List of Olympic medalists in figure skating
Figure skating was first contested as an Olympic sport at the 1908 Summer Olympics, in London, United Kingdom. As this traditional winter sport could be conducted indoors, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved its inclusion in the Summer Olympics program. It was featured a second time at the Antwerp Games, after which it was permanently transferred to the program of the Winter Olympic Games, first held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. In London, figure skating was presented in four events: men's singles, women's singles, men's special figures, and mixed pairs. The special figures contest was won by Russian Nikolai Panin, who gave his country its first ever Olympic gold medal. He remains the event's sole winner, as it was subsequently dropped from the program. Once a demonstration event at Grenoble 1968, ice dancing has been an official medal-awarding Olympic figure skating event since it was introduced in 1976.
Swedish figure skater Gillis Grafström (3 gold, 1 silver) and Russian figure skater Evgeni Plushenko (Russia) (2 gold, 2 silver) are the champions and the most successful figure skaters in the sport's history, they have won four Olympic medals in four Olympics Games in a row, this is an absolute record for number of medals won by one skater at the Olympics.Grafström followed the footsteps of countryman Ulrich Salchow, the first Olympic champion and creator of the jump bearing his name, who later became president of the International Skating Union (ISU). Eleven figure skaters have won three medals: Sonja Henie (Norway) and Irina Rodnina (Soviet Union), winners of three consecutive titles in the ladies' singles (1928–1936) and pairs (1972–1980) events, respectively; Pierre Brunet and wife Andrée Brunet (France), 1928–1932 pairs champions; Shen Xue and Zhao Hongbo (China), the 2010 pairs gold medalists; ice dancers Marina Klimova and Sergei Ponomarenko (Soviet Union and Unified Team); Artur Dmitriev (Unified Team and Russia); Beatrix Loughran (United States), medalist in both singles and pairs; ice dancers Meryl Davis and Charlie White (United States); ice dancers Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir (Canada).
Besides Grafström and Henie, only Karl Schäfer (Austria), Dick Button (United States), and Katarina Witt (East Germany) successfully defended their singles titles. Rodnina's two-time partner Alexander Zaitsev, Ludmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov (Soviet Union), in the pairs, and Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov (Russia), in ice dance, also retained their gold medals. Ekaterina Gordeeva and Sergei Grinkov are also two-time Olympic champions: they won the pairs competition in 1988 for the Soviet Union, and repeated the victory at the Lillehammer Games representing Russia.
As of the 2010 Winter Olympics, the United States leads the medal count with a total of 46 medals: 14 gold, 16 silver, and 16 bronze. Canada and Russia are tied with 22 medals — although Russia has won more gold medals (12 versus 4) — while Austria is the third National Olympic Committee (NOC) country with the most medals, at 20. On two occasions, one country accomplished a medal sweep: Sweden in the 1908 men's singles, and the United States in the 1956 men's singles. From 1964 to 2006, Russian figure skaters—representing the Soviet Union, the Unified Team, or Russia—have always won a gold medal in the pairs event, in what is the longest series of victories for one country in one event. A total of 240 medals (81 gold, 79 silver, and 80 bronze) have been won by figure skaters representing 25 NOC countries.
|Table of contents|
|Mixed||Pairs • Ice dancing
• Team event trophy
|Discontinued||Special figures (men)|
||Nikolai Panin (RU1)||Arthur Cumming (GBR)||Geoffrey Hall-Say (GBR)|
- *Indicates the athlete(s) only competed in the short program/dance.
- **Indicates the athlete(s) only competed in the long program/dance.
Athlete medal leaders
Athletes who won more than one medal at the Olympics are listed below.
|Grafström, GillisGillis Grafström||Sweden (SWE)||1920–1932[a]||3||1||0||4|
|Plushenko, EvgeniEvgeni Plushenko||Russia (RUS)||2002–2014||2||2||0||4|
|Henie, SonjaSonja Henie||Norway (NOR)||1928–1936||3||0||0||3|
|Rodnina, IrinaIrina Rodnina[c] / Zaitsev, AlexanderAlexander Zaitsev||Soviet Union (URS)||1972–1980||3||0||0||3|
|Dmitriev, ArturArtur Dmitriev[d] / Mishkutenok, NataliaNatalia Mishkutenok|| Unified Team (EUN)
|Brunet, AndréeAndrée Brunet / Brunet, PierrePierre Brunet||France (FRA)||1924–1932||2||0||1||3|
|Belousova, LudmilaLudmila Belousova / Protopopov, OlegOleg Protopopov||Soviet Union (URS)||1964–1968||2||0||0||2|
|Button, DickDick Button||United States (USA)||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|Gordeeva, EkaterinaEkaterina Gordeeva / Grinkov, SergeiSergei Grinkov|| Soviet Union (URS)
|Grishuk, OksanaOksana Grishuk / Platov, EvgenyEvgeny Platov||Russia (RUS)||1994–1998||2||0||0||2|
|Schäfer, KarlKarl Schäfer||Austria (AUT)||1928–1936||2||0||0||2|
|Volosozhar, TatianaTatiana Volosozhar / Trankov, MaximMaxim Trankov||Russia (RUS)||2014||2||0||0||2|
|Witt, KatarinaKatarina Witt||East Germany (GDR)||1984–1988||2||0||0||2|
|Virtue, TessaTessa Virtue / Moir, ScottScott Moir||Canada (CAN)||2010-2014||1||2||0||3|
|Davis, MerylMeryl Davis / White, CharlieCharlie White||United States (USA)||2010-2014||1||1||1||3|
|Klimova, MarinaMarina Klimova / Ponomarenko, SergeiSergei Ponomarenko|| Unified Team (EUN)
Soviet Union (URS)
|Albright, TenleyTenley Albright||United States (USA)||1952-1956||1||1||0||2|
|Berezhnaya, ElenaElena Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze, AntonAnton Sikharulidze||Russia (RUS)||1998-2002||1||1||0||2|
|Dijkstra, SjoukjeSjoukje Dijkstra||Netherlands (NED)||1960-1964||1||1||0||2|
|Heiss, CarolCarol Heiss||United States (USA)||1956-1960||1||1||0||2|
|Jakobsson, LudowikaLudowika Jakobsson / Jakobsson, WalterWalter Jakobsson||Finland (FIN)||1920-1924||1||1||0||2|
|Yu-na, KimKim Yu-na||South Korea (KOR)||2010–2014||1||1||0||2|
|Xue, ShenShen Xue / Hongbo, ZhaoZhao Hongbo||China (CHN)||2002–2010||1||0||2||3|
|Altwegg, JeannetteJeannette Altwegg||Great Britain (GBR)||1948-1952||1||0||1||2|
|Anissina, MarinaMarina Anissina / Peizerat, GwendalGwendal Peizerat||France (FRA)||1998-2002||1||0||1||2|
|Jenkins, DavidDavid Jenkins||United States (USA)||1956-1960||1||0||1||2|
|Petrenko, ViktorViktor Petrenko|| Soviet Union (URS)
Unified Team (EUN)
|Loughran, BeatrixBeatrix Loughran[e]||United States (USA)||1924–1932||0||2||1||3|
|Böckl, WillyWilly Böckl||Austria (AUT)||1924-1928||0||2||0||2|
|Burger, FritziFritzi Burger||Austria (AUT)||1928-1932||0||2||0||2|
|Chan, PatrickPatrick Chan||Canada (CAN)||2014||0||2||0||2|
|Kilius, MarikaMarika Kilius / Bäumler, Hans-JürgenHans-Jürgen Bäumler||Unified Team of Germany (EUA)||1960-1964||0||2||0||2|
|Orser, BrianBrian Orser||Canada (CAN)||1984-1988||0||2||0||2|
|Stojko, ElvisElvis Stojko||Canada (CAN)||1994-1998||0||2||0||2|
|Johnson, PhyllisPhyllis Johnson[f]||Great Britain (GBR)||1908-1920||0||1||1||2|
|Kerrigan, NancyNancy Kerrigan||United States (USA)||1992-1994||0||1||1||2|
|Kwan, MichelleMichelle Kwan||United States (USA)||1998-2002||0||1||1||2|
|Slutskaya, IrinaIrina Slutskaya||Russia (RUS)||2002-2006||0||1||1||2|
|Usova, MayaMaya Usova / Zhulin, AlexanderAlexander Zhulin|| Unified Team (EUN)
|Brasseur, IsabelleIsabelle Brasseur / Eisler, LloydLloyd Eisler||Canada (CAN)||1992-1994||0||0||2||2|
|Candeloro, PhilippePhilippe Candeloro||France (FRA)||1994-1998||0||0||2||2|
|Groß, ManuelaManuela Groß / Kagelmann, UweUwe Kagelmann||East Germany (GDR)||1972-1976||0||0||2||2|
|Lu, ChenChen Lu||China (CHN)||1994-1998||0||0||2||2|
|Nagy, MariannaMarianna Nagy / Nagy, LászlóLászló Nagy||Hungary (HUN)||1952-1956||0||0||2||2|
|Péra, PatrickPatrick Péra||France (FRA)||1968-1972||0||0||2||2|
|Rotter, EmíliaEmília Rotter / Szollás, LászlóLászló Szollás||Hungary (HUN)||1932-1936||0||0||2||2|
|Savchenko, AlionaAliona Savchenko / Szolkowy, RobinRobin Szolkowy||Germany (GER)||2010-2014||0||0||2||2|
- ^ Grafström's first gold medal was in the figure skating tournament held during the 1920 Summer Olympics. The remaining medals were won at the 1924–1932 Winter Games.
- ^ No silver medal was awarded in the 2002 Olympic figure skating pairs event, as the Canadians Salé and Pelletier were also given a gold medal, in the aftermath of a judging scandal.
- ^ Irina Rodnina won three gold medals, and Alexander Zaitsev won two gold medals. Rodnina won a gold medal with partner Alexei Ulanov in 1972. Rodnina and Zaitsev won two gold medals together in 1976 and 1980.
- ^ Artur Dmitriev won two gold medals and a silver medal, and Natalia Mishkutenok won a gold and a silver medal. Dmitriev and Mishkutenok won their medals in 1992 and 1994. Dmitriev won his other gold medal with partner Oksana Kazakova in 1998.
- ^ Beatrix Loughran won three medals in two disciplines. A silver and a bronze medal in ladies' singles and a silver medal with partner Sherwin Badger in pairs.
- ^ Phyllis Johnson won two medals in pairs with two different partners. A silver medal with James H. Johnson in 1908 and a bronze medal with Basil Williams in 1920.
- "Results database". Athletes. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- ISU – Olympic Winter Games Figure Skating results:
- "Figure Skating". Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "Figure Skating: History". Official website of the Olympic Movement. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Windhausen, John D. (1976). "Russia's First Olympic Victor" (PDF). Journal of Sport History (United States of America: North American Society for Sport History) 3 (1): 35–44. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Skating and Olympism" (PDF). Olympic Review (Lausanne: International Olympic Committee) (199): 353. May 1984. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Kubatko, Justin. "Figure Skating". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Then & Now: Ekaterina Gordeeva". CNN.com (CNN). June 22, 2005. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
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- Mihoces, Gary (February 14, 2006). "Record day for Russia's Plushenko; Weir second". USA Today. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
- "Sale, Pelletier share gold with Russian pair". Salt Lake'02 Winter Games (ESPN). Associated Press. February 15, 2002. Retrieved July 16, 2009.
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