Wheel of Fortune (UK game show)
|Wheel of Fortune|
|Created by||Merv Griffin|
|Presented by||Nicky Campbell (1988–96)
Bradley Walsh (1997)
John Leslie (1998–2001)
Paul Hendy (2001)
|Starring||Angela Ekaette (1988)
Carol Smillie (1989–94)
Jenny Powell (1995–2000)
Terri Seymour (2001)
|Voices of||Steve Hamilton|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||14|
|No. of episodes||735|
|Running time||30 minutes (inc. adverts)|
|Production company(s)||Scottish in association with King World Productions, The Walt Disney Company and Action Time (1988–9)
Scottish in association with King World Productions and Buena Vista International (1991–2)
Scottish in association with King World Productions (1993–2001)
|Distributor||CBS Television Distribution|
|Picture format||4:3 (1988–2001)
|Original release||19 July 1988– 21 December 2001|
|Related shows||Wheel of Fortune|
Wheel of Fortune is a British television game show created by Merv Griffin. Contestants compete to solve word puzzles, similar to those used in Hangman, to win cash and prizes. The title refers to the show's giant carnival wheel that contestants spin throughout the course of the game to determine their cash and/or prizes. The programme aired between 19 July 1988 and 21 December 2001 and was produced by Scottish Television (STV) for the ITV network - having effectively replaced Now You See It as STV's prime time game show offering for the ITV network. It mostly follows the same general format from the original version of the programme from the United States, with a few minor differences.
- 1 Gameplay
- 2 Prizes
- 3 Special episodes
- 4 Studio designs
- 5 Timeline
- 6 Wheel configurations
- 7 Transmissions
- 8 International broadcasts
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Unlike the American version, where the numbers on the wheel correspond to the amount of money won by each contestant, the British version instead referred to these amounts as 'points' – they had no cash value, their only purpose was to determine the grand finalist, or to choose a winner for a particular round. Points earned from all players carried on to proceeding rounds, and were susceptible to Bankrupts, meaning a winner could be crowned that never solved a puzzle, but acquired a large amount of points. This rule would actually encourage sacrificing a player's turn if he or she didn't know the puzzle rather than risking his or her points by spinning again.
For the first three series, before recording of each episode, each contestant spun the wheel and the contestant with the highest score would start the first round. The contestant would be asked a 50/50 trivia question and if the contestant answered correctly, the contestant spun the wheel and if they landed on a number, they had to pick a letter. If the letter appeared on the puzzle board once, the contestant would earn the value. If the letter appeared on the puzzle board twice, the contestant would earn double the value. If the letter appeared on the puzzle board thrice, the contestant would earn triple the value and so on. A player may purchase a vowel for 250 points, regardless of how many times that vowel appeared in the puzzle. The contestant would spin the wheel again but the contestant's turn would end if the contestant either landed on a number but picked a letter that did not appear on the puzzle board earning the contestant no points but not deducted the number the contestant landed on, landed on the 'LOSE A TURN" or landed on the "BANKRUPT" losing the contestant's total score for that round but not from previous rounds. If the contestant landed on the "FREE SPIN", the contestant would be given a "FREE SPIN" loop and would spin the wheel again and if the contestant landed on a number but picked a letter that did not appear on the puzzle board or landed on the "LOSE A TURN" or landed on the "BANKRUPT", the contestant could give their "FREE SPIN" loop to the host and spin again or hand over play to the next contestant, But if the contestant answered the 50/50 trivia question incorrectly, they would not spin the wheel and play would move on to the next contestant. In the speed round, the host would spin the wheel with the centre player's arrow determining the point value for each contestant. Vowels were worth nothing, and consonants were worth whatever the value spun. The left player would go first. From the fourth series onward, the 50/50 trivia individual questions were dropped. Instead, at the start of each round, the contestants would be asked a general knowledge question and the first contestant to buzz in and answer correctly would gain control of the wheel.
Also from the fourth series onward, from Round 3 to the end, the points on the wheel were worth double.
The centre player's arrow determined the point value for each consonant in the speed-up round (and during the final spin both Walsh and Leslie employed the catchphrase "No more spinning, just winning!" whilst explaining how the speed-up round worked). Vowels were worth nothing, and consonants were worth whatever the value spun.
In the Grand Finale, the winning contestant chose from one of three bonus prizes to play for, a car, a luxury holiday or a cash prize. The series in 1994 differed in that the prize the contestant won for solving the puzzle was a car plus the cash prize of £10,000. In one episode in 1994 the prize was two cars and £10,000. From 1995-1998, the player chose one of two envelopes, one with the car and the other with £20,000. After choosing five consonants and a vowel, the contestant had 15 seconds to solve the puzzle to win the prize. Unlike other versions, the player could solve any one word individually, and then work on any other word in the puzzle. For example, if the puzzle was "A CUP OF TEA," the player could solve "OF," then "A," then "TEA, and finally "CUP" to complete the puzzle.
In the final series, "LOSE A TURN" was changed to "MISS A TURN," for reasons unknown, and a "500 Gamble" wedge was added.
Unlike the original American version, instead of cash prizes, successful spinners from each round were rewarded with a choice of 3 prizes which might contain household appliances, a holiday, etc. In 1988 the prizes for the final were a trip (in the second last episode instead of a trip, there was an oriental furnished living room and in the last episode instead of a trip, there was a new bathroom), a new car (in one episode in the first two series instead of a new car, there was a new boat), or a cash jackpot at £3,000 (although in the last episode, the cash prize was £2,000). In 1989, the cash value increased to £4,000, from 1993 the Cash value increased again to £5,000. The prizes became the car and £10,000 during 1994 with no choice of envelope. In one episode in 1994 this was increased to two cars and £10.000. The prize was later increased to £20,000 or a car from 1995-1998, with the winning contestant randomly selecting his/her prize by choosing one of two sealed envelopes.
During the daytime series, winners of each round were able to chosen from an array prizes laid out in the studio, such as a CD player, dishwasher etc. The cash prize for the final was dropped to £2,000. Players also could pick the same prize more than once, and on some occasions contestants made requests for an opponent who had won nothing to pick a prize, and Leslie always upheld the request.
All contestants in all series, win or lose, went home with a Wheel of Fortune watch (and sometimes other Wheel-related merchandise).
As with most international versions of Wheel (and the American version until 1988), rather than being given "R, S, T, L, N, and E," the contestant picked five consonants and a vowel.
- During the Nicky Campbell and John Leslie runs, there was a special prize for landing on a certain space. (prime time series).
- During Bradley Walsh's run, if a contestant landed on a certain space and also got a letter on the board, they could win the contents of "Brad's Box". This bonus carried over into the prime time John Leslie series and was renamed "Leslie's Luxury" but during Leslie's series there were two boxes one would be for the men and the other one would be for the women (prime time series).
- One puzzle would contain a "red letter" that would net players £100 if they solved the puzzle immediately after finding the letter (both formats).
- The winning contestant had a chance to win another £100 by guessing a special "puzzler" (daytime series).
- A Mystery prize would be awarded to the contestant if he/she picked up the token and solved the puzzle (daytime series).
- A star prize introduced by the hostess was earned if the player picked up the token and solved the puzzle (prime time series).
In the ninth episode of the second series and the thirteenth episode of the fourth series, the contestants were brides and in the twelfth episode of the third series and the eleventh episode of the fourth series, the contestants (two women and one man) were retired.
From 1988 to 1993, the host would emerge from the right stairs. Then as the presenter introducers to letter spinner, the letter spinner would walk down the left stairs. Between 1994 and 2000, the host and the letter spinner would emerge from the puzzle board that rotated clockwise. And in 2001, the host and the letter spinner would emerge from the prize pod.
In the first series, the letter spinner would say what category the puzzle board was and when the contestant spun the wheel, the camera would zoom in on their position. From the second series onwards, the camera would not zoom in on their position when they spun the wheel. From the second series until the 1998 series, the host would say what category the puzzle was.
Wrong Way Spin
One episode's filming was postponed due to a contestant spinning the wheel the wrong direction. The British wheel has a gearing mechanism to regulate its speed, so said action promptly broke the gears, and the studio technicians spent hours trying to fix it. By the next day, filming resumed, and all contestants from that point onward were warned that the wheel had to be spun clockwise.
The top point space was 1000 points, with one such space in round 1. One more space was added in round 2, along with a second Bankrupt, and a third 1,000-point space was added in round 3. Also, starting from series 4 in 1992, values were doubled beginning from round 3 onward, making the top point spaces worth 2,000 points.
Unlike the board used on the American version since 1997, the United Kingdom version's puzzle board was never electronic, so the regular puzzle would be placed at the top portion of the board while the puzzler would fill any unused lines below. The puzzle board's shape from 1994 to early 2000 was the same as the current American puzzle board. From 1988 to 1993, its border was styled like the one on the American puzzle board used from 1981 to 1993. The background colour for unused trilons on the UK's puzzle board was green from 1988 to 1993, after which it was changed to blue.
In 2001, Lose A Turn was renamed Miss A Turn and a 500 Gamble space was added. When 500 Gamble was landed on, the player had a choice of going for the regular 500 points or gambling their round score on a correct letter. Choosing a correct letter increased their score to a higher amount while an incorrect letter took away all the points they accumulated in the round.
|Series||Start date||End date||Episodes||Host|
|1||19 July 1988||27 September 1988||11||Nicky Campbell||Angela Ekaette|
|2||5 September 1989||19 December 1989||16||Carol Smillie|
|3||4 June 1991||27 August 1991||13|
|4||18 May 1992||24 August 1992||13|
|5||7 June 1993||30 August 1993||13|
|6||11 July 1994||12 December 1994||23|
|7||30 August 1995||27 December 1995||18||Jenny Powell|
|8||24 July 1996||27 December 1996||24|
|9||3 January 1997||12 December 1997||50||Bradley Walsh|
|10||15 June 1998||7 December 1998||26||John Leslie|
|11||2 March 1999||20 December 1999||135|
|12||3 January 2000||8 December 2000||250|
|13||2 January 2001||4 August 2001||125||Terri Seymour|
|14||12 November 2001||21 December 2001||30||Paul Hendy|
|22 December 1988||Christmas Soap Stars Special|
|29 December 1988||Christmas Celebrity Special|
|31 December 1988||Hogmanay Special|
|26 December 1989||Christmas Celebrity Special|
|31 December 1989||Hogmanay Special|
The two Hogmanay Specials were only broadcast to the Scottish and Grampian Television regions.
- 1988: With Miss Scotland, Teri Lally and Andy Cameron.
- 1989: With Andy Cameron, Paul Coia and Viv Lumsden.
Regional transmissions information
For the first ten series, the show was broadcast once a week in a primetime slot. With series 8, a number of regional ITV stations did broadcast episodes a few days later including the last episode on 31 December 1996.
During the eleventh series, the programme was moved to a five-shows-a-week daytime slot and it aired at 2.40pm each afternoon from 2 March, after the sixth series of Dale's Supermarket Sweep concluded its run. It took a break from 28 May to 10 September 1999.
The twelfth series began at the start of the year, and lasted until the start of December. During this series, the show's slot varied in different ITV regions. Carlton (London and Westcountry), Grampian and Scottish broadcast it at 5.30pm. Anglia, Border, Granada, Meridian, Yorkshire, Tyne Tees and Ulster aired it at 1.30pm until 31 March 2000, then Friday afternoons only from 18 May to 9 June. Then, from 12 June, it was moved back to five-times-a-week; from 17 July, it was moved to 2.40pm, so not all the episodes aired. HTV followed Anglia's pattern until 8 May before switching to the 5.30pm slot. Carlton (Central) also followed Anglia's pattern until 12 June before moving the show to 5.30pm. Additional episodes were broadcast by all ITV regions on Sundays during May.
During the thirteenth series, most ITV regions broadcast episodes at 5.30pm from 2 January to 22 June 2001, expect for Meridian, Yorkshire, Tyne Tees, before being switched to a Saturday afternoon slot until 4 August 2001. The final thirty episodes (series fourteen) were networked at 2.40pm, from 12 November to 21 December.
The eleventh series was broadcast in Ireland by TG4.