Easter Week 2006 tornado outbreak sequence

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Easter Week 2006 Tornado Outbreak Sequence
Damage to Saint Patrick's Church in Iowa City
Date of tornado outbreak: April 13–18, 2006
Duration1: 4 days, 4 hours, 19 minutes
Maximum rated tornado2: F2 tornado
Tornadoes caused: 54 confirmed
Highest winds:
Largest hail:
Damages: $23.952 million (2006 USD) $25.61 million (2008 USD)
Fatalities: 1
Areas affected: Midwest, Mid-Atlantic States

1Time from first tornado to last tornado
2Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita Scale

The Easter Week 2006 Tornado Outbreak Sequence was a tornado outbreak sequence during the days leading up to Easter and continued into the first week after Easter. It was the third major outbreak of April 2006, which had been an unusually busy month for tornado activity.

Meteorological synopsis[edit]

F1 damage to a farm near Anamosa, Iowa.

On April 13, a complex of severe thunderstorms formed in eastern Iowa, bringing many reports of large hail along with unexpected reports of strong tornadoes, some with debris. The worst impacts were felt in and around Iowa City where significant damage and numerous injuries were reported, in addition to at least one death across the region.

Another supercell developed on April 14 across western Indiana, touching down a few tornadoes, although nothing very serious was reported. That system moved eastward over the Mid-Atlantic States on April 15, although no tornadoes were reported there.

While the first system moved eastward, a second system developed over the Upper Midwest and tracked across the Midwest on April 15 and 16. This new system has led to about 40 reported tornadoes, and several have been damaging, although no fatalities were reported from the second system.

That system then tracked into the Mid-Atlantic on April 17, and was mostly a straight-line wind event, although there were a handful of new tornadoes reported across the region.

A third system developed on April 18 and brought even more severe weather, this time farther south in the lower Midwest, mainly Missouri. There were several more tornadoes reported from this one.

The severe weather finally came to an end on April 19 across the South.

The back side of this system produced heavy snow and blizzard conditions over the High Plains.

Reported tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
F0
Confirmed
F1
Confirmed
F2
Confirmed
F3
Confirmed
F4
Confirmed
F5
54 30 18 6 0 0 0

April 13 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes - Thursday, April 13, 2006
F#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
Iowa
F0 NE of Toledo Tama 42°03′N 92°31′W / 42.05°N 92.52°W / 42.05; -92.52 (Toledo 2006 Tornado touchdown) 0010 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief tornado remained over open fields with no damage.[1]
F0 N of Marion Linn 42°06′N 91°36′W / 42.1°N 91.6°W / 42.1; -91.6 (Marion 2006 Tornado touchdown) 0040 1 mile (1.6 km) A recreational trailer was destroyed, with some farm outbuilding roofs and trees damaged. A couple of concrete walls were collapsed, and a cattle shed collapsed as well, killing some cattle.[2]
F0 SE of Van Horne Benton 41°59′N 92°03′W / 41.98°N 92.05°W / 41.98; -92.05 (Van Horne 2006 Tornado touchdown) 0050 4.8 miles (7.7 km) Tornado snapped four power poles and damaged fences.[3]
F1 SW of Anamosa Jones 42°05′N 91°20′W / 42.08°N 91.33°W / 42.08; -91.33 (Anamosa 2006 Tornado touchdown) 0115 3.7 miles (6.0 km) A mobile home was completely destroyed, injuring one person. Garages and barns were destroyed, and homes sustained roof and wall damage.[4]
F1 SSW of Sharon Center Johnson 41°33′N 91°41′W / 41.55°N 91.68°W / 41.55; -91.68 (Sharon Center 2006 Tornado touchdown) 0116 3.6 miles (5.8 km) Tornado damaged trees and outbuildings.[5]
F2 Iowa City Johnson 41°40′N 91°33′W / 41.67°N 91.55°W / 41.67; -91.55 (Iowa City 2006 Tornado touchdown) 0129 4.5 miles (7.2 km) see section on this tornado
F1 NE of Hills (1st tornado) Johnson 41°36′N 91°29′W / 41.6°N 91.48°W / 41.6; -91.48 0138 5.1 miles (8.2 km) A mobile home was destroyed and a house lost a portion of its roof. Considerable tree damage was noted and several farm outbuildings were damaged or unroofed.[6]
F1 SE of Lone Tree to NE of Nichols Johnson, Muscatine 41°26′N 91°23′W / 41.43°N 91.38°W / 41.43; -91.38 0145 9.4 miles (15.1 km) 1 Death - Damage near Lone Tree was limited to trees. Near Nichols, the tornado destroyed a mobile home, resulting in a fatality and one injury. Considerable tree and outbuilding damage occurred, along with some damage to homes and garages.[7]
F1 E of Lone Tree to NE of Nichols Johnson, Muscatine 41°29′N 91°23′W / 41.48°N 91.38°W / 41.48; -91.38 0148 4.8 miles (7.7 km) Near Lone Tree, an outbuilding was damaged, along with some trees. Near Nichols, a community center was unroofed and a new metal pole barn was destroyed. Tornado followed a path very similar to the previous tornado.[8]
F1 WSW of Muscatine W of Illinois City Muscatine, Rock Island (IL) 41°24′N 91°07′W / 41.4°N 91.12°W / 41.4; -91.12 0213 unknown Trees and outbuildings were damaged along the path.[9]
F0 NE of Hills (2nd tornado) Johnson 41°40′N 91°29′W / 41.67°N 91.48°W / 41.67; -91.48 0219 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Tornado caused roof damage to a house that had been previously damaged by an F1 tornado 40 minutes earlier.[10]
F1 W of LeClaire Scott 41°36′N 90°22′W / 41.6°N 90.37°W / 41.6; -90.37 0242 1.5 miles (2.4 km) Unusual tornado formed on the cold side of a front and was initiated by a downburst. A cattle barn was severely damaged, and another sustained minor damage. A machine shed sustained roof damage, a doghouse was flipped onto its roof, and a power pole was knocked over as well.[11]
Illinois
F1 W of Illinois City Rock Island, Mercer 41°20′N 90°59′W / 41.33°N 90.98°W / 41.33; -90.98 0229 13 miles (20.9 km) Damage confined mainly to trees, with a few outbuildings damaged as well.[12]
F1 NW of Mannon Mercer 41°15′N 90°58′W / 41.25°N 90.97°W / 41.25; -90.97 0257 1.5 miles (2.4 km) Tornado destroyed a mobile home.[13]
F2 WNW of Matherville Mercer 41°16′N 90°37′W / 41.27°N 90.62°W / 41.27; -90.62 0307 2 miles (3.2 km) One home sustained roof damage, and another lost its roof entirely.[14]
F1 Alexis Mercer 41°03′N 90°33′W / 41.05°N 90.55°W / 41.05; -90.55 0312 0.8 miles (1.3 km) A parsonage on the west side of town had 75 percent of its roof torn off with the roof blown onto the house next door. Across the north side of town, several sheds were heavily damaged or destroyed with considerable tree damage. One house had its roof completely torn off with varying roof damage to numerous other houses. Several utility poles were snapped in half.[15]
F0 NNW of Lincoln Logan 41°11′N 89°23′W / 41.18°N 89.38°W / 41.18; -89.38 0525 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[16]
F0 Lincoln area Logan 41°09′N 89°22′W / 41.15°N 89.37°W / 41.15; -89.37 0527 3.8 miles (6.1 km) Tornado touched down near Lincoln Airport. The tornado damaged roofs, siding and outbuildings, and blew down numerous trees and power lines. In addition, before lifting, the tornado damaged several barns in a rural area to the east of Lincoln.[17]

April 14 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes - Friday, April 14, 2006
F#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
Illinois
F0 N of Grand Ridge La Salle 41°15′N 88°50′W / 41.25°N 88.83°W / 41.25; -88.83 2333 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[18]
Indiana
F0 S of Ambia Benton 40°29′N 87°31′W / 40.48°N 87.52°W / 40.48; -87.52 2357 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[19]
F0 NW of Cairo Tippecanoe 40°33′N 86°56′W / 40.55°N 86.93°W / 40.55; -86.93 2358 3.2 miles (5.1 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[20]
F1 Americus to W of Radnor Tippecanoe, Carroll 40°32′N 86°45′W / 40.53°N 86.75°W / 40.53; -86.75 0018 2.3 miles (3.7 km) Damage was confined to farm outbuildings.[21]
F1 E of Burney Decatur 39°19′N 85°38′W / 39.32°N 85.63°W / 39.32; -85.63 0018 0.8 miles (1.3 km) Tornado destroyed a garage, and damaged several outbuildings.[22]

April 15 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes - Saturday, April 15, 2006
F#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
Nebraska
F2 W of Wymore to N of Sterling Gage, Johnson 40°08′N 96°47′W / 40.13°N 96.78°W / 40.13; -96.78 2133 34 miles (54.7 km) Long-tracked tornado passed near Beatrice and destroyed one home, severely damaged two other homes, and affected 69 others. Outbuildings were destroyed, and tree damage was also noted.[23]
F1 S of Nebraska City Otoe 40°29′N 95°51′W / 40.48°N 95.85°W / 40.48; -95.85 2333 2.5 miles (4.0 km) Tornado damaged multiple homes. Several trees were also toppled onto vehicles destroying them or causing extensive damage.[24]
Kansas
F0 E of Onaga Pottawatomie 39°29′N 96°08′W / 39.48°N 96.13°W / 39.48; -96.13 2248 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[25]
F0 NE of Circleville to W of Horton Jackson, Brown 39°32′N 95°49′W / 39.53°N 95.82°W / 39.53; -95.82 2320 11 miles (17.7 km) Tornado damaged a few outbuildings and trees.[26]
F0 NW of Horton Brown 39°42′N 95°34′W / 39.7°N 95.57°W / 39.7; -95.57 2340 1 mile (1.6 km) Tornado destroyed 2 outbuildings, and caused minor damage to trees and a home.[27]
F1 S of Willis Brown 39°42′N 95°30′W / 39.7°N 95.5°W / 39.7; -95.5 2344 4 miles (6.4 km) Four well-built outbuildings were destroyed, and several others were damaged.[28]
F0 SSW of Robinson Brown 39°47′N 95°26′W / 39.78°N 95.43°W / 39.78; -95.43 2352 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Tornado damaged a home and some trees.[29]
F0 N of Denton Doniphan 39°46′N 95°16′W / 39.77°N 95.27°W / 39.77; -95.27 0003 2 miles (3.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[30]
F0 S of Tonganoxie Leavenworth 39°04′N 95°05′W / 39.07°N 95.08°W / 39.07; -95.08 0105 1 mile (1.6 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[31]
F0 S of Basehor to W of Bonner Springs Leavenworth, Wyandotte 39°05′N 94°56′W / 39.08°N 94.93°W / 39.08; -94.93 0120 4 miles (6.4 km) Tornado remained over open fields and caused no damage.[32]
Missouri
F0 SSE of Stewartsville DeKalb 39°45′N 94°29′W / 39.75°N 94.48°W / 39.75; -94.48 0138 1.5 miles (2.4 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[33]
F2 E of Stewartsville DeKalb 39°45′N 94°29′W / 39.75°N 94.48°W / 39.75; -94.48 0143 13 miles (20.9 km) Two pole barns were destroyed and one home was heavily damaged.[34]
F0 Vibbard area Ray 39°23′N 94°09′W / 39.38°N 94.15°W / 39.38; -94.15 0215 10.1 miles (16.3 km) One home had its roof blown off, and tree and power line damage occurred.[35]
Iowa
F0 SW of Audubon Audubon 41°42′N 94°58′W / 41.7°N 94.97°W / 41.7; -94.97 0143 0.2 miles (0.3 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[36]

April 16 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes - Sunday, April 16, 2006
F#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
Illinois
F1 SW of Warrensburg Macon 39°55′N 89°06′W / 39.92°N 89.1°W / 39.92; -89.1 1935 1 mile (1.6 km) Tornado destroyed an outbuildings and caused roof and siding damage to a home.[37]
F0 E of Taylorville Christian 39°33′N 89°13′W / 39.55°N 89.22°W / 39.55; -89.22 1953 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[38]
F0 SSE of Assumption Christian 39°29′N 89°02′W / 39.48°N 89.03°W / 39.48; -89.03 2005 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[39]
F0 SE of Stonington Christian 39°35′N 89°08′W / 39.58°N 89.13°W / 39.58; -89.13 2007 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[40]
F0 E of Piper City Ford 40°45′N 88°09′W / 40.75°N 88.15°W / 40.75; -88.15 2157 0.5 miles (0.8 km) A tool she was knocked over.[41]
F2 SW of Dieterich Effingham 39°01′N 88°26′W / 39.02°N 88.43°W / 39.02; -88.43 2209 4 miles (6.4 km) Several homes were damaged, two of which had their attached garages destroyed. Numerous trees were snapped, barns and outbuildings were destroyed, and a combine was flipped into a pond. An antennae tower was knocked down, and grain bins were destroyed as well.[42]
F1 S of Humboldt Coles 39°35′N 88°19′W / 39.58°N 88.32°W / 39.58; -88.32 2215 5 miles (8.0 km) Two outbuildings were damaged.[43]
F2 SW of Wheeler Jasper 39°02′N 88°21′W / 39.03°N 88.35°W / 39.03; -88.35 2218 1.5 miles (2.4 km) A mobile home was completely destroyed, with debris scattered hundreds of yards into a field. A refrigerator from the home was found a quarter-mile away. Extensive tree damage occurred, and a car was moved 15 feet. Other homes and outbuildings sustained minor damage.[44]
F0 E of Humboldt Coles 39°36′N 88°13′W / 39.6°N 88.22°W / 39.6; -88.22 2225 1 mile (1.6 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[45]
F0 S of Ashkum Iroquois 40°50′N 87°57′W / 40.83°N 87.95°W / 40.83; -87.95 2241 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[46]
F0 SW of Robinson Crawford 38°57′N 87°48′W / 38.95°N 87.8°W / 38.95; -87.8 2309 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[47]
F0 NW of Martinton Iroquois 40°56′N 87°45′W / 40.93°N 87.75°W / 40.93; -87.75 2320 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[48]
F0 NW of Beaverville Iroquois 40°59′N 87°41′W / 40.98°N 87.68°W / 40.98; -87.68 2356 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Brief touchdown, no damage reported.[49]
F1 Robinson area Crawford 39°00′N 87°44′W / 39.0°N 87.73°W / 39.0; -87.73 0006 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Tornado destroyed a garage, caused significant tree damage, flattened a highway sign, and caused siding and roof damage to another home and two churches.[50]

April 17 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes - Monday, April 17, 2006
F#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
North Carolina
F1 N of Whiteville Columbus 34°21′N 78°42′W / 34.35°N 78.7°W / 34.35; -78.7 2105 1 mile (1.6 km) Numerous trees and power lines were downed, some of which fell on and damaged a mobile home.[51]
F0 SW of Jacksonville Onslow 34°42′N 77°29′W / 34.7°N 77.48°W / 34.7; -77.48 2130 0.5 miles (0.8 km) Tornado touched down over the New River, affecting several boaters.[52]

April 18 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes - Tuesday, April 18, 2006
F#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Damage
Illinois
F0 W of Lincoln Logan 40°09′N 89°24′W / 40.15°N 89.4°W / 40.15; -89.4 0419 0.1 miles (0.2 km) Tornado crossed I-55, flipping two semi-trucks and injuring the two drivers.[53]

Iowa City F2 tornado[edit]

The path of the Iowa City tornado.

The most well-known tornado of the outbreak was a destructive high-end F2 that tore directly through downtown Iowa City shortly after dark. The tornado touched down at the southwest edge of town and moved northeast, downing power lines and striking the Sheriff's Office. The tornado then struck the University of Iowa campus, heavily damaging multiple buildings and temporarily trapping several students. The motor pool headquarters was a total loss. Just off campus, the Alpha Chi Omega sorority house was also severely damaged, and had to be evacuated following the event.[54] As the tornado struck the downtown area, multiple historic brick buildings sustained collapse of walls or had their roofs torn off. Saint Patrick's Church was heavily damaged by the tornado. Just before the tornado hit, Reverend Rudolph Juarez ushered 50 to 75 parishioners (many elderly) to the safety of the rectory basement next door. This likely saved many lives, as the tornado tore off the roof of the church and collapsed the top portion of the brick facade and the steeple into the main congregation area. Residential sections of the city also sustained major damage, as many trees and power lines were downed, and 1,016 homes and apartment buildings were damaged. Upper portions of exterior walls failed at some of these residences. Elsewhere, a 53 year-old Dairy Queen was destroyed, multiple vehicles were flipped, a Wal-Mart sustained roof damage, and a gas station awning was blown over. Three automobile dealerships were also damaged; one dealership had 200 vehicles damaged, a second had 60-70 vehicles damaged, and a third had nearly every vehicle sustaining some type of damage. A total of 35 businesses were damaged or destroyed. The tornado dissipated as it exited at the northeast side of town.[55][56]

View of damage in downtown Iowa City

The tornado struck on a Thursday night, which is normally a busy time for the bars of downtown Iowa City. Fortunately, the tornado struck relatively early in the evening, and downtown was not as packed as it might have been had the tornado struck a few hours later. There were a few reports of looting, mainly at establishments where liquor was sold/stored. The Iowa National Guard was called in to restore order and assist with debris cleanup. Electricity was cut to about 7,000 customers in the area, but most power was quickly restored after the tornado.[57] This was the only known tornado to have struck downtown Iowa City. Overall, 30 people were injured in the event.[58]

Impact[edit]

UI President David Skorton canceled classes as a result of the tornado.[59] on Friday, April 14. On Friday, area governments declared a joint state of emergency for Johnson County[60] The Daily Iowan (the University newspaper) continued coverage through the weekend, days on which the newspaper does not traditionally print.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497452
  2. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502560
  3. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502561
  4. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502562
  5. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502563
  6. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502564
  7. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502569
  8. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502571
  9. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502574
  10. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502565
  11. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502576
  12. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502572
  13. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502566
  14. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502577
  15. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502567
  16. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500119
  17. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500180
  18. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501153
  19. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501222
  20. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500155
  21. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500162
  22. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500107
  23. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501019
  24. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501077
  25. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5504366
  26. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5504370
  27. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5504065
  28. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5504149
  29. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5504152
  30. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5496939
  31. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5496948
  32. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497024
  33. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497094
  34. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497095
  35. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5497289
  36. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5496187
  37. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499940
  38. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500018
  39. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500019
  40. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500020
  41. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5501235
  42. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500021
  43. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500022
  44. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500109
  45. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500110
  46. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499356
  47. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500111
  48. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499425
  49. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499426
  50. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500112
  51. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5500588
  52. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5498370
  53. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5499471
  54. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502578
  55. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502578
  56. ^ http://www.crh.noaa.gov/dvn/?n=ev20060413tor
  57. ^ http://www.phillyburbs.com/pb-dyn/news/1-04142006-641658.html
  58. ^ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/stormevents/eventdetails.jsp?id=5502578
  59. ^ UI cancels classes - Metro
  60. ^ City surveys damage from storm - Metro

External links[edit]