Anugrah Narayan Sinha

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Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha
डा.अनुग्रह नारायण सिन्हा
Bihar Vibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha.jpg
Finance Minister of Bihar Province
In office
20 July 1937 – 31 October 1939
Premier Sri Krishna Sinha
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Governor's rule
Deputy Premier of Bihar Province
In office
20 July 1937 – 31 October 1939
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Governor's rule
Member Of Constituent Assembly
In office
9 December 1946 – 26 January 1950
Preceded by Post Created
Succeeded by Post Abolished
Constituency Aurangabad
1st Finance Minister of Bihar
In office
2 April 1946 – 5 July 1957
Preceded by Position Created
Succeeded by Sri Krishna Sinha
1st Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar
In office
2 April 1946 – 5 July 1957
Chief Minister Sri Krishna Sinha
Preceded by Position Created
Succeeded by Vacant
Personal details
Born (1887-06-18)18 June 1887
Aurangabad, British India (now India)
Died 5 July 1957(1957-07-05) (aged 70)
Patna, India
Political party Indian National Congress
Children Two son
Alma mater University of Patna
Presidency College, Kolkata
Occupation Lawyer
Nationalist
Statesman
Educationist
Administrator
MERAY SANSMARAN
As of 12 July, 2006
Source: [1]

Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha (Singh) (Hindi: डा.अनुग्रह नारायण सिन्हा) (18 June 1887 – 5 July 1957), known as Bihar Vibhuti, was an Indian statesman who was the[1] first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–1957).[2] He was also a Member of the Constituent Assembly of India, which was elected to write the Constitution of India and served in its first Parliament as an independent nation.[3] He also held a range of portfolios including Labour, Local Self Government, Public Works, Supply & Price Control, Health and Agriculture.[4] A.N. Sinha, affectionately called "Babu Saheb", was a very close associate of Mahatma Gandhi[5] during the freedom struggle movement and worked with Bihar Kesari Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha to lead the Gandhian movement in Bihar[6] One of the[7] leading nationalists in the Indian independence movement from Bihar after Dr Rajendra Prasad, he was elected as the Congress Party[8] deputy leader in the state assembly to assume office as[7] first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of independent Bihar, and re-elected when the Congress Party won Bihar's first[9] general election with a massive mandate in 1952.

Early life[edit]

The qualities that gave Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha a place among the eminent[10] nationalists of his time were moral as well as intellectual. His genuineness, intensity, abhorrence of sham trickery and imposture and his dauntless determination to arrive at facts gave his action a ring of truth.

(L to R) 1st President of India Dr Rajendra Prasad, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha facing them at Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha's Kadam Kuan residence

He was born to Visveshwar Dayal Singh on 18 June 1887 in a family of Poiwan village of the erstwhile Gaya district (today known as Aurangabad) of Bihar. As a lad his patriotic virtues were visible.[11] A brilliant student from the beginning of his academic career, Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha obtained his initial education in the village school. From Junior school till graduation[12] he topped the lists at every examination, obtaining an M.A. (History) in 1914 from the prestigious University of Calcutta. He became the Secretary[13] of the Bihar Students Conference founded by Rajendra Prasad and the Chanakya Society of the Patna College. He served as a volunteer in the Patna Congress, With fever[13] on he feverishly worked for its success. In 1915, he was appointed Professor of History at the T.N.B. college in Bhagalpur where he remained, known as[12] an ideal professor, until 1916. He organised relief work when Bhagalpur was raved by floods. He began successfully practising law at Patna High Court.

Freedom Movement[edit]

In 1917, heeding the[14] call of Mahatma Gandhi to the nation, he left[15] his flourishing law practice to join the Champaran Satyagraha movement. The Champaran experiment formed a vital chapter in the development of the Gandhian method in India and he was catapulted to the national stage. He served as a teacher in "Bihar Vidyapeeth"[3] founded by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for motivating young meritorious youths. Among[4] his first students was young Jayprakash Narayan. In 1922 he[16] successfully organized the Gaya Congress. In the following year he became one of the General Secretaries of the All India Congress Committee (AICC). When Rajendra Prasad was elected Chairman of Patna Municipality,Dr. Anugraha Narayan Sinha was elected Vice-Chairman. As he was soon elected Chairman of the Gaya District Board, he resigned. He was the pivotal force behind the Civil Disobedience Movement led by M K Gandhi, in the year 1930 which is considered an important milestone in the history of Indian Nationalism.[17] His patriotism earned him 15 months of rigorous imprisonment in 1933–34. When a massive earthquake affected Bihar on 15 January 1934, Bihar Central Relief Committee was set up on 17 January 1934, under the Presidency of Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Dr. Anugraha Narayan Sinha became its Vice-President.[16] He took the task of raising funds to help the people and the relief and rehabilitation work was organised in an elaborate and efficient manner. He was elected as a member of the Central Council in 1935 from Sahabad-cum-Patna Constituency with a massive margin. He became a member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1936. In the[18] provincial autonomy granted by British, under the Government of India Act of 1935, the first Congress ministry was sworn in on 20 July 1937 and he[19] became the Deputy Premier cum Finance Minister of Bihar province. He and Premier Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha disagreed with the then Governor Maurice Garnier Hallett on the issue of the release of political prisoners and both resigned. The Governor had to give in and they again resumed their offices. But they again resigned in 1939, as did all Congress governments in the country, over the question of involving India in the Second World War without the consent of the Indian people.

He was among the first[12] freedom fighters to respond to Gandhiji's call for Satyagraha in 1940–41. He[11] was arrested[3] by the British authorities and imprisoned in the Hazaribagh Central Jail in 1942. In 1944 he was released and devoted himself to serving the epidemic ridden people.

After independence he dedicated himself to the all round[20] development of Bihar as Finance Minister and as the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar.

Exemplary Government[edit]

The first Bihar Government, both in 1937 and 1946, was characterised by the values of the Mahatma Gandhi. Its two eminent leaders Sri Babu (Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha) and Anugrah Babu (Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha) were nationalists of unimpeachable integrity and great public spirit.[21] They ran an exemplary government in Bihar.[22] Almost all the development projects needed for the state of Bihar were done by the leadership pair of Sinha and Dr A N Sinha. It included several river valley projects right from Koshi, Aghaur and Sakri to other such river projects. The first five-year plan period was given to the development in rural development works mainly in the agricultural sector. In fact, Bihar became the top state in the country's first five-year plan and it was announced by Dr A N Sinha in the assembly. The then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru sent [23] Paul H. Appleby to assess the administration in states and in his famous report, he described Bihar as the best governed state in India mostly due to the excellent leadership of Dr S K Sinha and Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha.

Since the second five-year plan period, Anugrah Babu spearheaded the process of rapid industrialization of Bihar and bought several industries for the all round development of the state. He served India's international interests. He successfully led the Indian[24] Food and Agriculture delegation to Nepal and also the Indian delegation to the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Canada and Switzerland. He also[25] actively led a number of Government and voluntary organisations in India and abroad.

Political legacy[edit]

Along with his close colleague in the Indian independence movement Bihar Kesari Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha, the first Chief Minister of Bihar, he is considered one of[26] the architects of modern Bihar.[27] His younger son[28] Satyendra Narayan Sinha (who was affectionately called "Chhote Saheb") also became a prominent freedom fighter leader[29] and later became[30]Chief Minister of Bihar.[31] His grandson Nikhil Kumar, a former IPS, has served as the Governor of Kerala.[32] Dr. Sinha served the state continuously, barring war years(Second World War 1939–1945), as the[11] Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister from the time of the first[12] Congress Ministry in 1937 till his death on 5 July 1957.[33] The Department of Posts[34] released a commemorative stamp in his memory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indian Post. "First Bihar Deputy CM cum Finance Minister;Dr. A N Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  2. ^ parliament of india. "Members of the Constituent Assembly Bihar". parliament of india. Retrieved 2005-05-20. 
  3. ^ a b c Dr. Rajendra Prasad's Letters. First Finance cum Labour Minister. Rajendra Prasad's archive. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b Kamat. "Biography: Anugrah Narayan Sinha". Kamat's archive. Retrieved 2006-06-25. 
  5. ^ aicc. "SATYAGRAHA LABORATORIES OF MAHATMA GANDHI". aicc. Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  6. ^ Kamat. "Great freedom Fighters". Kamat's archive. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 2006-02-25. 
  7. ^ a b NEWS WEBSITE. "Birth Anniversary of Bihar's first deputy Chief Minister". Official Website Patna Daily. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  8. ^ WEBSITE. Google books archive (HINDI) Bihar Vibhuti Dr Anugrah Narain Singh. Official Website. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  9. ^ NEWS WEBSITE ARTICLE. "Exemplary Government S K SINHA_DR A N SINGH". Website. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  10. ^ Kamat Research database. Eminent Congressman-Anugrah Narayan Sinha. Official Website. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  11. ^ a b c commemorative stamp. "Dr. A N Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  12. ^ a b c d Indian Post. "Anugrah babu-first Bihar Deputy CM". official Website. Retrieved 2004-12-16. 
  13. ^ a b Kamat Research database. Biography-Anugrah Narayan Sinha. Official Website. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  14. ^ aicc. [http://www.aicc.org.in/satyagraha_laboratories_o f_mahatma_gandhi.htm "SATYAGRAHA LABORATORIES OF MAHATMA GANDHI"]. aicc. Retrieved 2006-12-08. [dead link]
  15. ^ Dr. Rajendra Prasad's Letters. [http://books.google.co.in/books?id=gQCRixJzOgsC&pg=PA123&lpg=PA123&dq=anugrah+babu&source=web&ots=bH3x6fPoFl&sig=n-IAOi2t6EKemPUV7BIAY2fg3_k&hl=en#PPA1 23,M1 First Finance cum Labour Minister]. Rajendra Prasad's archive. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  16. ^ a b Congress Souvenir, 1938. "Kamat Research Database:Anugrah Narain Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  17. ^ commemorative stamp. "Dr. A N Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  18. ^ Dr. Rajendra Prasad's Letters. First Finance cum Labour Minister. Rajendra Prasad's archive. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  19. ^ Kamat. "Biography: Anugrah Narayan Sinha". Kamat's archive. Retrieved 2006-06-25. 
  20. ^ website-India post. "Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha-maker of modern Bihar". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  21. ^ S Sharan(ex IAS) (20 December 2005 (Editorial)). "CHANGE IN BIHAR: The Better Man Has Won". The Statesman (India). Retrieved 2009-06-02. 
  22. ^ Statesman Editorial (20 December 2005 (Editorial)). "Exemplary Governance:Sri Babu-Anugrah babu raj". Official Website. Retrieved 2009-06-02. 
  23. ^ Patna Daily. "Bihar Vibhuti's Legacy Fading into oblivion". Official Website Patna Daily. Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
  24. ^ "Leader of delegation:Anugrah Narayan Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  25. ^ "Leader of delegation:Anugrah Narayan Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  26. ^ A.J. Philip. "A gentleman among politicians:Anugrah babu-one of makers of Bihar". The Tribune. India. Archived from the original on 13 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  27. ^ Bihar:First Five Year plan. "First Finance Minister". Retrieved 2003-12-05. 
  28. ^ Official website Vice President's Secretariat. "Vice-President Condoles death of former Bihar CM Satyendra Narayan Sinha". Vice President's Secretariat. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  29. ^ "Satyendra Narayan Sinha". Telegraph. Retrieved 2006-09-06. 
  30. ^ "Nitish Kumar Pays tribute to Late Satyendra Narayan Sinha". Patna Daily. Retrieved 2007-09-04. [dead link]
  31. ^ A.J. Philip. "A gentleman among politicians". The Tribune. India. Archived from the original on 13 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  32. ^ Official Website The Hindu. "Former Nagaland Governor Nikhil Kumar sworn in as Governor of Kerala". Official News. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  33. ^ official website. Dr. Zakir Hussain(Bihar Governor) on Anugrah Babu. biography. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  34. ^ commemorative stamp. "Dr. A N Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 

Resources[edit]

  • Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Meray Sansmaran, an autobiography
  • Anugrah Abhinandan Granth samiti. 1947 Anugrah Abhinandan Granth. Bihar.
  • Anugrah Narayan Centenary Year Celebration Committee. 1987. Bihar Bibhuti : Vayakti Aur Kriti, Bihar.
  • A.J. Philip, A gentleman among politicians
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Correspondence and Select Documents
  • R. R. Diwakar, Bihar Through The Ages
  • Bihar State Archives, Documentaries and Articles on Dr. A N Sinha
  • Bameshwar Singh, Congress ministries under the High Command shadow,1988
  • Bimal Prasad (editor). 1980. A Revolutionary's Quest: Selected Writings of Jayaprakash Narayan. Oxford University Press, Delhi.
  • P. S. Appu, The All India Services: Decline, Debasement and Destruction

External links[edit]