Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named Osman Pasha, see Osman Pasha (disambiguation).
Özdemiroğlu
Osman
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
28 July 1584 – 29 October 1585
Monarch Murat III
Preceded by Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Succeeded by Hadim Mesih Pasha
Personal details
Born 1526
Cairo, Egypt Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
Died 29 October 1585
Iran
Resting place Diyarbakır, Turkey
Relations Özdemir Pasha (father)
Religion Sunni Islam
Ethnicity Circassian
Military service
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Service/branch Ottoman Army
Years of service 1578–1585
Rank Serdar (field marshal)
Battles/wars Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590)

Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha ("Osman Pasha, the son of Özdemir"; 1526 – 29 October 1585) was an Ottoman statesman and military commander who also held the office of grand vizier for one year.

Origin[edit]

After the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517, the former Mameluk elite (Turks and Circassians) had accepted the Ottoman dominance and became the part of Ottoman bureaucracy and military. Özdemir Pasha, Osman’s father, was one of them. After the Indian Ocean campaigns, he was appointed as the beylerbey (high governor) of Habesh Eyalet (modern Ethiopia, but practically only the coastal strip of Eritrea and Sudan).

Osman was born in 1526 in Cairo, which was now part of Egypt Eyalet (province) of the Ottoman Empire.

Early years[edit]

Osman was appointed to various posts in Egypt by the porte. After his father’s death in 1561, Osman continued as the governor of Habesh Eyalet for 7 years. In 1569, he was appointed as the governor of Yemen and in 1573, as the governor of Diyarbekir Eyalet (modern Diyarbakır, Turkey).[1][2]

Battles[edit]

While in Diyarbekir, he was assigned to join the army during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590). His troops fought well and contributed much to the victory during the Battle of Çıldır. After the battle, he was assigned to organize the newly conquered territories in the Caucasus. While establishing an effective Ottoman administration, he also had to fight against Persians who were trying to regain their losses.[3] In 1583, he fought against a Persian army in Baştepe a location in North Caucasus (modern Dagestan Republic of Russia) in a three-day clash named Battle of Torches, (named so because the battle continued into the night). He defeated the Persian army and secured Ottoman presence in the Caucasus.[4]

His next mission was dethroning the Crimean khan Mehmed II Giray, who was an unreliable vassal, and enthroning a new khan, in which he was also successful. Then, from Crimea he sailed to Istanbul, the capital, where he was praised by the sultan Murat III.[5]

Last years[edit]

On 28 May 1584, he was promoted to be the grand vizier, also keeping the title of high commander of the army (Turkish: serdar). Next year, he was again at the battle front. He conquered Tebriz, West Iran. However, a few weeks later on 29 October 1584, he fell ill and died. He was buried in Diyarbekir.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography of Osman Pasha (Turkish)
  2. ^ Ayhan Buz: Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Kitap, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 978-975-254-278-5
  3. ^ An essay on the campaign (Turkish)
  4. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 21-23
  5. ^ Joseph von Hammer:Osmanlı Tarihi Vol II (condensation: Abdülkadir Karahan), Milliyet yayınları, İstanbul. p 100-101
Political offices
Preceded by
Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
28 July 1584 – 29 October 1585
Succeeded by
Hadim Mesih Pasha