Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas

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Botafogo
Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas logo.svg
Full name Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas
Nickname(s) Fogão (Great Fire)
Estrela Solitária (The Lone Star)
O Glorioso (The Glorious One)
Founded July 1, 1894; 119 years ago (1894-07-01), as a rowing club
August 12, 1904; 109 years ago (1904-08-12), as a football club
Stadium Estádio do Maracanã and Estádio Olímpico, Rio de Janeiro
Ground Capacity 78,838 and 46,931
President Maurício Assumpção
Head coach Vágner Mancini
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
2013 4th
Website Club home page
Home colors
Away colors
Third colors

Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɔtaˈfoɡu dʒi futʃiˈbɔw i xeˈɡatas], Botafogo Football and Regatta), also known as Botafogo and familiarly as Estrela Solitária (the Lone Star), is a Brazilian sports club based in Botafogo, neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, best known for its football team. They play in the Campeonato Carioca, Rio de Janeiro's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the Brazilian national soccer league. Botafogo was a founding member of the Clube dos 13 (English: Club of 13), a group of Brazil's leading football clubs.

History[edit]

Formation and merger[edit]

On July 1, 1894, Club de Regatas Botafogo was founded.[1]

The 1906 football team.

On August 12, 1904, another club was founded in the neighbourhood: the Electro Club, the name first given to the Botafogo Football Club. The idea came during an algebra lesson at Alfredo Gomes College, when Flávio Ramos wrote to his friend Emmanuel Sodré: "Itamar has a football club in Martins Ferreira Street. Let's establish another one, in Largo dos Leões, what do you think? We can speak to the Wernecks, to Arthur César, Vicente and Jacques". And so the Electro Club was founded. But this name wouldn't last. After a suggestion from Dona Chiquitota, Flávio's grandmother, the club finally became the Botafogo Football Club, on September 18 of the same year. The colours? Black and white., just like Juventus FC, the team of Itamar Tavares, one of the club's founders. And the badge, drawn by Basílio Vianna Jr., in Swiss style with the BFC monogram. The Botafogo Football Club would soon become one of the strongest football teams in Rio de Janeiro, winning the championships of 1907, 1910, 1912 and more.[2]

The same name, the same location, the same colours and the most important thing: the same supporters. It seemed that the destiny of both clubs was to become one. And so it happened: on December 8, 1942 they finally merged. It was after a basketball match between both clubs, when Botafogo Football Club player Armando Albano died suddenly, that the idea began to become truth. At the tragic occasion, the president of Club de Regatas Botafogo, Augusto Frederico Schmidt (also a major Brazilian poet) spoke: "At this time, I declare to Albano that his last match ended with the victory of his team. We won't play no longer the time left on the clock. We all want the young fighter to leave this great night as a winner. This is how we salute him". Eduardo Góis Trindade, Botafogo Football Club's president said: "Between the matches of our clubs, only one can be the winner: Botafogo!". And then Schmidt declared the fusion: "What else do we need to our clubs become one?". And so they did: Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas finally became true. The Football Club's badge became black, and the monogram substituted by Clube de Regatas' lone star.[3]

On the field[edit]

The team that won its first Campeonato Carioca in 1907.
The team of 1910.

The team won the Campeonato Carioca in 1907, 1910 and 1912. In 1909 the team beat Sport Club Mangueira 24–0, which remains the highest score in Brazilian football. They won further state titles in 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934 and 1935.[4]

In 1930 Botafogo won its 4th. Carioca title.

In the 1940s, after the creation of "Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas", the best player of the team was Heleno de Freitas. However, Heleno did not win a championship for Botafogo. He scored 204 goals in 233 matches but went to Boca Juniors in 1948, the year Botafogo won its 9th state championship.

In the 1950 and 1960, Botafogo had its best moments. With a generation of legendary and unforgettable superstars: Garrincha, Nilton Santos, Didi, Amarildo, Mario Zagallo, Manga and Quarentinha, the club won the Campeonato Carioca in 1957, 1961 and 1962. Botafogo could garner further honors winning the Torneio Rio-São Paulo for the first time in 1962. In 1964 and 1966 the club appeared again in the winners' list of the tournament, albeit in 1964 jointly with Santos FC and in 1966 it hat to share the title with three more clubs.

In 1968 Botafogo won the Taça Brasil.

1989 ended a period of 21 years without title when the club won the state championship over Flamengo. One year later, the team defended the title, this time defetating Vasco da Gama. In the 1990s, Botafogo won Copa Conmebol (the precursor of the current Copa Sudamericana)[5][6][7][8][9] in 1993, Brazilian Championship in 1995, Teresa Herrera Trophy and Municipal Tournament in 1996, Rio de Janeiro State Championship in 1997 and Rio-São Paulo Tournament in 1998. The team also lost the final of Brazil Cup in 1999 for Juventude.

Botafogo would be relegated to the Second Division after ranking last in the Brazilian League of 2002. In 2003, Botafogo ranked second in Brazil's Second division (after Palmeiras) and returned to the First Division.

In 2006, the club won for the 18th time the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. Nowadays, Botafogo is the only club to win titles in three different centuries, including the state championship of rowing in 1899.

Stadium[edit]

Voluntários da Pátria Street Stadium (1909).

The first stadium used by Botafogo was located in Voluntários da Pátria street and was in use between 1908 and 1911. The following year, the club had to play the matches in a field in the São Clemente street. Also in the neighborhood of Botafogo, Fogão finally found his own place. Named General Severiano because of the street which accessed the stadium, Botafogo started to use this stadium in 1913. Some other improvements were to build a social area in 1928 and expand the stadium space with cement material in 1938.

In 1950, for World Cup in Brazil, Maracanã was raised. The one-time biggest stadium in the world was the home of Botafogo in many important games in Rio de Janeiro since then.

However, the club lost ownership of General Severiano in 1977 due to a large amount of debts. The stadium was sold to Companhia Vale do Rio Doce and demolished. In 1978 Botafogo moved to the suburb of Marechal Hermes and there built a new stadium, Mané Garrincha, to play casual games.

General Severiano entrance.

Their current home ground is Estádio Olímpico João Havelange.[10]

Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, also known as Engenhão.

Rivals[edit]

Its biggest rivals are from the same city: Fluminense, Flamengo and Vasco da Gama.

Symbols[edit]

Historical badges.

Lone Star[edit]

The Lone Star (Estrela Solitária) is currently present in Botafogo's flag and crest. This star was the principal symbol of Club de Regatas Botafogo. After the two Botafogos merged, the Lone Star became one of the most important symbols of Botafogo's football team.

Crest[edit]

Botafogo's crest comprises the famous lone star in white on a black background. It was designed in 1942, the year of the merger. However, Club de Regatas Botafogo and Botafogo Football Club also had their own crests. Regatas had the lone star in the left, one pair of crokers at the right side and, below, the letters of the club's name, C. R. B. Football's badge had the clubs initials too, B. F. C. written in black colour in a white space. The shape of Botafogo Football Club's crest would be the basis for the new Futebol e Regatas crest.

Flag[edit]

The old flag of Club de Regatas Botafogo was white with a small black square which contained the Lone Star. The Football Club had a flag with nine black and white stripes with the club's crest localized in the center. Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas then based its flag on the two old clubs. The flag has five black and four white stripes, with a black square at the upper left side with the Lone Star.

Uniform[edit]

Their primary uniform consists of a black jersey with vertical white stripes, black shorts and grey socks. Their secondary uniform is all white. An all black uniform may also be used. The socks, although traditionally grey, may also be black or even white on rare occasions.

Mascots[edit]

"Manequinho", the mascot of the club.

The first mascot was Donald Duck, abandoned due to royalties issues. Nowadays, the club's mascot is the Manequinho, a replica of the Manneken-Pis, situated in front of the club.

Supporters[edit]

Botafogo fans with the Garrincha flag at Engenhão stadium (2007).

Today, Botafogo has approximately 4 million fans in Brazil, the 9th largest overall fanbase in Brazilian football. In the 1960s, Botafogo was the number two club preferred by Brazilian football fans. This fact explains why Botafogo has a large amount of fans over 60 years old.

Organized torcida

Honors[edit]

Trophy of 1995's Brazilian championship.

International[edit]

1993
1963

Domestic[edit]

1968,[11]1995

Regional[edit]

1962, 1964, 1966, 1998
1931
1907*, 1910, 1912, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1948, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1968, 1989, 1990, 1997, 2006, 2010, 2013
1967, 1968, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2013
1975, 1976, 1989, 1997, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013
1931

(*)Shared with Fluminense

Presidents[edit]

CR Botafogo[edit]

  • José Maria Dias Braga (1894–95)
  • Eugênio Paiva de Azevedo (1895)
  • Gastão Cardoso (1895-03)
  • João Carlos de Mello (1903)
  • Raul do Rego Macedo (1904)
  • Tito Valverde de Miranda (1905)
  • Conrado Maia (1906–09)
  • Gastão Cardoso (1910–16)
  • Raul do Rego Macedo (1917–19)
  • Álvaro Werneck (1920–21)
  • Raul do Rego Macedo (1922)
  • Álvaro Werneck (1923)
  • Antônio Mendes de Oliveira Castro (1924–26)
  • Álvaro Werneck (1927–28)
  • Armando de Oliveira Flores (1928–30)
  • Alberto Ruiz (1930)
  • Octávio Costa Macedo (1931–35)
  • Ibsen de Rossi (1935–37)
  • Julius A. Henrich Arp Júnior (1937–38)
  • Mário Ferreira (1938)
  • Abelardo Martins Torres (1938–39)
  • Álvaro Gomes de Oliveira (1939–40)
  • Augusto Frederico Schmidt (1941–42)

Botafogo FC[edit]

  • Flávio da Silva Ramos (1904)
  • Alfredo Guedes de Mello (1904)
  • Waldemar Pereira da Cunha (1905)
  • Joaquim Antônio de Souza Ribeiro (1905–07)
  • Edwin Elkin Hime Júnior (1908)
  • Joaquim Antônio de Souza Ribeiro (1909–10)
  • Alberto Cruz Santos (1911)
  • Joaquim de Lamare (1912–14)
  • Miguel de Pino Machado (1914)
  • Joaquim Antônio de Souza Ribeiro (1915–16)
  • Miguel de Pino Machado (1917–18)
  • Renato Pacheco (1919–21)
  • Samuel de Oliveira (1922)
  • Paulo Antônio Azeredo (1923)
  • Gabriel Loureiro Bernardes (1923–24)
  • Oldemar Murtinho (1925)
  • Paulo Antônio Azeredo (1926–36)
  • Darke Bhering de Oliveira Mattos (1936)
  • Sérgio Darcy (1937–39)
  • João Lyra Filho (1940–41)
  • Benjamin de Almeida Sodré (1941)
  • Eduardo de Góes Trindade (1942)

Current squad[edit]

As of February 2014 [12]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Jefferson (captain)
2 Brazil DF Lucas
3 Brazil DF Edílson
4 Brazil DF Bolívar
5 Brazil MF Marcelo Mattos
6 Brazil DF Júlio César
7 Brazil MF Daniel
8 Brazil MF Renato
9 Argentina FW Juan Carlos Ferreyra
10 Brazil MF Jorge Wagner
11 Brazil MF Gabriel
12 Brazil GK Helton Leite
13 Brazil DF André Bahia
14 Uruguay MF Nicolás Lodeiro
15 Brazil MF Octávio
16 Brazil DF Dankler
17 Brazil MF Rodrigo Souto
No. Position Player
18 Brazil DF Anderson (on loan from Vitesse)
19 Brazil FW Wallyson
20 Brazil FW Henrique
21 Brazil DF Dória
22 Brazil GK Renan
23 Argentina MF Mario Bolatti (on loan from Internacional)
24 Brazil MF Gegê
25 Brazil FW Elias (on loan from Resende)
26 Brazil MF Fabiano
27 Brazil MF Cidinho
28 Brazil MF Airton (on loan from Benfica)
29 Brazil MF Ronny
30 Brazil DF Júnior César
Brazil GK Andrey
Brazil MF Jeferson
Brazil MF Dedé
Brazil FW Sassá

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Gilberto (loan to Internacional)
Brazil DF Alex Lopes (loan to Bangu)
Brazil MF Lucas Zen (loan to Vitória)
Brazil MF Bruno Tiago (loan to Madureira)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Felipe Lima (loan to Tupi)
Brazil FW Wellington Júnior (loan to Bangu)
Brazil FW Jóbson (loan to Avaí)
Brazil FW Júnior (loan to Bangu)

First-team staff[edit]

Position Name Nationality
Coach Eduardo Hungaro  Brazilian

Records[edit]

Carvalho Leite, one of the greatest players of the 1930s and the 2nd. topscorer in club's history with 261 goals.
Most appearances
# Name Matches Goals Year
1. Brazil Nílton Santos 723 11 1948–64
2. Brazil Garrincha 612 243 1953–65
3. Brazil Waltencir 453 6 1967–76
4. Brazil Quarentinha 444 306 1954–64
5. Brazil Manga 442 394* 1959–68
6. Brazil Carlos Roberto 442 15 1967–76
7. Brazil Geninho 422 115 1940–54
8. Brazil Jairzinho 413 186 1962–74, 1981
9. Brazil Wágner 412 503* 1993-02
10. Brazil Osmar 387 4 1970–79
11. Juvenal 384 12 1946–57
12. Brazil Gérson dos Santos 371 2 1945–56
13. Brazil Wilson Gottardo 354 13 1987–90, 1994–96
14. Brazil Roberto Miranda 352 154 1962–73
15. Brazil Pampolini 347 27 1955–62
16. Brazil Mendonça 340 116 1975–82
* goalkeeper.
Most goals
# Name Goals Matches G/M
1. Brazil Quarentinha 306 444 0,68
2. Brazil Carvalho Leite 261 303 0,86
3. Brazil Garrincha 243 612 0,39
4. Brazil Heleno de Freitas 209 235 0,88
5. Brazil Nilo 190 201 0,94
6. Brazil Jairzinho 186 413 0,45
7. Brazil Octávio Moraes 171 200 0,85
8. Brazil Túlio Maravilha 159 223 0,71
9. Brazil Roberto Miranda 154 352 0,43
10. Italy Brazil Dino da Costa 144 176 0,81
11. Brazil Amarildo 136 231 0,58
12. Brazil Paulinho Valentim 135 206 0,65
13. Brazil Nílson Dias 127 301 0,42
14. Brazil Mendonça 116 340 0,34
15. Brazil Geninho 115 422 0,27
16. Brazil Didi 114 313 0,36
17. Zezinho 110 174 0,63
18. Brazil Pascoal 105 158 0,66
19. Poland Brazil Patesko 102 242 0,42
20. Brazil Gérson 96 248 0,39

Managers[edit]

Financial situation[edit]

In 2006 Botafogo had Supergasbras and Alê as sponsors, the arrangement during that year earned the team $3.2 million (R$7.2 million).[13] The next year, Botafogo managed to sign the sixth highest sponsorship deal in Brazil[14] the new sponsor Liquigás, a Petrobrás subsidiary paid the club $3.9 million (R$7.8 million) under the terms of the 1 year contract.[13] In 2008 not only the agreement with Liquigás was renewed for another year but it also became more lucrative since the sponsorship was raised to around $5 million (R$10.2 million).[15]

Botafogo generated in 2007 the 12th biggest revenue for all Brazilian Football clubs, that year's revenues totalled $20.8 million (or R$41.1 million) but Botafogo had a net loss of $1.9 million (or R$3.7 million).[16][17] Also at the end of 2007 Botafogo had total debts of $106.1 million (or R$209.7 million).[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "De como o Eletro Club tornou-se Botafogo". Gazeta Esportiva. Archived from the original on August 16, 2004. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  3. ^ "História – A união dos dois clubes fez nascer um dos times de maior tradição no Brasil". Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas official website. Retrieved 2007-10-07. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Botafogo: Fogão flames burn eternal". Clubs. FIFA. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  5. ^ Rsssf.com
  6. ^ Diario On Line "Edición Nacional"
  7. ^ "Breve historia de la Copa Sudamericana"
  8. ^ Información sobre la Copa Conmebol
  9. ^ Globo Esporte
  10. ^ "Botafogo FR". Soccerway. Global Sports Media. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "CBF oficializa títulos nacionais de 1959 a 70 com homenagem a Pelé" (in Portuguese). Globo. December 22, 2010. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  12. ^ "footballzz.co.uk". footballzz.co.uk. 2010-09-19. Retrieved 2010-09-19. 
  13. ^ a b "Botafogo anuncia novo patrocínio nesta sexta – Terra – Rio de Janeiro". Esportes.terra.com.br. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  14. ^ "GloboEsporte.com > Futebol > Corinthians – NOTÍCIAS – Manga pertence 85% à Medial Saúde". Globoesporte.globo.com. 2008-01-24. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  15. ^ Gustavo Rotstein Do GLOBOESPORTE.COM, no Rio de Janeiro (2010-05-07). "GloboEsporte.com > Futebol > Botafogo – NOTÍCIAS – Clube pagará salários atrasados na próxima segunda". Globoesporte.globo.com. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  16. ^ "Clubes Brasileiros fecham 2007 no vermelho « Written World". Thewrittenworld.wordpress.com. 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ GLOBOESPORTE.COM Rio de Janeiro (2010-05-07). "Globoesporte.com > Futebol – NOTÍCIAS – Brasileiros fecham 2007 no vermelho". Globoesporte.globo.com. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 

External links[edit]