Taw was the last letter of the Western Semitic and Hebrew alphabets. The sound value of Semitic Taw, Greek alphabet Tαυ (Tau), Old Italic and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing [t] in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in all of these alphabets.
In English, ⟨t⟩ often denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive (International Phonetic Alphabet and X-SAMPA: /t/), as in "tart", "tee", or "ties", often with aspiration at the beginnings of words or before stressed vowels.
The digraph ⟨ti⟩ often takes /ʃ/ (a voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant) word-medially when followed by a vowel, as in nation, ratio, negotiation and Croatia.
⟨t⟩ tends to indicate the affricate /t͡ʃ/ if it precedes ⟨ur⟩ plus a vowel, as in future.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet [t] denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive. In the orthographies of other languages, ⟨t⟩ is often used for /t/, the voiceless dental plosive /t̪/ or similar sounds.
Related letters and other similar characters
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER T||LATIN SMALL LETTER T|
|Numeric character reference||T||T||t||t|
- 1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.
- "T", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "tee", op. cit.
- Lewand, Robert. "Relative Frequencies of Letters in General English Plain text". Cryptographical Mathematics. Central College. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Media related to T at Wikimedia Commons
- The dictionary definition of T at Wiktionary
- The dictionary definition of t at Wiktionary