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This article is about the year 1802. For the microprocessor, see RCA 1802.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1770s 1780s 1790s – 1800s – 1810s 1820s 1830s|
|Years:||1799 1800 1801 – 1802 – 1803 1804 1805|
|1802 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2555|
|Bahá'í calendar||−42 – −41|
|British Regnal year||42 Geo. 3 – 43 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4498 or 4438
— to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
4499 or 4439
|- Vikram Samvat||1858–1859|
|- Shaka Samvat||1724–1725|
|- Kali Yuga||4903–4904|
|Japanese calendar||Kansei 14 / Kyōwa 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||110 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2345|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1802.|
- January 15 – Canonsburg Academy (the modern-day Washington & Jefferson College) is chartered by the Pennsylvania General Assembly.
- March 16 – The United States Army Corps of Engineers is re-established and the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York established under its management, opening on July 4.
- March 25–27 – Napoleonic Wars: The Treaty of Amiens between France and the United Kingdom ends the War of the Second Coalition.
- March 28 – H. W. Olbers discovers the asteroid Pallas.
- April 6 – Revenue Commission disbanded.[where?]
- April 10 – Great Trigonometric Survey of India begins with the measurement of a baseline near Madras.
- April 26 – A general amnesty signed by Napoleon Bonaparte allows all but about 1,000 of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture to make peace with the various factions of the Ancien Régime that ultimately consolidates his own rule.
- May 19 – Napoleon Bonaparte establishes the French Légion d'honneur (Legion of Honour).
- May 20 – By the Law of 20 May 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte reinstates slavery in the French colonies, revoking its abolition in the French Revolution.
- June 1 – United States Patent and Trademark Office established within the Department of State.
- June 2 – Indigenous Australian Pemulwuy, a leader of the resistance to European settlement of Australia, is shot dead by Henry Hacking.
- June 8 – Haitian revolutionary Toussaint L'Ouverture is seized by French troops and imprisoned at the Fort de Joux.
- June – Gia Long is crowned as first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty in Vietnam.
- July – Éleuthère Irénée du Pont founds E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, the modern DuPont chemical company, as a gunpowder manufactory near Wilmington, Delaware.
- July 5–August 28 – A United Kingdom general election brings victory for the Tories, led by Henry Addington.
- July 22 – Gia Long captures Hanoi, completing his unification of Vietnam.
- August 2 – In a plebiscite, Napoleon Bonaparte is confirmed as the First Consul of France.
- September 3 – William Wordsworth composes the poem "Westminster Bridge" in London.
- September 11 – The Italian region of Piedmont becomes a part of the French First Republic.
- October 2 – War ends between Sweden and Tripoli. The United States also negotiates peace, but war continues over the size of compensation.
- October – The French army enters Switzerland.
- December 2 – The Health and Morals of Apprentices Act in the United Kingdom comes into effect, regulating conditions for child labour in factories. Although poorly enforced, it pioneers a series of Factory Acts.
- Thomas Wedgwood publishes an account of his experiments in photography, along with Humphry Davy. Since they have no means of fixing the image, their photographs quickly fade.
- Ludwig van Beethoven publishes his Piano Sonata No. 14 (the "Moonlight") in Vienna.
- Marie Tussaud first exhibits her wax sculptures in London, having been commissioned during the Reign of Terror in France to make death masks of the victims.
- January 3 – Charles Pelham Villiers, British politician (d. 1898)
- January 10 – Carl Ritter von Ghega, Venetian road engineer of Albanian origin (d. 1860)
- February 11 – Lydia Maria Child, American abolitionist author (d. 1880)
- February 16 – Phineas Quimby, American physician (d. 1866)
- February 19 – Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
- February 26 – Victor Hugo, French author (d. 1885)
- March 7 – Edwin Henry Landseer, British painter (d. 1873)
- April 4 – Dorothea Dix, American activist (d. 1887)
- April 9 – Elias Lönnrot, Finnish folklorist and philologist who created the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala (d. 1884)
- May 2 – Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (d. 1870)
- June 23 – Pavel Nakhimov, Russian admiral (d. 1855)
- July 24 – Alexandre Dumas, père, French author (d. 1870)
- July 26 – Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (d. 1855)
- August 4 – Joseph Bonnell, Hero of the Texas Revolution (d. 1840)
- August 5 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1829)
- September 19 – Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian politician (d. 1894)
- October 31 – Benoît Fourneyron, French engineer (d. 1867)
- November 9 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (d. 1837)
- November 19 – Solomon Foot, American politician (d. 1866)
- December 15 – János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1860)
- December 23 – Sara Coleridge, British scholar (d. 1852)
- February 2 – Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
- February 3 – Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman and writer (b. 1723)
- February 26 – Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)
- April 18 – Erasmus Darwin, English physician and botanist (b. 1731)
- May 9 – Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein, Swedish ambassador (b. 1749)
- May 22 – Martha Washington, first First Lady of the United States (b. 1731)
- July 22 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (b. 1771)
- August 10 – Franz Aepinus, German philosopher (b. 1724)
- September 19 – Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily (b. 1773)
- September 26 – Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and soldier (b. 1754)
- October 8 – Emmanuel Vitale, Maltese military leader (b.1758)
- November 9 – Thomas Girtin, English artist (b. 1775)
- November 15 – George Romney, English artist (b. 1734)
- November 16 – André Michaux, French botanist (b. 1746)
- December 5 – Lemuel Francis Abbott, English portrait painter (b. 1716)
- Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 206. OCLC 2191890.