West Low German
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|West Low German|
|German: Westniederdeutsch, Niedersächsisch (in a stricter sense)|
|Native to||Germany, Netherlands, southern Denmark (North Schleswig)|
Low Saxon language area
West Low German, also known as Low Saxon (German: Westniederdeutsch, literally West Low German, or Niedersächsisch (in a stricter sense), literally: Low Saxon, Nether-Saxon; Low German: Nedersassisch, Nedersaksies; Dutch: Nedersaksisch) is a group of Low German (also Low Saxon; German: Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch, Dutch: Nederduits) dialects spoken in parts of the Netherlands, northwestern Germany and southern Denmark (in North Schleswig by the German minority). It is one of two groups of mutually intelligible dialects, the other being East Low German dialects.
The language code (ISO 639-2) is NDS which abbreviates from Nedersaksisch / Niedersächsisch.
The language area comprises the North German states of Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia (the Westphalian part), Bremen, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Saxony-Anhalt (the northwestern areas around Magdeburg) as well as the northeast of The Netherlands (i.e. Dutch Low Saxon, spoken in Groningen, Drenthe, Overijssel and northern Gelderland) and the Schleswigsch dialect spoken by the North Schleswig Germans in the southernmost part of Denmark.
List of dialects
- West Low German
- Westphalian around Münster, including the Osnabrück region of Lower Saxony
- Eastphalian, spoken in southeastern Lower Saxony (Hanover, Braunschweig, Göttingen) and in the Magdeburg Börde region
- Northern Low Saxon
While Dutch is classified as a Low Franconian language, the Dutch Low Saxon varieties, which are also defined as Dutch dialects, form a dialect continuum with the Westphalian language. They consist of:
- Westerkwartiers, in western Groningen
- Gronings, in Groningen and northern Drenthe, by its Frisian substratum related to Friso-Saxon dialects
- Stellingwarfs in southeastern Friesland
- Tweants and Tweants-Groafschops in the Twente region of Overijssel and the adjacent Achterhoek region of Gelderland
- Veluws in the Veluwe region of Gelderland
- Schleswigsch dialect spoken in former South Jutland County (the northern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig) around Aabenraa (Apenrade)
- Noble, Cecil A. M. (1983). Modern German dialects New York [u.a.], Lang, p. 103-104