Bhor Ghat or Bor Ghat, Bhore Ghaut, is a mountain passage located between Karjat and Khandala in Maharashtra, India along the railway line and between Khopoli and Khandala for road Old Mumbai Pune Road and the Mumbai Pune Expressway.
Situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges, Bhor Ghat is noted for its surroundings comprising scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods.
The Bhor railway ghat cuts a distance of 21 km between Khandala and Karjat. There are 28 tunnels across the railway ghat. This ghat comes under the proposed Golden Quadrilateral Freight Corridors. The proposed Pune - Mumbai - Ahmedabad High-Speed Passenger Corridor.There are many freight trains which travel across this ghat. This ghat is one of the busiest rail pass in the country.
The Bhor road ghat cuts the Sahyadri range to join Khandala to Khopoli and handles traffic on the busiest route in India between Mumbai to Pune. One Bhor ghat is on the Old Mumbai Pune Road and second on Mumbai Pune Expressway. However a small portion of this has to be covered on Mumbai Pune Expressway. This ghat stretches almost 18 km between Khandala to Khopoli. Along with passenger transport lot of goods transport is also done across this ghat.
The discovery of a route to make a motorable pass in Bor Ghat came after information was provided by a local Dhangar tribesman called Shigroba. Out of rivalry for claim of an award announced by the British East India Company for the information, Shigroba was fatally pushed over a cliff at a point in the Ghat.
Later, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway laid a railway line from Mumbai to Pune. The section through Bhor Ghat, with 28 tunnels, and old bridges was opened in 1864. The Ghat opened Mumbai to the Deccan plains of Penninsular India.
Ancient Trade Route
Bhor Gha t was an important trade route in the past and was one of the three main ghats (mountain passes) developed by the Satavahanas to move the goods from the merchant ships from Syria and Egypt to their capital Paithan. The ports of Karanja and Rajapuri were connected to the ghat.
- The Indian Empire By William Wilson Hunter, p. 36
- Rao, M.A. (1988). ndian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust. p. 15.