List of 19th-century religious leaders

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List of 18th-century religious leadersList of 20th-century religious leadersReligious leaders by year
See also:

Buddhism[edit]

Tibetan Buddhism[edit]

  • Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia –
  • Luvsantüvdenvanchug, (1775–1813)
  • Luvsanchültimjigmed, (1815–1841)
  • Luvsantüvdenchoyjijaltsan, (1843–1848)
  • Agvaanchoyjivanchugperenlaijamts, (1850–1868)
  • Agvaanluvsanchoyjindanzanvaanchigbalsambuu (1870–1924)

Christianity[edit]

Catholicism[edit]

Eastern Orthodoxy[edit]

  • Neophytus VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1789–1794, 1798–1801)
  • Callinicus V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1801–1806, 1808–1809)
  • Gregory V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1797–1798, 1806–1808, 1818–1821)
  • Jeremias IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1809–1813)
  • Cyril VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1813–1818)
  • Eugenius II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1821–1822)
  • Anthimus III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1822–1824)
  • Chrysanthus I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1824–1826)
  • Agathangelus I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1826–1830)
  • Constantius I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1830–1834)
  • Constantius II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1834–1835)
  • Gregory VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1835–1840)
  • Anthimus IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1840–1841)
  • Anthimus V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1841–1842)
  • Germanus IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1842–1845)
  • Meletius III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1845)
  • Anthimus VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1845–1848)
  • Anthimus IV (1848–1852), restored
  • Germanus IV (1852–1853), restored
  • Anthimus VI (1853–1855), restored 1st time
  • Cyril VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1855–1860)
  • Joachim II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1860–1863)
  • Sophronius III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1863–1866)
  • Gregory VI (1867–1871), restored
  • Anthimus VI (1871–1873), restored 2nd time
  • Joachim II (1873–1878), restored
  • Joachim III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1878–1884, 1901–1912)
  • Joachim IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1884–1887)
  • Dionysius V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1887–1891)
  • Neophytus VIII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1891–1894)
  • Anthimus VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1895–1896)
  • Constantine V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1897–1901)
  • Platon II, Metropolitan of Moscow (1775–1811)
  • Avgustin, Metropolitan of Moscow (1811–1819)
  • Serafim, Metropolitan of Moscow (1819–1821)
  • Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow (1821–1867)
  • Innokenty, Metropolitan of Moscow (1868–1879)
  • Makary I, Metropolitan of Moscow (1879–1882)
  • Ioanniky, Metropolitan of Moscow (1882–1891)
  • Leonty, Metropolitan of Moscow (1891–1893)
  • Sergy, Metropolitan of Moscow (1893–1898)
  • Vladimir, Metropolitan of Moscow (1898–1912)
  • Amvrosy, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1799–1818)
  • Mikhail, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1818–1821)
  • Serafim, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1821–1843)
  • Antony, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1843–1848)
  • Nikanor, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1848–1856)
  • Grigory, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1856–1860)
  • Isidor, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1860–1892)
  • Pallady, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1892–1898)
  • Antony, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1899–1912)
  • Dositheos, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1793–1810)
  • Ignatios II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1810–1812)
  • Nektarios, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1812–1819)
  • Dionysios II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1819–1821)
  • Grigorios III, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1823–1834)
  • Commission, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1834–1840)
  • Ilarion of Arges, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Neophytos of Ramnic, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Kaisarios of Buzău, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Neophytos II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1840–1849)
  • Nifon II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1850–1865)
  • Nifon, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1865–1875)
  • Calinic, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1875–1886)
  • Iosif, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1886–1893)
  • Ghenadie, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1893–1896)
  • Iosif, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1896–1909)
  • Mattheos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1797–1802)
  • Daniil, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1802–1805)
  • Makarios II, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1806–1817)
  • Ioannikios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1817–1821)
  • Ilarion, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1821–1827)
  • Konstantios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1827–1830)
  • Ilarion, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1830–1838)
  • Panaretos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1838–1840)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1840–1846)
  • Athanasios II, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1846–1848)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1848–1858)
  • Grigorios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1858–1878)
  • ?, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1872–0)
  • Ilarion, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1872–1872)
  • Antim, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1872–1877)
  • Iosif, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1877–1915)
  • Anton II, Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia (1788–1811)
  • Varlaam, Exarch of Georgia (1811–1817)
  • Theophilakt, Exarch of Georgia (1817–1821)
  • Iona, Exarch of Georgia (1821–1832)
  • Moisey, Exarch of Georgia (1832–1834)
  • Evgeniy, Exarch of Georgia (1834–1844)
  • Isidor, Exarch of Georgia (1844–1858)
  • Evseviy, Exarch of Georgia (1858–1877)
  • Ioannikiy, Exarch of Georgia (1877–1882)
  • Pavel, Exarch of Georgia (1882–1887)
  • Palladiy, Exarch of Georgia (1887–1892)
  • Vladimir, Exarch of Georgia (1892–1898)
  • Flavian, Exarch of Georgia (1898–1901)
  • Chrysanthos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1784–1810)
  • Kyprianos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1810–1821)
  • Ioakim, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1821–1824)
  • Damaskinos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1824–1827)
  • Panaretos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1827–1840)
  • Ioannikios, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1840–1849)
  • Kyrillos I, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1849–1854)
  • Makarios I, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1854–1865)
  • Sophronios III, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1865–1900)
  • vacant, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1900–1908)
  • Misail, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1862–1862)
  • Theophilos, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1862–1873)
  • Efthymios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1783–1805)
  • Samouil, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1805–1820)
  • Chrysanthos, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1820–1833)
  • Gerasimos, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1833–1837)
  • Anthimos II, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (0–1844)
  • Anthimos III, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1844–1845)
  • Ioannikios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1845–1858)
  • Gennadios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1858)
  • Afxentios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1859)
  • Iosiph, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1859–1867)
  • Vissarion, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1867–1899)
  • Prokopios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1899–1906)
  • Nicholas, Bishop (1880–1906)
  • Nicholas, Metropolitan of All Japan (1906–1912)
  • Gavriil II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1799–1803)
  • Serapion, Metropolitan of Kiev (1803–1822)
  • Eugene, Metropolitan of Kiev (1822–1837)
  • Filaret I, Metropolitan of Kiev (1837–1858)
  • Isidor, Metropolitan of Kiev (1858–1860)
  • Arseniy II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1860–1876)
  • Filofei, Metropolitan of Kiev (1876–1882)
  • Plato, Metropolitan of Kiev (1882–1891)
  • Ioannikiy, Metropolitan of Kiev (1891–1900)
  • Feognost II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1900–1903)

Oriental Orthodoxy[edit]

  • Hovsep' Arlut'ean, Catholicose of All Armenian (1800–1801)
  • Dawit' V, Catholicose of All Armenian (1801–1807)
  • Daniel (in opposition), Catholicose of All Armenian (1802–1808)
  • Yeprem, Catholicose of All Armenian (1810–1830)
  • Hovhannes VIII, Catholicose of All Armenian (1831–1842)
  • Nerses V, Catholicose of All Armenian (1843–1857)
  • Matevos I, Catholicose of All Armenian (1858–1865)
  • Gevorg IV, Catholicose of All Armenian (1866–1882)
  • vacant, Catholicose of All Armenian (1882–1885)
  • Makar, Catholicose of All Armenian (1885–1891)
  • Mkrtich, Catholicose of All Armenian (1892–1907)
  • Mark VIII, Pope and Patriarch (1797–1810)
  • Peter VII, Pope and Patriarch (1810–1852)
  • vacant (1852–1854)
  • Cyril IV, Pope and Patriarch (1854–1861)
  • Demetrius II, Pope and Patriarch (1862–1870)
  • Markos of Alexandria and Beheirah, Pope and Patriarch (1870–1874)
  • Cyril V, Pope and Patriarch (1874–1927)
  • Yusab, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1770–1803)
  • Makari, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1808–0)
  • Kyrillos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1816–1829)
  • Selama III, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1841–1866)
  • Athanasios, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1868–1876)
  • Petros, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1876–1889)
  • Mattheos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1889–1926)

Protestantism[edit]

Baptist[edit]

Lutheran[edit]

Methodist[edit]

  • President
  • John Walton, President (1883–1885)
  • Richard Ridgill, President (1885–1886)
  • Fredrick Mason, President (1886–1887)
  • Robert Lamplough, President (1887–1888)
  • Henry Tindall, President (1888–1889)
  • J Smith Spencer, President (1889–1890)
  • S Evans Rowe, President (1890–1891)
  • Peter Hargreaves, President (1891–1892)
  • James Scott, President (1892–1893)
  • James Thompson, President (1893–1894)
  • Theophilus Chubb, President (1894–1895)
  • Erza Nuttal, President (1895–1896)
  • Philip Tearle, President (1896–1897)
  • James Scott, President (1897–1898)
  • James Thompson, President (1898–1899)
  • William Wynne, President (1899–1900)
  • William B Rayner, President (1900–1901)
  • General Secretary
  • Robert Lamplough, General Secretary (1883–1887)
  • J Smith Spencer, General Secretary (1887–1889)
  • James Scott, General Secretary (1889–1892)
  • James Thompson, General Secretary (1892–1893)
  • Theophilus Chubb, General Secretary (1893–1894)
  • Philip Tearle, General Secretary (1894–1896)
  • John E Parsonson, General Secretary (1896–1899)
  • Alfred T Rhodes, General Secretary (1899–1901)
  • James M. Thoburn, Bishop and Superintendent (1888–1904)

Other protestant[edit]

Anglicanism[edit]

  • Titular leadership –

Other Christian or Christian-derived faiths[edit]

Islam[edit]

  • Ottoman Caliphate -
  • Selim III, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1789–1807)
  • Mustafa IV, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1807–1808)
  • Mahmud II, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1808–1839)
  • Abdülmecid I, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1839–1861)
  • Abdülaziz, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1861–1876)
  • Murad V, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1876)
  • Abdul Hamid II, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1876–1909)

Judaism and related[edit]

  • Ottoman Empire –

Other[edit]

Bahá'í[edit]

  • Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith (1863–1892)
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá, successor and head of the Bahá'í Faith (1892–1921)

Jainism[edit]

  • Bhiksu, Leader (Acarya) (1760–1803)
  • Bharimal, Leader (Acarya) (1803–1821)
  • Raycand, Leader (Acarya) (1821–1850)
  • Jitmal, Leader (Acarya) (1851–1881)
  • Maghraj, Leader (Acarya) (1881–1892)
  • Maniklal, Leader (Acarya) (1892–1897)
  • Dalcand, Leader (Acarya) (1897–1909)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]