Union affiliation by U.S. state

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Percent of workforce belonging to a union in 2017
  20+%
  15–19.9%
  10–14.9%
  5–9.9%
  0–4.9%
Union affiliation by U.S. state (2020)[1]
Rank State Percent
union
members
Union
members
Percent
represented
by unions
Represented
by unions
Total
employed
Right
to Work
1  Hawaii 23.7 120,000 25.7 130,000 508,000 No
2  New York 22.0 1,661,000 23.6 1,784,000 7,552,000 No
3  Rhode Island 17.8 81,000 19.1 87,000 455,000 No
4  Alaska 17.7 49,000 19.5 55,000 280,000 No
5  Washington 17.4 557,000 18.6 596,000 3,201,000 No
6  Connecticut 17.1 262,000 18.4 282,000 1,533,000 No
7  Oregon 16.2 275,000 17.3 293,000 1,694,000 No
8  California 16.2 2,441,000 17.8 2,655,000 15,069,000 No
9  New Jersey 16.1 600,000 17.8 660,000 3,719,000 No
10  Minnesota 15.8 398,000 17.0 427,000 2,515,000 No
11  Michigan 15.2 604,000 16.6 661,000 3,974,000 Yes
12  Maine 14.7 82,000 16.7 93,000 559,000 No
13  Illinois 14.3 739,000 15.2 788,000 5,178,000 No
14  Pennsylvania 13.5 717,000 14.6 775,000 5,307,000 No
15  Nevada 13.4 161,000 15.4 186,000 1,208,000 Yes
16  Ohio 13.2 637,000 14.2 686,000 4,815,000 No
17  Maryland 13.1 351,000 14.1 380,000 2,690,000 No
18  Massachusetts 12.0 357,000 12.8 383,000 2,982,000 No
19  Montana 12.0 50,000 13.0 54,000 419,000 No
20  Vermont 11.8 31,000 13.8 36,000 265,000 No
 United States 10.8 14,253,000 12.1 15,939,000 132,174,000 N/A
21  West Virginia 10.7 71,000 11.3 75,000 666,000 Yes
22  New Hampshire 9.8 62,000 11.1 70,000 629,000 No
23  Delaware 9.7 41,000 10.3 44,000 424,000 No
24  Nebraska 9.6 85,000 10.5 94,000 890,000 Yes
25  Missouri 9.4 238,000 10.1 254,000 2,525,000 No
26  Kansas 8.9 114,000 11.2 144,000 1,282,000 Yes
27  Wisconsin 8.7 227,000 10.2 264,000 2,592,000 Yes
28  District of Columbia 8.6 30,000 9.5 33,000 343,000 No
29  Indiana 8.3 235,000 9.5 270,000 2,838,000 Yes
30  Alabama 8.0 151,000 8.7 164,000 1,896,000 Yes
31  Wyoming 7.6 18,000 9.3 22,000 240,000 Yes
32  Kentucky 7.5 127,000 9.4 160,000 1,694,000 Yes
33  Colorado 7.4 182,000 8.2 202,000 2,470,000 No
34  Mississippi 7.1 74,000 8.3 86,000 1,034,000 Yes
35  New Mexico 7.1 53,000 8.6 64,000 743,000 No
36  Iowa 6.6 93,000 9.1 128,000 1,401,000 Yes
37  Florida 6.4 524,000 7.9 644,000 8,155,000 Yes
38  Oklahoma 6.0 90,000 7.6 114,000 1,501,000 Yes
39  North Dakota 6.2 21,000 7.4 25,000 338,000 Yes
40  Louisiana 5.9 99,000 6.7 113,000 1,682,000 Yes
41  Idaho 5.6 41,000 6.4 47,000 732,000 Yes
42  Arizona 5.3 155,000 7.1 207,000 2,909,000 Yes
43  Texas 4.9 497,000 6.0 642,000 11,607,000 Yes
44  Arkansas 4.7 55,000 5.9 69,000 1,158,000 Yes
45  Virginia 4.4 164,000 5.4 201,000 3,703,000 Yes
46  Tennessee 4.4 117,000 5.1 137,000 2,678,000 Yes
47  South Dakota 4.3 17,000 5.5 21,000 385,000 Yes
48  Georgia 4.1 194,000 5.0 271,000 4,173,000 Yes
49  Utah 3.7 51,000 5.4 75,000 1,403,000 Yes
50  North Carolina 3.1 129,000 3.9 161,000 4,128,000 Yes
51  South Carolina 2.7 59,000 3.8 77,000 2,036,000 Yes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Labor Statistics (January 22, 2021). "Union members in 2020". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor.

External links[edit]