Yunus Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Devşirme
Yunus
Pasha
Arolsen Klebeband 01 461 1.jpg
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
January 30, 1517 – September 13, 1517
Monarch Selim I
Preceded by Hadım Sinan Pasha
Succeeded by Piri Mehmed Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1517–1517
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Hayır Bey
Personal details
Died September 13, 1517
Tokat, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Ethnicity Unknown; of Christian origin

Yunus Pasha (died September 13, 1517) was an Ottoman statesman. He was Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire for eight months in 1517, serving from January 30 until his death on September 13.[1]

Biography[edit]

It has been debated but never definitely resolved whether Yunus was of Greek, Pomak, Serbian, or Croatian origin.[2] He was taken into the devşirme system (taken from his family and converted to Islam in order to become an Ottoman bureaucrat/soldier) at a young age, Yunus was raised to become a Janissary, eventually becoming agha (top commander) of the Janissary corps. In 1511, he became a vizier in the divan (the Ottoman government) and the beylerbey (top provincial administrator) of the Anatolia Eyalet.[2]

Yunus Pasha had a large role in the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17). After the Ottoman victory in the Battle of Marj Dabiq in 1516, Yunus Pasha, with Ottoman troops under his command, mobilized his forces and entered the (modern Syrian) city of Aleppo, from there invading the cities of Hama, Homs, and Damascus in rapid succession. After the 1517 Battle of Ridaniya, he entered the Egyptian city of Cairo with his Janissary forces, and after a three-day siege, captured the city for the Ottoman Empire.[3]

Because of his successes and the death of the previous grand vizier, Hadım Sinan Pasha, in combat during the Battle of Ridaniya on January 22, 1517, Yunus Pasha was appointed grand vizier eight days later, on January 30. Later, he was simultaneously appointed to be the governor of Egypt. After attaining these double positions, Yunus Pasha allegedly set up a syndicate of bribery and extortion. After the news of the corruption reached the sultan Selim I, Yunus Pasha's governorship was revoked and given to Hayır Bey, leaving Yunus Pasha with the sole office of grand vizier.[2]

It is alleged that sultan Selim I had Yunus Pasha executed for insulting his governorship successor Hayır Bey's Circassian ethnicity after bitterness of losing his governorship to him despite Yunus Pasha being the one who had conquered Egypt for the Ottoman Empire. Whatever the reason, Yunus Pasha was executed by decapitation on September 13, 1517.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish State Archives
  2. ^ a b c Alper, Omer Mahir, "Yunus Paşa", (1999) Yaşamları ve Yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar Ansiklopedisi, İstanbul:Yapı Kredi Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık A.Ş. C.2 s.678 ISBN 975-08-0072-9
  3. ^ a b [Osmanlı Tarihi, II. Cilt, 10. baskı, sf: 286,291,543,544, Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları-2011, Ord. Prof. İsmail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı]
Political offices
Preceded by
Hadım Sinan Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
January 1517 – September 1517
Succeeded by
Piri Mehmed Pasha
New creation
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1517
Succeeded by
Hayır Bey