The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the highly conserved cyclin family, whose members are characterized by a dramatic periodicity in protein abundance through the cell division cycle. Cyclins function as activating subunits of enzymatic complex together with cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Different cyclins exhibit distinct expression and degradation patterns that contribute to the temporal coordination of cell cycle events. Cyclin A1 was shown to be expressed in testis and brain, as well as in several leukemic cell lines, and is thought to primarily function in the control of meiosis. This cyclin binds both Cdk1 and Cdk2 kinases, which give two distinct kinase activities, one appearing in S phase, the other in G2, and thus regulate separate functions in cell cycle. This cyclin was found to bind to important cell cycle regulators, such as Rb family proteins, transcription factor E2F1, and the Kip/Cip family of CDK-inhibitor proteins.
^ abYang R, Morosetti R, Koeffler HP (March 1997). "Characterization of a second human cyclin A that is highly expressed in testis and in several leukemic cell lines". Cancer Res.57 (5): 913–20. PMID9041194.CS1 maint: Date and year (link)
^Ohtoshi A, Maeda T, Higashi H, Ashizawa S, Hatakeyama M (February 2000). "Human p55(CDC)/Cdc20 associates with cyclin A and is phosphorylated by the cyclin A-Cdk2 complex". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.268 (2): 530–4. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2000.2167. PMID10679238.CS1 maint: Date and year (link)
^Sweeney C, Murphy M, Kubelka M, Ravnik SE, Hawkins CF, Wolgemuth DJ et al. (January 1996). "A distinct cyclin A is expressed in germ cells in the mouse". Development122 (1): 53–64. PMID8565853.CS1 maint: Date and year (link)
^ abMüller-Tidow C, Wang W, Idos GE, Diederichs S, Yang R, Readhead C et al. (April 2001). "Cyclin A1 directly interacts with B-myb and cyclin A1/cdk2 phosphorylate B-myb at functionally important serine and threonine residues: tissue-specific regulation of B-myb function". Blood97 (7): 2091–7. doi:10.1182/blood.v97.7.2091. PMID11264176.Vancouver style error (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link)
^Brown NR, Noble ME, Endicott JA, Johnson LN (November 1999). "The structural basis for specificity of substrate and recruitment peptides for cyclin-dependent kinases". Nat. Cell Biol.1 (7): 438–43. doi:10.1038/15674. PMID10559988.CS1 maint: Date and year (link)
^ abDiederichs S, Bäumer N, Ji P, Metzelder SK, Idos GE, Cauvet T et al. (August 2004). "Identification of interaction partners and substrates of the cyclin A1-CDK2 complex". J. Biol. Chem.279 (32): 33727–41. doi:10.1074/jbc.M401708200. PMID15159402.Vancouver style error (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link)
Hall M, Bates S, Peters G (1995). "Evidence for different modes of action of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors: p15 and p16 bind to kinases, p21 and p27 bind to cyclins". Oncogene11 (8): 1581–8. PMID7478582.
O'Connor PM, Ferris DK, Pagano M, Draetta G, Pines J, Hunter T et al. (1993). "G2 delay induced by nitrogen mustard in human cells affects cyclin A/cdk2 and cyclin B1/cdc2-kinase complexes differently". J. Biol. Chem.268 (11): 8298–308. PMID8463339.
Sweeney C, Murphy M, Kubelka M, Ravnik SE, Hawkins CF, Wolgemuth DJ et al. (1996). "A distinct cyclin A is expressed in germ cells in the mouse". Development122 (1): 53–64. PMID8565853.
Wang H, Shao N, Ding QM, Cui J, Reddy ES, Rao VN (1997). "BRCA1 proteins are transported to the nucleus in the absence of serum and splice variants BRCA1a, BRCA1b are tyrosine phosphoproteins that associate with E2F, cyclins and cyclin dependent kinases". Oncogene15 (2): 143–57. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1201252. PMID9244350.
Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, Suyama A, Sugano S (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene200 (1-2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID9373149.
Liu D, Matzuk MM, Sung WK, Guo Q, Wang P, Wolgemuth DJ (1998). "Cyclin A1 is required for meiosis in the male mouse". Nat. Genet.20 (4): 377–80. doi:10.1038/3855. PMID9843212.
Ravnik SE, Wolgemuth DJ (1999). "Regulation of meiosis during mammalian spermatogenesis: the A-type cyclins and their associated cyclin-dependent kinases are differentially expressed in the germ-cell lineage". Dev. Biol.207 (2): 408–18. doi:10.1006/dbio.1998.9156. PMID10068472.
Yang R, Nakamaki T, Lübbert M, Said J, Sakashita A, Freyaldenhoven BS et al. (1999). "Cyclin A1 expression in leukemia and normal hematopoietic cells". Blood93 (6): 2067–74. PMID10068680.Vancouver style error (help)
Müller C, Yang R, Beck-von-Peccoz L, Idos G, Verbeek W, Koeffler HP (1999). "Cloning of the cyclin A1 genomic structure and characterization of the promoter region. GC boxes are essential for cell cycle-regulated transcription of the cyclin A1 gene". J. Biol. Chem.274 (16): 11220–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.16.11220. PMID10196209.Vancouver style error (help)
Brown NR, Noble ME, Endicott JA, Johnson LN (1999). "The structural basis for specificity of substrate and recruitment peptides for cyclin-dependent kinases". Nat. Cell Biol.1 (7): 438–43. doi:10.1038/15674. PMID10559988.
Liu D, Liao C, Wolgemuth DJ (2000). "A role for cyclin A1 in the activation of MPF and G2-M transition during meiosis of male germ cells in mice". Dev. Biol.224 (2): 388–400. doi:10.1006/dbio.2000.9776. PMID10926775.
Müller-Tidow C, Bornemann C, Diederichs S, Westermann A, Klümpen S, Zuo P et al. (2001). "Analyses of the genomic methylation status of the human cyclin A1 promoter by a novel real-time PCR-based methodology". FEBS Lett.490 (1-2): 75–8. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(01)02128-7. PMID11172814.Vancouver style error (help)
Müller-Tidow C, Wang W, Idos GE, Diederichs S, Yang R, Readhead C et al. (2001). "Cyclin A1 directly interacts with B-myb and cyclin A1/cdk2 phosphorylate B-myb at functionally important serine and threonine residues: tissue-specific regulation of B-myb function". Blood97 (7): 2091–7. doi:10.1182/blood.V97.7.2091. PMID11264176.Vancouver style error (help)