honor Society.
Student government at Carolina is composed of an executive branch headed by the student body president, a legislative branch composed of a student-elected student congress, and a judicial branch which includes the honor court and student supreme court. The Judicial Reform Committee created the Instrument of Student Judicial Governance, which outlined the current Honor Code and its means for enforcement in 1974. Currently, Carolina boasts one of the only student-run judicial systems in the nation. All academic and most conduct violations are handled by the student-run Honor System. Prior to that time, the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies along with other campus organizations supported student concerns.
Lenoir Dining Hall was completed in 1939 and opened for service to students when they returned from Christmas holidays in January 1940. The building was named for General William Lenoir, first chairman of the Board of Trustees of the university in 1790. The new Rams Head Dining Hall seats 1,300 people and has a capacity for serving 10,000 meals per day. It has one large dining area, two medium size dining areas, food service staff offices, kitchen, food preparation areas, storage and a Starbucks coffee shop.
Rams Head Dining Center was opened to the students in March 2005. It includes the Rams Head Dining Hall, Starbucks, and the Rams Head Market. It was opened to offer more food service options to the students living on south campus. In addition the dining hall's hours were extended to include the 9 pm – 12 am period, a time referred to as "Late Night" by students.
On campus, the Department of Housing and Residential Education manages thirty-two residence halls, grouped into thirteen communities. These communities range from Olde Campus Upper Quad Community which includes Old East Residence Hall, the oldest building of the university, to modern communities such as Manning West, completed in 2002. First year students are required to live in one the eight "First Year Experience" residence halls. In addition to residence halls, the university oversees an additional eight apartment complexes organized into three communities, Ram Village, Odum Village, and Baity Hill Student Family Housing. Along with themed housing focusing on foreign languages and substance-free living, there are also "living-learning communities" which have been formed for specific social, gender-related, or academic needs. An example is UNITAS, sponsored by the Department of Anthropology, where residents are assigned roommates on the basis of cultural or racial differences rather than similarities. Three apartment complexes offer housing for families, graduate students, and some upperclassmen. Along with the rest of campus, all residence halls, apartments, and their surrounding grounds are smoke-free. As of 2008, 46% of all undergraduates live in university-provided housing.
With over 300,000 living former students, North Carolina has one of the largest and most active alumni groups in America. Many Tar Heels have attained local, national, and international prominence. James K. Polk served as President of the United States for a single term, William R. King was the thirteenth Vice President of the United States. North Carolina has produced many United States Senators including Paul Wellstone and Thomas Lanier Clingman, along with multiple House Representatives such as Virginia Foxx and Ike Franklin Andrews. Algenon L. Marbley and Thomas Settle have received positions of federal judgeship. Former Secretary of War and Secretary of the Army Kenneth Claiborne Royall and the fifth White House Press Secretary Jonathan W. Daniels were graduates of North Carolina. Peaches Golding was appointed by HM Queen Elizabeth II as High Sheriff of the City and County of Bristol 2010-2011, the first Black female High Sheriff and second only black High Sheriff in over 1,000 years.
Tar Heels have also made a mark on pop culture. Andy Griffith and John Forsythe became successful actors. Stuart Scott, Woody Durham, and Mick Mixon have become sportscasters. Civil War historian and writer Shelby Foote, sportswriter Peter Gammons, and Pulitzer Prize winner Lenoir Chambers all graduated from North Carolina. Other notable writers who have attended UNC Chapel Hill include Thomas Wolfe, who has a memorial on campus; National Book Award winners Walker Percy, Hayden Carruth, and Charles Frazier; Dos Passos Prize winner Russell Banks; National Book Critics Circle Award winner Ben Fountain; Pulitzer Prize finalist Lydia Millet; New Yorker columnist Joseph Mitchell; National Geographic writer John Patric; Armistead Maupin; and the notable poets Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Bollingen Prize winner Edgar Bowers.Television journalist Charles Kuralt, honored with three Peabody Awards, is a UNC Chapel Hill graduate. Three-time Pulitzer Prize winner, political cartoonist Jeff MacNelly graduated from Carolina. Caleb Bradham, the inventor of the popular soft drink Pepsi-Cola, was a member of the Philanthropic Society and the class of 1890.
Tar Heels have made their mark on the basketball court with Southern Methodist University head coach Larry Brown, title winning coach Roy Williams, Los Angeles Lakers general manager Mitch Kupchak, college player of the year award winners George Glamack, Lennie Rosenbluth, Antawn Jamison, and Tyler Hansbrough, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductees Michael Jordan, Billy Cunningham, and Robert McAdoo, great defender Bobby Jones, and NBA All-Star Vince Carter. Other notable Tar Heels include football players Lawrence Taylor, Julius Peppers, and Dré Bly, soccer stars Mia Hamm, Ashlyn Harris, Heather O'Reilly, Meghan Klingenberg, Whitney Engen, Allie Long, Lori Chalupny, Crystal Dunn and Tobin Heath, baseball standouts Dustin Ackley and B.J. Surhoff, and Olympians April Heinrichs and Vikas Gowda.
Many Tar Heels have become business leaders. The leaders include Jason Kilar, former CEO of Hulu; Howard R. Levine, chairman of the board and CEO of Family Dollar; Paul Kolton, chairman of the American Stock Exchange; Julian Robertson, founder of Tiger Management Corp.; Bill Ruger, founder of Sturm, Ruger; Warren Grice Elliott, former president of Atlantic Coast Line Railroad; Allen B. Morgan, Jr., founder and former CEO of Morgan Keegan & Company; Ken Thompson, former chairman and CEO of Wachovia; Hugh McColl, former CEO of Bank of America; Sallie Krawcheck, former CFO of Citigroup Inc. and William Johnson, the current president and CEO of Progress Energy, and John A. Allison IV, former CEO of BB&T.
UNC tuition increase
In July 2011, the public universities in North Carolina had to share a budget cut of $414 million, of which the Chapel Hill campus lost more than $100 million in 2011. This followed state budget cuts that trimmed university spending by $231million since 2007; Provost Bruce Carney said more than 130 faculty members have left UNC since 2009., with poor staff retention.
On November 17, 2011, the Board of Trustees for UNC-CH recommended a 15.6 percent increase in tuition, a historically large increase. The budget cuts in 2011 greatly affected the university and set this increased tuition plan in motion
UNC students angrily protested on November 17, with the slogan "Strike the Hikes". They believe that the university should dip into its $2.2 billion endowment, but UNC officials noted that the endowments are restricted for specific uses, such as scholarships and other financial aid. Mary Cooper (Student Body President), the lone student representative, was the only trustee to vote against the proposal.
On February 10, 2012, the UNC Board of Governors approved tuition and fee increases of 8.8 percent for in-state undergraduates across all 16 campuses 
- Thelin, John R. (2004). A History of American Higher Education. Baltimore, MD: JHU Press. p. 448. ISBN 0-8018-7855-1.
- Battle, Kemp P. (1907). History of the University of North Carolina: From its beginning until the death of President Swain, 1789–1868. Raleigh, NC: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company. p. 6.
- As of June 30, 2016. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2016 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2015 to FY 2016" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2017.
- "UNC-CH: Carol Folt starts new era as 11th chancellor". Unc.edu. 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2014-07-21.
- "Employees by Category, Fall 2013". The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Office of Institutional Research and Assessment. January 10, 2014. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014.
- "Fall 2015 Headcount Enrollment". The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Office of Institutional Research and Assessment. September 29, 2015.
- "Quick Facts". UNC News Services. 2007. Archived from the original on September 7, 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Carolina Blue & Color Guidelines". Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "North Carolina". NCAA Schools. NCAA.com: The Official Web Site of the NCAA. 2008. Archived from the original on December 28, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "Member Institutions and Years of Admission". Association of American Universities. 2002. Archived from the original on January 7, 2002. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
- "About the ACC". The Atlantic Coast Conference. 2004. Archived from the original on April 23, 2006. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "§ 116–4. Constituent institutions of the University of North Carolina". North Carolina General Statues. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina General Assembly (2007).
- Wootson, Cleve R., Jr (January 8, 2002). "UNC Leaders Want Abbreviation Change". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
- "UNC Women's History | Carolina Women's Center". Womenscenter.unc.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "North Carolina Collection-UNC Desegregation". Lib.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- Snider, William D. (1992). Light on the Hill: A History of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Press. pp. 13, 16, 20. ISBN 0-8078-2023-7.
- Snider, William D. (1992), pp. 29, 35.
- "C. Dixon Spangler Jr. named Overseers president for 2003–04". Harvard University Gazette. Cambridge, MA. May 29, 2003. Archived from the original on June 21, 2003. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Snider, William D. (1992), p. 67.
- Battle, Kemp P. (1912). History of the University of North Carolina: From 1868–1912. Raleigh, NC: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company. pp. 39, 41, 88.
- Snider, William D. (1992), pp. 212–213.
- "UNC Trustees in broad changes of all branches". The Daily Times-News. Burlington, NC. January 25, 1963. p. 1.
- Frost, Susan H.; Hearn, James C.; Marine, Ginger M. (1997). "State Policy and the Public Research University: A Case Study of Manifest and Latent Tensions". The Journal of Higher Education. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press. 68 (4): 363–397. doi:10.2307/2960008. JSTOR 2960008.
- "The History of UNCG". The University of North Carolina at Greensboro. 2005. Archived from the original on August 4, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "History". About NC State. North Carolina State University. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "North Carolina Collection-UNC Desegregation". Lib.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "The Beginning of NROTC at UNC Chapel Hill". Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Snider, William D. (1992), p. 269.
- Snider, William D. (1992), p. 270.
- Snider, William D. (1992), pp. 272–273.
- Snider, William D. (1992), pp. 274–275.
- Snider, William D. (1992), pp. 267–268.
- "University Endowment". UNC Office of University Development. 2007. Archived from the original on March 11, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Historical Trends, 1978–2007". UNC Office of Institutional Research and Assessment. 2007. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Sullivan, Kate (October 9, 2007). "UNC professor wins Nobel Prize". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 - Press Release". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
- "Previous Presidents and Chancellors". UNC Office of the Chancellor. 2008. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "Office of the Chancellor". Unc.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- "Morehead Planetarium and Science Center :: Morehead History: Part 2 – Construction". Moreheadplanetarium.org. May 10, 1949. Archived from the original on September 30, 2003. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Ellertson, Shari L. (2001). "Expenditures on O&M at America's Most Beautiful Campuses". Facilities Manager Magazine. Alexandria, VA: APPA. 17 (5). Archived from the original on February 19, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Biography of James Polk". Past presidents. The White House. 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Powell, William S. (1991). "Samuel Eusebius McCorkle". Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. 4. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-1918-0.
- Gaines, Thomas A. (1991). The Campus as a Work of Art. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 155. ISBN 0-275-93967-7.
- "Campus Map" (PDF). UNC Engineering Information Services. 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "A primer for Carolina North". The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC. October 3, 2007. Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- "Carolina North > Home". Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- "UNC Sustainability: High Performance Buildings". UNC-Chapel Hill. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "UNC Sustainability: Energy at UNC". UNC-Chapel Hill. Archived from the original on October 2, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "UNC Sustainability: Institutionalizing Sustainability". UNC-Chapel Hill. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "College Sustainability Report Card 2009". Sustainable Endowments Institute. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "Architectural Highlights of Carolina's Historic Campus". The Carolina Story. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- Loewer, H. Peter (2004). Jefferson's Garden. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. p. 228. ISBN 0-8117-0076-3.
- "Davie Poplar". A Self-Guided Tour of Campus. UNC Visitors' Center. 2001. Archived from the original on December 23, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Valle, Kirsten (October 12, 2004). "Reflections of a storied past". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
- "Belltower Tour Stop". Unc.edu. Archived from the original on December 23, 2001. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Nesbitt, Jim (March 5, 2006). "Ceremony salutes flag and its cause". The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC. Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "Silent Sam". Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "The Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies". Unc.edu. Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "UNC.edu". Archived from the original on October 3, 1999. Retrieved 1999-10-03. Check date values in:
- "Playmakers Theater Tour Stop". Unc.edu. Archived from the original on January 12, 2002. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "The Carolina Story—Carolina's Early Benefactors:". Museum.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- [dead link]
- "National Historic Landmarks Survey" (PDF). Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
- "Playmakers Theatre to reopen". The Daily Tar Heel. July 21, 2010. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Compendium of Key Facts". UNC News Services. 2007. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Introduction to UNC: Campus and Student Profile". Teaching at Carolina. UNC Center for Teaching and Learning. 2001. Archived from the original on August 27, 2002. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Fall 2011 Headcount Enrollment – Office of Institutional Research and Assessment". Oira.unc.edu. September 15, 2011. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Fall 2011 Undergraduate Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity – Office of Institutional Research and Assessment". Oira.unc.edu. September 15, 2011. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Diversity at Carolina". Admissions.unc.edu. January 27, 2012. Archived from the original on February 10, 2010. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Quick Facts" (PDF). Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
- "Two UNC seniors win Rhodes Scholarships". Archived from the original on December 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- "Study Abroad at UNC". Studyabroad.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Academic Advising Program". UNC Academic Advising Program. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Academic Policies". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "FYS @ UNC-CH: About FYS". Archived from the original on February 24, 2004. Retrieved 2004-02-24.
- "When do I choose my major?". Studying FAQs. UNC Office of Undergraduate Admissions. 2005. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Frequently Asked Questions. UNC Academic Advising program. 2010. Archived from the original on October 31, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- "The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Class Profile Fall 2016". The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- "The Honor Code". Honor Court of The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- About UNC Libraries | UNC Chapel Hill Libraries. Lib.unc.edu. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- "The Nation's Largest Libraries: A Listing By Volumes Held | American Library Association". Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- "The North Carolina Collection Research Library". UNC University Libraries. 2007. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "North Carolina Collection". Lib.unc.edu. July 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Louis Round Wilson Library: An Enduring Monument to Learning". Lib.unc.edu. Archived from the original on February 4, 2008. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "ibiblio: Ten Years in the Making". ibiblio. 2002. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
- Carrigan, Robert; Milton, Ron; Morrow, Dan (2005). "Education and Academia: ibiblio" (PDF). Computerworld Honors Case Study. Computerworld Honors Program. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- "Happy Anniversary, Davis Library!". Lib.unc.edu. Archived from the original on November 6, 2004. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- [dead link]
- "R.B. House Undergraduate Library-History and Mission". Lib.unc.edu. August 9, 2010. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Overview of the UNC Chapel Hill Library System". UNC University Libraries. 2007. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "About Documenting the American South". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hil. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
- "About DigitalNC". Digitalnc.org. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. July 5, 2016.
- "Best Colleges 2017: National Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. September 12, 2016.
- "2016 Rankings - National Universities". Washington Monthly. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- "QS World University Rankings® 2016/17". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "World University Rankings 2016-17". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
- "Best Global Universities Rankings: 2017". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "Top Public Schools - National Universities". U.S. News & World Report. 2015. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009.
- Moll, Richard (1985). The Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities. New York, NY: Viking. ISBN 0-670-58205-0.
- Greene, Howard; Greene, Matthew W. (2000). The Hidden Ivies: Thirty Colleges of Excellence. New York, NY: Cliff Street Books. ISBN 0-06-095362-4.
- Settimi, Christina; Badenhausen, Kurt (August 2007). "Special Report: Best Business Schools". Forbes. New York, NY: Forbes Media. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- U.S. News & World Report. 2016 http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-graduate-schools/top-business-schools/university-of-north-carolina-chapel-hill-kenan-flagler-01165. Retrieved May 7, 2016. Missing or empty
- "Best Grad Schools: Public Health". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Best Grad Schools: Pharmacy". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Special Report: The Best Executive MBAs". BusinessWeek. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. October 2008. Archived from the original on October 30, 2005. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Top Programs in Library and Information Studies". U.S. News & World Report. 2008. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "Top Medical Schools". U.S. News & World Report. 2008. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "Top Pharmacy Programs". U.S. News & World Report. 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "The Top Schools For Urban Planners". Planetizen. May 28, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
- Lombardi, John V.; Capaldi, Elizabeth D.; Mirka , Denise S.; Abbey, Craig W. (2005). "The Top American Research Universities" (PDF). The Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 13, 2007. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "QS World University Rankings® 2016-2017". Top Universities. QS Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- "North Carolina Collection-Research Library". Lib.unc.edu. February 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Top Schools". U.S. News & World Report. 2008. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Carolina ranked 5th best public university for 8th consecutive year". UNC News. August 22, 2008. Archived from the original on August 24, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
- "Kiplinger's Best College Values - 2015". The Kiplinger's Washington Editors, Inc. December 2014.
- "Top 10 Best Value Colleges in 2014". USA Today. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Best Value". U.S. News & World Report. 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Feld, Shari (April 23, 2007). "Moeser takes stock of UNC career". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC.
- "NIH Awards". July 24, 2014.
- "Office for Undergraduate Research at UNC-Chapel Hill". Unc.edu. Archived from the original on May 29, 2000. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Honors Carolina | Burch Field Research Seminars". Burchseminars.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Paul Shorkey '11 and Laurence Deschamps-Laporte '11 Named Rhodes Scholars". Morehead–Cain Foundation. 2010. Archived from the original on August 22, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "About Us". The Robertson Scholars Leadership Program. 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "Merit-Based Scholarships". UNC Office of Scholarships and Student Aid. 2008. Archived from the original on March 21, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- Marklein, Mary Beth (September 26, 2006). "Right to an education bound in a Covenant". USA Today. McLean, VA. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
- "Two seniors named Rhodes Scholars" (Press release). UNC News Services. November 22, 2010. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "General Scholarship Information". UNC Office of Distinguished Scholarships. 2008. Archived from the original on February 23, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Lyall, Sarah (October 22, 2014). "U.N.C. Investigation Reveals Athletes Took Fake Classes". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Stancill, Jane (October 22, 2014). "Folt: Nine being terminated or under disciplinary review as result of report on UNC Chapel Hill academic fraud". The News & Observer. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Stancill, Jane (October 22, 2014). "Wainstein report says Jan Boxill, UNC Chapel Hill faculty member, suggested grades for athletes in 'paper' classes". The News & Observer. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Accreditation agency places University of North Carolina on probation". Fox News. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- "Championships Administration Forms". NCAA. Archived from the original on March 16, 2007. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "Schools with the Most NCAA Championships". National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2007. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "Year By Year Standings". NCAA Men's College World Series. CWS Omaha, Inc. 2008. Archived from the original on March 22, 2008. Retrieved June 9, 2008.
- "1993–94 Sears Directors' Cup Final Standings" (PDF). National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics. 1994. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "Carolina's National Athletes of the Year". North Carolina Tar Heels Official Athletic Site. UNC Athletic Department. 2008. Archived from the original on October 28, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- Powell, William, S. (1982). "What's in a Name? Why We're All Called Tar Heels". UNC General Alumni Association. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "The Ram as Mascot". North Carolina Tar Heels Official Athletic Site. UNC Athletic Department. 2006. Archived from the original on April 13, 2008. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
- "UNC Mascot "Rameses" Killed". Raleigh, NC: WRAL. February 25, 1996. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "History of NROTC at the University of North Carolina". UNC Naval ROTC Alumni Association. 2008. Archived from the original on February 18, 2005. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
- "The Carolina Way: Leadership Lessons from a Life in Coaching". Barnes & Noble. May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "10 Leadership Lessons from Coach Dean Smith".
- Saacks, Bradley. "Wainstein report reveals extent of academic scandal at UNC".
- "North Carolina and the erosion of the Carolina Way". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Sara Ganim and Devon Sayers, CNN Investigations (October 22, 2014). "UNC athletics report finds 18 years of academic fraud - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "University of North Carolina slapped with 5 NCAA violations over academic scandal". Fox News. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Sharon Terlep. "NCAA Charges UNC With Lack of Institutional Control in Scandal". WSJ. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Alexander Wolff. "UNC still embracing The Carolina Way, but NCAA will have last word". SI.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Most-Played Rivalries". Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- U.S. News & World Report has ranked Berkeley, UVA, UCLA, Michigan, and UNC Chapel Hill as the top five public universities in America for at least nine consecutive years as of 2014.
- Deitsch, Richard (June 23, 2008). "HBO probes Carolina-Duke rivalry". Media Circus. SI.com. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
- "HBO.com". Retrieved November 14, 2011.
- Blakely, Kyle (November 16, 2006). "Ram Roast deters Tar Heel blue tunnel". Technician. Raleigh, NC. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- Tovar, Sergio (February 21, 2008). "Campus awakes to a red Old Well". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
- "Oh, Four Oh Four". Retrieved June 29, 2015.[dead link]
- "The scene from Franklin Street (February 12, 2009)". Archived from the original on February 13, 2009.
- "News and Observer: Bonfires mark Tar Heels' win (March 5, 2007)". Archived from the original on December 7, 2008.
- "News and Observer: Radical changes for Chapel Hill celebrations". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
- Magill, Samuel (March 17, 2008). "Basketball flavors Franklin Street celebrations". chapelhillnews.com. Archived from the original on May 25, 2013. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Sumner, Jim L. (1990). A History of Sports in North Carolina. Raleigh, NC: Division of Archives and History, NC Department of Cultural Resources. p. 35. ISBN 0-86526-241-1.
- "Culture Corner: Di-Phi: The Oldest Organization" (PDF). March 2006. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-07-25. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- Coates, Alfred; Coates, Gladys Hall (1985). The Story of Student Government in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill. ASIN B00070WQNC.
- "School Colors". North Carolina Tar Heels Official Athletic Site. UNC Athletic Department. 2008. Archived from the original on May 12, 2006. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "UNC School Songs". North Carolina Tar Heels Official Athletic Site. UNC Athletic Department. 2006. Archived from the original on April 24, 2006. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "The Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies". Unc.edu. Archived from the original on June 9, 2002. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "About the Carolina Union". Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "Finance Committee: FAQ". UNC Student Congress. 2008. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "Dance Marathon is Friday at UNC-Chapel Hill". The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "Forest Theater Tour Stop". Unc.edu. Archived from the original on January 12, 2002. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Franek, Robert (2006). The Best 361 Colleges (2007 ed.). New York, NY: The Princeton Review. ISBN 0-375-76558-1.
- "Newspaper Pacemaker Winners". Associated Collegiate Press. 2005. Archived from the original on November 24, 2005. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Grossman, Wendy (January 26, 1995). "Communications: Picture the scene". The Guardian. Manchester, United Kingdom. p. 4.
- "WXYC announces the first 24-hour real-time world-wide Internet radio simulcast" (Press release). WXYC 89.3 FM. November 7, 1994. Archived from the original on December 20, 2002. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "About STV". UNC Student Television. 2008. Archived from the original on May 14, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "About the Carolina Quarterly". Carolina Quarterly. 2010. Archived from the original on October 19, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
- New Stories from the South | The Rankings. Therankings.wordpress.com (2010-05-01). Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- The PEN/O. Henry Prize Stories. Randomhouse.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- "Founding Clef Hangers come home", The Daily Tar Heel, April 11, 2013. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- "Facing Clarence (2005)", The Recorded A Cappella Review Board, September 29, 2005. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- CARA Winners 2008, The Contemporary A Cappella Society. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- CARA Winners 2009, The Contemporary A Cappella Society. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- If You Like Billy Joel, Try Brendan James - The New York Times
- "Flash Mob Rave: December 9 at the Undergraduate Library". Lib.unc.edu. December 16, 2008. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Athletic Bands". UNC Bands. 2008. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "About Playmakers". Playmakers Repertory Company. 2008. Archived from the original on March 30, 2008. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
- "About Carolina Performing Arts". Carolina Performing Arts. 2008. Archived from the original on June 21, 2006. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
- "UNC.edu". Ncbg.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- "The Carolina Story—Names Across the Landscape:". Museum.unc.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "OFSLCI". Greeks.unc.edu. Retrieved 2014-07-21.
- "Student Honorary Societies". UNC. 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2008.
- Townsend, Mark (January 22, 2002). "Help Maintain Student Governance". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC. Retrieved June 26, 2008.
- "Change plays key role in Code". September 24, 2003. Retrieved April 14, 2009.[dead link]
- Coates, Albert; Hall Coates, Gladys (1985). The Story of Student Government in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Chapel Hill, NC: Professor Emeritus Fund.
- "Facility Information". Archived from the original on April 26, 2003.
- Boss, Donna. "Rams Head Dining Center at the University of North Carolina." AllBusiness. December 1, 2005. Foodservice Equipment and Supplies, Web. November 10, 2009. AllBusiness.com[dead link]
- "North Campus Communities". Residence Halls. UNC Department of Housing and Residential Education. 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- "Middle and South Campus Communities". Residence Halls. UNC Department of Housing and Residential Education. 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- "First Year Students". Residence Halls. UNC Department of Housing and Residential Education. 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- "Learning Communities". UNC Department of Housing and Residential Education. 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2008.
- "UNITAS". Living-Learning Communities. UNC Department of Housing and Residential Education. 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- "Apartment Communities". UNC Department of Housing and Residential Education. 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- "Smoking ban starts on New Year's Day". The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC. September 23, 2007. Archived from the original on October 29, 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "Housing and Campus Life". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. College Board. 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "UNC General Alumni Association :: About the GAA |". Alumni.unc.edu. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "North Carolina History Project : James K. Polk (1795–1849)". Northcarolinahistory.org. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "U.S. Senate: Art & History Home > William Rufus King, 13th Vice President (1853)". Senate.gov. May 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Online NewsHour: The Minnesota Senate Race – Paul Wellstone Biography". Pbs.org. Archived from the original on October 16, 2002. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "CLINGMAN, Thomas Lanier – Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "FOXX, Virginia Ann – Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. June 29, 1943. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Christensen, Rob. "Andrews, ex-lawmaker, dead at 84 – Christensen". NewsObserver.com. Archived from the original on May 12, 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "United States District Court – Southern District of Ohio". Ohsd.uscourts.gov. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Marker: J-17 – THOMAS SETTLE, JR. 1831–1888". Ncmarkers.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.[dead link]
- "Kenneth Claiborne Royall". History.army.mil. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Biography of Jonathan Worth Daniels". Ncwriters.org. Archived from the original on October 29, 2004. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Actor Andy Griffith dead at 86". CNN.com. December 11, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Overview for John Forsythe". Tcm.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Stuart Scott : Touched by Cancer". Touchedbycancermagazine.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Woody Durham | NC Sports Hall of Fame". Ncshof.org. March 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Mixon leaves UNC booth". The Daily Tar Heel. April 28, 2005. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Shelby Foote (American historian and author) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- SEARCH (April 9, 1945). "ESPN.com – Peter Gammons bio". Sports.espn.go.com. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Contributed by Alexander S. Leidholdt. "Chambers, Lenoir (1891–1970)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "North Carolina History Project : Caleb Bradham (1867–1934)". Northcarolinahistory.org. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Legendary Basketball Coach Returns Near His Long Beach Roots – Long Beach Patch – Patch.com". Longbeach.patch.com. December 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "SI.com – College Basketball – Men – Williams leaves Kansas to take job at UNC – Monday April 14, 2003 11:50 pm". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. April 14, 2003. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Mitch Kupchak « National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame and Museum". Polishsportshof.com. Archived from the original on December 11, 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "George Glamack NBA & ABA Stats". Sports Reference LLC. Basketball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- Pickeral, Robbi. "Catching Up With: Lennie Rosenbluth – North Carolina Basketball Blog – ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Bonnell, Rick. "Hometown Bobcats or possible title? That's Antawn Jamison's decision – Bobcats/NBA". NewsObserver.com. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Tyler Hansbrough's mother resigns as UNC fundraiser – ESPN". Espn.go.com. September 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Michael Jordan tells UNC players to take off Kobe shoes". Content.usatoday.com. March 23, 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Lou OrlandoFor MainLineMediaNews.com (May 14, 2012). "Gladwyne's Billy Cunningham: the link to Sixers' last two NBA titles – Sports". Main Line Media News. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Pickeral, Robbi. "McAdoo following familiar footsteps to UNC – North Carolina". NewsObserver.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "SIXERS: Bobby Jones – The Gentleman of the NBA". Nba.com. November 7, 1986. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Vince Carter Donated $2.5 Million to University of North Carolina". Slam Online. August 11, 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "ESPN.com: L.T. was reckless, magnificent". Espn.go.com. February 4, 1959. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- https://archive.is/20130203214432/http://www.theacc.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/111512aae.html. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2012. Missing or empty
- Melanie Jackson (September 22, 1990). "Mia Hamm weighs in on North Carolina's recent losses – espnW". Espn.go.com. Archived from the original on November 11, 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "North Carolina's Casey Nogueira, Tobin Heath lead Tar Heels unconventionally – ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. August 25, 2009. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Stone, Larry. "Mariners | Mariners take North Carolina slugger Dustin Ackley with second pick in draft | Seattle Times Newspaper". Seattletimes.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Tudor, Caulton. "Ackley a lot like ex-Heel B.J. Surhoff – North Carolina". NewsObserver.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "April Heinrichs Named Head Coach of the U.S. Women's National Team". U.S. Soccer. Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "About". Hulu. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Howard Levine - News, Articles, Biography, Photos - WSJ.com". Topics.wsj.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Kaplan, Thomas (October 29, 2010). "Paul Kolton, Who Led the American Stock Exchange, Dies at 87". The New York Times.
- "Julian Robertson, Jr". Forbes. April 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Bill Ruger of Brooklyn | NYPress.com – New York's essential guide to culture, arts, politics, news and more". NYPress.com. August 6, 2002. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Allen B. Morgan, Jr. :: Raymond James". Morgan Keegan. December 31, 2007. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "G. Kennedy Thompson North Carolina '73 Oxford Cup Roll No. 056" (PDF). Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- "Columns: Exiting McColl's influence difficult to underestimate". Sptimes.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Kadlec, Daniel (December 2, 2002). "Sallie Krawcheck: CEO of Citigroup's new Smith Barney unit". TIME. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Former Duke Energy CEO Bill Johnson named CEO at TVA". Wate.com. November 5, 2012. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "The Herald-Sun-UNC Taking Biggest Hit of System Cuts". The Herald-Sun-Trusted&Essential. Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Trustees OK Major Tuition Increase at UNC-CH::WRAL.com". WRAL.com. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Will, Madeline. "UNC system faculty rates suffer due to decrease in funds". The Daily Tar Heel. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Hartness, Erin. "UNC-CH Students Protest Tuition Increase Plan". WRAL.com. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Thomas, Andy. "Board of Trustees Approves 15.6 Percent Tuition Hike for In-state Students". The Daily Tar Heel. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-08.