Amityville, New York
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2010)|
|— Village —|
|• Mayor||James P. Wandell|
|• Total||2.5 sq mi (6.4 km2)|
|• Land||2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|• Density||4,534.8/sq mi (1,763.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||11701, 11708|
|GNIS feature ID||0942440|
Huntington settlers first visited the Amityville area in 1653 as a source of salt hay. Chief Wyandanch granted the first deed to land in Amityville in 1658. The area was originally called Huntington West Neck South (it is on the Great South Bay and Suffolk County, New York border in the southwest corner of what once called Huntington South but is now the Town of Babylon. According to village lore, the name was changed in 1846 when residents met to find a better name for its new post office. The meeting turned into bedlam and one participant was to exclaim, "What this meeting needs is some amity". Another version says the name was first suggested by mill owner Samuel Ireland to name the town for his boat, the Amity.
The place name is strictly speaking an incidental name, marking an amicable agreement on the choice of a place name The village was formally incorporated on March 3, 1894. In the early 1900s Amityville was a popular tourist destination with large hotels on the bay and large homes. Annie Oakley was said to be a frequent guest of vaudevillian Fred Stone. Will Rogers had a home across Clocks Boulevard from Stone. Gangster Al Capone also had a house in the community. Amityville has been twinning with Le Bourget, France since 1979.
The Amityville Horror
Amityville is best known as the setting of the novel The Amityville Horror by Jay Anson, which was published in 1977 and had been adapted into a series of films made between 1979 and 2011. The story of The Amityville Horror can be traced back to a real life murder case in Amityville in November 1974, when Ronald DeFeo, Jr. shot all six members of his family at 112 Ocean Avenue. In December 1975 George and Kathy Lutz and Kathy's three children moved into the house, but left after twenty-eight days, claiming to have been terrorized by paranormal phenomena produced by the house. Jay Anson's novel is said to be based on these events but has been the subject of much controversy.
The house featured in the novel and its film versions still exists, but has been renovated and the address changed in order to discourage tourists from visiting it. The Dutch Colonial Revival architecture house built in 1927 was put on the market in May 2010 for $1.15 million and sold in September for $950,000.
Points of interest
- The Triangle - The fork of Broadway and Park Avenue, along with Ireland Place create a triangular plot of land at the center of the village. The Triangle building was built in 1892, the same year that Ireland Place opened. A Gazebo was added to the north point of The Triangle in 1988. In 1994, The Triangle was officially designated “Memorial Triangle” in memory of all who have served the village.
- The Lauder Museum is located at the corner of Broadway and Ireland Place, just south of The Triangle. The historic building was built for the Bank of Amityville in 1909. The Amityville Historical Society opened the Lauder Museum in 1972.
- The Mike James Courts at Bolden Mack Park.
- The Amityville beach.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), of which, 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is water. The total area is 15.38% water.
The Village of Amityville is bordered to the west by East Massapequa (in Nassau County), to the north by North Amityville, to the northeast and east by Copiague, and to the south by the Great South Bay.
There were 3,997 housing units, of which 28.2% were in multi-unit structures. The homeownership rate was 71.8%. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $443,500. 3.6% of housing units were vacant and 20.7% of occupied housing units were occupied by renters.
The racial makeup of the village was 81.7% White, 9.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 4.1% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.1% of the population. The village was 74.5% non-Hispanic White.
There were 3,107 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.6% had individuals over the age of 65, 47.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the village the population was relatively old with 4.5% under the age of 5, 17.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 20 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.4 years.
78.7% of the population had lived in the same house 1 year & over. 14.9% of the entire population were foreign born and 21.6% of residents at least 5 years old spoke a language other than English at home.
90.1% of residents at least 25 years old had graduated from high school, and 30.7% of residents at least 25 years old had a Bachelor's degree or higher. The mean travel time to work for workers aged 16 and over was 27.8 minutes.
All of the village is served by the Amityville Union Free School District, which also serves large portions of North Amityville and East Massapequa and a small portion of Copiague (however this part of Copiague is served by the Amityville post Office and is probably thought to be part of Amityville).
As of the 2010-2011 School Year, the Amityville Union Free School District had 2,780 students. The racial demographics were 0% American Indian or Alaska Native, 54% non-Hispanic black or African-American, 35% Hispanic or Latino, 1% Asian or Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, 8% non-Hispanic white, and 2% multiracial. 51% of students were eligible for free lunch, 10% for reduced-price lunch, and 11% of students were Limited English Proficient. 16.5% of students were classified as "Special Ed".
The school district had a graduation rate of 79% and 2% of students did not complete school. 87% of graduates received a Regents Diploma and 31% received a Regents Diploma with Advanced Designation. Of the 2011 completers, 35% planned to move on to 4-year College, 52% to 2-year College, 4% to Other Post-Secondary, 3% to the Military, 5% to Employment, 1% to Adult Services, 0% had other known post-secondary plans, and 1% had no known post-secondary plan.
The district currently has:
One Elementary School serving Pre-K and Kindergarten: Northeast Elementary School
One Elementary School serving Grades 1-3: Northwest Elementary School
One Elementary School serving Grades 4-6: Park Avenue Memorial Elementary School
One Junior High School (Grades 7-9): Edmund W. Miles Middle School
One High School (Grades 10-12): Amityville Memorial High School
For the 2011-2012 School Year, the Accountability Status for Northeast and Northwest Elementary Schools and the high school was "In Good Standing", while Park Avenue Memorial Elementary School was "In Need of Correction Action (year 2) Focused" and the middle school was "In Need of Restructuring (year 1) Comprehensive". The Accountability Status for the district overall was "In Good Standing"
Up until recently, Amityville Memorial High School served grades 9-12, Edmund W. Miles Middle School served grades 6-8, Park Avenue Memorial Elementary School served grades 3-5, and Northwest Elementary School served grades 1-2. The first part of the change was implemented at the start of the 2009-2010 School Year, when new 9th graders were kept at Edmund W. Miles Middle School and new 6th graders were kept at Park Avenue Memorial Elementary School. At the start of the 2012-2013 school year, new 3rd graders were kept at Northwest Elementary School.
- Henry Austin
- Mae Capone - Wife of Mobster Al Capone
- Benjamin Britten - world renowned British classical composer from 1939-1942.
- Tony Graffanino - MLB Player
- Mike James - NBA Player
- Kevin Kregel - Astronaut
- Donnie McClurkin - Gospel Singer
- Robert Phillips - classical guitarist
- A. J. Price - NBA player
- George Ross
- Eddie Reyes - Founder of Taking Back Sunday
- Ronald DeFeo, Jr. - Convicted mass-murderer
- George Lutz - Former owner of 112 Ocean Avenue from 1975–1976
- De La Soul - Hip Hop trio
- Annie Oakley - Famous female sharpshooter of the 19th century
- John Niland - NFL Player
- Alec Baldwin
- Jerry Seinfeld
- Dave Weldon - U.S. Congressman
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amityville, New York|
- Amityville: Al Capone Was in the Lineup - Newsday - Retrieved November 7, 2007
- Room A. Placenames of the world: origins and meanings, p. 6
- The Chronological History of Amityville
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.