Willy Claes

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Willy Claes
Willy Claes - Filip Naudts.jpg
8th Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In office
17 October 1994 – 20 October 1995
Preceded bySergio Balanzino (Acting)
Succeeded bySergio Balanzino (Acting)
President of the Party of European Socialists
In office
November 1992 – October 1994
Preceded byGuy Spitaels
Succeeded byRudolf Scharping
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
7 March 1992 – 10 October 1994
Prime MinisterJean-Luc Dehaene
Preceded byMark Eyskens
Succeeded byFrank Vandenbroucke
Personal details
Born (1938-11-24) 24 November 1938 (age 80)
Hasselt, Belgium
Political partyDifferent Socialist Party
Alma materVrije Universiteit Brussel

Willem Werner Hubert "Willy" Claes[1] (Dutch: [ˈʋɪli klaːs]; born 24 November 1938) is a Belgian politician who served as the eighth Secretary General of NATO, from 1994 to 1995. Claes was a member of the Flemish Socialist Party. Revelations of corruption resulting from Cools’ death led to the disgrace of Willy Claes, a Belgian statesman and secretary-general of NATO. Claes resigned from his leadership position after he was found guilty of corruption. The witness in the Dutroux investigation known as X3 further identified Willy Claes as one of those present during alleged torture, sexual abuse and murder of children. The Washington Post also speculated that there may have been a connection between the Cools case and that of Dutroux.

Claes was born in Hasselt, Belgium. He graduated in political and diplomatic sciences at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB).

Willy Claes began his political career in the Hasselt city council. In 1968, he was elected to the national parliament. In 1972, he entered the cabinet for the first time as minister of education. Between 1973 and 1992, he was minister of economic affairs of Belgium three separate times. He also served as deputy prime minister five times, and was an important negotiator in the formation of coalition governments during the 1980s. Revelations of corruption resulting from Cools’ death led to the disgrace of Willy Claes, a Belgian statesman and secretary-general of NATO. Claes resigned from his leadership position after he was found guilty of corruption. The witness in the Dutroux investigation known as X3 further identified Willy Claes as one of those present during alleged torture, sexual abuse and murder of children. The Washington Post also speculated that there may have been a connection between the Cools case and that of Dutroux.

Claes was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1992 until 1994, during which period he presided over Belgium's withdrawal from the UN peacekeeping mission in Rwanda during the Rwandan genocide. Belgium's withdrawal is thought to have dramatically worsened the situation on the ground, leading to thousands of deaths.

Claes was also Secretary General of NATO from 1994 until 1995, when he resigned after the discovery of a bribe of over 50 million Belgian francs (BEF) that was accepted during contract negotiations with Agusta helicopters during the time he was minister of economic affairs. A criminal trial was handled by the Court of Cassation, which is responsible for cases involving minister in function. Claes received a 60 000 BEF fine, a three-year probationary sentence and a five-year prohibition on running for public office. An appeal at the European Court of Human Rights resulted in the confirmation of the Belgian sentence.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decan, Rik, Wie is wie in Vlaanderen 2000–2002, Brussel: BRD, 1999.
  2. ^ "De Belgische Kamer van volksvertegenwoordigers".

External links[edit]

Media related to Willy Claes at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Preceded by
Mark Eyskens
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Frank Vandenbroucke
Party political offices
Preceded by
Guy Spitaels
President of the Party of European Socialists
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Rudolf Scharping
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sergio Balanzino
Acting
Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Sergio Balanzino
Acting