Urmanov was born in Leningrad, Soviet Union, and started skating at the age of four. Competed for the Soviet Union, he won the silver medal at the 1990 World Junior Championships. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Urmanov chose to compete for Russia. In 1991, at age 17, he became the first skater to perform a quadruple jump at the European Championships.
Urmanov chose to remain in the competitive ranks. He became the 1997 European champion, but an injury forced him out of the 1997 World Championships after the short program and kept him from competing for a berth to the 1998 Olympics. He retired from Olympic-eligible skating in 1999 and won the World Professional Championships the same year.
Urmanov trained at the Yubileyny Sports Palace, which during the 1990s often had poor-quality ice and other problems, resulting in limited training time. He is an Honoured Masters of Sports of the Russian Federation.