1982 Belgian Grand Prix
|Race 5 of 16 in the 1982 Formula One season|
|Date||May 9, 1982|
|Official name||XL Grote Prijs van Belgie|
Heusden-Zolder, Limburg, Belgium
|Course||Permanent racing facility
4.262 km (2.648 mi)
|Distance||70 laps, 298.340 km (185.380 mi)|
|Time||1:20.214 on lap 67|
Canadian driver Gilles Villeneuve was killed in an accident during the final qualifying session. At the time of the crash, his team-mate Didier Pironi had set a time 0.1s faster than Villeneuve for sixth place. Contemporary and more recent writers say that he was attempting to improve his time on his final lap. Some suggest that he was specifically aiming to beat Pironi due to bitterness at being passed by him two weeks earlier in the closing stages of San Marino, when Villeneuve believed Pironi had been ordered to remain behind him. Villeneuve's biographer Gerald Donaldson quotes Ferrari race engineer Mauro Forghieri as saying that the Canadian, although pressing on in his usual fashion, was returning to the pits on his last set of qualifying tyres when the accident occurred. If so, he would not have set a time on that lap.
With eight minutes of the session left, Villeneuve came over the rise after the first chicane and found Jochen Mass travelling much more slowly through Butte, the left-handed bend before the Terlamenbocht corner. Mass saw Villeneuve approaching at high speed and moved to the right to let him through on the racing line. At the same instant Villeneuve also moved right to pass the slower car. The Ferrari hit the back of Mass' car and was launched into the air at a speed estimated at 200–225 km/h (120–140 mph). It was airborne for over 100 m before nosediving into the ground and disintegrating as it somersaulted along the edge of the track. Villeneuve, still strapped to his seat, but without his helmet, was thrown a further 50 m from the wreckage into the catch fencing on the outside edge of the Terlamenbocht corner.
Several drivers stopped and rushed to the scene. John Watson and Derek Warwick pulled Villeneuve, his face blue, from the catch fence. The first doctor arrived on the scene within 35 seconds to find that Villeneuve was not breathing, although his pulse continued throughout; he was intubated and ventilated before being transferred to the circuit medical centre and then by helicopter to University St Raphael Hospital where a fatal fracture of the neck was diagnosed. Villeneuve was kept alive on life support while his wife travelled to the hospital and the doctors consulted with specialists worldwide. He died at 9:12 that evening.
The Ferrari team withdrew from the race after the accident and left the circuit. The final eight minutes of the qualifying were run after the debris from the accident had been cleaned up. No drivers improved their times, leaving the Renaults of Alain Prost and René Arnoux on the front row of the grid.
|2||6||Keke Rosberg||Williams-Ford||70||+ 7.268||3||6|
|3||25||Eddie Cheever||Ligier-Matra||69||+ 1 Lap||14||4|
|4||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Ford||68||+ 2 Laps||11||3|
|5||1||Nelson Piquet||Brabham-BMW||67||+ 3 Laps||8||2|
|6||20||Chico Serra||Fittipaldi-Ford||67||+ 3 Laps||23||1|
|7||29||Marc Surer||Arrows-Ford||66||+ 4 Laps||22|
|8||18||Raul Boesel||March-Ford||66||+ 4 Laps||24|
|9||26||Jacques Laffite||Ligier-Matra||66||+ 4 Laps||17|
|Ret||5||Derek Daly||Williams-Ford||60||Spun Off||13|
|Ret||15||Alain Prost||Renault||59||Spun Off||1|
|Ret||2||Riccardo Patrese||Brabham-BMW||52||Spun Off||9|
|Ret||31||Jean-Pierre Jarier||Osella-Ford||37||Broken Wing||16|
|Ret||22||Andrea de Cesaris||Alfa Romeo||34||Gearbox||6|
|Ret||23||Bruno Giacomelli||Alfa Romeo||0||Collision||15|
|DNS||27||Gilles Villeneuve||Ferrari||Fatal accident|
|DNPQ||19||Emilio de Villota||March-Ford|
- Pole position: Alain Prost - 1:15.701
- Fastest lap: John Watson - 1:20.214 on lap 67
- This was the first ever race when some drivers took no further part after Friday, as this was the first time that any drivers failed to pre-qualify, namely Paletti and Villota.
- Didier Pironi did not enter Belgian Grand Prix in mourning the death of Gilles Villeneuve and was the only Ferrari driver in the proofs of Monaco, Detroit (USA) and Canada.
Standings after the race
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
- 06:44 GMT (2012-07-04). "BBC Sport - Formula 1's greatest drivers. Number 12: Gilles Villeneuve". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Bamsey (1983) p.50, Lang (1992) pp.96–97, Watkins (1997) p.98 and Fearnley (May, 2007) all write that Villeneuve was attempting to beat Pironi. Jenkinson (June 1982) writes only that he "was in the middle of a last desperate bid to improve his grid position."
- Donaldson (2003) pp.296–298
- Lang (1992) p.97
- Fearnley (May, 2007)
- Watkins (1997) pp.96–98
- Lang (1992) pp.95 99
- Lang, Mike (1992). Grand Prix! Vol 4. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 96. ISBN 0-85429-733-2.
- Lang, Mike (1992). Grand Prix! Vol 4. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 99. ISBN 0-85429-733-2.
- Bamsey, Ian (1983). Automobile Sport 82-83. City: Haynes Manuals. ISBN 0-946321-01-9.
- Donaldson, Gerald (2003). Gilles Villeneuve. London: Virgin. ISBN 0-7535-0747-1.
- Lang, Mike (1992). Grand Prix! vol.4. Sparkford: Foulis. ISBN 0-85429-733-2.
- Roebuck, Nigel (1986). Grand Prix Greats. Cambridge: P. Stephens. ISBN 0-85059-792-7.
- Roebuck, Nigel (1999). Chasing the Title. City: Haynes Publications. ISBN 1-85960-604-0.
- Watkins, Sid (1997). Life at the Limit: Triumph and Tragedy in Formula One. City: Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-35139-7.
- Fearnley, Paul (May 2007). "It's war. Absolutely war". Motor Sport (Haymarket). pp. 52–61.
Unless otherwise indicated, all race results are taken from "The Official Formula 1 website". Retrieved 2007-06-16.
1982 San Marino Grand Prix
|FIA Formula One World Championship
1982 Monaco Grand Prix
1981 Belgian Grand Prix
|Belgian Grand Prix||Next race:
1983 Belgian Grand Prix