Wycliffe College, Toronto
|Motto||Verbum Domini manet|
Motto in English
|"The word of the Lord endureth"|
|Type||Federated theological college|
|Affiliation||Anglican Church of Canada|
|Location||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Affiliations||TST, ATS, U of T, Anglican Church of Canada|
Wycliffe College (//) is a graduate theological school federated with the University of Toronto. It is affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada and is evangelical and Low church in orientation. On the other hand, the University of Toronto's other Anglican college, the University of Trinity College, is Anglo-Catholic in outlook. While being an Anglican seminary, Wycliffe College attracts students from many Christian denominations. As a founding member of the Toronto School of Theology, students are free to participate in the wide range of courses from Canada's largest ecumenical consortium. It trains those pursuing ordination as well as those preparing for academic careers of scholarship and teaching.
In response to the Liberal Catholic perspective of Trinity College, which is the Toronto diocesan seminary, the Church Association of the Diocese of Toronto, a lay Evangelical group at the Cathedral Church of St. James, founded the independent Protestant Episcopal Divinity School in 1877 to provide an alternative source for evangelical and low-church theological training. Like its Oxford counterpart, Wycliffe Hall, the name "Wycliffe College" was inspired by John Wycliffe, a 14th-century English scholastic philosopher, theologian, Biblical translator, reformer, and theology professor at Oxford. The name was given first to the college's building and then to the college itself. To ensure its long-term viability, Wycliffe College began considering various forms of union with the University of Toronto towards the end of the 19th century. Wycliffe College became affiliated with the University of Toronto in 1885 and federated in 1889.
Wycliffe College had a close association with the Anglican Church of the Epiphany in Parkdale. The church's founding rector, the Rev. Bernard Bryan, had been one of the nine men who constituted the first class at Wycliffe in 1877. This connection continued in 1959 when the Church of the Epiphany's rector, the Rev. Leslie Hunt, was appointed Principal of Wycliffe College.
In 1969, the Toronto School of Theology (TST) was created as an independent federation of seven schools of theology, including the divinity faculties of Wycliffe College. Within its own federation, the University of Toronto granted degrees except theology or divinity degrees. Since 1978, by virtue of a change made in its charter, the University of Toronto has granted theology degrees conjointly with Wycliffe College and other TST member institutions.
An act respecting Wycliffe College, being chapter 112 of the Statutes of Ontario, 1916, was repealed and the Wycliffe College Act, 2002 was substituted. Wycliffe College's arms were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on March 15, 2007.
The Wycliffe College Chapel sanctuary features several stained glass windows, including "Our Lord", "St. Paul", "St. John", and "Timothy" by Robert McCausland Limited.
Wycliffe College is situated in the centre of the University of Toronto campus, on the corner of Hoskin Avenue and Queen's Park. Next door is Hart House (University of Toronto), which houses athletic facilities, a theatre, an art gallery, reading rooms, sitting rooms, offices, a library, music rooms, student meeting and study space. Along with classrooms and a chapel, Wycliffe houses 75 graduate residents, many of who are studying other disciplines at the University of Toronto and its affiliates.
Students have access, moreover, to the services of the University of Toronto, including the athletic facilities, library systems, and student union clubs.
The college was accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada in 1978. In the fall semester of 2016 it had 241 students. It awards the following degrees conjointly with the University of Toronto:
- Master of Divinity
- Master of Theological Studies
- Doctor of Ministry
- Master of Arts in Theological Studies
- Master of Theology
- Doctor of Philosophy
As a founding member of the Toronto School of Theology, students are able to participate in the wide range of courses from Canada's largest ecumenical consortium.
A Certificate in Anglican Studies is available for candidates for the Anglican priesthood and vocational diaconate who hold an MDiv from a non-Anglican seminary.
In addition to Wycliffe's collection of theological texts, students have access the libraries of every member school of the Toronto School of Theology, including Knox's Caven Library, St. Michael's Kelly Library, Trinity and Wycliffe's John W. Graham Library, and the libraries of Emmanuel College, Regis College, and St. Augustine's Seminary. Students, moreover, have access to the library system of the University of Toronto, including Robarts Library, Canada's largest library and the fourth largest academic library system in North America.
Institute of Evangelism
The Wycliffe College Institute of Evangelism provides resources, including teachers and practitioners of evangelism, print and A/V materials, and conferences and seminars in order to help nurture and grow evangelizing communities. The mission of the Institute of Evangelism is to "encourage and equip the church for the work of evangelism, empowering it to engage in this ministry confidently, joyfully and expectantly."
Notable faculty - former
- R. K. Harrison, Professor of Old Testament Studies
- Jakob Jocz, Professor of Systematic Theology of Jewish background
- Richard Longenecker New Testament scholar
- Oliver O'Donovan Christian ethicist
- John Bainbridge Webster British Anglican systematic theologian
Notable faculty - current
- Eleanor Clitheroe-Bell
- Michael Haykin - Professor at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
- Grant LeMarquand, missionary bishop
- Byron Edmund Walker
- Reginald Stackhouse, former MP
- Eliud Wabukala, Anglican Archbishop of Kenya
- Maret Ninan Abraham, later known as Abraham Mar Thoma, 17th Metropolitan Bishop of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Malabar
- Dyson Hague (1857–1935), contributing author to The Fundamentals
- Donald Coggan Archbishop of Canterbury 1974–1980
- "Wycliffe College, Toronto.". 3 (58). August 10, 1889: 84.
- "November program at Church of the Epiphany for 75th anniversary". The Anglican (November 1962).
- http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1484 George Martel Miller (architect)
- http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1592 George Martel Miller (architect)
- Minter, David (1990). William Faulkner: His Life and Work. Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Colombo, John Robert (1984). Canadian Literary Landmarks. Hounslow.
- http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/source/private/english/2002/elaws_src_private_pr02001_e.htm Wycliffe College Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. Pr1 - Bill Pr2
- http://archive.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=1139 Arms and Badge
- "Member Schools - Wycliffe College". The Association of Theological Schools. 2016. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
- Association of Research Libraries. "ARL Statistics 2004-05" (PDF). pp. 66–69. Retrieved 2007-01-23.
- University of Toronto Libraries. "Annual Statistics". Retrieved 2007-01-23.
- F. D. Coggan, The Story of the English Bible Illustrated in the Memorial Windows of Wycliffe College Chapel, Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1942.
- Arnold Edinborough, ed. The Enduring Word: A Centennial History of Wycliffe College. University of Toronto Press, 1978.
- Dyson Hague et al. The Jubilee Volume of Wycliffe College, 1877–1927. Toronto: Wycliffe College, 1927.
- Reginald Stackhouse, The Way Forward: A History of Wycliffe College, Toronto, 1877–2002. Toronto: Wycliffe College, 2002.
- Arthur N. Thompson Foundations for the Future; are the Principles of Wycliffe College Good for a Second Century? Toronto: Wycliffe College.
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