1984 Monaco Grand Prix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 43°44′4.74″N 7°25′16.8″E / 43.7346500°N 7.421333°E / 43.7346500; 7.421333

Monaco  1984 Monaco Grand Prix
Race details
Race 6 of 16 in the 1984 Formula One season
Circuit de Monaco 1976.png
Date June 3, 1984
Location Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo, Monaco
Course Street circuit
3.312 km (2.057 mi)
Distance 31 laps, 102.672 km (63.737 mi)
Scheduled Distance 76 laps, 251.712 km (156.406 mi)
Weather Rain and spray throughout race
Pole position
Driver France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG
Time 1:22.661
Fastest lap
Driver Brazil Ayrton Senna Toleman-Hart
Time 1:54.334 on lap 24
Podium
First France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG
Second Brazil Ayrton Senna Toleman-Hart
Third France René Arnoux Ferrari

The 1984 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Monaco on June 3, 1984. It was the sixth round of the 1984 Formula One season. It was the only race of the 1984 season that was run on a wet track.

During practice, Tyrrell's Martin Brundle had a huge crash at the Tabac corner. He landed upside down and was slightly injured, but it was enough to make him a non-qualifier for the race. Brundle later told that he ran back to the pits but was not allowed to get into the spare car as it was discovered he could not actually remember how he returned to the pits. Formula One medical chief, Prof. Sid Watkins concluded Brundle was slightly concussed and the decision was made not to let him return to the track.

Qualifying[edit]

With only 20 grid spots available on the tight Monaco circuit, qualifying always threw up a few surprises and 1984 was no different. The most surprising were Eddie Cheever (Alfa Romeo) and Thierry Boutsen (Arrows-BMW) both failing to qualify.

Alain Prost took his first pole position for McLaren with a time of 1:22.661 to be just ahead of the Lotus-Renault of Nigel Mansell. Stefan Bellof was the only non-turbo qualifier in his Tyrrell-Cosworth. Bellof qualified 20th and last while Brundle's crash behind the pits at Tabac saw him as a spectator for the race.

BMW had built specially detuned engines for Brabham to use at Monaco. Instead of the normal 900 bhp (671 kW; 912 PS) engines, the Brabhams only had around 700 bhp (522 kW; 710 PS) to play with, the theory being that full power was not needed at Monaco and the detuned engines would be more drivable. It was also an attempt at better reliability as the team had yet to score a point for the year. Never at ease at Monaco, reigning World Champion Nelson Piquet qualified 9th. With Teo Fabi having commitments to race the US based IndyCars at Milwaukee on the same weekend his brother Corrado Fabi drove the second Brabham, qualifying 15th.

Race[edit]

The race, held amidst heavy rain, was one of the most contentious in Formula One history, and announced the emergence of at least two new stars. Alain Prost took the first of his four victories at the circuit.[1]

The race start was delayed by 45 minutes due to the heavy rain. With the rain soaking the track, Niki Lauda sought out Bernie Ecclestone on the grid in a bid to have the tunnel flooded as well. The tunnel was dry but coated with oil from the previous days' use (as well as from the historic cars which were on the program that weekend) which Lauda explained had turned it into a fifth gear skid pad when the cars came racing in carrying the spray from their tyres in the morning warmup. Ecclestone used his power as the head of the Formula One Constructors Association to do exactly that, with a local fire truck called in to water down the only dry road on the track.[2]

Pole-sitter Prost led the race from the start, while first corner contact between Ferrari's René Arnoux and the Renault of Derek Warwick pitched the Englishman's car into the fence on the outside of St. Devote and into the path of his team-mate Patrick Tambay. Both drivers suffered leg injuries, Warwick bruised his left leg while Tambay broke his leg after his car's suspension punched through the carbon fibre monocoque, causing him to miss the next round in Canada.

Prost was passed on lap nine by Nigel Mansell, leading a Grand Prix for the first time, when Prost's TAG engine was misfiring and he was delayed by both Corrado Fabi's stalled Brabham and Michele Alboreto's about to be lapped Ferrari just before the tunnel (Prost actually hit a marshal who was pushing Fabi's car away but thankfully with no serious injury). Mansell pulled away from Prost at around two seconds per lap, before going off six laps later on the run up to Casino Square after hitting a painted white line, damaging his car and retiring from the race.

Lauda disposed of Arnoux but Prost assumed the lead again, only to have the Toleman-Hart of Ayrton Senna, who had also passed the Ferrari, quickly closing in. Senna had started the race thirteenth, the first Formula One street race in his rookie season, in the generally uncompetitive Toleman and was showing his wet weather skills that would become legendary.[3] On lap 29, Prost waved to the stewards of the race to indicate that he felt the race should be stopped. He was also suffering from a major brake imbalance as his McLaren's carbon brakes were locking due to not generating enough heat in the conditions, the same problem that had caused Lauda to spin at Casino Square on lap 23, whereupon he stalled his engine and was out of the race. A slowing Prost waved again on lap 31 as he passed the start/finish line.

The red flag to stop the race was shown at the end of the 32nd lap after clerk of the course Jacky Ickx decided that conditions were too poor for the race to continue. Senna passed Prost's slowing McLaren before the finish line, but according to the rules, the positions counted are those from the last lap completed by every driver – lap 31, at which point Prost was still leading.[4] The stoppage was controversial, as it benefitted Prost with a Porsche-designed engine, and was made by Ickx, the lead driver with the factory run Rothmans-Porsche team in sports car racing. Ickx was suspended from his race control duties for not consulting with the stewards over his decision before making it.[5] The rain was not falling as hard at this stage as it had previously been. Speculation that the early red flag cost both Ayrton Senna and Toleman their first race win proved to be false when the team's mechanics later revealed that suspension damage to his car would have forced him to retire within a few laps of when the race was stopped.

Had the race been allowed to continue until 75% of the laps, full points would have been awarded and Prost could have had six points from a second place (or nine for a win) instead of 4.5 points from the half-race win, had he actually finished. Prost would eventually go on to lose the championship to Niki Lauda by only half a point.

Senna and Mansell were not the only new drivers to run near the front – Stefan Bellof, running in the only naturally aspirated car in the race, finished third and had been closing on both Senna and Prost. Bellof had qualified 20th and last in his Tyrrell 012-Cosworth.[4] Of note was that Bellof's car was the only non turbocharged car on the 1984 Monaco grid, which suited the conditions more than the other cars. The Tyrrell team's results were erased later in the season due to weight infringements, meaning that Bellof was stripped of his podium finish, with his place being taken by René Arnoux. It would prove to be Bellof's only podium visit during his tragically short (22 races, 20 starts) Formula One career. It has been speculated over the years that Tyrrell was targeted by FISA for being a non-turbocharged team in an era when other cars were turbocharged, as the allegations of impropriety after Detroit were changed in appeal.

This was the first time that Ayrton Senna had set a Formula One fastest lap.

Classification[edit]

Qualifying[edit]

Pos No Driver Constructor Qual Gap
1 7 France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG 1:22.661
2 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Renault 1:22.752 +0.091
3 28 France René Arnoux Ferrari 1:22.935 +0.274
4 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Ferrari 1:22.937 +0.276
5 16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Renault 1:23.237 +0.576
6 15 France Patrick Tambay Renault 1:23.414 +0.753
7 26 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ligier-Renault 1:23.578 +0.917
8 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG 1:23.886 +1.225
9 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 1:23.918 +1.257
10 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Honda 1:24.151 +1.490
11 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Renault 1:24.426 +1.765
12 14 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-BMW 1:24.473 +1.812
13 19 Brazil Ayrton Senna Toleman-Hart 1:25.009 +2.348
14 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Alfa Romeo 1:25.101 +2.440
15 2 Italy Corrado Fabi Brabham-BMW 1:25.290 +2.629
16 5 France Jacques Laffite Williams-Honda 1:25.719 +3.058
17 25 France François Hesnault Ligier-Renault 1:25.815 +3.154
18 20 Venezuela Johnny Cecotto Toleman-Hart 1:25.872 +3.211
19 24 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Alfa Romeo 1:25.877 +3.216
20 4 West Germany Stefan Bellof Tyrrell-Ford 1:26.117 +3.456
DNQ 17 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford 1:26.273 +3.612
DNQ 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Tyrrell-Ford 1:26.773 +3.712
DNQ 23 United States Eddie Cheever Alfa Romeo 1:26.471 +3.810
DNQ 18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Arrows-BMW 1:26.514 +3.853
DNQ 10 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer RAM-Hart 1:27.458 +4.797
DNQ 21 Italy Mauro Baldi Spirit-Hart 1:28.360 +5.699
DNQ 9 France Philippe Alliot RAM-Hart 1:29.576 +6.915

Race[edit]

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 7 France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG 31 1:01:07.740 1 4.5
2 19 Brazil Ayrton Senna Toleman-Hart 31 + 7.446 13 3
3 28 France René Arnoux Ferrari 31 + 29.077 3 2
4 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Honda 31 + 35.246 10 1.5
5 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Renault 31 + 44.439 11 1
6 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Ferrari 30 + 1 Lap 4 0.5
7 24 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Alfa Romeo 30 + 1 Lap 19  
8 5 France Jacques Laffite Williams-Honda 30 + 1 Lap 16  
DSQ 4 West Germany Stefan Bellof Tyrrell-Ford 31 Disqualified 20  
Ret 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Alfa Romeo 24 Steering 14  
Ret 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG 23 Spun Off 8  
Ret 14 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-BMW 22 Spun Off 12  
Ret 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Renault 15 Spun Off 2  
Ret 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 14 Electrical 9  
Ret 25 France François Hesnault Ligier-Renault 12 Electrical 17  
Ret 2 Italy Corrado Fabi Brabham-BMW 9 Electrical 15  
Ret 20 Venezuela Johnny Cecotto Toleman-Hart 1 Spun Off 18  
Ret 16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Renault 0 Collision 5  
Ret 15 France Patrick Tambay Renault 0 Collision 6  
Ret 26 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ligier-Renault 0 Accident 7  
DNQ 17 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford    
DNQ 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Tyrrell-Ford    
DNQ 23 United States Eddie Cheever Alfa Romeo    
DNQ 18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Arrows-BMW    
DNQ 10 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer RAM-Hart    
DNQ 21 Italy Mauro Baldi Spirit-Hart    
DNQ 9 France Philippe Alliot RAM-Hart        

Standings after the race[edit]

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings. Points accurate at final declaration of results. Tyrrell and its drivers were subsequently disqualified from 1984 results and their points reallocated.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "F1 Monaco Grand Prix - Formula 1 Monaco GP". Formula1.india-server.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  2. ^ http://www.itv-f1.com/Feature.aspx?Type=General&id=42690
  3. ^ "Interesting Articles". Macau Grand Prix. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  4. ^ a b Hamilton, Maurice (1984)) Autocourse 1984–85 p.141 Hazleton publishing ISBN 0-905138-32-5
  5. ^ [1][dead link]

Unless otherwise indicated, all race results are taken from "The Official Formula 1 website". Retrieved 2007-06-17. 


Previous race:
1984 French Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1984 season
Next race:
1984 Canadian Grand Prix
Previous race:
1983 Monaco Grand Prix
Monaco Grand Prix Next race:
1985 Monaco Grand Prix