Antelope of Boston

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Career (United States)
Name: Antelope
Owner: William Lincoln and Co., Boston
Builder: James. O. Curtis, Medford, MA
Launched: November 1851
Acquired: June 1855, sold to New York parties. 1858, owned by J. Morewood & Co., New York
Fate: Lost on Discovery Shoal, Paracels Reef, China Sea, Lat 17 N Lon 112 E, en route from Bangkok to China. Abandoned August 6, 1858.
General characteristics
Class & type: Medium clipper
Tons burthen: 587 tons
Length: 140 ft (43 m). LOA
Beam: 29 ft (8.8 m).
Draft: 19 ft (5.8 m).
Notes: 2 decks[1][2][3][4]

Antelope was a medium clipper built in 1851 near Boston, in Medford, MA. She sailed in the San Francisco, China, and Far East trades. She was known for her fine finish work and for her crew’s escape from pirates. She is often called Antelope of Boston to distinguish her from an extreme clipper launched in 1852, Antelope of New York.

Construction[edit]

Antelope was designed "to combine large stowage capacity with good sailing qualities." Her frame was white oak, with yellow pine planking and a rock maple keel.

"Her ends are clipperly in their form, and her water-lines slightly concave; and, although she has only 8 inches dead rise at half floor, yet, as her stem is almost upright, her floor long, and her keel deep, she is expected to hold as good a wind as most of the sharp-bottomed clippers of the same register."

The hull was black, the inside dark buff with blue waterways. Her cabin was "beautifully panelled with satin and zebra woods, set off with rose wood pilasters." The "Boston Daily Atlas" praised Antelope’s ornamental work as "infinitely superior to most of the gaudy stuff now in vogue." [5]

Voyages[edit]

Antelope sailed from Boston to San Francisco on her maiden voyage in 149 days, rather than the expected 130 days or less, under the well known Captain Tully Crosby. From there she sailed to Shanghai, returning to New York with a passage of 118 days.

In 1853, Antelope arrived in San Francisco from New York under Captain Snow on August 31 after a passage of 128 days, returning to New York via Callao in 178 days.

After one more round trip to the West Coast of South America Antelope went into the China trade.

Antelope Incident[edit]

Antelope’s sailing life was six years and nine months.

In July 1858, under Captain Clarke, Antelope departed Bangkok for China. On August 6, she struck on Discovery Shoal, Paracels Reef, which was not visible due to a high tide.

Captain Clarke, four passengers, and 13 seamen abandoned ship, and set out in one of the ship’s boats. A second boat, which became separated during the night, carried the mate, one seaman, and ten Chinese passengers. Four days later, a Chinese fishing junk came into view. Clarke offered the fishermen $20 for a tow to a place where water could be had. Once the Antelope party was taken in tow, it became evident that the fishermen were not trustworthy. Fearing piracy, the shipwrecked party cut the tow rope and attempted an escape. The fishermen pursued the boat, attacked it with stones, and finally set two fishermen to stand guard with spears while the others robbed the Antelope party. In the midst of the confusion, two of the Antelope sailors took advantage of the distraction and boarded the fishing junk, dispatching its crew. Captain Clarke also attempted to board the junk, but fell in the water and had to be rescued. The shipwrecked Antelope party then took command of the junk, and arrived in Hong Kong on August 14.[1][2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gleason, Hall (1937). Old Ships and Ship-Building Days of Medford. Medford, MA: J.C. Miller. p. 73. 
  2. ^ a b Howe, Octavius T; Matthews, Frederick C. (1986 reprint of 1926-1927 ed.). American Clipper Ships 1833-1858. Volume 1, Adelaide-Lotus. New York: Dover Publications. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-0-486-25115-8.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ a b Crothers, William L. (1997). The American-Built Clipper Ship, 1850-1856: Characteristics, Construction, Details. Camden, ME: International Marine. pp. xii, etc. ISBN 0-07-014501-6. 
  4. ^ a b Cutler, Carl C. (1960). Greyhounds of the Sea. Annapolis, MD: United States Naval Institute. pp. 414, 490. 
  5. ^ Bruzelius, Lars (1997). "The New Ship "Antelope", of Boston". The New Ship "Antelope", of Boston, "Boston Daily Atlas", November 29, 1851. The Maritime History Virtual Archives. Retrieved June 27, 2010. 

External links[edit]