From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1180s 1190s 1200s – 1210s – 1220s 1230s 1240s|
|Years:||1211 1212 1213 – 1214 – 1215 1216 1217|
|1214 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1214 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1967|
|Bahá'í calendar||−630 – −629|
|English Regnal year||15 Joh. 1 – 16 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3910 or 3850
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3911 or 3851
|- Vikram Samvat||1270–1271|
|- Shaka Samvat||1136–1137|
|- Kali Yuga||4315–4316|
|Japanese calendar||Kenpō 2
|Minguo calendar||698 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1757|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1214.|
- November 1 – Siege of Sinope: The Black Sea port city of Sinope surrenders to the Seljuq Turks.
- The Emperor Xuanzong of Jin China surrenders to the Mongols under Genghis Khan, who have besieged Beijing for a year. He pays a huge ransom and then abandons northern China, heading for Kaifeng.
- In his campaigns in Liaodong, the Mongol general Mukhali commands a newly formed Khitan–Chinese army and a special corps of 12,000 Chinese auxiliary troops.
- February 15 – John, King of England, lands an invasion force at La Rochelle in France.
- July 27 – Battle of Bouvines: Philip II of France defeats an army of Imperial German, English and Flemish soldiers led by Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, in the Kingdom of France, ending the Anglo-French War (1202–14).
- Summer – King Alfonso VIII of Castile besieges Almohad troops in Baeza. The famine experienced in the peninsula is such that neither army is able to fight.
- September 18 – Treaty of Chinon signed by John, King of England, and Philip II of France recognising the Capetian gains from the Angevin Empire.
- October 5 – Upon the death of their father, King Alfonso VIII of Castile, and of their mother, Eleanor (October 31), Bernguela becomes the regent of her young brother, King Henry I.
- December 4 – Death of William the Lion, King of the Scots, having reigned since 1165; he is succeeded by his son, Alexander II (crowned at Scone on December 6) who will reign until his death in 1249.
- The German city of Bielefeld is founded.
- April 13 – Simon Apulia becomes Bishop of Exeter.
- According to Catholic Church tradition, the rosary is given to Saint Dominic by Mary (mother of Jesus).
- April 25 – King Louis IX of France (d. 1270)
- Isabella of England, daughter of John of England (d. 1241)
- September 14 – Albert Avogadro, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
- October 5 – King Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1155)
- October 31 – Leonora of England, queen of Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1162)
- December 4 – William the Lion, King of the Scots (b. c. 1143)
- October 18 – John de Gray, bishop of Norwich
- date unknown
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 77–79. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Linehan, Peter (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In Abulafia, David (ed). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–699. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.