||This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. (August 2012)|
At the 2012 Wimbledon Championships
|Residence||Palm Beach Gardens, Florida|
September 26, 1981 |
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Turned pro||September 24, 1995|
|Plays||Right-handed (two-handed backhand)|
|Prize money||$ 44,123,390
(1st all-time among women athletes and 4th all-time among tennis athletes)
|Career record||585–110 (84.03%)|
|Career titles||50 WTA (6th in overall rankings)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (July 8, 2002)|
|Current ranking||No. 1 (May 13, 2013)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010)|
|French Open||W (2002)|
|Wimbledon||W (2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2012)|
|US Open||W (1999, 2002, 2008, 2012)|
|Championships||W (2001, 2009, 2012)|
|Olympic Games||Gold Medal (2012)|
|Career record||169–22 (89.1%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (June 7, 2010)|
|Current ranking||No. 26 (May 13, 2013)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||W (2001, 2003, 2009, 2010)|
|French Open||W (1999, 2010)|
|Wimbledon||W (2000, 2002, 2008, 2009, 2012)|
|US Open||W (1999, 2009)|
|Other Doubles tournaments|
|Olympic Games||Gold Medal (2000, 2008, 2012)|
|Career record||27–3 (90%)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|Australian Open||F (1999)|
|French Open||F (1998)|
|US Open||W (1998)|
Last updated on: May 13, 2013.
|Olympic medal record|
|Competitor for the United States|
Serena Jameka Williams (born September 26, 1981) is an American professional tennis player currently ranked No. 1 in women's singles tennis. The Women's Tennis Association has ranked her World No. 1 in singles on six separate occasions. She became the World No. 1 for the first time on July 8, 2002, and regained this ranking for the sixth time on February 18, 2013, becoming the oldest world no. 1 player in WTA's history.  She is the only female player to have won over $40 million in prize money.
Regarded as one of the greatest tennis players of all time, Williams is the only player to have achieved a Career Golden Slam in both singles and doubles. Her 30 Grand Slam titles ties her for eighth on the all-time list: 15 in singles, 13 in women's doubles, and 2 in mixed doubles. She is the most recent player, male or female, to have held all four Grand Slam singles titles simultaneously ('02–'03) and only the fifth woman ever to do so. Her total of 15 Grand Slam singles titles is sixth on the all-time list, and fourth in the open era, behind Steffi Graf (22 titles) and Chris Evert and Martina Navratilova (18 titles each). Among active players, male or female, she holds the most Major titles amid singles, doubles, and mixed doubles. She has won 13 Grand Slam doubles titles with her sister Venus Williams and the pair is unbeaten in Grand Slam finals. Serena Williams is also a three time winner of the WTA Tour Championships.
Early life 
Serena Williams was born in Saginaw, Michigan, to Richard Williams and Oracene Price. She is of African American heritage and is the youngest of Price's five daughters: half-sisters Yetunde, Lyndrea and Isha Price, and full sister Venus. When the children were young, the family moved to Compton, California, where Serena started playing tennis at the age of five. Her father home-schooled Serena and her sister Venus and to this day, Serena Williams was and remains coached by both her parents.
Williams' family moved from Compton to West Palm Beach when she was nine so that she could attend the tennis academy of Rick Macci, who would provide additional coaching. Macci spotted the exceptional talents of the sisters. He did not always agree with Williams' father, but respected that "he treated his daughters like kids, allowed them to be little girls". Richard stopped sending his daughters to national junior tennis tournaments when Williams was 10, since he wanted them to take it slow and focus on school work. Another motivation was racial, as he had allegedly heard parents of white players talk about the Williams sisters in a derogatory manner during tournaments. At that time, Williams had a 46–3 record on the United States Tennis Association junior tour and was ranked No. 1 among under-10 players in Florida. In 1995, when Serena was in the ninth grade, Richard pulled his daughters out of Macci's academy, and from then on took over all coaching at their home. When asked in 2000 whether having followed the normal path of playing regularly on the junior circuit would have been beneficial, Williams responded: "Everyone does different things. I think for Venus and I, we just attempted a different road, and it worked for us." In 2003 Yetunde was murdered in a case of mistaken identity.
Playing style 
Williams is primarily a baseline player, with a serve that critics, pundits and tennis experts consider the greatest serve in the history of women's tennis. Her game is built around taking immediate control of rallies with her powerful and consistent serve, return of serve, and forceful groundstrokes from both her forehand and backhand swings. Williams' forehand is considered to be among the most powerful shots in the women's game as is her double-handed backhand. Williams strikes her backhand groundstroke using an open stance, and uses the same open stance for her forehand. Williams's aggressive play, a "high risk" style, is balanced in part by her serve, which combines great power and placement with very high consistency. Her serve has been hit as hard as 128 mph (207.6 km/h), the second-fastest all-time among female players (Venus recorded the fastest with 129 mph) and is generally considered the greatest female serve of all time. At the 2012 Wimbledon Championships, Serena hit a tournament record of 102 aces which was more than any of the men hit during the two weeks.  Serena also possesses a very solid volley and powerful overhead which is very useful for her net game. Although many think of Williams as only an offensive player, she also plays a strong defensive game.
Professional career 
1995–98: Professional debut 
Williams' first professional event was in September 1995, at the age of 14 to counteract the forthcoming changes to age-eligibility rules, at the Bell Challenge. She lost in the first round of qualifying to Anne Miller winning just two games.
Williams did not play a tournament in 1996. The following year, she lost in the qualifying rounds of three tournaments, before winning her first main-draw match in November at the Ameritech Cup Chicago. Ranked world no. 304, she upset world no. 7 Mary Pierce and world no. 4 Monica Seles, recording her first career wins over top 10 players and becoming the lowest-ranked player in the open era to defeat two top 10 opponents in one tournament. She ultimately lost in the semifinals to world no. 5 Lindsay Davenport. She finished 1997 ranked world no. 99.
Williams began 1998 at the Medibank International Sydney. As a qualifier ranked world no. 96, she defeated world no. 3 Davenport in the quarterfinals, before losing to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in the semifinals. Williams made her debut in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament at the Australian Open, where she defeated sixth-seeded Irina Spîrlea in the first round, before losing to sister Venus in the second round in the sisters' first professional match. Williams reached six other quarterfinals during the year, but lost all of them, including her first match against world no. 1 Martina Hingis at the Lipton International Players Championships in Key Biscayne, and her second match against Venus at the Italian Open in Rome. She failed to reach the quarterfinals of any Grand Slam tournament the remainder of the year, losing in the fourth round of the French Open to Sánchez Vicario, and the third round of both Wimbledon and the US Open, to Virginia Ruano Pascual and Spîrlea, respectively. She did, however, win the mixed doubles titles at Wimbledon and the US Open with Max Mirnyi, completing the Williams family's sweep of the 1998 mixed doubles Grand Slam tournaments. Williams won her first professional title in doubles in Oklahoma City with Venus, becoming the third pair of sisters to win a WTA title. The Williams sisters won two more doubles titles together during the year. Serena finished the year ranked world no. 20 in singles.
1999–2001: Becoming a top-10 player 
Williams lost in the third round of the 1999 Australian Open to Sandrine Testud. Williams won her first professional singles title, when she defeated Amélie Mauresmo in the final of the Open Gaz de France. With Venus also winning the IGA Superthrift Classic that day, the pair became the first sisters to win professional tournaments in the same week. A month later, Serena won her first Tier I singles title at the Evert Cup defeating Steffi Graf in the final. At the Lipton International Players Championships, Williams had her 16-match winning streak ended up Venus in the first all-sister singles final in WTA history, Serena made her top-10 debut at world no. 9. She then lost in the quarterfinals of the Italian Open and the German Open, and the third round of the French Open, where she and Venus won the women's doubles title. She then missed Wimbledon because of injury. When she returned to the tour, Williams won a Fed Cup singles match. won the JPMorgan Chase Open, Julie Halard-Decugis in the final, and reached the US Open final where she defeated Hingis to become the second African-American woman after Althea Gibson in 1958 to win a Grand Slam singles tournament. The Williams sisters also won the doubles title at this tournament. To complete 1999, Williams won a doubles match in the Fed Cup final against Russia. Williams ended the year ranked world no. 4 in just her second full year on the main tour.
Williams started 2000 by losing in the fourth round of the Australian Open to Elena Likhovtseva. She failed to defend her titles in Paris and Indian Wells, although she did win the Faber Grand Prix. Williams missed the French Open because of injury. She returned at Wimbledon, where she lost to Venus in the semifinals, but they won the doubles title at the event. Williams successfully defended her title in Los Angeles, defeating Davenport in the final. She reached the final of the Du Maurier Open where an injury forced her to retire from her match with Hingis. Her defense of the US Open title ended when she lost in the quarterfinals to Davenport. Williams teamed with Venus to win the gold medal in doubles at the Sydney Olympics in September. She ended the year winning the Toyota Princess Cup. She finished the year ranked world no. 6.
Williams began her 2001, losing to Martina Hingis in the quarterfinals of both at Sydney and the Australian Open. Serena and Venus won the doubles title at the latter tournament, becoming only the fifth doubles team in history to win all four Grand Slam women's doubles titles during their career, completing a "Career Grand Slam". Her next event was the Pacific Life Open, defeating Kim Clijsters in the final. However the final was marred by the behavior of the crowd towards Williams and her family. The crowd were incensed at the apparent match fixing of games involving the family after Venus withdrew before their semifinal. Neither Williams sister has entered the tournament since. The following week at the Ericsson Open, Williams lost to Jennifer Capriati in the quarterfinals. She then lost in the quarterfinals to Capriati at the French Open and Wimbledon. This was the fourth consecutive Grand Slam tournament at which Williams had exited in the quarterfinals. At the North American hard-court season, she lost in the quarterfinals of Los Angeles, then captured her second title of the year at the Rogers Cup defeating Capriati in the final. Williams reached the final of the US Open, losing to sister Venus. That was the first Grand Slam final contested by two sisters during the open era. At the 2001-ending Sanex Championships, Williams won the championship by walkover when Davenport withdrew before the start of the final because of a knee injury. Williams finished 2001 at world no. 6 for the second straight year.
2002–03: "Serena Slam" 
Injury forced Williams to retire from her semifinal match at the Medibank International Sydney and to withdraw from the 2002 Australian Open. She won her first title of the year at the State Farm Women's Tennis Classic, defeating world no. 2 Jennifer Capriati in the final. She then won the Ericsson Open for the first time, becoming one of three players in the open era to defeat the world's top 3 at one tournament, after beating world no. 3 Martina Hingis in the quarterfinals, world no. 2 Venus in the semifinals, and world no. 1 Capriati in the final. Her 6–2, 6–2 win over Venus was her second career win over her sister. Williams played three clay court tournaments before the 2002 French Open. Her first tournament was at Charleston, where she was the third seed. Serena reached the quarterfinals after wins over losing to Patty Schnyder. She reached her first clay-court final in May, at the Eurocard German Open losing to Justine Henin in a third set tiebreak. Williams went on to win her first clay court title at the Internazionali BNL d'Italia, defeating Capriati in the semifinals and Henin in the final. This raised her ranking to a new high of world no. 3. Williams, as the third seed at the French Open, where she claimed her first French Open title defeating Venus in the final and win her Second Grand Slam title. Serena rose to a career high of no. 2 after the win, second only to older sister Venus. At the 2002 Wimbledon Championships, Williams won the title for the first time defeating Venus to win a Grand Slam singles title without dropping a set for the first time in her career. This victory earned Williams the world no. 1 ranking, dethroning her sister and becoming only the second African-American woman to hold that ranking. The Williams sisters also won the doubles title at the tournament, the fifth Grand Slam doubles title for the pair. Williams played just one tournament between Wimbledon and the US Open, losing in the quarterfinals of the JPMorgan Chase Open in Los Angeles to Chanda Rubin, ending a 21-match winning streak. As the top-seeded player at the US Open Williams reached the final where once again she defeated her sister to win the title for the second time. Williams won two consecutive singles titles in the fall, defeating Kim Clijsters to win the Toyota Princess Cup in Tokyo, and Anastasia Myskina to win the Sparkassen Cup in Leipzig, Germany. She reached the final at the year-end Home Depot Championships, where she lost to fifth seeded Clijsters in straight sets, ending her 18-match winning streak. Williams finished 2002 with a 56–5 record, eight singles titles, and the world no. 1 ranking. She was the first African-American (male or female) to end a year with that ranking since Althea Gibson in 1958. She was the first woman to win three Grand Slam titles in one year since Hingis in 1997.
At the 2003 Australian Open, Williams went on to reach the semifinals for the first time, where she recovered from 5–1 down in the third set and saved two match points, before defeating Clijsters. She faced her sister Venus for the fourth consecutive Grand Slam final and won to become the sixth woman in the open era to complete a Career Grand Slam, joining Billie Jean King, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf, and Margaret Court. She also became the fifth woman to hold all Grand Slam singles titles simultaneously, joining Maureen Connolly Brinker, Court, Graf, and Navratilova. This feat was dubbed by the press as the Serena Slam. The Williams sisters won their sixth Grand Slam doubles title together at this event.
Williams then captured singles titles at the Open Gaz de France and the Sony Ericsson Open. Williams' win streak came to an end when she lost the final of Family Circle Cup to Henin, her first loss of the year after 21 wins. She also lost to Mauresmo in the semifinals of the Internazionali BNL d'Italia in Rome. Despite these losses, Williams was the top seed at the French Open, where she lost in the semifinals to eventual champion Henin, marking Williams's first loss in a Grand Slam tournament since 2001. The match was controversial, as Williams questioned Henin's sportsmanship, and spectators applauded Williams's errors. She was known to be dating professional football player LaVar Arrington at the time. Williams rebounded from the loss at the 2003 Wimbledon Championships, defeating Henin in the semifinals and Venus in the final. This was Williams' second consecutive Wimbledon title and her sixth Grand Slam singles title overall. This was her last tournament of the year after pulling out of three events in the USA, Williams underwent surgery on the quadriceps tendon in her knee at the start of August. Initially she was expected to be out for six to eight weeks.
2004–2007: Injuries, depression and the comeback 
After eight months away from the tour during which her desire was questioned, Williams began her comeback at the in Miami, where she made a triumphant return as she won the title. This was the third consecutive year that Williams had won this tournament. She then played three clay-court tournaments leading up to the French Open. She lost in the quarterfinals of the Bausch & Lomb Championships, at the Family Circle Cup she withdrew before her third-round match because of an injured knee. She then played the Internazionali BNL d'Italia in Rome, where she lost to world no. 9 Jennifer Capriati in the semifinals. Although ranked world no. 7, she was seeded second at the French Open. She won her first four matches over players ranked outside the top 50, before Capriati beat her in the quarterfinals. This was the first time she had lost before the semifinals at a Grand Slam singles tournament since Wimbledon in 2001. She was seeded first at Wimbledon, even though her ranking had dropped to world no. 10. She reached the final, where she was defeated by 13th-seeded Sharapova. This loss caused her ranking to drop out of the top 10 for the first time since 1999. Williams reached her third final of the year at the JPMorgan Chase Open in Los Angeles on hard courts where she lost to Lindsay Davenport which was her first loss to Davenport since the 2000 US Open. Williams then withdrew before her quarterfinal match at the Acura Classic in San Diego with another left knee injury. She returned for the US Open, where she was seeded third even though she was ranked world no. 11. She lost there in the quarterfinals to world no. 8 Capriati in three sets. This match featured several missed line calls, including one that led to the suspension of the chair umpire for the remainder of the tournament. This match is commonly referred to as the impetus for the current challenge system. Williams won her second title of the year at the China Open in Beijing, in which she defeated US Open champion Svetlana Kuznetsova in the final. Williams qualified for the WTA Tour Championships. In the round-robin phase of the tournament, she defeated Dementieva and Anastasia Myskina but lost to Davenport. She lost to Sharapova in the final where Williams suffered an abdominal injury that caused her to serve around 65 mph. Williams finished 2004 ranked world no. 7, but did not win a Grand Slam singles tournament for the first time since 2001.
At the 2005 Australian Open, Williams rejected suggestions that she and sister Venus were a declining force in tennis, following Venus's early exit at the tournament. In the quarterfinals, Williams defeated second-seeded Mauresmo. In the semifinals, she saved three match points in defeating Sharapova 8–6 in the third set. In the final, Williams defeated world Davenport to win her second Australian Open singles title and seventh Grand Slam singles title, winning 12 of the last 15 games. The win moved Williams back to world no. 2, and she stated that she was targeting the no. 1 spot. Williams completed just two tournaments between the Australian Open and Wimbledon losing to Venus in Miami and at Internazionali BNL d'Italia to Francesca Schiavone. Williams suffered a series of retirements and withdraws. Williams withdrew before her quarterfinal match at the Open Gaz de France, she retired from her semifinal Dubai Duty Free Women's Open, citing a strained tendon in her right shoulder and a left ankle injury forced her to retire from the Bausch & Lomb Championships. The ankle injury reoccurred causing her to miss the French Open. She returned for Wimbledon as the fourth seeded player, but, was defeated in the third round by world no. 85 Jill Craybas. After winning her first match at the Rogers Cup in Toronto, a recurrence of her left knee injury caused her to withdraw from the tournament. At the US Open, Williams lost to her sister Venus in the fourth round. This was the earliest the sisters had met in a Grand Slam tournament since their first meeting at the 1998 Australian Open. Williams played just one more match the remainder of the year, a loss to world no. 127 Sun Tiantian at the tournament in Beijing. She failed to qualify for the year-end championship for the first time since 1998. She finished the year 2005 ranked world no. 11, her first time finishing outside of the top 10 since 1998.
Williams started 2006 by participating in the Australian Open where she was the defending champion. However she lost to Daniela Hantuchová in the third round. After the tournament, Williams put in the press that she was injured. Citing a lack of fitness and the knee injury for keeping her off court. She had been away from the tour for almost six months and had slipped to 139 in the world the lowest ranking Williams had held since 1997. On her return Williams defeated Myskina and Bethanie Mattek, before losing in the semifinals to Vera Zvonareva. She also reached the semifinals in Los Angeles, losing to Jankovic in straight sets. At the US Open, Williams needed a wildcard to enter the tournament as her ranking at the cut off time was 139 in the world outside of the automatic 102. However her ranking had improved to 79th by the time the tournament came around. She lost to top-seeded Mauresmo in the fourth round. She did not play again in 2006, ending the year ranked world no. 95. This was her lowest year-end ranking since 1997.
Williams began 2007 with renewed confidence, stating her intention to return to the top of the rankings, Williams lost in the quarterfinals in Hobart. Williams was unseeded at the Australian Open because of her world no. 81 ranking and was widely regarded as "out of shape."In her opener She lost just three games to Mara Santangelo and defeated Anne Kremer in straight sets. She found herself two points away from going home against Nadia Petrova but fought back to win in three sets. Williams then made it all the way to the final defeating Jankovic, Peer and Vaidisova. In the final, Williams lost just three games against Maria Sharapova winning her first title at any tournament since winning the 2005 Australian Open, she became the first player since Chris O'Neill to win the title whilst not being seeded; and claimed her third Australian Open and eighth Grand Slam singles title overall. The win elevated Williams to 14th in the rankings. Williams dedicated the title to her deceased sister Yetunde.
Williams won the Sony Ericsson Open for the fourth time after defeating Justine Henin. Williams had to record a come from behind win after being whitewashed in the first set and saving 2 match points in the second. At the Family Circle Cup, Williams retired from her second-round match because of a groin muscle strain. Williams then played for her country in the Fed Cup for the first time since 2003 in a tie against Belgium. Williams won her opening match, but withdrew from the her second due to a knee injury. At the Internazionali BNL d'Italia, Williams lost to Patty Schnyder in the quarterfinals. At the French Open, Williams lost in the quarterfinals to Henin.
During her fourth round match against Hantuchová at Wimbledon, Williams collapsed from an acute muscle spasm at 5–5 in the second set. After a medical timeout and holding serve to force a tiebreak, rain forced play to be suspended for nearly two hours. When the players returned, Williams won the match in three sets. Williams then lost her quarterfinal match with Henin, whilst suffering from the injuries sustained in the previous round. At the US Open, Williams lost her third consecutive Grand Slam singles quarterfinal to Henin. Williams reached the final of Kremlin Cup, losing to Elena Dementieva and retired from her first match in Zurich with a thigh injury. Williams qualified for the WTA Championships but retired from her first match with Anna Chakvetadze with a knee injury and subsequently withdrew from the tornament. Williams finished 2007 as World No. 7 and the top-ranked American for the first time since 2003.
2008–10: Back to Number One, back in the titles and a life threatening injury 
Williams started 2008 by participating on the U.S. team that won the Hopman Cup with Mardy Fish. At the Australian Open she lost in the quarterfinals to Jelena Janković. This was her fourth straight loss in the quarterfinals of a Grand Slam singles tournament. In the women's doubles event, She and sisterVenus lost in the quarterfinals. Williams then withdrew from three tournaments because of an urgent need for dental surgery. Williams then won three consecutive singles titles at Bangalore and her fifth Miami title, tying Steffi Graf for the most singles titles at this tournament. Williams then added Family Circle Cup her first clay-court title since the 2002 French Open. Her 17-match winning streak was ended by Dinara Safina in the quarterfinals of Berlin. Williams then withdrew in Rome in the quarterfinals against Alizé Cornet because of a back injury. Williams was the only former winner of the French Open in the draw, but lost in the third round to Katarina Srebotnik.
At Wimbledon, Williams reached the finals for the first time in four years. She lost the final to her older sister Venus in straight sets, in their first Slam final since 2003. Serena and Venus then teamed to win the women's doubles title in their first Grand Slam women's doubles title since 2003. Williams played at Stanford, but retired 6–2, 3–1 down with a left knee injury from her semifinal match against qualifier Aleksandra Wozniak, the injury forced her to withdraw from Los Angeles. At the Olympics, Williams lost to Dementieva in the quarterfinals. Serena and her sister Venus won the gold medal in doubles, beating Anabel Medina Garrigues and Virginia Ruano Pascual in the final. Williams at the US Open, defeated sister Venus, Safina and Jelena Janković in the final. This was her third US Open and ninth Grand Slam singles title. This victory returned her to the world no. 1 ranking for the first time since 2003. At the Williams Year-End Championships she defeated Safina and lost to her sister Venus in her round-robin matches, but withdrew from her match against Dementieva, citing a stomach muscle injury. She ended the year ranked world no. 2 and with four singles titles, her strongest performance in both respects since 2003.
Williams began 2009 at the Medibank International losing in the semifinals to Elena Dementieva. At the Australian Open, she claimed her tenth Grand Slam singles title by defeating Dinara Safina in the final in 59 minutes. This win returned her to the world no. 1 ranking and resulted in her becoming the all-time career prize money leader in women's sports, overtaking golfer Annika Sörenstam. In women's doubles, with Venus, they captured the title for the third time. At the Open GDF SUEZ, Williams withdrew before her semifinal with Dementieva because of a knee injury. Williams then played at Dubai, losing to Venus in the semifinals.
At the Sony Ericsson Open, Williams hampered with ankle and quad injuries was upset in the final by Victoria Azarenka. This was the first of four consecutive losses for Williams, the longest losing streak of her career. She was defeated in her opening matches at Barcelona, Rome, and Madrid. Despite not having won a match on clay in 2009 before the French Open, she lost in the quarterfinals to the eventual champion Svetlana Kuznetsova. This ended her 18-match Grand Slam tournament winning streak. She rebounded at Wimbledon, saving a match point in defeating fourth seeded Dementieva in the semifinals. In the final, Serena defeated her sister Venus to win her third Wimbledon title and her 11th Grand Slam singles title. Williams and her sister Venus teamed to win the women's doubles title at Wimbledon for the second consecutive year, their ninth Grand Slam title in women's doubles.
As a US Open preparation, Williams played at Cincinnati losing in the third round and in the semifinals of the Rogers Cup. At the US Open, she lost in the semifinals to eventual champion Kim Clijsters amid controversy involving shouting at a line judge when defending match point, an offense which cost Williams the point and consequently the match. She continued in the doubles competition, teaming up with Venus to win their third Grand Slam doubles title of the year and tenth of their career. Williams won all three of her round-robin matches at the year-end WTA Tour Championships, defeating Venus, Dementieva, and Kuznetsova, saving a match point against Venus. She then advanced to the final, when Wozniacki retired from their semifinal match. In the final, Williams defeated Venus for her second singles title at this event.. Williams finished the year ranked world no. 1 for the second time in her career, having played in 16 tournaments, more than any other year. She also broke the record previously set by Justine Henin for the most prize money earned by a female tennis player in one year, with Williams earning $6,545,586. In doubles, the Williams sisters finished the year ranked world no. 2, despite playing only six tournaments as a pair. She won five Grand Slam titles, putting her total Grand Slam titles at 23. Williams was named Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press. She also was the ITF World Champion in singles and doubles.
In 2010, Williams's first scheduled tournament was the Medibank International Sydney, losing in the final to Elena Dementieva. At the Australian Open, Williams was the defending champion in both singles and doubles. Williams reached the final, where she defeated Justine Henin for her twelfth Grand Slam singles title. In doubles, Serena and Venus successfully defended their title by defeating Cara Black and Liezel Huber in the final. Williams withdrew with a leg injury from her next events. She returned at the Rome losing to Jelena Janković in the semifinals. At the Madrid, she fell to Nadia Petrova in the third round. She teamed with Venus to win the doubles title. At the French Open, she lost to Samantha Stosur in the quarterfinals. She also played doubles with Venus as the top seeds, they won the title defeating Květa Peschke and Katarina Srebotnik in the final to win their fourth consecutive Grand Slam women's doubles title and improved their doubles ranking to world no. 1.
Her next tournament was Wimbledon, where she defeated Russian Vera Zvonareva in the final without facing a break point and breaking the serve of Zvonareva three times. She did not lose a set in the tournament. After the match, Martina Navratilova said that Williams is in the top 5 of all the women's tennis players in all of history, which she said that "it's not just about how many Slams you win or how many tournaments you win—it's just your game overall. And she’s definitely got all the goods." Serena was the defending champion in doubles with her sister Venus, winning the last two years. They lost in the quarterfinals to Elena Vesnina and Zvonareva. In Munich on July 7, Williams stepped on broken glass while in a restaurant, and missed the rest of the year. She ended the year ranked no. 4 in singles, despite having played only six tournaments, and no. 11 in doubles after four tournaments. On March 2, 2011, she confirmed that she had suffered a hematoma and a pulmonary embolism.
2011–2013: Comeback and Golden Slam 
Williams finally made a return to the practice court in March 2011. She made her first appearance on the WTA tour in almost a year at the 2011 AEGON International in Eastbourne. Williams lost in round two to Vera Zvonareva, in a match that lasted over three hours. Her next tournament was Wimbledon, where she was the defending champion. She reached the round of 16, where she lost to Marion Bartoli. After the loss her ranking plummeted to no.175. Williams next competed at the Stanford where she won her first title on her comeback, beating Bartoli in the finals. This title was quickly followed by another in Toronto over Samantha Stosur. At the Western & Southern Open, Serena defeated Lucie Hradecka, only to withdraw the next day, citing a right toe injury. She then played at the US Open going all the way to the finals losing to Samantha Stosur, during a match which featured her verbally abusing the chair umpire. The US Open final turned out to be Williams' last match in 2011, and she ended the year ranked world no. 12 with 2 titles and with a 22–3 record for the season. She only participated in six tournaments throughout the season.
In 2012, Williams started the year by playing her debut at Brisbane International, However, during her match against Bojana Jovanovski, she injured her left ankle when serving for the match late in the second set. As a result, Williams was forced to withdraw from the tournament. Next she participated at the Australian Open where she was upset by Ekaterina Makarova in the fourth round. After a month layoff Williams returned to competition in Miami losing in the quarterfinals to Caroline Wozniacki. Williams then won consecutive titles at Charleston and Madrid beating Lucie Safarova and Victoria Azarenka respectively but withdrew from her semifinals match against Li Na in Rome citing a lower back injury. Williams suffered her first ever loss in the opening round of a Grand Slam tournament at the French Open against Virginie Razzano. Williams notched up a 33–1 record for the second half of the season winning five titles in the process. Williams won her fifth Wimbledon singles title, her fourteenth Grand Slam title; setting a serving record of 24 aces by a female in a match as well as having the most aces, male or female during the tournament(103). Serena and sister Venus also returned to doubles competitions; in the pair's first tournament since 2010 Wimbledon, and went on to claim their fifth Wimbledon doubles title and the 13th grand slam doubles title. Williams returned to America to successfully defend her title in Stanford beating Coco Vandeweghe in the finals. Serena then returned to Wimbledon to represent her country at the Olympic Games where she became the second female player to win a career Golden Grand Slam after winning the gold medal beating Maria Sharapova in the finals and the first player in history, male or female, to win the career Golden Grand Slam in both singles and doubles. In the doubles competition, the Williams Sisters successfully defended their Olympic doubles title which meant that they became the only tennis players to win four gold medals. Williams undefeated streak ended with a loss in Cincinnati to Angelique Kerber. At the last GrandSlam, Williams went on to win her fourth US Open singles title and her 15th career Grand Slam title overall beating Azarenka in the finals. She missed the Asian swing but ended the season competing at the WTA Championships going undefeated to win the event for her third title. Serena Williams was voted WTA Player of the Year for 2012, the fourth time she has won this award. Based on her brilliant show in 2012, Serena was also named as International Tennis Federation world champion.
In 2013, Williams' first tournament of the season was Brisbane where she beat Russian Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova in the final and won the tournament without dropping a set. Williams next tournament was the 2013 Australian Open where she advanced to the quarterfinals without dropping a set but fell to Sloane Stephens in three sets being hampered by ankle and back spasm. Her next tournament was Doha. In the quarterfinals, she played Petra Kvitova and won in three sets, Williams ascended to the World Number One position for the sixth time in her career and became the oldest woman in the Open Era to hold the ranking. She then beat Maria Sharapova, but lost to Victoria Azarenka for the first time since 2009 in the final in three sets. She pulled out of the tournament in Dubai the next week with a lower back injury. Williams next tournament was Miami, she won over Flavia Pennetta and Ayumi Morita. In the fourth round, she was two games away from losing to Dominika Cibulkova when she turned the match around and won in three. Williams then blew past Li Na and Agnieszka Radwanska to play Sharapova in the finals. Serena came back from a set down to win, winning the last 10 games. The win made Williams a six time champion in Miami breaking the record she held with Steffi Graf and became only the fourth woman in the open era to have won a tournament at least six times. Williams then played at Charleston. Serena cruised through the semifinals, where she defeated sister Venus Williams in their first match since 2009. In the finals she defeated Jelena Jankovic in three sets. This was her third time winning the title. Serena's next tournament was Madrid, where she is the defending champion. Williams set up a rematch of the Miami final against Maria Sharapova in the final and won convincingly to retain her number 1 ranking and earn her 50th singles title. Serena's next tournament was Rome where she met up and coming British player Laura Robson in the second round and won in straight sets 6-2 6-2. Next Williams faced Dominika Cibulkova, where she blew pasted the Slovakia player 6-0 6-, with the win Williams tied her longest win streak at 21. In the quarterfinal she beat Carla Suarez Navarro to beat her longest winning streak of 21 matches. Now on 22 she hopes to extend her match streak.
Grand Slam tournaments 
Grand Slam tournament performance timeline 
|Australian Open||2R||3R||4R||QF||A||W||A||W||3R||W||QF||W||W||A||4R||QF||5 / 13||58–8|
|French Open||4R||3R||A||QF||W||SF||QF||A||A||QF||3R||QF||QF||A||1R||1 / 11||39–10|
|Wimbledon||3R||A||SF||QF||W||W||F||3R||A||QF||F||W||W||4R||W||5 / 13||67–8|
|US Open||3R||W||QF||F||W||A||QF||4R||4R||QF||W||SF||A||F||W||4 / 13||65–9|
|Win–Loss||8–4||11–2||12–3||18–4||21–0||19–1||14–3||12–2||5–2||19–3||19–3||23–2||18–1||9–2||17–2||4–1||15 / 50||229–35|
Grand Slam tournament finals 
Singles: 19 (15 titles, 4 runner-ups) 
|Winner||1999||US Open||Hard||Martina Hingis||6–3, 7–6(7–4)|
|Runner-up||2001||US Open||Hard||Venus Williams||2–6, 4–6|
|Winner||2002||French Open||Clay||Venus Williams||7–5, 6–3|
|Winner||2002||Wimbledon||Grass||Venus Williams||7–6(7–4), 6–3|
|Winner||2002||US Open (2)||Hard||Venus Williams||6–4, 6–3|
|Winner||2003||Australian Open||Hard||Venus Williams||7–6(7–4), 3–6, 6–4|
|Winner||2003||Wimbledon (2)||Grass||Venus Williams||4–6, 6–4, 6–2|
|Runner-up||2004||Wimbledon||Grass||Maria Sharapova||1–6, 4–6|
|Winner||2005||Australian Open (2)||Hard||Lindsay Davenport||2–6, 6–3, 6–0|
|Winner||2007||Australian Open (3)||Hard||Maria Sharapova||6–1, 6–2|
|Runner-up||2008||Wimbledon (2)||Grass||Venus Williams||5–7, 4–6|
|Winner||2008||US Open (3)||Hard||Jelena Janković||6–4, 7–5|
|Winner||2009||Australian Open (4)||Hard||Dinara Safina||6–0, 6–3|
|Winner||2009||Wimbledon (3)||Grass||Venus Williams||7–6(7–3), 6–2|
|Winner||2010||Australian Open (5)||Hard||Justine Henin||6–4, 3–6, 6–2|
|Winner||2010||Wimbledon (4)||Grass||Vera Zvonareva||6–3, 6–2|
|Runner-up||2011||US Open (2)||Hard||Samantha Stosur||2–6, 3–6|
|Winner||2012||Wimbledon (5)||Grass||Agnieszka Radwańska||6–1, 5–7, 6–2|
|Winner||2012||US Open (4)||Hard||Victoria Azarenka||6–2, 2–6, 7–5|
Women's doubles: 13 finals (13 titles) 
|Winner||1999||French Open||Clay||Venus Williams|| Martina Hingis
|6–3, 6–7(2–7), 8–6|
|Winner||1999||US Open||Hard||Venus Williams|| Chanda Rubin
|4–6, 6–1, 6–4|
|Winner||2000||Wimbledon||Grass||Venus Williams|| Julie Halard-Decugis
|Winner||2001||Australian Open||Hard||Venus Williams|| Lindsay Davenport
|6–2, 2–6, 6–4|
|Winner||2002||Wimbledon (2)||Grass||Venus Williams|| Virginia Ruano Pascual
|Winner||2003||Australian Open (2)||Hard||Venus Williams|| Virginia Ruano Pascual
|4–6, 6–4, 6–3|
|Winner||2008||Wimbledon (3)||Grass||Venus Williams|| Lisa Raymond
|Winner||2009||Australian Open (3)||Hard||Venus Williams|| Daniela Hantuchová
|Winner||2009||Wimbledon (4)||Grass||Venus Williams|| Samantha Stosur
|Winner||2009||US Open (2)||Hard||Venus Williams|| Cara Black
|Winner||2010||Australian Open (4)||Hard||Venus Williams|| Cara Black
|Winner||2010||French Open (2)||Clay||Venus Williams|| Květa Peschke
|Winner||2012||Wimbledon (5)||Grass||Venus Williams|| Andrea Hlaváčková
Mixed doubles: 4 finals (2 titles, 2 runner-ups) 
|Runner-up||1998||French Open||Clay||Luis Lobo|| Justin Gimelstob
|Winner||1998||Wimbledon||Grass||Max Mirnyi|| Mahesh Bhupathi
|Winner||1998||US Open||Hard||Max Mirnyi|| Patrick Galbraith
|Runner-up||1999||Australian Open||Hard||Max Mirnyi|| David Adams
Mariaan de Swardt
|4–6, 6–4, 6–7(5–7)|
Rivalry with Venus Williams 
Serena Williams has played older sister Venus in 24 professional matches since 1998, with Serena winning 14 of these matches. Their overall head-to-head series is 14–10. Serena has played Venus 12 times in Grand Slam singles tournaments and 11 times in other tournaments (including 11 finals). They have met in eight Grand Slam finals, with Serena winning six times. Beginning with the 2002 French Open, they played each other in four consecutive Grand Slam singles finals, which was the first time in the open era that the same two players had contested four consecutive Grand Slam finals.
2004 US Open 
In her 2004 U.S. Open quarterfinal match against Jennifer Capriati, an overrule was made by chair umpire Mariana Alves in Capriati's favor, even though later video review showed this to be in error. Williams attempted to argue the call, but was not successful. Capriati won the match, but tournament officials dismissed the umpire from the tournament. The controversy renewed calls for the adoption of technology like the MacCam and Hawk-Eye systems.
2009 US Open 
In 2009, Williams again was involved in a controversial U.S. Open match, this time against Kim Clijsters in the semifinal round. The drama began at the end of the first set, when Williams slammed her racquet on the court in frustration over losing the set. She was given a warning, with a potential second violation carrying a one-point penalty. While trailing 4–6, 5–6, 15–30, Williams's second serve was called a foot fault, resulting in two match points for Clijsters. Williams gestured with her racquet to the lineswoman who had made the call and yelled at her, including profanities. During the subsequent on-court conference between the head judge, the lineswoman, US Open officials, and Williams, a television microphone picked up Williams saying to the lineswoman, "I didn't say I would kill you. Are you serious?" The incident resulted in Williams being penalized a point for unsportsmanlike conduct — necessitated by the earlier warning for racquet abuse — meaning Clijsters won the match 6–4, 7–5. The following day, Williams was issued the maximum permissible on-site fine of $10,000 (plus $500 for racquet abuse). After further investigation, the Grand Slam Committee in November 2009 fined her $175,000 in lieu of suspending her from the 2010 US Open or other Grand Slam events. They also placed her on a two-year probation, so if Williams committed another offense in the following two years at a Grand Slam tournament, she would be suspended from participating in the following US Open. If she committed no offenses in the next two years, her fine would be reduced to $82,500. Williams initially refused to apologize for her outburst, both in her post-match press conference and in an official statement released the following day. She eventually apologized to the lineswoman in a statement two days following the incident.
2011 US Open 
In the final of the 2011 U.S. Open against Samantha Stosur, Williams again generated controversy. After shouting "Come on!" as the Australian attempted to return a forehand Williams believed to be a winner, chair umpire Eva Asderaki awarded the point to Stosur based on the USTA's deliberate hindrance rule, which states, "If a player commits any act which hinders his opponent in making a stroke, then, if this is deliberate, he shall lose the point or if involuntary, the point shall be replayed." As the point was 30–40 on Williams's serve, the penalty gave the break of serve to Stosur. Williams became angry with the chair umpire and made several gestures and unflattering comments toward her during the next several changeovers, warning her, "Don't look at me," and telling her that if Asderaki ever saw Williams coming toward her, she should "look the other way". She told the umpire that she was "a loser", "a hater" and "unattractive, on the inside". Williams initially gained momentum in the set following the penalty, breaking back in the next game, but eventually flagged and lost the match, 6–2, 6–3. At the end of the match, she declined to offer the customary handshake to Asderaki. Williams mentioned the incident in her post-match speech as the tournament runner-up, claiming, "I hit a winner, but I guess it didn't count," but added, "It wouldn't have mattered in the end. Sam played really well." A writer for ESPN suggested that Williams could avoid being found to have violated the terms of the "probation" on which she was placed following her 2009 outburst, as she did not appear to have used profanity in addressing Asderaki during the match. In the end, Williams was fined $2,000 and was not barred from competing in the 2012 US Open because "...Williams's conduct, while verbally abusive, [did] not rise to the level of a major offence under the Grand Slam code of conduct."
Off-court activities 
Williams was once known for her unusual and colorful outfits on court. In 2002, there was much talk when she wore a black lycra catsuit at the US Open. At the 2004 US Open, Williams wore denim skirts and knee-high boots—tournament officials, however, did not allow her to wear the boots during matches. At Wimbledon in 2008, the white trench coat she wore during warm-up for her opening match was the subject of much discussion since it was worn despite the sunny weather. Off-court, Williams has also presented new designs. In November 2004, at the London premiere of After the Sunset she wore a red gown that had a near-topless effect.
Williams formerly had a special line with Puma and currently has a line with Nike. The deal with Nike is worth US$40 million and was signed in April 2004. Since 2004, she has also been running her own line of designer apparel called "Aneres"—her first name spelled backward. In 2009 she launched a signature collection of handbags and jewelry. The collection, called Signature Statement, is sold mainly on the Home Shopping Network (HSN).
In early 2010, Williams became a certified nail technician in preparation for her upcoming nail collection with a company called HairTech.
Williams has appeared on television and also provided voice work on animated shows: in a 2001 episode of The Simpsons Serena joined the animation along with sister Venus, Pete Sampras and Andre Agassi. She has also provided guest voice work in a 2005 episode of Playhouse Disney's animated kids show Higglytown Heroes and a 2007 episode of the Nickelodeon cartoon Avatar: The Last Airbender, which she has described as her "favorite show".
Williams has posed for the 2003 and 2004 editions of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. In April 2005, MTV announced plans to broadcast a reality show around the lives of Serena and Venus, which was eventually aired on ABC Family. Williams has appeared twice on MTV's Punk'd and in 2007, appeared in the ABC reality television series Fast Cars and Superstars: The Gillette Young Guns Celebrity Race. In 2002, she played Miss Wiggins in the season 3 episode "Crouching Mother, Hidden Father" of My Wife and Kids; she has also guest-starred during episodes of The Bernie Mac Show, ER and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. In 2007 Williams appeared in the music video of "I Want You" by the American rapper Common, alongside performers Alicia Keys and Kanye West.
In late 2009, Williams became the first active female professional athlete to appear in a feminine hygiene product advertising campaign. A series of online videos and print advertisements for Tampax Pearl tampons showed her hitting balls at Mother Nature, played by Catherine Lloyd Burns, to prevent Mother Nature giving her a red-wrapped gift, representing her menstrual period. In the online videos, the two have dueling press conferences over the "bad blood" between them. "A lot of celebrities are not open to working with our brand, and we're thrilled that Serena is", said a brand manager for Tampax at Procter & Gamble.
In May 2012, a minute of a new hip-hop track by Serena Williams was leaked, along with reports the sports star was planning to release an album. In July 2012, she appeared in the ABC comedic improv television series Trust Us With Your Life and as a lawyer on the Lifetime television series Drop Dead Diva.
Miami Dolphins venture 
In August 2009, Serena and Venus Williams became part-owners of the Miami Dolphins. The formal announcement was made during a press conference overlooking the practice field. The Williams are the first African-American females to obtain ownership in an NFL franchise. Other prominent owners include: Jimmy Buffett, Gloria and Emilio Estefan (the first Cuban-American owners), and Marc Anthony and Jennifer Lopez. Stephan Ross, the majority owner of the Dolphins, said "We are thrilled to have Venus and Serena join the Dolphins as limited partners. They are among the most admired athletes in the world and have become global ambassadors for the game of tennis. Their addition to our ownership group further reflects our commitment to connect with aggressively and embrace the great diversity that makes South Florida a multicultural gem."
Charity work 
In 2008 Williams helped to fund the construction of the Serena Williams Secondary School in Matooni, Kenya. She received a Celebrity Role Model Award from Avon Foundation in 2003 for work in breast cancer. Williams has also been involved in a number of clinics at schools and community centers, particularly those which have programs focusing on at-risk youth. She has also won the "Young Heroes Award" from Big Brothers Big Sisters of Greater L.A. and Inland (2003) and the "Family Circle and Prudential Financial Player Who Makes a Difference Award" (2004). In response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Williams, along with other ATP and WTA stars decided to forgo their final day of preparation for the 2010 Australian Open to form a charity event in which all proceeds will go to the Haiti earthquake victims.
Serena has published along with her sister Venus Williams and author Hilary Beard a book titled Venus & Serena: Serving From The Hip: 10 Rules For Living, Loving and Winning by Boston: Houghton Mifflin in 2005.  During the 2009 Wimbledon Championships, Williams said that she is in the process of writing a TV show storyline, which will be converted into script form by her agency. She stated that the show will represent subject matter from a mix of popular American television shows such as Desperate Housewives, and Family Guy. Serena released her first solo published work, an autobiography entitled On the Line, following the 2009 US Open.
Records and achievements 
- These records were attained in Open Era of tennis.
- Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.
- Records in italics are currently active streaks.
|Time span||Selected Grand Slam tournament records||Players matched|
|1999 US Open —
2003 Australian Open
|Career Grand Slam in singles||Margaret Court
Billie Jean King
|1999 French Open —
2003 Australian Open
|Career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles||Margaret Court
|2002 Wimbledon —
2002 US Open
|2 titles without losing a set in the same calendar year||Billie Jean King
|2002 French Open —
2003 Australian Open
|Holder of all four Grand Slam titles at once||Margaret Court
|1999 US Open —
2012 US Open
|Winner of Grand Slam singles titles in three decades||Martina Navratilova|
|Grand Slam tournaments||Time Span||Records at each Grand Slam tournament||Players matched|
|Australian Open||2003–2010||5 singles titles overall||Stands alone|
|Australian Open||2007||Unseeded winner of singles title||Chris O'Neil (1978)|
|US Open||1999–2012||Winner of singles titles in three decades||Stands alone|
|US Open||1999–2012||14 years between first and last title||Stands alone|
|Time span||Other selected records||Players matched|
|2003–2008||2 Hopman Cup titles||Dominik Hrbatý
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
|2002–2013||6 Miami Masters singles titles overall||Stands alone|
|1995–2012||$41,797,909 prize money overall||Stands alone|
See also 
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- ""The Simpsons" Tennis the Menace (2001)". IMDb.com (IMDb.com, Inc.). Retrieved April 26, 2009.
- "Avatar: The Last Airbender: The Day of Black Sun (1): The Invasion". TV.com. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
- Kennedy, Lauren Paige. "Serena Williams Gets Back in the Game". WebMD the Magazine (WebMD, LLC.). Retrieved April 24, 2009.
- Thurmond, Sarah (February 11, 2009). "Golovin, Hantuchova, Kirilenko in SI swimsuit issue". Tennis Magazine. Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
- "On stage or on court, Serena plays the lead". Sydney Morning Herald. January 13, 2003. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- "Serena to voice queen with 'devious plans' for planet". ESPN. Associated Press. January 30, 2007. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- "Common "I Want You" Video". rapdirt.com. October 23, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2009.
- Newman, Andrew Adam (September 28, 2009). "Serena Williams's Ad Deals Survive Her Outburst on Court". The New York Times. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- Ashe, Isaac (May 12, 2012). "Tennis star Serena Williams to serve up a single". Loughborough Echo. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- Williams sisters buy into Dolphins group ESPN, August 25, 2009
- "Serena Williams in Kenya on charity tour". People's Daily. November 15, 2008.
- Claire Wanja (November 10, 2008). "Serena Williams to Visit Kenya on Charity cause". Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on March 5, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
- "Jewel and Serena Williams Help the Avon Foundation Raise Millions for the Fight Against Breast Cancer". Avon (Avon Products, Inc.). October 15, 2003. Retrieved April 26, 2009.
- "Stars rally for a common cause". Tennis Australia. January 16, 2010.[dead link]
- "The Website of Author Hilary Beard – Books". Hilarybeard.com. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- "Venus and Serena: Serving From the Hip: 10 Rules for Living, Loving, and Winning.(Brief Article)(Book Review)". Highbeam.com. July 1, 2005. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Venus and Serena: Serving From The Hip: 10 Rules for Living, Loving, and Winning (9780618576531): Serena Williams Author, Hilary Beard Author". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Venus & Serena: Serving From The Hip : Ten Rules for Living, Loving, and Winning". Ecampus.com. March 22, 2005. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Venus and Serena Serving From The Hip 10 Rules for Living Loving and Winning, Hilary Beard, Venus Williams, Serena Williams. (Paperback 0618576533)". Paperbackswap.com. March 22, 2005. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "S Williams – June 24, 2009". 2009.wimbledon.org. June 24, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2011.[dead link]
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