Belgian Grand Prix
|Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps|
|Circuit length||7.004 km (4.352 mi)|
|Race length||308.052 km (191.410 mi)|
|Number of times held||68|
|Most wins (drivers)||Michael Schumacher (6)|
|Most wins (constructors)||Ferrari (16)|
|Last race (2012):|
|Pole position|| Jenson Button
|Podium||1. Jenson Button
1h 29m 08.530s
2. Sebastian Vettel
3. Kimi Räikkönen
|Fastest lap|| Bruno Senna
The Belgian Grand Prix (Dutch: Grote Prijs van België, French: Grand Prix de Belgique, German: Großer Preis von Belgien) is an automobile race, part of the Formula One World Championship. The first national race of Belgium was held in 1925 at the Spa region's race course, an area of the country that had been associated with motor sport since the very early years of racing. To accommodate Grand Prix motor racing, the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps race course was built in 1921 but it was only used for motorcycle racing until 1924. After the 1923 success of the new 24 hours of Le Mans in France, the Spa 24 Hours, a similar 24-hour endurance race, was run at the Spa track.
Since inception, Spa-Francorchamps has been known for its unpredictable weather. At one stage in its history it had rained at the Belgian Grand Prix for twenty years in a row. Frequently drivers confront a part of the course that is clear and bright while another stretch is rainy and slippery.
The Belgian Grand Prix was designated the European Grand Prix six times between 1925 and 1973, when this title was an honorary designation given each year to one grand prix race in Europe. It is one of the most popular races on the Formula One calendar, due to the scenic and historical Spa-Francorchamps circuit being a favorite of drivers and fans.
Original Spa-Francorchamps circuit (1925–1939) 
In 1925, the first Belgian Grand Prix was held at the 9-mile Spa-Francorchamps circuit, and it was won by Antonio Ascari whose son Alberto would win the race in 1952 and 1953. Unfortunately, after winning the Belgian race, Antonio Ascari would be killed in his next outing at the French Grand Prix. The Grand Prix did not come back until 1930, and the circuit had been modified, bypassing the Malmedy chicane. The race was won by Louis Chiron, and in 1931, the Grand Prix had become something of an endurance race; with Briton William Grover-Williams and Caberto Conelli winning. 1933 was won by Tazio Nuvolari, and 1935 was won by Rudolf Caracciola in a Mercedes; by which time the circuit had re-installed the Malmedy Chicane. The 1939 race saw the birth of the Eau Rouge corner; it was a bypass to the Ancienne Douane section. The conditions were dreadful, and the race was marred by the death of British driver Richard "Dick" Seaman while leading the race. Going into Clubhouse corner, Seaman was pushing hard; he skidded off the rain-soaked road, hit a tree and his Mercedes caught fire. Seaman received life-threatening burns, and he succumbed to his injures later in hospital. The race was won by Seaman's teammate Hermann Lang. World War II broke out, and the Belgian Grand Prix did not return until 1946.
Formula One and the quicker old Spa-Francorchamps circuit (1946–1970) 
The first post-war Belgian Grand Prix was held in 1946, and was won by Eugene Chaboud in a Delage. Spa had been modified to make it even faster, shortening it to 8.7 miles (14.1 km). The Stavelot hairpin was bypassed and made into a fast banked corner and the Malmedy chicane was also bypassed. 1950 saw the introduction of the Formula One World Championship; and the race was dominated by the Alfa Romeos of Argentine Juan Manuel Fangio and Italian Nino Farina. Their closest challenger, Alberto Ascari, ran into fuel problems and fell back. The race was won by Fangio, and Farina won the next year's race in his works Alfa after Fangio dropped back with hub problems. 1953 saw Ascari dominate in his Ferrari while the Maseratis fell apart. Fangio crashed and José Froilán González had a steering failure and stopped out near the banked Stavelot corner. 1955 saw Mercedes dominate; Fangio and his British teammate Stirling Moss led the race distance; Moss followed Fangio closely for most of the race, the Argentine took victory as he had the year before in a Maserati. 1956 saw a wet race, with Moss in a Maserati lead, and Fangio, now driving for Ferrari, made a bad start and dropped to fifth at the start; although he got up to second behind Moss. The track was drying, and Moss lost a wheel at Radillon corner; fortunately he didn't hit anything and went back to take over his teammate Cesare Perdisa's car and was able to finish 3rd, the gearbox in Fangio's car broke; and his teammate Peter Collins won the race.
1958 saw Spa upgraded; the circuit was given new facilities, the track was resurfaced and the pit straight was made wider. 1958 was won by Briton Tony Brooks. The prestigous Belgian event was not run in 1959; but 1960 was to be one of the darkest weekends in the history of Formula One. During practice, Moss, driving a privately entered Lotus, suffered an axle failure and crashed heavily at Burnenville, and drivers did not wear seatbelts in those days (the magnesium bodywork of a 1960 Formula One car could easily catch fire if an accident occurred), so Moss was thrown out of his car and broke both legs; he didn't race for most of that year. Briton Mike Taylor, also driving a Lotus, suffered a steering failure and crashed into trees next to the track, this accident ended his racing career; he later successfully sued Lotus founder Colin Chapman in British court for sale of faulty machinery. The race itself, however, was to be even more disastrous. On lap 17, 22-year old Chris Bristow, driving a Cooper, was fighting for sixth with Belgian Willy Mairesse. He lost control at Malmedy, crashed into an embankment, was thrown from his car and was beheaded and killed instantly by some barbed-wire fencing next to the circuit; and 5 laps later, 26-year old Alan Stacey, driving a works Lotus, suffered a freak occurrence when he got hit in the face by a bird on the Masta straight. He then crashed into an earth bank, was thrown from his car and he too was killed instantly. Australian Jack Brabham won the race, and future great Jim Clark scored his first Formula One points by finishing 5th. This disastrous event would remain the darkest weekend for Formula One until the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.
1961 saw Ferrari make use of their superior horsepower, and they romped home 1–2–3–4, with American Phil Hill winning. 1962 saw Clark win his first race; and he won the next 3 Belgian Grands Prix; 1963 was a rain-soaked race with Clark finishing 4 and a half minutes in front of second placed Bruce McLaren. 1966 saw another rain soaked race; and on the first lap, the field had reached the far side of the circuit, there was a heavy rain-storm that caused 7 drivers to hydroplane off at Burnenville, and Briton Jackie Stewart had a high speed accident at the Masta Kink, where he went through a woodcutter's hut, hit a telegraph pole, dropped into a much lower part of the circuit and the car landed upside down. The BRM Stewart was driving had bent itself over his legs, he could get out by himself and the Scot ended up being stuck in his car for nearly 30 minutes. Stewart's misery was made worse by the fact that the fuel tanks, which were bags located inside the car that flanked the driver- had ruptured and were soaking him with burning fuel; and he also had broken ribs and collarbone. Stewart's BRM teammate Graham Hill and Bob Bondurant, both of whom had gone off near Stewart, came to help the hapless Scotsman. Because of the absence of safety precautions in those days, they had to borrow spanners from a nearby spectator, and the two drivers got Stewart out. There were other bad accidents on the circuit; some of the cars were hanging off ledges that were 30 feet high. Stewart's crash at this race was one that effectively began his crusade for safety at racetracks. The race was nearly unmanageable; there was so much water on the track that the Climax engine in Clark's Lotus was flooded and it failed; Briton John Surtees won the race in a Ferrari, followed by Austrian Jochen Rindt in a Cooper.
1967 saw American Dan Gurney in his Eagle win after Clark had mechanical problems- it was to be Eagle's only F1 victory. 1968 saw McLaren's first ever victory as a constructor, with its New Zealander founder Bruce McLaren winning. But the Grand Prix fraternity had finally snapped: Spa was getting out of order with Formula One. Safety in motor racing- not just in Formula One- was nearly non-existent and hardly any thought, if none at all- was even given to safety. Most drivers in those days preferred the danger element of the sport back then, as it gave them satisfaction to do something dangerous and survive doing it. But even in that extreme, safety-devoid era of motor racing, Spa-Francorchamps was very much feared by the drivers, and a number of them disliked the circuit. It was the fastest road circuit in Europe at that time, and as the years went on Formula One cars were becoming faster and faster; and the circuit became more and more dangerous. The ultra-fast circuit was made up of everyday public roads that went past towns, farmland, trees, people's homes, fields, and telegraph wire poles; and the conditions of the circuit were, apart from a few useless straw bales- virtually identical to everyday civilian use. Things came to a head when the Belgian Grand Prix was scheduled for 8 June 1969 as part of the 1969 Formula One season at Spa, but when Jackie Stewart visited the circuit on behalf of the Grand Prix Drivers' Association he demanded many improvements to safety barriers and road surfaces, in order to make the track safe for racing. When the track owners did not want to pay for the safety improvements, the British, French and Italian teams withdrew from the event, and it was cancelled in early April. The exclusion of the Belgian Grand Prix that year was not popular with the press (particularly well-known British journalist Denis Jenkinson), who were having a difficult time accepting the growing professionalism and business aspects of the sport. One last race was held there in 1970 with barriers and a temporary chicane at the fast Malmedy corner installed at the circuit- but even this did not stop the cars averaging over 150 miles per hour (240 km/h) around the 8.7 miles (14.0 km) track. The race was won by Mexican Pedro Rodriguez in a BRM with New Zealander Chris Amon finishing 1.1 seconds behind in a March. But Spa was still too fast and too dangerous, as proven in 1971, the track was not up to mandatory safety spec and the Belgian Grand Prix was cancelled that year. The event was then eventually relocated.
Relocation to Zolder and Nivelles (1972–1984) 
Following that decision, the Belgians decided to alternate their Grand Prix between Zolder in northern Belgium and a circuit at Nivelles-Baulers near Brussels. The first race at Nivelles in 1972 was won by Emerson Fittipaldi. Zolder hosted the race the following year and it was won by Jackie Stewart. Formula One returned to Nivelles in 1974. Once again the race was won by Fittipaldi, but the circuit was unpopular among the Formula One circus and after that event the organizers were unable to sustain a Grand Prix at Nivelles, and the track faded from the racing scene.
The Belgian Grand Prix would be held at Zolder a further nine times. Niki Lauda scored back-to-back victories at the track in 1975 and 1976, and in 1977 Gunnar Nilsson scored his only F1 victory at Zolder. The following year Mario Andretti dominated the race for Lotus, driving the 79 in its debut race. In 1979, Jody Scheckter won the race in his Ferrari, and in 1980 Didier Pironi became a first time winner in his Ligier.
The 1981 meeting was a chaotic event wrapped in the midst of the FISA-FOCA war and the poor conditions of the Zolder circuit, including its very narrow pitlane. During Friday practice, an Osella mechanic was accidentally run over in the pitlane by Argentine Carlos Reutemann (the mechanic, Giovanni Amadeo, died of his injuries the day after the race), and on race day, as a result of the poor conditions of Zolder and the accident on Friday, there was drivers' strike which caused the race to be started later than scheduled. Then, when the race started after yet another delay, there was a startline accident involving an Arrows mechanic; Riccardo Patrese stalled his Arrows on the grid; and his mechanic Dave Luckett jumped onto the circuit to try and start Patrese's car. However, the organizers started the race and the whole field went into motion while Luckett was still on the road. Then, the other Arrows driver, Italian Siegfried Stohr, hit the back of Patrese's car, where Luckett was standing. Luckett was knocked unconscious and laid sprawled on the circuit. Then, when the field reached the pit straight again (by which time Luckett was removed from the road, the track still had Stohr's broken Arrows on the circuit and the road was littered with debris) a number of track marshals jumped onto the tarmac and frantically waved their arms to try to make the field stop while waving yellow flags instead of red flags; unfortunately the cars went by at full racing speeds and the drivers, made confused by the messy situation, waved back at the marshals; and when they came back again for the third lap they voluntarily stopped themselves. The race was restarted; and was won by Reutemann; Luckett survived the incident and neither Patrese and Stohr started the second race.
Zolder will be primarily remembered, however, as the place where Gilles Villeneuve died during practice in 1982 after a collision with West German Jochen Mass going into the fast Butte corner. Villeneuve's Ferrari flipped a number of times and the hapless Canadian was thrown out of his car during the accident; he succumbed to his severe injuries into the night at a hospital near the circuit. John Watson won the race for McLaren, but a year later the rebuilt and shortened Spa circuit opened for racing and the Belgian Grand Prix returned there. The Belgian Grand Prix returned to Zolder in 1984, and this was the last F1 race held at the Flemish circuit with Italian Michele Alboreto taking victory in a Ferrari. In 1985 the Belgian F1 Grand Prix returned to Spa-Francorchamps where it has remained ever since.
Return to Spa-Francorchamps (1983–present) 
Spa-Francorchamps had been shortened to 4.3 mi (7 km) in 1979; the parts that swept past towns and other obstructions had been cut out and replaced with a new series of corners. The first race at the shortened Spa circuit was won by Frenchman Alain Prost. 1985 saw Brazilian Ayrton Senna taking his first of 5 Belgian Grands Prix in a wet/dry race, driving a Lotus. Nigel Mansell dominated the 1986 event, and he and Senna took each other out the following year when Mansell attempted to pass the Brazilian on the outside of a wide corner. Senna won the next 4 Belgian Grands Prix, the first 2 being rain-soaked events; the 1988 event was the first Belgian Grand Prix to be held in late August/early September instead of May or June (excluding the rescheduled 1985 event) and it has remained in this time frame ever since; the 1990 event had to be restarted twice after a multi-car accident at the La Source hairpin on the first start and then Paolo Barilla crashing at Eau Rouge on the second start; in 1992 German up-and-comer Michael Schumacher won his first of 91 Grand Prix victories in a Benetton; Damon Hill won the 1993 event after battling with Senna and Schumacher.
1994 saw a chicane installed at the bottom of Eau Rouge in response to the Imola tragedies that year. 1995 saw the chicane gone, and Schumacher won this and the next two Belgian Grand Prix. The 1998 event was particularly notable; it took place in torrential conditions. The race was originally stopped after an accident involving thirteen of the twenty-two runners at the first corner. The heavy rain caused low visibility, and Michael Schumacher ran into the back of David Coulthard, an event that angered Schumacher so much he stormed into the McLaren garage to confront Coulthard, claiming he had tried to kill him. Coulthard later admitted he had been at fault, due to his own inexperience. Only eight drivers were classified finishers (two of whom were five laps behind, one of whom was Coulthard) and Damon Hill secured a victory ahead of team mate Ralf Schumacher to record the previously underperforming Jordan team's first Formula One win in its history, and a 1–2 to top it off.
Schumacher won his 52nd Grand Prix at Spa in 2001, surpassing Alain Prost's all-time record of 51 wins. Schumacher also won his seventh World Drivers' Championship title at Spa in 2004. There was no Belgian Grand Prix in 2003 because of the country's tobacco advertising laws. In 2006, the FIA announced the Belgian Grand Prix would not be part of the 2006 Formula One season, since the local authorities had started major repair work in Spa-Francorchamps. The Belgian Grand Prix returned in 2007, when Kimi Räikkönen took pole position and his 3rd Belgian Grand Prix win in a row.
In 2008, McLaren's Lewis Hamilton survived a frantic last two laps in a late shower of rain to win the Belgian Grand Prix. Hamilton lost the lead to Ferrari's Kimi Räikkönen with an early spin but fought back in the closing laps to re-take the lead with two laps to go. On a soaking track, Hamilton passed Räikkönen, lost the lead again with a spin, re-took it and then saw Räikkönen crash. Ferrari's Felipe Massa took second leaving him eight points behind Hamilton. However, the stewards decided after the race to apply a drive-through penalty for Hamilton's pass on Räikkönen (i.e. a 25-second penalty) after they had deemed that Hamilton had cut a corner in the Bus Stop chicane. This left Hamilton in third place behind Ferrari's Felipe Massa and BMW Sauber's Nick Heidfeld. The penalty cut Hamilton's lead over Massa to just two points with five races remaining. McLaren appealed the decision but were turned down as it is not permissible to appeal drive-through penalties. The stewards' decision was criticised by former world champion Niki Lauda calling it "completely wrong".
In 2009, Bernie Ecclestone said in an interview that he would like the Belgian Grand Prix to rotate with a Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, rather than the Nürburgring rotating with the Hockenheimring.
Michael Schumacher has won the Belgian Grand Prix 6 times and Ayrton Senna won 5 times; including 4 times in a row from 1988–1991, and Kimi Räikkönen and Jim Clark both won 4 times (Clark also won 4 times in row, from 1962–1965).
Winners of the Belgian Grand Prix 
Repeat winners (drivers) 
|Number of wins||Driver||Years|
|6||Michael Schumacher||1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2002|
|5||Ayrton Senna||1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991|
|4||Jim Clark||1962, 1963, 1964, 1965|
|Kimi Räikkönen||2004, 2005, 2007, 2009|
|3||Juan Manuel Fangio||1950, 1954, 1955|
|Damon Hill||1993, 1994, 1998|
|2||Alberto Ascari||1952, 1953|
|Emerson Fittipaldi||1972, 1974|
|Niki Lauda||1975, 1976|
|Alain Prost||1983, 1987|
Repeat winners (constructors) 
Embolded teams are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship. A cream background indicates an event which was part of the pre-war European Championship.
|# of wins||Constructor||Years won|
|16||Ferrari||1952, 1953, 1956, 1961, 1966, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1984, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008, 2009|
|14||McLaren||1968, 1974, 1982, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2010, 2012|
|8||Lotus||1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1972, 1977, 1978, 1985|
|4||Alfa Romeo||1925, 1947, 1950, 1951|
|Williams||1981, 1986, 1993, 1994|
|3||Bugatti||1930, 1931, 1934|
|Mercedes-Benz||1935, 1939, 1955|
Year by year 
|- A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
A cream background indicates an event which was part of the pre-war European Championship.
- "Need for safer circuit", The Times, 25 March 1969, p. 14.
- "Belgian GP succumbs to ban", The Times, 12 April 1969, p. 11.
- BBC Sport, 8th September 2008
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