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Ğ, or ğ, is a letter, known as g-breve in English, used in Turkish, Azerbaijani, and Laz. In Unicode they are U+011E Ğ latin capital letter g with breve (HTML:
Ğ) and U+011F ğ latin small letter g with breve (HTML:
In Turkish, the ğ /ɰ/ is known as yumuşak ge [jumuʃak ɟe] (soft g) and is the ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet. It is very similar to the blødt g 'soft g' in Danish and comparable to the '-gh' in English (in though). It lengthens the preceding vowel, which is normally short in Turkish without the ğ. For example, dağ (mountain) is pronounced like [daː], and yağ (oil) is pronounced like [jaː]. The ğ must be located after a vowel and thus cannot be the initial letter of a word. Its exact use varies throughout Turkey and with regard to the particular vowel with which it is used: it adds a rising of the back of the tongue (as for g or k) to a and ı, a /j/ glide to e or i, and a /β/ glide to the rounded vowels: o, u, ö, and ü.
The letter provides a smooth transition between vowels since they do not occur consecutively in native Turkish words (in loanwords they are separated by a glottal stop). Sometimes g is used incorrectly instead of ğ. In the case of Turkish words borrowed into other languages, the letter may become a [ɡ], as in yogurt (also spelled yoghurt; Turkish yoğurt). In rare cases, the phonetic ɣ (gamma) or the Greek letter γ is used. Some webpages may also use Ð and ð because of improper encoding; see Turkish characters for the reasons of this.
Laz is written using two alphabets: the Georgian alphabet and an extended Turkish Latin alphabet. In the Latin-derived alphabet, ğ represents /ɣ/, the voiced velar fricative. It corresponds to the Georgian letter ღ.
Letter G with diacritics
Letters using breve sign ( ◌̆ )