Salih Hulusi Pasha

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For other people named Salih Pasha, see Salih Pasha (disambiguation).
Salih Hulusi
صالح خلوصي پاشا

Pasha
Salih Hulusi Pasha (Kezrak).jpg
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
8 March 1920 – 2 April 1922
Monarch Mehmed VI
Preceded by Ali Rıza Pasha
Succeeded by Damat Ferid Pasha
Personal details
Born 1864
Istanbul (then Constantinople), Ottoman Empire
Died 1939
Istanbul, Turkey
Nationality Ottoman (1845–1922)
Turkish (1922–1939)
Religion Islam
Salip Pasha (right) with Nazim Pasha, before his departure for the London Conference of 1912–1913

Salih Hulusi Pasha (1864–1939), known as Salih Hulusi Kezrak after 1934, was one of the last grand viziers of the Ottoman Empire, under the reign of the last Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI Vahdeddin, between 8 March 1920 and 2 April 1920.[1] Since he had been unable to form a government, and as part of the chain of events following the occupation of Istanbul by the Allies (particularly the arrests of a number of deputies of the Ottoman Parliament), he was dismissed from office by the sultan under foreign pressure on 2 April. His dismissal was to be followed by the official closure of the Parliament itself on 5 April, thus putting an end to the Second Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire.

In terms of effective shaping of policies by the remaining Ottoman state structure, his office (as well as his predecessor Ali Rıza Pasha's) are usually considered as mere intervals between the two offices of Damat Ferid Pasha, the signatory of the Treaty of Sèvres.

Prior to his premiership, Salih Hulusi Pasha held the office of the Minister of the Marine under two preceding governments and also under his successor Ahmed Tevfik Pasha. He was also the President of the Fenerbahçe sports club from 1914 to 1915. At a time when Turkey had two governments, he was often charged with contacts with the rising Ankara government set up by Mustafa Kemal Pasha. With the end of the Ottoman monarchy, Hulusi Salih Pasha retired from politics and, after having adopted the surname "Kezrak" under the 1934 Law on Family Names in Turkey, died in 1939 in Istanbul.

Kezrak's father, Ferik Dilaver Pasha, was a Circassian Lieutenant general in the Ottoman Navy, who published Dilaver Pasha Regulations during his service as Minister of Mining in 1865.[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971 (Turkish)
  2. ^ "Kömür Havzası ile Özdeşleşen İsim: Ereğli Maadin Nazırı Dilaver Paşa". Retrieved 05-21-2014.
  3. ^ Quataert, Donald (2006). Miners and the State in the Ottoman Empire: The Zonguldak Coalfield, 1822–1920. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Rıza Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
8 March 1920 – 5 April 1920
Succeeded by
Damat Ferid Pasha