AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains
AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains is a list of the one-hundred greatest screen characters (fifty each in the hero and villain categories) as chosen by the American Film Institute in June 2003. It is part of the AFI 100 Years… series. The list was first presented in a CBS special hosted by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The presentation programme was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Nonfiction Special.
|2003||100 Heroes & Villains|
|2005||100 Movie Quotes|
|2007||100 Movies (Updated)|
|2008||AFI's 10 Top 10|
- Batman, It's a Wonderful Life, Schindler's List, and The Silence of the Lambs are the only films to have characters appear on both lists. In addition, The Silence of the Lambs and It's a Wonderful Life are the only films to place a character in the top ten of both lists.
- Four franchises have both a hero and villain listed for separate films: the Alien is from Alien while Ellen Ripley is listed for the sequel, Aliens, Darth Vader is listed for The Empire Strikes Back while Han Solo and Obi-Wan Kenobi are cited for A New Hope, the Terminator is listed as a villain for The Terminator and as a hero for Terminator 2: Judgment Day, and James Bond is listed for Dr. No while Auric Goldfinger of Goldfinger was the only Bond villain cited.
- The Terminator is the only character to be listed as both a villain (The Terminator) and a hero (Terminator 2: Judgment Day). (Note that, in the series, these are two different robots that happen to be of the same series model (Cyberdyne Systems Series 800 Model 101); they are also played by the same actor (Arnold Schwarzenegger).)
- Four characters from four different Stanley Kubrick films appear: three villains (Alex DeLarge, HAL 9000, and Jack Torrance) and one hero (Spartacus).
- On each list, there appears only a single character of African descent: Virgil Tibbs as a hero for In the Heat of the Night and Alonzo Harris as a villain for Training Day.
- Only eight human heroines and fifteen villainesses are listed. The character Lassie is a dog heroine, though she was portrayed by a male dog in all television shows and movies featuring the character.
- Regan MacNeil from The Exorcist is the youngest human character on the list, being only twelve years of age. However, the evil dæmon that possessed her throughout the film, Pazuzu, is implied to be centuries, if not millennia, old.
- Lassie, the Terminator, and Superman are the only non-human heroes. The shark from Jaws, the Terminator, HAL 9000, Martians, and the Alien are the only non-human villains.
- In Bambi, "Man" is specifically the man who killed Bambi's mother. (In the televised special, he is said to represent all of humanity.) He is also the only character on either list not to appear on screen in any way.
- Only three characters from animated films appear, all as villains: Queen Grimhilde, "Man" (technically not an "animated" character as he is unseen), and Cruella de Vil. All are in Walt Disney Animation Studios films.
- Batman, Superman, and the Joker are the only characters listed who originated from comic books.
- Gary Cooper is the only actor to appear three times on the list; in all three instances, he appears on the heroes list.
- Nine actors have appeared twice on the same list: James Cagney, Robert Mitchum, and Jack Nicholson on the villains list; and Humphrey Bogart, Henry Fonda, Harrison Ford, Paul Newman, Robert Redford, and James Stewart on the heroes list. Two actresses also appear twice on the same list, both as villains: Bette Davis and Faye Dunaway.
- Al Pacino and Arnold Schwarzenegger are the only actors to each appear on both lists, and both appear only once on each list. Schwarzenegger appears on both lists portraying different Terminators, albeit of the same series model (Cyberdyne Systems Series 800 Model 101), while Pacino appears on both lists portraying two different characters from unrelated films. No actress appears on both lists.
- Kirk Douglas and Michael Douglas are the only family members to appear in the list. Michael Douglas appears on the villains list portraying Gordon Gekko while Kirk Douglas appears on the heroes list portraying Spartacus.
- Of all the actors appearing on the list, Meryl Streep has the most major award nominations, having been nominated for an Oscar seventeen times and for a Golden Globe twenty-six times. Both she and Jack Nicholson have won more Oscars than any other actors on the list.
- Out of all the actors who appear on the list, twenty-one of them—Kathy Bates, Marlon Brando, Gary Cooper, Russell Crowe, Robert Donat, Michael Douglas, Sally Field, Louise Fletcher, Jodie Foster, Gene Hackman, Tom Hanks, Anthony Hopkins, Ben Kingsley, Frances McDormand, Gregory Peck, Julia Roberts, George C. Scott, Kevin Spacey, Spencer Tracy, Denzel Washington, and John Wayne—received Oscars for their performances; Gary Cooper won twice, once for Will Kane and once for Alvin York (he also received a third nomination, which he did not win, for the role of Lou Gehrig). Of the remaining actors, Judith Anderson, Anne Baxter, Warren Beatty, Linda Blair, Humphrey Bogart, Glenn Close, Bette Davis, Geena Davis, Faye Dunaway, Ralph Fiennes, Henry Fonda, Alec Guinness, Angela Lansbury, Charles Laughton, Paul Muni, Liam Neeson, Paul Newman, Robert De Niro, Laurence Olivier, Peter O'Toole, Al Pacino, Susan Sarandon, Sylvester Stallone, Barbara Stanwyck, James Stewart, Meryl Streep, and Sigourney Weaver were also nominated, but did not win.
In some cases on the list, real people (portrayed by actors) or characters based on real people appear.
- Heroes: Alvin York, Erin Brockovich, George S. Patton, Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein, Lou Gehrig, Spartacus, Mahatma Gandhi, Butch Cassidy & Sundance, Oskar Schindler, T. E. Lawrence, Father Edward J. Flanagan, Frank Serpico and Karen Silkwood.
- Villains: William Bligh, Amon Goeth, Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker, and Joan Crawford.
Two heroes, Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle and Norma Rae Webster, were based on real-life people. Doyle was based on a New York City detective named Eddie Egan and Webster on southern mill worker Crystal Lee Jordan. The villain Norman Bates from Psycho was loosely based on real-life killer Ed Gein. Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird is loosely based on the real-life father of Harper Lee (the author of the book on which the film is based). The villainous J.J. Hunsecker from Sweet Smell of Success was modeled on columnist Walter Winchell.
- The 56th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
- Jackson, Nicholas. "Shark Week: Remembering Bruce, the Mechanical Shark in 'Jaws'". The Atlantic. Retrieved 10 August 2012.