Saint-Eustache, Paris

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Church of St Eustace
View from south east
View from south east

The Church of St Eustace, Paris (French: L’église Saint-Eustache) is a church in the 1st arrondissement of Paris. The present building was built between 1532 and 1632.

Situated at the entrance to Paris's ancient markets (Les Halles) and the beginning of rue Montorgueil, St Eustace's is considered a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The church’s reputation was strong enough of the time for it to be chosen as the location for a young Louis XIV to receive communion. Mozart also chose the sanctuary as the location for his mother’s funeral. Among those baptised here as children were Richelieu, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, future Madame de Pompadour and Molière, who was also married here in the 17th century. The last rites for Anne of Austria, Turenne and Mirabeau were pronounced within its walls. Marie de Gournay is buried there.

History[edit]

Situated in Les Halles, an area of Paris once renowned for fresh produce of all kinds, the church became a parish church in 1223, thanks to a man named Alais who achieved this by taxing the baskets of fish sold nearby. To thank such divine generosity, Alais constructed a chapel dedicated to Sainte-Agnès, a Roman martyr. The construction of the current church began in 1532, the work not being finally completed until 1637. The name of the church refers to Saint Eustace, a Roman general of the second century AD who was burned, along with his family, for converting to Christianity. Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes was baptised here.

According to tourist literature on-site, during the French Revolution the church, like most churches in Paris, was desecrated, looted, and used for a time as a barn. The church was restored after the Revolution had run its course and remains in use today. Several impressive paintings by Rubens remain in the church today. Each summer, organ concerts commemorate the premieres of Berlioz’s Te Deum and Liszt’s Christus here in 1886.

Description[edit]

Église Saint-Eustache, South Facade with the L'écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller
St. Eustache of Paris interior

The church is an example of a Gothic structure clothed in Renaissance detail. Although the architects are unknown, similarities to designs used in the extension of the church of Saint-Maclou in Pontoise (begun in 1525) point to Jean Delamarre and/or Pierre Le Mercier, who collaborated in that work.[1] The Italian-born architect Domenico da Cortona has also been suggested.[2] The church is relatively short in length at 105m, but its interior is 33.45m high to the vaulting. At the main façade, the left tower has been completed in Renaissance style, while the right tower remains a stump. The front and rear aspects provide a remarkable contrast between the comparatively sober classical front and the exuberant rear, which integrates Gothic forms and organization with Classical details. The L'écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller appears outside the church, to the south. A Keith Haring sculpture stands in a chapel of the church.

One of several casts of Keith Haring's Life of Christ rests in a chapel
Sainte-Eustache Organ - Very High Resolution

Organ[edit]

The church's organ

With 8,000 pipes, the organ is reputed to be the largest pipe organ in France, surpassing the organs of Saint Sulpice and Notre Dame de Paris. The organ originally constructed by P.-A. Ducroquet was powerful enough for the premiere of Hector Berlioz' titanic Te Deum to be performed at St-Eustache in 1855. It was later modified under the direction of Joseph Bonnet. The present instrument was designed under the direction of Titular Organist Jean Guillou and dates from 1989 and was built by the Dutch firm of Van den Heuvel retaining a few ranks of pipes from the former organ.

I Positif C–c4
Quintaton 16′
Montre 8′
Salicional 8′
Unda-Maris 8′
Bourdon 8′
Prestant 4′
Flûte à Fuseau 4′
Nasard 22/3
Doublette 2′
Tierce 13/5
Larigot 11/3
Septième 11/7
Fourniture V 2′
Cymbale II 1/3
Douçaine 16′
Trompette 8′
Cromorne 8′
Clairon 4′
Trémolo


II Grand-Orgue C–c4
Montre 32′
Montre 16′
Principal 8′
Flûte à Cheminée 8′
Violoncelle 8′
Grosse Flûte I–II 8′
Prestant 4′
Flûte 4′
Doublette 2′
Grande Fourniture IV–VIII 22/3
Plein-Jeu IV–V 1′
Sesquialtera II 22/3
Grand Cornet III–V
Bombarde 16′
Trompette 8′
Clairon 4′
III Récit Expressif C–c4
Flûte à Cheminée 16′
Principal 8′
Cor de Nuit 8′
Flûte Traversière 8′
Viole de Gambe 8′
Voix Céleste 8′
Octave 4′
Flûte Octaviante 4′
Octavin 2′
Carillon III 22/3′+13/5′+1′
Plein-Jeu VI 22/3
Contrebasson 32′
Bombarde 16′
Trompette Harmonique 8′
Basson-Hautbois 8′
Voix Humaine 8′
Clairon Harmonique 4′
Trémolo


IV Grand-Chœur C–c4
Violonbasse 16′
Bourdon 16′
Diapason 8′
Flûte Majeure 8′
Violon 8′
Grande Quinte 51/3
Principal 4′
Flûte Conique 4′
Grande Tierce 31/5
Quinte 22/3
Grande Septième 22/7
Fifre 2′
Grande Neuvième 17/9
Plein-Jeu Harmonique II–VIII 2′
Clarinette 16′
Cor de Basset 8′
Tuba Magna 16′
Tuba Mirabilis 8′
Cor Harmonique 4′
V Solo C–c4
Flûte Harmonique 8′
Flûte Octaviante 4′
Nasard Harmonique 22/3
Octavin 2′
Tierce Harmonique 13/5
Piccolo Harmonique 1′
Harmoniques III 11/3′ +11/7′+8/9
Ranquette 16′
Chalumeau 8′
Trompeteria II
Trompette en Chamade I–III 8′
Trémolo


Pédale C–g1
Principale basse 32′
Flûte 16′
Contrebasse 16′
Soubasse 16′
Grande Quinte 102/3
Flûte 8′
Violoncelle 8′
Grande Tierce 62/5
Quinte 51/3
Flûte 4′
Flûte 2′
Théorbe II 44/7′+35/9
Mixture V 4′
Contre-Bombarde 32′
Contre-Trombone 32′
Bombarde 16′
Basson 16′
Trompette 8′
Baryton 8′
Clairon 4′

Other burials[edit]

Access[edit]

Located near the Métro stationLes Halles.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Ayers 2004, p. 52.
  2. ^ Fletcher, Banister and Palmes, J. C. A History of Architecture Charles Scriber's Sons, 1975. ISBN 684-14207-4, p. 908

Sources

  • Ayers, Andrew (2004). The Architecture of Paris. Stuttgart: Axel Menges. ISBN 9783930698967.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′48″N 2°20′42″E / 48.86333°N 2.34500°E / 48.86333; 2.34500