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Stinkfliege Coenomyia ferruginea male.jpg
Coenomyia ferruginea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Xylophagomorpha
Superfamily: Xylophagoidea
Family: Xylophagidae
Fallén, 1810
Coenomyia ferruginea

The Brachyceran infraorder Xylophagomorpha is a small group that consists solely of the family Xylophagidae, which presently contains subfamilies that were sometimes considered to be two small related families (Coenomyiidae and Rachiceridae). Other obsolete names for members of this family include Exeretonevridae and Heterostomidae.

The family is known by the English name awl-flies.

The larvae are often predatory, consuming other insect larvae living in rotting wood.[1]


Flies in this family have elongated bodies and resemble ichneumon wasps in shape. The base of the abdomen is constricted. The antennae have three segments.[1]


These nine genera belong to the family Xylophagidae:[2]


  1. ^ a b Watson, L. and Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. Xylophagidae. Archived June 2, 2007, at the Wayback Machine British Insects: The Families of Diptera. Version 1 January 2012.
  2. ^ Woodley, N.E. (2011). "A World Catalog of the Xylophagidae (Insecta: Diptera)". Myia. 12: 455–500.
  3. ^ Röder, V. von (1889). "Anacanthaspis nov. gen. der Coenomyidae". Dipterologischer Beitrag. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung. 8: 7–10. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  4. ^ Loew, H. (1850). "Meghyperus und Arthropeas, zwei neue Dipterengattungen". Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung. 11: 302–308, 1 pl. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  5. ^ Latreille, P.A. (1797). Precis des caracteres generiques des insectes, disposes dans un ordre naturel. Bordeaux, Brive: Prevot, Paris. pp. xiv + 201 + [7]. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  6. ^ Walker, F. (1850). Diptera. Part I, pp. 1-76, pls. 1-2. In [Saunders, W. W. (ed.)], Insecta Saundersiana: or characters of undescribed insects in the collection of William Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.R.S., F.L.S., &c. Vol. 1. London: Van Voorst. p. 474.
  7. ^ Macquart, P.J.M. (1846). Diptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Supplement. [1]. Lille: Mem. Soc. R. Sci. Agric. Arts. pp. 133–364, 20 pls. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  8. ^ Bigot, J.M.F. (1857). "Diptères nouveaux provenant du Chili". Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 5 (3): 277-308. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  9. ^ Matsumura, S. (1905). Thousand insects of Japan. Tokyo: Keisei-sha. pp. 163 pp., pls 18-34.
  10. ^ Walker, F. (1854). List of the specimens of dipterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part V. [=Supplement I]. London: British Museum. pp. 1–330.
  11. ^ Meigen, J. W. (1803). "Versuch einer neuen Gattungs-Eintheilung der europaischen zweiflugligen Insekten". Mag. Insektenkd. 2: 259–281.