1922 in literature
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In poetry: 1919 1920 1921 -1922- 1923 1924 1925
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The year 1922 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
Under modern copyright law of the United States, all works published before January 1, 1923, with a proper copyright notice entered the public domain in the U.S. no later than 75 years from the date of the copyright. Hence books published in 1922 or earlier entered the public domain in the U.S. in 1998.
- This is a significant year for high modernism in English literature:
- The modernist classic Ulysses by James Joyce is first published complete in book form by Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare and Company in Paris on February 2 (Joyce's 40th birthday), with a further edition published in Paris for the Egoist Press of London on October 12 (much of which is seized by the United States Customs Service).
- T. S. Eliot founds The Criterion magazine (October) containing the first publication of his poem The Waste Land. This is first published complete in book form by Boni & Liveright in New York in December.
- Jacob's Room by Virginia Woolf is published by the Hogarth Press (October 26). Also this summer she writes the short story "Mrs Dalloway in Bond Street" (published July 1923), the foundation of the novel Mrs Dalloway (1925).
- January - Ryūnosuke Akutagawa's modernist short story "In a Grove" (藪の中, Yabu no naka) is published in the Japanese magazine Shinchō.
- January 24 - Façade – An Entertainment, poems by Edith Sitwell recited over an instrumental accompaniment by William Walton, first performed, privately in London.
- February 2 - In a "savage creative storm" of less than three weeks beginning today at the Château de Muzot in Switzerland, Rainer Maria Rilke writes his Sonnets to Orpheus (Die Sonette an Orpheus) and completes his Duino Elegies (Duineser Elegien).
- March - F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Beautiful and Damned is published in book form by Charles Scribner's Sons in New York; on December 10 a silent film version is released.
- May 18 - Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Sergei Diaghilev, Igor Stravinsky, Pablo Picasso, Erik Satie and Clive Bell dine together in Paris, at the Hotel Majestic, their only joint meeting.
- May 27 - F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" is published in The Smart Set magazine.
- Summer - F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby (1925) is set on Long Island at this time, partly inspired by Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald's life (from October 9) at Great Neck (with novelist Ring Lardner and newspaper editor Herbert Bayard Swope as friends and neighbors).
- By September - Marcel Proust's novel sequence À la recherche du temps perdu begins to appear in English translation by C. K. Scott Moncrieff as Remembrance of Things Past with Swann's Way, a few month's before the author's death.
- September 14 - Sinclair Lewis's satirical novel on American life, Babbitt, is published by Harcourt, Brace & Company.
- September 22
- Bengali writer Kazi Nazrul Islam publishes the poem "Anandamoyeer Agamane" ("The Advent of the Delightful Mother"), in support of the Indian independence movement, in the Puja issue of his new biweekly magazine Dhumketu, for which he is arrested by the police of the Bengal Presidency and imprisoned on a charge of sedition for much of the following year, undertaking a hunger strike and composing many poems while in prison. His poem "Bidrohi" (বিদ্রোহী, "The Rebel", December 1921) is first collected this year in his first anthology, Agnibeena.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story collection Tales of the Jazz Age is published by Charles Scribner's Sons in New York.
- September 29 - Drums in the Night (Trommeln in der Nacht) becomes the first play by Bertolt Brecht to be staged, at the Munich Kammerspiele.
- December - A valise containing all Ernest Hemingway's manuscripts from the past year's writing is stolen at Paris-Gare de Lyon.
- December 6 - W. B. Yeats becomes a nominated member of the Seanad Éireann in the Irish Free State.
- December 10 - The National Library of Albania is inaugurated in Tirana.
- December 20 - Antigone by Jean Cocteau appears on the stage of the newly reopened Théâtre de l'Atelier in the Montmartre district of Paris, with settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel. Génica Athanasiou plays the title rôle with Charles Dullin as Créon and Antonin Artaud as Tiresias. There are some protests by Dadaists.
- The first Newbery Medal for authors of distinguished books for children is awarded by the American Library Association to Hendrik Willem van Loon for The Story of Mankind (1921).
- E. F. Benson - Miss Mapp
- Pío Baroja - La lucha por la vida ("The Struggle for Life", trilogy, 1922–1924)
- Ernest Bramah - Kai Lung's Golden Hours
- Edgar Rice Burroughs - At the Earth's Core
- Karel Čapek
- The Absolute at Large (Továrna na absolutno)
- Willa Cather - One of Ours
- Agatha Christie - The Secret Adversary
- Colette - La Maison de Claudine
- Richmal Crompton - Just William
- Aleister Crowley - Diary of a Drug Fiend
- E. E. Cummings - The Enormous Room
- E. R. Eddison - The Worm Ouroboros
- F. Scott Fitzgerald
- David Garnett - Lady into Fox
- William Gerhardie - Futility
- Hermann Hesse - Siddhartha
- Vsevolod Ivanov
- "Armoured Train 14-69" (short story)
- Colored Winds
- James Joyce - Ulysses
- Faik Konica - Një ambasadë e zulluve në Paris
- D. H. Lawrence
- Sinclair Lewis - Babbitt
- Katherine Mansfield - The Garden Party and other stories
- Victor Margueritte - La Garçonne (English translation The Bachelor Girl, 1923)
- A. A. Milne - The Red House Mystery
- Paul Morand - Open All Night
- Baroness Orczy
- Boris Pilnyak - The Naked Year
- Marcel Proust - Sodome et Gomorrhe II (volume 4 part 2 of À la recherche du temps perdu)
- Ernest Raymond - Tell England
- Liviu Rebreanu - Forest of the Hanged (Pădurea spânzuraților)
- Rafael Sabatini - Captain Blood
- May Sinclair - Life and Death of Harriett Frean
- Sigrid Undset - The Cross
- Carl Van Vechten - Peter Whiffle
- Elizabeth Von Arnim - The Enchanted April
- Edgar Wallace - The Valley of Ghosts
- Margery Williams - The Velveteen Rabbit or How Toys Become Real
- Virginia Woolf - Jacob's Room
- Imtiaz Ali Taj - Anarkali
- Arnolt Bronnen - Parricide (Vatermord)
- Karel Čapek - The Makropulos Affair (Věc Makropulos)
- Jean Cocteau - Antigone
- J. B. Fagan (adaptation) - Treasure Island
- Arthur Goodrich - So This Is London
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal - The Great World Theatre (Das Salzburger grosse Welttheater)
- Eugene O'Neill - The Hairy Ape
- Ouyang Yuqian - After Returning Home (回家以后)
- Luigi Pirandello
- Henry IV (Enrico IV)
- Clothing the Naked (Vestire gli ignudi)
- The Imbecile (L'imbecille)
- Percy Bysshe Shelley - The Cenci (first public performance in England)
- Carl Sternheim - The Fossil (Das Fossil)
- Tian Han
- A Night in the Coffee Shop (Kafeidian Yi Ye)
- Before Lunch (Wufan Zhiqian)
- Ernst Toller - The Machine-Wreckers (Die Maschinenstürmer)
- Ben Travers - The Dippers
- Arthur Valentine - Tons of Money
- Mário de Andrade - Paulicéia Desvairada (Hallucinated City)
- Manuel Maples Arce - Andamios interiores (Poemas radiograficos)
- Edmund Blunden - The Shepherd, and Other Poems of Peace and War
- T. S. Eliot - The Waste Land
- Thomas Hardy - Late Lyrics and Earlier, with Many Other Verses
- A. E. Housman - Last Poems
- Isaac Rosenberg - Poems (posthumous)
- Sacheverell Sitwell - The Hundred and One Harlequins, and Other Poems
- Birger Sjöberg - Fridas Bok
- César Vallejo - Trilce
- E. E. Cummings - The Enormous Room
- James George Frazer - The Golden Bough
- T. E. Lawrence - Seven Pillars of Wisdom (private edition)
- Walter Lippmann - Public Opinion
- Bronisław Malinowski - Argonauts of the Western Pacific
- W. Somerset Maugham - On a Chinese Screen
- Hans Prinzhorn - Artistry of the Mentally Ill
- Hendrik Willem van Loon - The Story of Mankind
- Ludwig Wittgenstein - Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
- January 10 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist and translator (died 1991)
- January 22 – Howard Moss, American poet, playwright, and critic (died 1987)
- January 23 – Vernon Scannell, British poet (died 2007)
- February 6 – Denis Norden, English comedy writer
- February 18 – Helen Gurley Brown, American editor and publisher (died 2012)
- March 12 – Jack Kerouac, American author of On the Road (died 1969)
- March 27 – Dick King-Smith, English children's author (died 2011)
- April 13 – John Braine, English novelist (died 1986)
- April 16
- April 22 – Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Cuban novelist (died 2005)
- April 28 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (died 1987)
- May 6 – Alan Ross, British poet and editor (died 2001)
- May 8 – Mary Q. Steele, American naturalist and author (died 1992)
- May 27 – Sidney Keyes, English poet (died 1943)
- May 30 – Hal Clement, American science fiction writer (died 2003)
- June 11 – Erving Goffman, Canadian sociologist (died 1982)
- June 29 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslav poet (died 1991)
- July 12 – Michael Ventris, English translator (died 1956)
- July 15 – Cathal Ó Sándair, Irish language novelist (died 1996)
- July 17 – Donald Davie, English poet (died 1995)
- August 9 – Philip Larkin, English poet (died 1985)
- August 18 – Alain Robbe-Grillet, French novelist (died 2008)
- September 12 – Jackson Mac Low, American poet (died 2004)
- November 11 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist (died 2007)
- November 16 – José Saramago, Portuguese writer (died 2010)
- December 11 – Grace Paley, American writer (died 2007)
- December 29 – William Gaddis, American novelist (died 1998)
- January 3 – Berthold Delbrück, German linguist (born 1842)
- January 12 – Thomas Gibson Bowles, English founder of The Lady & Vanity Fair (born 1881)
- January 27
- February 3 – John Butler Yeats, Irish poet (born 1839)
- June 12 – Wolfgang Kapp, Prussian journalist (born 1858)
- June 28 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian writer (born 1885)
- July 8 – Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist & poet (born 1862)
- August 14 – Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, newspaper proprietor (born 1865)
- August 25 – Edward George Honey, Australian journalist (born 1885)
- August 29 – Georges Sorel, French philosopher (born 1847)
- September 2 – Henry Lawson, Australian poet (born 1867)
- September 4 – George R. Sims, English writer (born 1847)
- September 10 – Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, English poet (born 1840)
- October 30 – Géza Gárdonyi, Hungarian historical novelist (born 1863)
- November 18 – Marcel Proust, French author (born 1871)
- November 24 – Robert Erskine Childers, Irish historian & novelist (born 1870)
- November 27 – Alice Meynell, English poet (born 1847)
- December 13 – Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet & prime minister (born 1861)
- December 19 – Clementina Black, English novelist and political writer (born 1853)
- Unknown dates
- Hawthornden Prize for poetry: Edmund Blunden
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: David Garnett, Lady into Fox
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Percy Lubbock, Earlham
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Hendrik Willem van Loon, The Story of Mankind
- Nobel Prize for Literature: Jacinto Benavente
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Eugene O'Neill, Anna Christie
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Edwin Arlington Robinson: Collected Poems
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Booth Tarkington - Alice Adams
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Jackson, Kevin (2012). Constellation of Genius – 1922: Modernism Year One. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0-091-93097-4.
- Sic. Both are first published in the collection New Hampshire (1923).
- Domi, Etleva (2003-06-23). "National Library of Albania". Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (2nd ed.). doi:10.1081/E-ELIS-120008530. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- "Jean Cocteau - biography 1889-1922". Jean Cocteau Committee. Retrieved 2013-08-07.