Union affiliation by U.S. state

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Percent of workforce belonging to a union in 2017
  20+%
  15–19.9%
  10–14.9%
  5–9.9%
  0–4.9%
Union affiliation by U.S. state (2017)[1]
Rank State Percent
union
members
Union
members
Percent
represented
by unions
Represented
by unions
Total
employed
Right
to Work
1  New York 23.8 2,017,000 25.3 2,148,000 8,472,000 No
2  Hawaii 21.3 129,000 22.9 139,000 605,000 No
3  Washington 18.8 584,000 20.2 630,000 3,112,000 No
4  Alaska 18.1 55,000 19.4 59,000 304,000 No
5  Connecticut 16.9 278,000 17.9 295,000 1,645,000 No
6  New Jersey 16.2 630,000 17.1 665,000 3,898,000 No
7  Rhode Island 16.1 78,000 17.2 84,000 486,000 No
8  Michigan 15.6 958,000 16.8 711,000 5,230,000 Yes
9  California 15.5 2,491,000 16.9 2,708,000 16,064,000 No
10  Minnesota 15.2 411,000 15.9 428,000 2,693,000 No
11  Illinois 15.0 827,000 15.8 872,000 5,516,000 No
12  Oregon 14.9 262,000 15.7 277,000 1,763,000 No
13  Nevada 12.7 164,000 14.6 189,000 1,290,000 Yes
14  Ohio 12.5 635,000 13.6 688,000 5,062,000 No
15  Massachusetts 12.4 401,000 13.3 431,000 3,231,000 No
16  Pennsylvania 12.0 665,000 13.0 723,000 5,543,000 No
17  Montana 11.9 50,000 13.6 57,000 419,000 No
18  Maine 11.4 66,000 14.0 81,000 576,000 No
19  New Hampshire 11.3 72,000 13.0 83,000 642,000 No
20  West Virginia 11.0 75,000 11.9 82,000 683,000 Yes
21  Vermont 11.0 32,000 12.1 35,000 288,000 No
22  Maryland 10.8 299,000 11.8 326,000 2,772,000 No
 United States 10.7 14,817,000 11.9 16,444,000 137,890,000 N/A
23  Delaware 10.7 45,000 11.2 48,000 425,000 No
24  District of Columbia 9.8 34,000 10.7 40,000 347,000 No
25  Kentucky 9.6 174,000 12.8 232,000 1,810,000 Yes
26  Colorado 9.6 238,000 11.0 273,000 2,494,000 No
27  Indiana 8.9 266,000 9.7 289,000 2,987,000 Yes
28  Missouri 8.7 226,000 10.1 265,000 2,613,000 No
29  Wisconsin 8.3 230,000 9.0 250,000 2,778,000 Yes
30  Nebraska 8.2 70,000 9.1 78,000 858,000 Yes
31  Kansas 7.8 101,000 10.1 131,000 1,296,000 Yes
32  Alabama 7.4 138,000 8.1 152,000 1,869,000 Yes
33  Iowa 7.0 104,000 8.6 127,000 1,475,000 Yes
34  New Mexico 6.7 52,000 8.3 63,000 769,000 No
35  Wyoming 6.0 15,000 6.7 16,000 243,000 Yes
36  Tennessee 5.7 155,000 6.4 176,000 2,728,000 Yes
37  Florida 5.6 456,000 7.1 574,000 8,113,000 Yes
38  Oklahoma 5.5 84,000 7.1 108,000 1,482,000 Yes
39  Mississippi 5.3 59,000 7.0 77,000 1,106,000 Yes
40  South Dakota 5.4 20,000 6.7 25,000 380,000 Yes
41  Arkansas 5.1 62,000 6.1 74,000 1,209,000 Yes
42   North Dakota 5.1 18,000 6.8 24,000 356,000 Yes
43  Idaho 4.8 35,000 5.8 42,000 723,000 Yes
44  Texas 4.7 543,000 5.8 669,000 11,626,000 Yes
45  Virginia 4.6 176,000 5.8 222,000 3,801,000 Yes
46  Louisiana 4.4 78,000 5.4 96,000 1,780,000 Yes
47  Georgia 4.0 173,000 5.0 217,000 4,342,000 Yes
48  Arizona 4.0 111,000 5.2 145,000 2,805,000 Yes
49  Utah 3.9 54,000 5.4 74,000 1,375,000 Yes
50  North Carolina 3.4 145,000 4.9 171,000 4,305,000 Yes
51  South Carolina 2.6 52,000 3.9 78,000 1,986,000 Yes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Labor Statistics (January 25, 2018). "Union members in 2017" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor.

External links[edit]