Union affiliation by U.S. state

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Percent of workforce belonging to a union in 2017
  20+%
  15–19.9%
  10–14.9%
  5–9.9%
  0–4.9%
Union affiliation by U.S. state (2019)[1]
Rank State Percent
union
members
Union
members
Percent
represented
by unions
Represented
by unions
Total
employed
Right
to Work
1  Hawaii 23.5 135,000 25.5 147,000 574,000 No
2  New York 21.0 1,732,000 22.7 1,877,000 8,253,000 No
3  Washington 18.8 638,000 20.2 684,000 3,393,000 No
4  Rhode Island 17.4 83,000 19.0 90,000 475,000 No
5  Alaska 17.1 48,000 18.7 53,000 282,000 No
6  New Jersey 15.7 642,000 17.4 712,000 4,094,000 No
7  California 15.2 2,504,000 16.5 2,726,000 16,485,000 No
8  Nevada 14.6 201,000 16.1 222,000 1,379,000 Yes
9  Connecticut 14.5 244,000 16.0 269,000 1,680,000 No
10  Oregon 14.4 255,000 15.7 277,000 1,772,000 No
11  Minnesota 13.7 364,000 14.3 381,000 2,662,000 No
12  Illinois 13.6 771,000 14.7 832,000 5,658,000 No
13  Michigan 13.6 589,000 15.0 648,000 4,323,000 Yes
14  Pennsylvania 12.0 676,000 13.1 740,000 5,642,000 No
15  Massachusetts 12.0 406,000 13.2 449,000 3,397,000 No
16  Ohio 11.9 610,000 13.1 673,000 5,127,000 No
17  Maine 11.8 69,000 13.7 81,000 588,000 No
18  Maryland 11.3 330,000 12.8 371,000 2,912,000 No
19  Vermont 11.2 33,000 12.0 35,000 290,000 No
20  Missouri 11.1 297,000 12.5 333,000 2,661,000 No
21  Montana 10.5 46,000 12.0 52,000 437,000 No
 United States 10.3 14,574,000 11.6 16,383,000 141,737,000 N/A
22  New Hampshire 10.3 69,000 11.6 79,000 677,000 No
23  West Virginia 10.2 72,000 11.1 78,000 704,000 Yes
24  District of Columbia 9.3 35,000 10.2 41,000 354,000 No
25  Colorado 9.0 237,000 9.8 259,000 2,631,000 No
26  Delaware 8.7 38,000 9.9 43,000 432,000 No
27  Kansas 8.7 112,000 10.1 130,000 1,280,000 Yes
28  Alabama 8.5 173,000 9.8 199,000 2,041,000 Yes
29  Nebraska 8.4 75,000 9.6 86,000 894,000 Yes
30  Indiana 8.3 249,000 9.8 296,000 3,007,000 Yes
31  Wisconsin 8.1 218,000 9.1 245,000 2,698,000 Yes
32  Kentucky 8.0 144,000 9.5 169,000 1,786,000 Yes
33  Wyoming 7.3 18,000 8.7 21,000 243,000 Yes
34  New Mexico 7.1 58,000 8.8 72,000 813,000 No
35  Mississippi 6.3 70,000 8.4 93,000 1,105,000 Yes
36  Iowa 6.3 97,000 7.9 122,000 1,543,000 Yes
37  Florida 6.2 551,000 7.6 667,000 8,827,000 Yes
38  Oklahoma 6.2 96,000 7.9 123,000 1,554,000 Yes
39  North Dakota 6.0 21,000 7.5 27,000 356,000 Yes
40  Arizona 5.7 174,000 7.1 214,000 3,048,000 Yes
41  South Dakota 5.6 22,000 6.7 26,000 395,000 Yes
42  Louisiana 5.3 94,000 6.1 108,000 1,784,000 Yes
43  Arkansas 5.2 62,000 5.9 71,000 1,200,000 Yes
44  Idaho 4.9 37,000 6.0 46,000 764,000 Yes
45  Tennessee 4.6 135,000 5.5 162,000 2,947,000 Yes
46  Utah 4.4 62,000 5.9 83,000 1,409,000 Yes
47  Georgia 4.1 180,000 5.0 223,000 4,422,000 Yes
48  Texas 4.0 497,000 5.2 642,000 12,334,000 Yes
49  Virginia 4.0 156,000 5.2 201,000 3,881,000 Yes
50  North Carolina 2.3 102,000 3.4 150,000 4,396,000 Yes
51  South Carolina 2.2 47,000 2.7 59,000 2,140,000 Yes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Labor Statistics (January 22, 2020). "Union members in 2019". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor.

External links[edit]