Centru (development region)

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Centru
Region
Regiunea Centru.svg
Country  Romania
Development Agency HQ Alba Iulia
Largest city Brașov
Area
 • Total 34,082 km2 (13,159 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,360,805[1]
Ethnic groups
 • Romanians 64.3%
 • Hungarians 30.9%
 • Roma 4.7%
 • Germans 0.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
NUTS code RO12
GDP per capita (PPS) €11,400 (2011)[2]
Website http://www.adrcentru.ro/

Centru (Centre) is a development region in Romania. As other development regions, it does not have any administrative powers, its main function being to co-ordinate regional development projects and manage funds from the European Union.

Localization[edit]

Centru is situated in the center of Romania, within the greater curvature of the Carpathian Mountains, on the upper and middle courses of Mureș and Olt, being crossed by the 25th meridian east and the 46th parallel north. With an area of 34,082 km², accounting for 14.3% of the Romanian territory, Centru ranks 5th among the eight development regions. By its geographical position, it makes connections with six of the other seven development regions, registering approximately equal distances from its central zone to the border crossing points.

Geography[edit]

Relief[edit]

Lacking proper plains, the relief of Centru Region includes significant parts of the three branches of the Romanian Carpathians (almost half the area of the region), hilly area of the Transylvanian Plateau and depression area of contact between the hills and the mountains.

Hydrographic network[edit]

Lake Sfânta Ana, only volcanic lake in Romania

The hydrographic network is rich, consisting of upper and middle courses of Mureș and Olt and their tributaries. Natural lakes are diverse as genesis, the most notable being the glacial lakes in the Făgăraș Mountains, Sfânta Ana volcanic lake in Harghita Mountains, Red Lake, lake formed by damming the natural course of the Bicaz River and Ursu Lake. The most important artificial lakes are the dam lakes on Olt and Sebeș rivers, salt lakes in former salt mines at Ocna Sibiului and the Transylvanian Plain fishponds.

Climate[edit]

The climate of the region is temperate continental, varying by altitude. In the intramontane depressions of eastern region, temperature inversions are frequent, cold air can station here for long periods. In Bod, Brașov County, was recorded on 25 January 1942 the lowest temperature in Romania, -38.5 °C (-37.3 °F).

Climate data for major cities[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Centru has a total population of 2,251,268[4] (2011 Census). Its population density is 73.99/km², somewhat lower than the national average of 91.3/km².

In 2002 The region is one of the most ethnically-diverse in Romania, with ethnic Romanians making up 65.4% of the population, Hungarians making up 29.9% and Romani making up 4%. Most of the Hungarian population is concentrated in the counties of Harghita and Covasna, where they make up a majority of a population.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 45°40′N 25°37′E / 45.667°N 25.617°E / 45.667; 25.617