A Qing dynasty portrait of Zhuge Shang.
|Military officer of Shu Han|
Zhuge Shang (died 263) was a military officer of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period. He was the eldest son of the Shu general Zhuge Zhan and a grandson of Zhuge Liang, the first Chancellor of Shu.
In 263, Deng Ai, a general from Shu's rival state Cao Wei, led an army to attack Shu and showed up in Fu (涪; in present-day Mianyang, Sichuan) after taking a shortcut from Yinping (陰平; present-day Wen County, Longnan, Gansu). Zhuge Zhan led the Shu forces to Fu to resist the enemy but retreated to Mianzhu (緜竹) when he heard that the Shu vanguard had been defeated. Deng Ai sent a messenger to ask Zhuge Zhan to surrender, but Zhuge refused and executed the messenger. In the ensuing battle at Mianzhu, the Shu forces were defeated and both Zhuge Zhan and Zhuge Shang were killed in action. Before joining his father in battle, Zhuge Shang sighed, "My father and I received grace from the State. Our failure to eliminate Huang Hao earlier on resulted in our State being stuck in this disastrous situation now. What can we do with our lives?"
- Zizhi Tongjian vol. 78.
- ([景耀]六年冬，魏征西將軍鄧艾伐蜀，自陰平由景谷道旁入。瞻督諸軍至涪停住，前鋒破，退還，住緜竹。艾遣書誘瞻曰：「若降者必表為琅邪王。」瞻怒，斬艾使。遂戰，大敗，臨陣死，時年三十七。衆皆離散，艾長驅至成都。瞻長子尚，與瞻俱沒。) Sanguozhi vol. 35.
- (瞻長子尚歎曰：「父子荷恩，不早斬黃皓，以致敗國殄民，用生何為。」乃驅馬赴魏軍而死。) Huayang Guo Zhi vol. 7.
- Chang, Qu. Chronicles of Huayang (Huayang Guo Zhi).
- Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi).
- Sima, Guang. Zizhi Tongjian.