From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1240s 1250s 1260s – 1270s – 1280s 1290s 1300s|
|Years:||1276 1277 1278 – 1279 – 1280 1281 1282|
|1279 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1279 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2032|
|Bahá'í calendar||−565 – −564|
|English Regnal year||7 Edw. 1 – 8 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3975 or 3915
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
3976 or 3916
|- Vikram Samvat||1335–1336|
|- Shaka Samvat||1201–1202|
|- Kali Yuga||4380–4381|
|Japanese calendar||Kōan 2
|Minguo calendar||633 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1822|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1279.|
- March 19 – Battle of Yamen: Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty defeats and ends the Song Dynasty, and becomes the emperor of all China.
- The Mongol Empire reaches its largest extent. However, by this time the empire has already partially fragmented.
- October 12 – The Dai-Gohonzon, the supreme object of veneration of Nichiren Shōshū Buddhism, is inscribed by Nichiren.
- A Yuan diplomatic party sent by Kublai Khan to Japan is killed by Japan's regent Hōjō Tokimune, leading to a second invasion attempt by the Mongols in 1281.
- The Chola dynasty of South India falls under attacks by the Hoysala Empire and Pandyan Kingdom.
- King Ramkhamhaeng's reign commences as the third king of Thailand's Sukhothai Era, a great "Golden Age" foreshadowing modern Thailand
- Mamluk sultan Baraka Khan and emir Qalawun of Egypt invade Armenia; a revolt in Egypt while they are away forces Baraka to abdicate and allows Qalawun to become sultan.
- March 5 – Battle of Aizkraukle: Lithuanian forces led by Traidenis defeat the Livonian Order of Teutonic Knights.
- The first of the Statutes of Mortmain are passed under King Edward I of England, which prevents land from passing into possession of the church.
- The second of two main surveys of the Hundred Rolls, an English census seen as a follow up to the Domesday Book completed in 1086, is begun; it lasts until 1280.
- Al-Razi's important medical writings are translated into Latin by Faraj ben Salim, some 350 years after Al-Razi's death.
- The Royal Mint of England moves into the Tower of London.
- The town of Haapsalu, Estonia is founded.
- date unknown
- February 16 – King Afonso III of Portugal (b. 1210)
- March – Zhang Shijie, Chinese admiral and official
- March 16 – Jeanne of Dammartin, Queen consort of Castile and León (b. 1216)
- March 19 – Emperor Bing of Song (b. 1271)
- April – Walter Giffard, Lord Chancellor of England and archbishop
- April 14 – Duke Boleslaus of Greater Poland
- September 11 – Robert Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury
- December 7 – King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)