Giurgiu County

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Giurgiu County
Județul Giurgiu
County
Coat of arms of Giurgiu County
Coat of arms
Giurgiu in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 44°10′N 25°54′E / 44.16°N 25.9°E / 44.16; 25.9Coordinates: 44°10′N 25°54′E / 44.16°N 25.9°E / 44.16; 25.9
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reşedinţă de judeţ) Giurgiu
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Victor Boiangiu (PSD)
 • Prefect2 Sergiu Noruţ Stănişteanu
Area
 • Total 3,526 km2 (1,361 sq mi)
Area rank 40th in Romania
Population (2011)
 • Total 265,494
 • Rank 38th in Romania
 • Density 75.92/km2 (196.6/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 08wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x464
Car Plates GR5
GDP US$ 1.59 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 5,358 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Giurgiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈd͡ʒjurd͡ʒju]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Giurgiu.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 265,494 and the population density was 75.29/km².

Year County population[2]
1948 313,793
1956 Increase 325,045
1966 Decrease 320,120
1977 Increase 327,494
1992 Decrease 313,084
2002 Decrease 297,859
2011 Decrease 265,494

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 3,526 km².

The county is situated on a plain – the Southern part of the Romanian Plain. The landscape is flat, crossed by small rivers. The southern part is the valley of the Danube which forms the border with Bulgaria. In the North, the Argeş River and Dâmboviţa River flow.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The county has two big areas of development: one close to the city of Giurgiu – The Free Trade Zone Giurgiu, and one in the North of the county due to its proximity with Bucharest.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Wood and furniture industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale – for Bucharest markets, is practiced. 59% of the cultivated surface is irrigated.

Tourism[edit]

The county recently became famous for its lăutari, especially the group Taraful Haiducilor.

The main tourist destinations are:

The city of Giurgiu[edit]

Here the tourists can visit:

  • The Clock Tower, made by Turks when the Giurgiu was "raia"
  • The Historical Museum
  • The theatre "Valah"
  • The first bridge built in angel from Europe, over the Canalul Sf Gheorghe and Canalul Plantelor, with a specific construction over 100 years old; near this bridge is a new one from 2007
  • The Bridge of Friendship over the Danube between Giurgiu, Romania and Rousse, Bulgaria
  • The churches painted by important painters like Grigorescu
  • The fluvial station on the Danube river "Port Giurgiu"
  • The street "Str. Garii" filled with markets
  • The beautiful parks from town where many statues and fountains can be found
  • Fishing along the Danube
  • The Călugăreni area
  • The monasteries from Giurgiu, Comana
Landscape in the northern part of the county

Administrative divisions[edit]

Giurgiu County has 1 municipality, 2 towns and 51 communes:

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links[edit]