Union affiliation by U.S. state

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Percent of workforce belonging to a union in 2017
  20+%
  15–19.9%
  10–14.9%
  5–9.9%
  0–4.9%
Union affiliation by U.S. state (2021)[1]
Rank State Percent
union
members
Union
members
Percent
represented
by unions
Represented
by unions
Total
employed
Right
to Work
1  Hawaii 22.4 121,000 24.1 131,000 541,000 No
2  New York 22.2 1,729,000 24.1 1,869,000 7,770,000 No
3  Washington 19.0 629,000 20.0 661,000 3,308,000 No
4  Oregon 17.8 318,000 18.8 336,000 1,784,000 No
5  New Jersey 16.2 608,000 17.9 672,000 3,762,000 No
6  Minnesota 16.0 416,000 17.1 446,000 2,608,000 No
7  California 15.9 2,468,000 17.8 2,757,000 15,497,000 No
8  Alaska 15.8 46,000 17.2 50,000 293,000 No
9  Rhode Island 15.7 75,000 17.4 83,000 474,000 No
10  Connecticut 14.6 223,000 16.3 248,000 1,524,000 No
11  Illinois 13.9 752,000 15.2 818,000 5,397,000 No
12  Michigan 13.3 540,000 15.3 620,000 4,047,000 Yes
13  Pennsylvania 12.9 693,000 13.6 732,000 5,380,000 No
14  Massachusetts 12.6 402,000 13.6 433,000 3,181,000 No
15  Maine 12.4 70,000 14.7 83,000 563,000 No
16  Vermont 12.3 32,000 14.2 37,000 262,000 No
17  Nevada 12.2 153,000 14.1 176,000 1,249,000 Yes
18  Ohio 12.0 596,000 13.0 647,000 4,966,000 No
19  Montana 11.2 49,000 12.9 56,000 438,000 No
20  Maryland 11.0 295,000 12.3 332,000 2,689,000 No
 United States 10.3 14,014,000 11.6 15,802,000 136,395,000 N/A
21  New Hampshire 10.1 65,000 11.3 73,000 643,000 No
22  West Virginia 9.7 42,000 10.2 44,000 435,000 Yes
23  Delaware 9.6 66,000 10.5 73,000 693,000 No
24  Kansas 9.2 120,000 11.4 148,000 1,300,000 Yes
25  Missouri 9.0 235,000 10.2 266,000 2,615,000 No
26  Indiana 9.0 256,000 10.2 290,000 2,844,000 Yes
27  District of Columbia 8.9 31,000 9.9 35,000 350,000 No
28  Wisconsin 7.9 215,000 9.3 251,000 2,705,000 Yes
29  New Mexico 7.5 58,000 9.1 70,000 770,000 No
30  Kentucky 7.2 126,000 9.8 170,000 1,740,000 Yes
31  Nebraska 6.8 61,000 8.0 72,000 896,000 Yes
32  Colorado 6.5 165,000 7.5 192,000 2,538,000 No
33  Iowa 6.5 93,000 8.3 118,000 1,428,000 Yes
34  Alabama 5.9 115,000 6.9 133,000 1,938,000 Yes
35  Wyoming 5.7 13,000 6.9 16,000 234,000 Yes
36  Oklahoma 5.6 87,000 6.8 105,000 1,546,000 Yes
37  Mississippi 5.5 59,000 6.9 74,000 1,080,000 Yes
38  North Dakota 5.4 19,000 6.9 24,000 349,000 Yes
39  Arizona 5.4 167,000 6.7 208,000 3,116,000 Yes
40  Florida 5.2 448,000 6.1 529,000 8,667,000 Yes
41  Tennessee 5.2 145,000 5.9 166,000 2,820,000 Yes
42  Georgia 4.8 211,000 5.8 256,000 4,404,000 Yes
43  Virginia 4.8 176,000 6.5 240,000 3,685,000 Yes
44  Louisiana 4.7 81,000 5.7 98,000 1,722,000 Yes
45  Idaho 4.7 36,000 5.5 42,000 767,000 Yes
46  South Dakota 4.0 16,000 5.0 20,000 393,000 Yes
47  Arkansas 3.9 46,000 4.4 51,000 1,167,000 Yes
48  Texas 3.8 454,000 4.7 571,000 12,057,000 Yes
49  Utah 3.5 51,000 6.5 96,000 1,465,000 Yes
50  North Carolina 2.6 108,000 3.4 142,000 4,225,000 Yes
51  South Carolina 1.7 34,000 2.0 42,000 2,070,000 Yes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Labor Statistics (January 20, 2022). "Union members in 2021". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor.

External links[edit]